J-Y Yang

Sichuan University, Hua-yang, Sichuan, China

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Publications (11)10.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The appearance of human regulatory CD8(+) CD28(-) T-suppressor (Ts) cells has been associated with a reduced need for maintenance immunosuppression in cadaveric heart- kidney transplant recipients and pediatric liver-intestine transplant recipients. However, few data are available in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (A-A LDLT). To study the population of CD8(+) CD28(-) Ts cells in A-A LDLT, we performed flow cytometry on whole blood specimens obtained from 20 transplant recipients, 18 end-stage liver disease patients, and 20 normal controls. Meanwhile, we measured the trough levels of immunosuppressants and monitored graft function in transplant recipients. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of the 20 recipients. A significant expansion of CD8(+) CD28(-) Ts cells was observed among recipients of A-A LDLT as compared with a disease control group (P = .000) or healthy individuals (P = .000). All recipients were free of acute cellular rejection episodes. During the follow-up period, no grafts were lost due to acute or chronic rejection. Expansion of CD8(+) CD28(-) Ts cells in A-A LDLT seemed to be associated with a decreased occurrence of acute or chronic rejection and sustained good graft function. Based on our low dosages of immunosuppressants for recipients of A-A LDLT, we suggest that this strategy may promote expansion of CD8(+) CD28(-) Ts cells, which can conversely maintain the low immunosuppressant dosages.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2009; 41(10):4229-31. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ratios of complications for living related liver donors after right hepatectomy differ widely among numerous single institutions. This study sought to use the Clavien classification system to define and graded the severity of these complications. This study retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 160 consecutive living donor right hepatectomies performed between July 2002 and February 2008. Complications among living donors for liver transplantation after right hepatectomy were stratified according to the Clavien classification of postoperative surgical complications. Fifty-two living donors displayed one or more perioperative complications Grade 1 complications were recorded in 18.1%; grade 2 in 6.3%; grade 3a in 5%; and grade 3b in 3.1%. Biliary complications were the most frequent. No donor mortality was present in this series. The Clavien grading system is useful to comparise surgical outcomes. This study demonstrated that donor right hepatectomy was a relatively safe procedure, but reducing donor complications after right hepatectomy has to be the first priority during the entire process of living related transplantation.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2009; 41(5):1703-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin is one factor responsible for hepatotrophic regeneration in animal models. This study assessed the clinical effects of intraportal administration of insulin on liver graft regeneration in adult patients undergoing right lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Between July 2005 and September 2007, 19 right lobe LDLT adult recipients voluntarily received posttransplant intraportal insulin administration. The present study describes 15 patients without postoperative vascular and bile duct complications, with more than 1 month survival and with complete clinical data who were enrolled to receive intraportal insulin therapy (group I; n = 15). Another consecutive 15 right lobe LDLT adult recipients without any stimulation regeneration who met the same criteria were enrolled in as noninsulin therapy control group (group NI; n = 15). Group I recipients were treated postoperatively with intraportal insulin infusion, as follows. An 18-gauge catheter was inserted into right gastro-omental vein during surgery, to administer regular insulin just after the operation at the rate of 2 U/h for 1 week. Graft volume (GV) was measured by computed tomography on postoperative days (POD) 7 and 30. Liver functions and serum insulin levels were also measured at POD 7 and POD 30. The liver graft regeneration rate was defined as ratio of posttransplant GV/harvested GV and posttransplant graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR)/operative GRWR. The rate defined as ratio of POD 7 GV/harvested GV among group I was significantly greater than that of group NI (186.07 +/- 35.40% vs 160.61 +/- 22.11%; P < .05). The rate defined as ratio of POD 7 GRWR/operation GRWR was also significantly higher in group I than group NI (178.95 +/- 35.84% vs 156.56 +/- 18.53%; P < .05), whereas there was no significant difference in terms of regeneration rates at 1 month post-LDLT. Intraportal insulin administration may significantly downregulate POD 7 total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase levels (P < .05). These results suggested that intraportal insulin administration augmented liver regeneration during the first postoperative week by improving hepatic function in LDLT recipients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 06/2009; 41(5):1698-702. