ABSTRACT: Although dialysis patients are undergoing CABG with increasing frequency, large studies specifically comparing patient characteristics and procedure-related risks in this population have not been performed.
We conducted a regional prospective cohort study of 15,500 consecutive patients undergoing CABG in northern New England from 1992 to 1997. We used multiple logistic regression analysis to examine associations between preoperative dialysis-dependent renal failure and postoperative events and to adjust for potentially confounding variables. The 279 dialysis-dependent renal failure patients (1.8%) were 4.4 times more likely to experience in-hospital mortality than were other CABG patients (12.2% versus 3.0%, respectively; P:<0.001). Dialysis-dependent renal failure patients were older and had more comorbidities and more severe cardiac disease than did other CABG patients. After adjusting for these factors in multivariate analysis, however, dialysis-dependent renal failure patients remained 3.1 times more likely to die after CABG (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 3.1, 95% CI 2.1 to 4.7; P:<0.001). Dialysis-dependent renal failure patients compared with other CABG patients also had a substantially increased risk of postoperative mediastinitis (3.6% versus 1.2%, respectively; adjusted OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2 to 4.7; P:=0.011) and postoperative stroke (4.3% versus 1.7%, respectively; adjusted OR 2. 1, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.9; P:=0.016), even after controlling for potentially confounding variables. Risks of reexploration for bleeding were similar for patients with and without dialysis-dependent renal failure.
Preoperative dialysis-dependent renal failure is a strong independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality and mediastinitis after CABG.
Circulation 12/2000; 102(24):2973-7. · 14.74 Impact Factor