Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an important cause of various gastrointestinal diseases. H. pylori eradication is essential for the cure and prevention of associated diseases. Nowdays, proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy is the standard eradication regimen. The aims of this study were to compare the H. pylori eradication rate of different PPI-based triple therapies and to find out the factors influencing the eradication rate.
From May 2002 through February 2004, H. pylori infected patients were treated with the eradication regimen based on one of the four PPIs (omeprazole, rabeprazole, esomeprazole and lansoprazole) for 1 or 2 weeks. After two weeks, drug compliance, adverse effects, and smoking history during the eradication therapy were obtained. The follow-up H. pylori test was performed 4 weeks after the completion of therapy. The data were analyzed by Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis.
Overall eradication rate was 83.5%. There was no significant difference in eradication rate among four PPIs (p=0.379). Odds ratio (OR) for omeprazole and rabeprazole was 1.15 (95% CI 0.50-2.68); for omeprazole and esomeprazole, OR 1.63 (95% CI 0.68-3.89); and for omeprazole and lansoprazole, OR 1.13 (95% CI 0.50-2.56). Smoking habit, site of ulcer, and the duration of therapy affected the eradication rate significantly.
The efficacy of four different PPIs for H. pylori eradication is similar to each other. Smoking, site of ulcer, and the duration of treatment have significant effects on eradication rates.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 01/2006; 46(6):433-9.