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite improvements that have been achieved in surgical techniques and organ preservation, biliary complications remain one of the most serious morbidities following liver transplantation. However, factors related to biliary complications after liver transplantation are not completely understood. The objective of this study was to identify retrospectively possible risk factors of biliary complications following liver transplantation. Data on 279 patients who underwent liver transplantation between January 1999 and November 2005 were collected retrospectively. Selected variables from preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data were first analysed using univariate logistic regression. Filtered factors with p<0.1 in the first step were further investigated to identify factors independently associated with biliary complications following liver transplantation. The overall incidence of biliary complications was 22.6%. Multivariate regression revealed that biliary cirrhosis (p = 0.038), anhepatic phase time (p = 0.04), and incidence of hepatic artery abnormality (p = 0.001) after transplantation were factors that were significantly related to biliary complications. Use of a T tube for biliary reconstruction and living grafts were not associated with biliary complications following liver transplantation. This study suggests that further technical refinement-namely, shortening the anhepatic phase duration, shielding the hepatic artery, and refining biliary duct reconstruction-can reduce the incidence of biliary complications following liver transplantation.
    Postgraduate medical journal 03/2009; 85(1001):119-23. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to describe the surgical management of right portal venous (PV) branches encountered among 104 cases of right lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). From January 2002 to September 2007, we performed 104 cases of right-lobe LDLT including 11-donors who had anomalous right portal venous branches (APVB). One recipient had PV sponginess hemangioma. The donor right PV branches were type I in 93 cases, type II (trifurcation) in nine cases, and type III in two cases. Except one narrow bridge of tissue excision, the PV branches were transected on the principal of donor priority: PV branches were excised approximately 2 to 3 mm from the confluence while leaving the donor's main portal vein and confluence intact. In type II APVB, donor PV branches were obtained with two separate openings in six cases; with two separate openings joined as a common orifice at the back table in two cases, with one common opening with a narrow bridge of tissue in one case. In type III APVB, the donor right anterior and posterior PV branches were obtained with separate openings. The donor right PV branches with one common opening in 92 cases of type I PV branches and a joined common orifice in three cases of type II APVB were anastomosed to the recipient's main portal vein or to right branching. As the unavailable recipient PV for sponginess hemangioma, one case of type I right PV branches was end-to-end anastomosed to one of the variceal lateral veins of about 1 cm diameter in a pediatric patient. The PV were reconstructed as double anastomoses in six type II APVB and in one type III APVB obtained with two separate PV openings. In the another type III APVB reconstruction, we successfully utilized a novel U-shaped vein graft interposition. The type II APVB donor receiving a narrow bridge of portal vein tissue excision developed portal vein thrombosis on the third postoperative day and underwent reexploration for thrombectomy. There were no vascular complications, such as portal vein thrombosis or stricture among other donors or all recipients. The velocity of blood flow in the U-graft was normal. The anastomosis between the type I donor right portal vein and recipient variceal lateral vein was unobstructed. Right PV branches should be excised on the principal of donor priority while leaving the donor's main portal vein and confluence intact. Single anastomoses was the fundamental procedure of right branch reconstruction. Double anastomoses could be used as the main management for type II and type III APVB reconstruction. U-graft interposition may be a potential procedure for type III APVB reconstruction. Single anastomoses between the donor right portal vein and the recipient variceal lateral vein may be performed when recipient portal vein is unavailable. These innovations for excision and reconstruction of right PV branches were feasible, safe, and had good outcomes.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2008; 40(5):1529-33. