Jae-Joong Kim

Asan Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (245)1116.77 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pericardial effusion can cause haemodynamic compromise after heart transplantation. We identified the effects of soft drains on the development of pericardial effusion. We enrolled 250 patients ≥17 years of age who underwent heart transplantation between July 1999 and April 2012 and received two conventional tubes (n = 96; 32 French), or two tubes with a soft drain (n = 154; 4.8 mm wide). The development of significant pericardial effusion or the need for drainage procedure during 1 month after heart transplantation was compared with the use of the propensity score matching method to adjust for selection bias. At 1 month after transplantation, 69 patients (27.6%) developed significant pericardial effusion. Among these, 13 patients (5.2%) underwent pericardial drainage. According to multivariate analysis, history of previous cardiac surgery [odds ratio (OR) = 0.162; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.046-0.565; P = 0.004] and placement of a soft drain (OR = 0.186; 95% CI = 0.100-0.346; P < 0.001) were significant factors that prevented pericardial effusion or the need for drainage during the early postoperative period. For the 82 propensity score matched pairs, patients receiving an additional soft drain were at a lower risk of the development of significant pericardial effusion or the need for a pericardial drainage procedure during 1 month (OR = 0.148; 95% CI = 0.068-0.318; P < 0.001) compared with those receiving only two conventional tubes. Pericardial soft drainage is a simple and safe procedure that reduces pericardial effusion and decreases the need for pericardial drainage after heart transplantation. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 05/2015; DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezv178 · 2.81 Impact Factor
  • Min-Seok Kim, Jae-Joong Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure (HF) is a highly prevalent disorder worldwide and, consequently, a burden on the healthcare systems of many nations. Although the effects of HF are systemic, many therapeutic targets are focused on cardiac dysfunction. The brain is closely related to the heart, but there are few reports on the relationship between these organs. We describe the effects of the brain on HF progression. Specific brain regions control sympathetic drive and neurohumoral factors, which play an important role in disease exacerbation. In addition, we review some of our previous studies on deranged cerebral metabolism and reduced cerebral blood flow during HF. Although the reasons underlying these effects during HF remain uncertain, we propose plausible mechanisms for these phenomena. In addition, the clinical implications of such conditions in terms of predicting prognosis are discussed. Finally, we investigate cognitive impairment in patients with HF. Cognitive impairment through cerebral infarction or hypoperfusion is associated with adverse outcomes, including death. This brief review of brain function during the development of HF should assist with future strategies to better manage patients with this condition.
    Circulation Journal 04/2015; 79(5). DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-15-0360 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a fimasartan/amlodipine combination in patients with hypertension and to determine the optimal composition for a future single-pill combination formulation. This Phase II study was conducted by using a randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3 × 3 factorial design. After a 2-week placebo run-in period, eligible hypertensive patients (with a sitting diastolic blood pressure [SiDBP] between 90 and 114 mm Hg) were randomized to treatment. They received single or combined administration of fimasartan at 3 doses (0, 30, and 60 mg) and amlodipine at 3 doses (0, 5, and 10 mg) for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was the change in SiDBP from baseline and at week 8; secondary end points included the change in SiDBP from baseline and at week 4 and the changes in sitting systolic blood pressure from baseline and at weeks 4 and 8. Treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) were also assessed. 