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ABSTRACT: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an integral membrane glycoprotein expressed in prostatic epithelia and is being evaluated as a therapeutic target in prostate cancer. It undergoes constitutive receptor-mediated endocytosis via clathrin-coated pits, which is enhanced in the presence of monoclonal antibodies directed against it. We describe distinct interactions of PSMA with clathrin and the clathrin adaptor protein-2 (AP-2) complex, two components of clathrin-coated pits. The intracellular N-terminal domain of PSMA interacts with the N-terminal globular domain of clathrin heavy chain. Deletion analysis revealed an important determinant of this interaction residing within the proximal portion of the clathrin heavy chain N-terminal domain (amino acids 1-85) distinct from the clathrin binding sites of other known clathrin-binding proteins. Furthermore, PSMA interacts with the ear domain of alpha-adaptin (an AP-2 subunit), and a glutamic acid residue at position 7 in the cytoplasmic tail of PSMA is essential for this interaction. These data indicate that PSMA exhibits a high affinity, specific association with the clathrin-based endocytic machinery by distinct interactions with both clathrin and AP-2. Thus, although PSMA is a new member of the dual AP and clathrin binding proteins, its alpha-adaptin and clathrin heavy chain binding determinants are distinct from those of other members.
International Journal of Oncology 12/2007; 31(5):1199-203. DOI:10.3892/ijo.31.5.1199 · 2.77 Impact Factor