Jian Wang

Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (7)15.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the differences and correlation between the ganglion cell complex (GCC), peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and mean deviation (MD), mean sensitivity (MS) of saddle area tumor patients, and to evaluate the feasibility of using OCT to diagnose the visual pathway damage of saddle area tumor patients. It was a case-control study. One hundred and eighty-eight normal persons and 279 saddle area tumor patients treated in Beijing Tiantan hospital, from November 2010 to June 2011, were recruited; the saddle area tumor patients were diagnosed by surgical sample pathological analysis. The recruits were divided into four groups, including the normal group, the pituitary gland tumours group, the meningiomas group and the craniopharynglomas group. All patients received the visual field (VF) test using the Octopus 900 automated perimeter with the central 30 degree program, and the mean thickness measurements of GCC and pRNFL were made by RTVue OCT. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation between GCC, pRNFL and MD, MS. The differences between pRNFL and GCC among the four groups were compared. The average thickness of the pRNFL (r(sOD) = 0.369 - 0.735, r(sOS) = 0.369 - 0.691) and GCC (r(sOD) = 0.357 - 0.797, r(sOS) = 0.375 - 0.681) were correlated with MD and MS (P < 0.01), and the measurements from the meningiomas was the most significant. Comparing with the normal group's thickness of pRNFL and GCC [OD: (113.60 ± 9.13) µm and (98.04 ± 6.85) µm; OS: (114.06 ± 8.99) µm and (97.70 ± 5.83) µm], the pituitary gland tumours group [OD: (101.25 ± 19.95) µm and (91.08 ± 13.19) µm; OS: (99.96 ± 20.95) µm and (89.82 ± 15.47) µm], meningiomas group [OD:(89.54 ± 19.19) µm and (80.77 ± 10.43) µm; OS: (92.79 ± 22.00) µm and (80.43 ± 10.09) µm] and craniopharynglomas group [OD: (94.96 ± 16.59) µm and (86.46 ± 11.65) µm; OS: (94.92 ± 15.77) µm and (86.77 ± 9.56) µm] were thinner. There was statistically significant difference of pRNFL and GCC, among the three tumor groups, and the thickness of pRNFL and GCC of the meningiomas group was the thinnest (P < 0.05). The average thickness of the pRNFL and GCC is correlated with vision field damage, which can be used to evaluate optic nerve damage of saddle area tumor patients quantitatively, where the meningiomas was the most significant. The thickness of the pRNFL and GCC was thinner, and the damage to visual functions was more serious. In the three tumor groups, the meningiomas group was the most serious. In the clinic, visual field test combined with OCT were helpful to find and assess the damage to visual pathway and prognosis.
    [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology 11/2012; 48(11):1001-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose:  To examine size and frequency of parapapillary atrophy (beta zone) in patients with intrasellar or perisellar tumours and a glaucoma-like appearance of the intrapapillary optic disc region. Methods:  Thirty-four Chinese subjects with intrasellar or perisellar tumours and a glaucoma-like appearance of the intrapapillary optic disc region and 129 age-matched subjects randomly selected from the population-based Beijing Eye Study were enrolled. Beta zone was measured on fundus photographs. Size and location of the tumours were assessed on neuroradiological images. Results:  Beta zone was significantly more common (79 ± 7% versus 46 ± 4%; p = 0.001), and it was significantly larger in the tumour group than in the control group (circumferential extent: 135 ± 99 versus 57 ± 72; p < 0.001; relative area: 1856 ± 1923 versus 759 ± 1390; p = 0.002). The width of the intracerebral tumours was significantly associated with the circumferential extent of beta zone (r = 0.36, p = 0.039) and with the area of beta zone (r = 0.37, p = 0.032). Tumour width, height and depth were significantly (p = 0.001; p = 0.012; and p < 0.001, respectively) larger in the group of patients with beta zone than in the subgroup of patients without beta zone of parapapillary atrophy. Conclusions:  Patients with large intrasellar or perisellar tumours and a glaucoma-like appearance of the intrapapillary region as compared with a population-based control group had a significantly larger and more frequently occurring beta zone of parapapillary atrophy. It suggests that large parasellar or suprasellar tumours can be associated with typical glaucomatous abnormalities in the parapapillary and intrapapillary region of the optic nerve head. It may give hints for the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy.