420 Korean patients with mild to moderate hypertension were randomly allocated to the 9 groups. Mean (SD) SiDBP changes in each group after 8 weeks were as follows: placebo, -6.0 (8.5) mm Hg; amlodipine 5 mg, -10.6 (9.2) mm Hg; amlodipine 10 mg, -15.9 (7.2) mm Hg; fimasartan 30 mg, -10.1 (9.1) mm Hg; fimasartan 60 mg, -13.0 (10.0) mm Hg; fimasartan 30 mg/amlodipine 5 mg, -16.2 (8.5) mm Hg; fimasartan 30 mg/amlodipine 10 mg, -19.5 (7.5) mm Hg; fimasartan 60 mg/amlodipine 5 mg, -16.6 (6.9) mm Hg; and fimasartan 60 mg/amlodipine 10 mg, -21.5 (8.3) mm Hg. All treatment groups produced significantly greater reductions in blood pressure compared with the placebo group. In addition, all combination treatment groups had superior reductions in blood pressure compared with the monotherapy groups. In the combination treatment groups, doubling fimasartan dose in the given dose of amlodipine did not show further BP reduction, whereas doubling amlodipine dose showed significantly further BP reduction in the given dose of fimasartan. During the study period, 75 (17.9%) of 419 patients experienced 110 AEs. Ninety-five AEs were mild, 9 were moderate, and 6 were severe in intensity. Eight patients discontinued the study due to AEs. There was no significant difference in incidence of AEs among groups (P = 0.0884). The most common AE was headache (12 patients [2.9%]), followed by dizziness (11 patients [2.6%]) and elevated blood creatine phosphokinase levels (6 patients [1.4%]). Fimasartan combined with amlodipine produced superior blood pressure reductions and low levels of AEs compared with either monotherapy. Therefore, a single-pill combination with fimasartan 60 mg/amlodipine 10 mg will be developed. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01518998. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Therapeutics 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.clinthera.2015.02.019 · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the variation between individuals in terms of basal chordae (BC) attachment sites on the mitral valve (MV) and the influence of this variation on secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) severity. BC-mediated MV tenting is the main cause of secondary MR. In this prospective cross-sectional study, 38 consecutive patients with dilated or ischaemic cardiomyopathy who were due for cardiac transplantation underwent preoperative 3D full volume/colour Doppler echocardiography in sinus rhythm, and MV apparatus geometry, LV volume and MR severity were assessed. The lengths and insertion sites of four BC in the explanted hearts were measured post-transplantation before fixation. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that the anterior leaflet systolic tenting angle and bending angle associated with the distance between the medial and lateral BC insertion sites. By contrast, the posterior leaflet tenting angle associated largely with LV volume indices. The mean longitudinal distance of the four BC from the MV edge was the main determinant of the distal length of the anterior MV from the angulation point. Square root of effective regurgitant orifice area (√EROA) only associated significantly with the mean longitudinal distance of the outer two BC from the MV edge (r=0.509, p=0.001) among pathological parameters, and the central MV tenting area (r=0.524, p=0.001) among echocardiographical parameters. √EROA did not correlate with LV volume indices, LVEF or BC lengths. BC insertion sites were associated with systolic anterior MV configuration and secondary MR severity in dilated LV and severe systolic dysfunction. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 03/2015; DOI:10.1136/heartjnl-2014-306854 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the relationship between spironolactone use and all-cause mortality in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients with severe renal dysfunction. The clinical benefit of spironolactone in the treatment of heart failure (HF) has been described in several large randomized clinical trials. However, its clinical benefits have not been studied in hospitalized ADHF patients with severe renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <45 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)). We retrospectively analyzed data from the Korean Heart Failure Registry. We included 1,035 ADHF patients with severe renal dysfunction. In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, all-cause mortality in the spironolactone-treated group was significantly lower than that in the nonspironolactone group (18.1% vs 24.9%, respectively, log rank P = .028). However, spironolactone use was not an independent predictor after adjusting other HF risk factors (hazard ratio 0.974, 95% CI 0.681-1.392, P = .884) and after propensity score matching (P = .115). In subgroup analysis, the clinical benefit of spironolactone use was preserved in women, prehospital spironolactone use, the chronic kidney disease stage 3b (eGFR 30-44 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)), and the appropriate spironolactone use (eGFR ≥30 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) and K ≤5.0 mmol/L). The spironolactone therapy was not beneficial in ADHF patients with severe renal dysfunction after multivariable adjusting and propensity score matching. However, we reassured the current HF guidelines for spironolactone use and the clinical benefit in chronic kidney disease stage 3b should be assessed in future clinical trial. