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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess fertility outcome and obstetrical prognosis of 46 patients after hysteroscopic section of uterine septa with neodysmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser.
Approximately 15-25% of spontaneous miscarriages are related to Müllerian fusion defects, most of which are associated with uterine septa. Operative hysteroscopy is a safe and effective treatment for uterine septa.
Forty-six sterile patients with septate uterus received hysteroscopic metroplasty with Nd:YAG laser. Forty-one patients with incomplete septate uterus were under the guidance of B-ultrasonography, while the other 5 patients with complete septate uterus were treated by laparoscopy.
The metroplasty was successfully conducted in 45 patients, with a success rate of 98% (45 /46). Postoperative follow-up examinations of 28 patients revealed pregnancy within 12 months in 20 patients, 16 of whom acquired term delivery. The pregnancy rate within 1 year was 71%.
Hysteroscopic treatment of septate uterus with Nd:YAG laser is effective. The cervix may not be excessively dilated, the intraoperative bleeding can be thoroughly controlled, and the procedure under local anesthesia is relatively safe.
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 11/2006; 24(5):625. · 1.58 Impact Factor