    Acta ophthalmologica 05/2012; · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    Acta ophthalmologica 08/2011; 89(5):e475-6. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine frequency and associated factors of glaucoma-like appearance of the optic nerve head in patients with intrasellar, suprasellar or parasellar tumours. This retrospective clinical observational study included patients who were consecutively treated for intrasellar tumours (n = 143), suprasellar tumours (n = 321), parasellar tumours (n = 36) or retrosellar tumour (n = 1), and all of whom had undergone fundus photography and full-threshold visual field examination. The tumour spectrum included 336 pituitary gland tumours, 32 meningiomas, 89 craniopharyngiomas, 9 chiasmal gliomas and 35 other types of tumours or lesions. An age-matched control group was formed from the population-based Beijing Eye Study. Using fundus photographs and visual field examinations, glaucoma was defined by a neuroretinal rim shape not following the ISNT rule (Disc glaucoma group) and by an abnormal rim shape plus glaucoma-like visual field defects (Field glaucoma group). Type and size of the tumours were assessed on neuroradiological images. Five-hundred and one patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Disc glaucoma and Field glaucoma were detected significantly more frequently in the study population [34 (6.8%) patients and 31 (6.3%) patients, respectively] than in the population-based control group of the same ethnicity (1.3% ± 0.5%; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, presence of Disc glaucoma [odds ratio (OR) = 2.64; p = 0.016] and presence of Field glaucoma (OR = 3.01; p = 0.027) were significantly associated with tumour location [suprasellar > parasellar > intrasellar]. The same held true for tumour width (OR = 1.08; p = 0.002; and OR = 1.08; p = 0.003, respectively). Large perisellar tumours were associated with a glaucoma-like appearance of the optic nerve head in eyes. It may diagnostically and pathogenetically be of importance.
    Acta ophthalmologica 02/2011; 89(5):e428-33. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the visual outcome of patients with a traumatic optic chiasm syndrome, with and without neurosurgical intervention. The retrospective clinical interventional study included 14 patients, who either underwent a neurosurgical intervention with transcranial decompression of the optic canal (11 patients) in combination with a high-dosage systemic corticosteroid therapy or who received a high-dosage systemic corticosteroid treatment only (3 patients). In the surgical group, visual field improved after surgery in 6 (55%) patients and remained unchanged in 5 (45%) patients, while in none of the patients without surgery, the visual field improved. Neurosurgical decompression of the optic chiasm and optic nerve canal may be associated with a visual improvement in some patients with a traumatic optic chiasm syndrome.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 05/2009; 151(12):1711-6. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the relationship between mortality and major ocular diseases. Population-based study. At baseline in 2001, the Beijing Eye Study examined 4439 subjects with an age of 40 years or more. The mean age was 56.2+/-10.6 years (range, 40-101 years). In 2006, all study participants were invited for a follow-up examination. The participants underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination and answered questions regarding their socioeconomic background. Rate of mortality was determined in the follow-up survey of 2006. Factors associated with mortality. Of the 4439 subjects examined in the 2001, 3251 (73.2%) subjects returned for the follow-up examination, whereas 143 (3.2%) subjects had died and 1045 (23.5%) subjects were alive but did not agree to be reexamined. In binary logistic regression analysis, mortality was significantly associated with the systemic parameters of higher age (P<0.001; odds ratio [OR], 1.07), male gender (P = 0.01; OR, 0.55), lower level of education (P<0.001; OR, 0.65), smoking status (P = 0.023; OR, 1.25), and with the ocular parameters of level of diabetic-like retinopathy (P = 0.036; OR, 1.02), presence of angle-closure glaucoma (P = 0.013; OR, 3.74), and presence of nonglaucomatous optic nerve damage (P = 0.027; OR, 3.41). Presence of retinal vein occlusions was associated marginally with mortality (P = 0.059; OR, 2.59). Mortality was not significantly associated with best-corrected visual acuity (P = 0.14) in multivariate analysis, nor with age-related macular degeneration, open-angle glaucoma, trachoma, any type of cataract, visual field defects, intraocular pressure, or refractive error. If socioeconomic parameters, age, gender, and smoking status were taken into account, ocular parameters associated with an increased mortality were diabetic-like retinopathy, angle-closure glaucoma, and nonglaucomatous optic nerve damage. Retinal vein occlusions were marginally associated. Other major ocular disorders such as any form of cataract, open-angle glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, trachoma, pterygia, and high myopia or high hyperopia were not significantly related to mortality.
    Ophthalmology 02/2009; 116(4):732-8. · 5.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim was to determine the prevalence of retinal lesions in patients infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in China. The study included 105 consecutive patients with an HIV infection that underwent general and ophthalmologic examinations. In none of the patients was any systemic opportunistic infection found. The CD4+ T lymphocyte count determined in 89 patients revealed that 77 patients (87%) had a CD4+ lymphocyte count of >200 x 10(6)/l. Retinal microvascular abnormalities were found in 12 subjects (11%) and local retinal nerve fiber layer defects in 13 patients (12%). Patients with fundus abnormalities compared to those with a normal fundus had a significantly (p = 0.013) lower CD4+ T cell count (166 +/- 67) x 10(6)/l vs. 482 +/- 33 x 10(6)/l) and did not vary significantly in visual acuity. In these HIV-positive Chinese patients attending a hospital for infectious diseases, retinal microvasculopathy and retinal nerve fiber layer defects were the most common fundus lesions, which were found in about 10% of the patients and which were inversely associated with the CD4+ T cell count, without marked effect on visual acuity.
    Ophthalmic Research 02/2008; 40(2):98-100. · 1.56 Impact Factor