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    American Heart Journal 02/2015; 169(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ahj.2015.01.014 · 4.56 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 10/2014; 20(10):S169. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.07.214 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 10/2014; 20(10):S201. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.07.381 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 08/2014; 20(8S):S106. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.06.299 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to assess the relationship between serum concentrations of the soluble ST2 (sST2) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and investigate the role of sST2 as a prognosticator in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure (HF) and renal insufficiency. sST2 was measured at admission and discharge in 66 patients hospitalized with acute decompensated HF and renal insufficiency (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) using a high sensitivity immunoassay. BNP was sampled at the same time and compared to sST2. Demographical, biochemical, and echocardiographic data were also obtained during hospitalization.There were positive correlations between sST2 and BNP levels at admission (r = 0.330, P = 0.007) and at discharge (r = 0.320, P = 0.009) in overall patients. However, there was no correlation between them at each timepoint in patients with severe renal insufficiency (eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2), n = 17). sST2 level was not changed with the degree of renal function, even though BNP level was much higher in patients with severe renal insufficiency. During 3 month follow-up, 9 (13.6%) died and 16 (24.2%) were readmitted due to HF aggravation.On multivariate analysis, sST2 at discharge was independently associated with death or HF readmission during 3 months after discharge (hazard ratio, 1.038; 95% confidence interval, 1.011-1.066, P = 0.006). In conclusion, sST2 is not affected by renal function compared with BNP in acute HF patients. The measurement of predischarge sST2 can be helpful in predicting short-term outcomes in acute decompensated HF patients with renal insufficiency.
    Journal of Cardiac Failure 08/2014; 20(8S):S78-S79. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.06.222 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 08/2014; 20(8S):S119. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.06.339 · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Cardiac Failure 08/2014; 20(8S):S108-S109. DOI:10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.06.305 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Long-term echocardiographic data on quantitative assessment of tricuspid and mitral regurgitation after heart transplantation are scarce. Methods and Results: From November 1992 to December 2008, the medical records for 201 patients (mean age, 42.8±12.4 years, 47 females) who underwent heart transplantation were reviewed. Quantitative assessment of mitral and tricuspid valve function was performed using transthoracic echocardiography through long-term follow-up. A total of 196 (97.5%) patients were evaluated with echocardiography for more than 6 months postoperatively. During a mean echocardiography follow-up duration of 89.9±54.3 months, 23 (11.4%) patients showed either tricuspid regurgitation (TR >mild; n=21, 10.4%) or mitral regurgitation (MR >mild; n=6, 3.0%); 4 (2.0%) patients experienced both significant TR and MR. Freedom from moderate-to-severe TR at 10 years was 85.5±5.1% and 93.4±2.2% for the standard and bicaval techniques, respectively (P=0.531). Freedom from moderate-to-severe MR at 10 years was 96.0±2.7% and 98.6±1.0%, respectively, for the 2 techniques (P=0.252). In multivariate analysis, older-age donor emerged as the only independent predictor of significant TR (hazard ratio 1.06, 95% confidence interval 1.01-1.12, P=0.012). Conclusions: The long-term results of atrioventricular function after heart transplantation in adults were excellent regardless of anastomotic technique. Older-age donor was significantly associated with the development of postoperative TR.