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular complications after liver transplantation remain a major source of morbidity and mortality for recipients. In particular, patients receiving living-related liver transplantation (LRLT) experience a higher rate of vascular complications owing to the complex vascular reconstruction. Between July 2001 and December 2005, LRLTs were performed in our center on 33 patients with end-stage liver diseases. The 23 men and 10 women had a mean age of 32.6 +/- 11.3 years (range = 5 to 58 years). Of the 33 patients, the percentage of vascular complications was 9.09% (3 cases), including hepatic arterial thrombosis (HAT), hepatic arterial stenosis (HAS), or hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) in one patient, respectively. No portal vein or hepatic vein complication occurred in our patients. Thrombectomy was performed in the patient with thrombosis. The patient with stenosis was treated with balloon angioplasty and endoluminal stent placement. The pseudoaneurysm was also successfully embolized to restore the blood flow toward the donor liver. Mean follow-up for all patients after LRLT was 18.0 +/- 5.4 months. The overall postoperative 30-day mortality rate was 6.06% (2/33). The 1-year survival rate was 86.36% in 22 patients with benign diseases and 72.73% in 11 patients with malignant diseases. However, no death was associated with vascular complications. Careful preoperative evaluation and intraoperative microsurgical technique for hepatic artery reconstructions are the keys to prevent vascular complications following LRLT. Immediate surgical intervention is required for acute vascular complications, whereas late complications may be treated by balloon angioplasty and endoluminal stent placement. Embolization may be a safe and effective approach in the treatment of a pseudoaneurysm of the hepatic artery.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2008; 40(5):1525-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) can provide life-saving therapy for many patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), who otherwise would succumb due to tumor progression. However, donor risk must be balanced against potential recipient benefit. From January 2002 to December 2006, a total of 27 LDLT were performed for HCC patients in our center, including 25 right lobe grafts, and 2 dual grafts. Twenty-four (88.89%) met the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) criteria, whereas 3 (11.11%) did not. Of our 29 donors, the overall complication rate was 17.24%. Two (6.90%) experienced major complications including intra-abdominal bleeding and portal vein thrombosis in 1, respectively; 3 (10.34%) experienced minor complications: wound steatosis, pleural effusion, and transient chyle leakage in 1, respectively. We did not observe any donor mortality; all donors fully recovered and returned to their previous occupations. No recipient developed small-for-size syndrome. The overall HCC patient survival rates at 1- and 3-years were 84.01% and 71.40%, respectively, similar to those of patients undergoing LDLT for various nonmalignant diseases during the same period (P > .05). Although further study is needed to fully assess the risks and benefits of LDLT for both HCC patients and donors, our preliminary results suggested that LDLT offered an acceptable chance and duration of survival for HCC patients. It was not only a relatively safe procedure provided that every effort was taken to minimize donor morbidities, but also beneficial for HCC recipients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 06/2008; 40(5):1476-80. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in comparison with the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score to predict short-term postoperative survival and 3-month morbidity among patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed data from all patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation in our unit from December 1999 to November 2005, on the admission day MELD and CTP scores were calculated for each patient according to the original formula. We evaluated the accuracy of MELD and CTP to predict postoperative short-term survival and 3-month morbidity using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis, respectively. Seven of 42 patients died within 3-months follow-up. The MELD scores for nonsurvivors (32.97 +/- 7.11) were significantly higher than those for survivors (24.90 +/- 4.96; P < .05), CTP scores were significantly higher, too (12.57 +/- 0.98, 11.51 +/- 1.17; P < .05). ROC analysis identified the MELD best cut-off point to be 25.67 to predict postoperative morbidity (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.841; sensitivity = 85.7%; specificity = 60.0%), and the CTP best cut-off point was 11.5 (AUC = 0.747; sensitivity = 85.7%; specificity = 54.3%). MELD score was superior to CTP score to predict postoperative short-term survival and 3-month morbidity among patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation. MELD score was an objective predictive system and more efficient than CTP score to evaluate the risk of 3-month morbidity and short-term prognosis in patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2007; 39(5):1501-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The growing gap between the number of patients awaiting liver transplantation and available