    Circulation Journal 04/2014; 78(7). DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-13-1065 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The neurohumoral and inflammatory pathways are regarded as the main mechanisms for the progression of heart failure. We sought to investigate the prognostic value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) by evaluating their relation with 12-month mortality rate in this prospective cohort study from 24 academic hospitals in Korea. In 1,608 patients with acute heart failure (AHF), the median hs-CRP and NT-proBNP values were 0.77 mg/dl (interquartile range 0.29 to 2.84) and 4,638 pg/ml (interquartile range 1,945 to 10,852), respectively. During the 12-month follow-up, 213 patients (13.3%) died. The mortality rate increased from the lowest to the highest hs-CRP quartiles (Q1 7.4%, Q2 9.5%, Q3 16.9%, Q4 19.3%, p <0.001) and NT-proBNP quartiles (Q1 7.0%, Q2 13.4%, Q3 11.6%, Q4 20.4%, p <0.001). After adjustment, both hs-CRP (hazard ratio [HR] 1.811, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.138 to 2.882) and NT-proBNP (HR 1.971, 95% CI 1.219 to 3.187) were independent predictors of 12-month mortality among others. When combining both hs-CRP and NT-proBNP and stratifying the patients according to their median values, patients with elevation of both hs-CRP and NT-proBNP values had 2.4-fold increased hazards (HR 2.382, 95% CI 1.509 to 3.761) compared with those without elevation of both markers. In Korean patients with AHF, patients with increased levels of both hs-CRP and NT-proBNP had worse clinical outcomes. The combination of the neurohumoral and inflammatory markers may provide a better strategy for risk stratification of Asian patients with AHF.
    The American journal of cardiology 02/2014; 113(3):511–517. DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.10.022 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is endemic in Korea. With an increasing number of heart transplantation, problems associated with hepatitis B reactivation are becoming an important issue. We aimed to evaluate the functional significance of HBV infection on outcomes of heart transplantation. Material and Methods We reviewed all medical records of overall national heart transplantation recipients and donors who had HBV hepatitis at the time of the transplantation, from March 1994 to May 2013. We investigated the HBV serology status, HBV-DNA level of donors and recipients, liver function test, immunosuppressive agent and antiviral agent prescription, and hepatitis morbidity and mortality. Results 1) There were 12 HBsAg (+) recipients and 6 HBsAg (+) donors. Median duration of follow-up was 1715 days (minimum 162 days to maximum 6553 days). 2) Nine HBsAg (+) recipients (75%), who continued antiviral treatment, have survived without any hepatic event. Reactivation of HBV developed in 3 recipients at a median duration of 238 days after transplantation. They died of fulminant hepatitis despite antiviral rescue therapy. 3) In contrast, 6 recipients with immunity to HBV before the transplantation, who had received heart from HBV (+) donors, have survived without any liver-related event. Conclusions HBV (+) recipients have perioperative results and long-term survival rates comparable to HBV (-) recipients. However, absence or cessation of antiviral prophylaxis indiscriminately brought reactivation of HBV, which rapidly progressed to hepatic failure and death. In contrast, HBV (+) hearts transplanted to HBV-immune recipients were maintained without hepatitis reactivation. Nineteen years of national experience strongly suggests that long-term antiviral prophylaxis is necessary for HBV (+) recipients.
    01/2014; 19:182-7. DOI:10.12659/AOT.889680
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    ABSTRACT: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy to arise after organ transplantation in Caucasians, but limited data are available on its incidence in Asian transplant recipients. We sought to assess the incidence of skin cancer after organ transplantation in a Korean cohort. A cohort study was conducted to determine the incidence and risk factors for skin cancers among kidney, liver, heart, or pancreas transplant recipients, treated at the Asan Medical Center in Seoul, Korea. The cumulative incidences of skin cancer were 0.70% at 5 years, 1.66% at 10 years, and 2.31% at 15 years. For all skin cancers, squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and Kaposi sarcoma, the standardized incidence ratios between the recipients and the Korean general population were 30.9 (95% confidence interval, 12.4-63.6), 61.9 (12.8-180.8), 11.9 (0.3-66.1), and 565.2 (68.4-2041.6) after the end of the fifth posttransplantation year, respectively. We cannot exclude the possibility of both the underestimation because of potential missing cases and the overestimation because of the ascertainment bias. The incidence of posttransplantation skin cancer is very low in Korean patients. However, the risk of skin cancer in organ transplant recipients may be considerably higher than that in the Korean general population.
    Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 12/2013; 70(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2013.10.024 · 5.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are no practical criteria for the use of triple antiplatelet therapy after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. In our present report, pooled analysis of 3 randomized studies in patients with diabetes mellitus (Drug-Eluting Stenting Followed by Cilostazol treatment reduces LAte Restenosis in patients with diabetes mellitus trial) and long coronary narrowings (Drug-Eluting Stenting Followed by Cilostazol Treatment Reduces Late Restenosis in Patients with Long Coronary Lesions trials I and II) compared triple (aspirin, clopidogrel, and cilostazol; triple group, n = 700) and dual antiplatelet therapies (aspirin and clopidogrel; dual group, n = 699) after DES implantation. Among pooled population (n = 1,399 patients), 1,173 patients with follow-up angiography were divided into 3 stent length categories (≤20, 20 to 40, and >40 mm). There was no statistical significance of in-stent restenosis (ISR) in ≤20- and 20- to 40-mm categories between 2 groups. However, ISR rate was significantly reduced in triple versus dual group in >40-mm stent length category (12.4% vs 22.1%, p = 0.008). In diabetic patients, triple group also showed significant reduction in the ISR rate in >40-mm stent length category (15.4% vs 32.3%, p = 0.003). According to postprocedural minimal lumen diameter, triple group showed a trend toward a lower ISR than that of the dual group in all categories (p = 0.033 for ≤2.5 mm, p = 0.087 for 2.5 to 3.0 mm, and p = 0.119 for >3.0 mm). In conclusion, the triple group had a significantly reduced ISR in patients with >40-mm stent length after DES implantation compared with the dual group. Therefore, this suggestion for use of triple antiplatelet therapy could be easily applied after DES implantation in routine clinical practice.
    The American journal of cardiology 09/2013; 112(11). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.08.008 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemoconcentration is a surrogate marker of effective decongestion and diuresis therapy. Recently, hemoconcentration has been associated with decreased mortality and rehospitalization in heart failure (HF) patients. However, the prognostic power of hemoconcentration in a large sample-sized HF cohort was limited until now. We analyzed data from hospitalized patients with acute heart failure (AHF) that were enrolled in the Korean Heart Failure Registry(n=2,357). The primary end point was a composite of all-cause mortality and HF rehospitalization during the follow-up period (median=347, interquartile range=78-744days).Hemoconcentration, defined as an increased hemoglobin level between admission and discharge, was presented in 1,016 AHF patients (43.1%). In multivariable logistic regression, hemoglobin, total cholesterol, and serum glucose levels at admission, and ischemic HF, were significant determinants for hemoconcentration occurrence. The Kaplan-Meier curve showed that event-free survival was significantly higher in the hemoconcentration group compared to the non-hemoconcentration group (65.1% vs. 58.1%, log rank p<0.001). In multiple Cox proportional hazard analysis, hemoconcentration was an independent predictor of the primary end point after adjusting for other HF risk factors (hazard ratio=0.671, 95% confidence interval=0.564-0.798, p<0.001). Hemoconcentration during hospitalization was a prognostic marker of fewer clinical events in the AHF cohort. Therefore, this novel surrogate marker will help in the risk stratification of AHF patients.