organs has continued to be the primary issue facing the transplant community. To overcome the waiting list mortality, living donor liver transplantation has become an option, in which the greatest concern is the safety of the donor, especially in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (A-A LDLT) using a right lobe liver graft. We evaluated the safety of donors after right lobe liver donation for A-A LDLT performed in our center. From January 2002 to March 2006, 26 patients underwent A-A LDLT using right lobe liver grafts in our center. Seven donors were men and 19 were women (range, 19-65 years; median age, 38 years). The right lobe liver grafts were obtained by transecting the liver on the right side of the middle hepatic vein without interrupting the vascular blood flow. The mean follow-up time for these donors was 9 months. These donor residual liver volumes ranged from 30.5% to 60.3%. We did not experience any donor mortality. Two cases (7.69%) experienced major complications: intra-abdominal bleeding and portal vein thrombosis in one each and three (11.54%), minor ones: wound steatosis in two, and transient chyle leak in one. All donors were fully recovered and returned to their previous occupations. A-A LDLT using a right lobe liver graft has become a standard option. The donation of right lobe liver for A-A LDLT was a relatively safe procedure in our center.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2007; 39(1):150-2. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe pneumonia in adult liver transplantation (OLT) recipients is a dangerous condition with significant morbidity and mortality. To analyze the risk factors for postoperative severe pneumonia in OLT patients, we collected data from 132 consecutive adult patients who underwent OLT between February 1999 and April 2004. According to the American Thoracic Society consensus statement, episodes of severe pneumonia were observed in 24 patients (18.2%). We retrospectively reviewed the etiology diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of the 24 recipients. Bacteria were responsible for 95.8% of these episodes (23 of 24), fungi for 16.7% (4 of 24) and viruses for 4.4% (1 of 24). Twenty-six percent of the bacterial pneumonias were due to Streptococcus alpha hemolyticus. The mortality rate was 37.5% (9 of 24) for patients with severe pneumonia versus 7.4% (8 of 108, P = .004) for patients without pneumonia. Two cases with hepatorenal syndrome died, and three patients with coinfection by bacteria and fungi died. Acute rejection episodes occurred in 15 patients, four of whom died. Mechanical ventilation and tracheotomy were required in 13 cases (54%). Six who experienced prolonged intubation died. Sputum and pleural fluid cultures helped to establish a diagnosis in 91.7% (22 of 24) of cases. Twenty cases (83%) underwent reduction in the immunosuppressive regimen. Patient age, intraoperative transfusion requirements, extubation time, and hospital stay were fatal predictors of prognoses. We concluded that early detection of the responsible pathogen; timely and specific diagnosis; reduction in the immunosuppressive regimen; appropriate treatment with reliable, effective techniques; and implementation of sensitive culture-based antibiotics was an effective strategy to treat severe adult pneumonia in liver transplantation recipients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2006; 38(9):2974-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alveolar echinococcosis of the liver, caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis, has the characteristics of a slow-growing liver cancer. The aim of the present work was to report a series of patients who received orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for life-threatening disease. Our article summarizes the medical history, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of five patients who received OLT between 2001 and 2002. Most patients had a long history of symptomatic disease (iterative cholangitis, obstructive jaundice) and repeated abdominal surgery. One patient died during the hospitalization mostly related to bacterial infection and multiple organ failure. Another accidental death happened 3 months later from heart failure. Three patients are alive in good condition verifying that OLT is a feasible option for these end-stage cases. In general, combination therapy-chemotherapy, interventional therapy, radical surgery or/and OLT at an early stage-is proposed in advanced cases of which OLT has clearly played a vital role. Despite major technical difficulties, OLT for incurable disease is feasible. Specific management is needed to improve the results: earlier decision for OLT in symptomatic disease, routine pre- and post-transplant therapy, reduced immunosuppression, and regular follow-up.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2005; 37(5):2181-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

78 Citations
10.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009
    • Sichuan University
      • Department of Clinical Immunology
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China