    International journal of cardiology 08/2013; 168(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.07.241 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Even in the drug-eluting stent era, restenosis has remained an unresolved issue, particularly in the treatment of complex coronary lesions. In this study, patient-level data from 3 randomized trials (Drug-Eluting Stenting Followed by Cilostazol Treatment Reduces Late Restenosis in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus [DECLARE-DIABETES] and Drug-Eluting Stenting Followed by Cilostazol Treatment Reduces Late Restenosis in Patients With Long Native Coronary Lesions [DECLARE-LONG] I and II) were pooled to estimate the differential antirestenotic efficacy of add-on cilostazol according to the implanted drug-eluting stent in patients at high risk for restenosis. A total of 1,399 patients underwent sirolimus-eluting stent (SES; n = 450), paclitaxel-eluting stent (n = 450), and zotarolimus-eluting stent (n = 499) implantation and received triple-antiplatelet therapy (TAT; aspirin, clopidogrel, and cilostazol, n = 700) and dual-antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel, n = 699). Randomization of antiplatelet regimen was stratified by stent type. In-stent late loss after TAT was significantly lower than that after dual-antiplatelet therapy, regardless of implanted stent type. However, the incidence of in-segment restenosis after TAT was significantly lower with SES (0.5% vs 6.7%, p = 0.014) and zotarolimus-eluting stent (12.2% vs 20.0%, p = 0.028) implantation but not paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation (14.4% vs 20.0%, p = 0.244). A significant interaction was present between stent type and antiplatelet regimen for the risk for in-segment restenosis (p = 0.004). Post hoc analysis using bootstrap resampling methods showed that the relative risk reduction for in-segment restenosis after TAT was most prominent with SES implantation. In conclusion, add-on cilostazol effectively reduced restenosis in patients at high risk for restenosis, particularly in those receiving SES, suggesting the sustainable utility of add-on cilostazol therapy in newer generation drug-eluting stents with comparable efficacy with that of SES.
    The American journal of cardiology 07/2013; 112(9). DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.06.010 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: A prolonged QRS duration has been associated with an unfavorable prognosis in chronic compensated heart failure (HF). However, its predictive value during an admission for acute HF is limited, even in HF with a preserved ejection fraction (EF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic utility of the QRS duration in acute HF. Methods: Analyses were performed using data from 1,489 patients with a 2-year follow-up. The patients were selected from the Korean Acute Heart Failure Registry and were divided into three groups according to QRS duration (≤80, 81-119 or ≥120 ms). The all-cause mortality and readmission for HF were assessed. Results: During the study period, 774 primary events occurred (359 deaths and 415 HF). The event frequencies were higher in patients with a prolonged QRS duration. The increased risk associated with the QRS duration was also demonstrated after adjustment for cardiac outcome variables. The prognostic significance of the QRS duration was demonstrated in patients with reduced EF but not in those with a preserved EF. Conclusions: A prolonged QRS duration could be a significant predictor of the 2-year cardiac outcome in patients with acute HF, particularly in those with a reduced EF.
    Cardiology 05/2013; 125(2):96-103. DOI:10.1159/000348334 · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: At present, limited in vivo information is available on the prevalence and severity of coronary atherosclerosis in asymptomatic healthy subjects. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, extent and severity of coronary atherosclerosis in healthy individuals.Methods: We performed an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examination on 198 heart transplant recipients 4 weeks after transplantation. The donor population consisted of 147 men and 51 women (31.4±11.0 years). The left anterior descending coronary artery was imaged in all patients, and 3 vessel images were obtained for 99 patients.Results: Angiographic appearance was completely normal in 177 of the 198 subjects (89.4%), while atherosclerotic luminal irregularities were observed in the remaining individuals. IVUS revealed that atherosclerotic lesions (defined as intimal thickness ≥0.5 mm at any site) were present in 96 patients (48.5%). The prevalence of coronary atherosclerosis rapidly increased with age (10-19 years, 5.9%; 20-29 years, 31.1%; 30-39 years, 59.0%; 40-49 years, 78.4%). In the diseased subgroup, atherosclerotic lesions were mostly eccentric (92.7%), with maximal intimal thickness of 0.99±0.42 mm (area stenosis, 32.2±11.7%). All coronary arteries were predominantly located in the proximal third of each vessel. Donor age, male sex, and hypertension were the determinants of coronary atherosclerosis measured by IVUS examination. As more risk factors were present, the risk of atherosclerosis increased.Conclusion: Coronary atherosclerosis is common in asymptomatic young healthy adults, supporting the need for preventive cardiology in the early stages of life.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2013; DOI:10.5551/jat.15545 · 2.77 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
1,116.77 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2015
    • Asan Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2014
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
    • Seoul Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1997–2014
    • University of Ulsan
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • College of Medicine
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2005–2006
    • Soonchunhyang University
      • Department of Medicine
      Asan, South Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2004
    • Washington Hospital Center
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States