James P Stables

Maharishi Arvind Insitute of Pharmacy, Jeypore, Rajasthan, India

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Publications (187)451.98 Total impact

  • Mohamed Jawed Ahsan, James P Stables
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    ABSTRACT: In continuance of our search for anticonvulsant agents, we reported herein the synthesis, characterization and anticonvulsant evaluation of some newer semicarbazone analogues. A few compounds were also screened for neuroprotection assay. Some of the compounds showed significant anticonvulsant activity. Compound 4a showed 25% (1/4, 0.25 h), 75% (3/4, 0.5 & 2.0 h) and 100% (4/4, 1.0 h) protection against 6 Hz psychomotor seizure test at 100 mg/kg devoid of any neurotoxicity. Compound 4d showed neuroprotection activity with 26.3 ± 2.3 percent of total propidium iodide uptake at 100 μM and IC50 of the compound was calculated using dose response curve by probit analysis and was found to be 149 ± 1.22 μM.
    Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Central Nervous System Agents) 06/2013; 13(2):141-7.
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    ABSTRACT: A series of twelve compounds (Compounds RNH1-RNH12) of acid hydrazones of pyridine-3-carbohydrazide or nicotinic acid hydrazide was synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity by MES, scPTZ, minimal clonic seizure and corneal kindling seizure test. Neurotoxicity was also determined for these compounds by rotarod test. Results showed that halogen substitution at meta and para position of phenyl ring exhibited better protection than ortho substitution. Compounds RNH4 and RNH12, were found to be the active analogs displaying 6Hz ED50 of 75.4 and 14.77 mg/kg while the corresponding MES ED50 values were 113.4 and 29.3 mg/kg respectively. In addition, compound RNH12 also showed scPTZ ED50 of 54.2 mg/kg. In the series, compound RNH12 with trifluoromethoxy substituted phenyl ring was the most potent analog exhibiting protection in all four animal models of epilepsy. Molecular docking study has also shown significant binding interactions of these two compounds with 1OHV, 2A1H and 1PBQ receptors. Thus, N-[(meta or para halogen substituted) benzylidene] pyridine-3-carbohydrazides could be used as lead compounds in anticonvulsant drug design and discovery.
    Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Central Nervous System Agents) 06/2013; 13(2):132-40.
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    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 01/2013; 22:7748. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of 43, 3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide/carbothioamide analogues (D01-D43) were analysed using Petra, Osiris, Molinspiration and ALOGPS (POMA) to identify pharmacophore, toxicity prediction, lipophilicity and bioactivity. All the compounds were evaluated for anti-HIV activity. 3-(4-Chlorophenyl)-N-(4-fluorophenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide (D07) was found to be the most active with IC(50)>4.83μM and CC(50) 4.83μM. 3-(4-Fluorophenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carbothioamide (D41) was found to be the most active compound against bacterial strains with MIC of 4μg/ml, comparable to the standard drug ciprofloxacin while 3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide (D38) was found to be the most active compound against fungal strains with MIC 2-4μg/ml, however less active than standard fluconazole. Toxicities prediction by Osiris were well supported and experimentally verified with exception of some compounds. In anticonvulsant screening, 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-(4-chlorophenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide (D09) showed maximum activity showing 100% (4/4, 0.25-0.5h) and 75% (3/4, 1.0h) protection against minimal clonic seizure test without any toxicity.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 10/2012; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present investigation we describe herein the molecular properties prediction by Molinspiration (Molinspiration, 2008) and synthesized of a series of seventeen 2-(substituted benzylidene/ethylidene)-N-(substituted phenyl)hydrazinecarboxamide analogues. All the title compounds (4a-q) followed the Lipinski “Rule of five”. The synthesized compounds were characterization by elemental analyses and spectral data followed by anticonvulsant activity according to the Antiepileptic Drug Development (ADD) Programme Protocol. 2-(4-Hydroxybenzylidene)-N-(2-chlorophenyl)hydrazinecarboxamide (4j) was found to be the most active compound of the series showing protection at 4.0 h at a dose of 100 mg/kg against maximal electroshock seizure test and 50% (2/4, 0.25 h, 1-2 h) and 100% (4/4, 0.5 h) protection in 6 Hz psychomotor seizure test without showing any neurotoxicity. N-(2-chlorophenyl)hydrazine carboxamide (3b) showed 100% (4/4, 0.25-2 h) and 66.6% (2/3, 4 h) protection in 6 Hz psychomotor seizure test.
    Medicinal Chemistry Research 10/2012; · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of derivatives of dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (γ-butyrolactone, GBL) was synthesized and tested for anticonvulsant, neurotoxic and analgesic activity. In the anticonvulsant screening 10 lactones were effective in the maximal electroshock test (MES) at the highest doses (300 and 100mg/kg, 0.5h, ip, mice). Statistical analysis showed correlation between the anticonvulsant activity and relative lipophilicity parameters determined by experimental and computational methods (R(M0), ClogP and MlogP). Preliminary antinociceptive evaluation of selected derivatives revealed strong analgesic activity. The majority of the tested compounds showed high efficacy in animal models of acute pain (hot plate and writhing tests) and strong local anesthetic activity (modified tail immersion test). The obtained ED(50) values were comparable with such analgesics as acetylsalicylic acid and morphine.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 08/2012; 20(21):6533-44. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of fourteen 3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide/carbothioamide analogues were synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity according to the Antiepileptic Drug Development Programme (ADD) protocol. Some of the synthesized compounds showed significant activity in minimal clonic seizure model (6 Hz psychomotor seizure test). 3-(4-Fluorophenyl)-N-(4-bromophenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide (4c) was found to be the most active compound of the series showing 75% (3/4, 0.25-2.0 h) and 50% (2/4, 4.0 h) protection against minimal clonic seizure at 100 mg/kg without any toxicity. 3-(Pyridin-4-yl)-N-(4-chlorophenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-3a,4-dihydro-3H-indeno[1,2-c]pyrazole-2-carboxamide (4f) showed protection in maximal electroshock (MES) seizure and subcutaneous metrazol (scMET) seizure at 300 mg/kg.
    Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry 03/2012; · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preclinical research has facilitated the discovery of valuable drugs for the symptomatic treatment of epilepsy. Yet, despite these therapies, seizures are not adequately controlled in a third of all affected individuals, and comorbidities still impose a major burden on quality of life. The introduction of multiple new therapies into clinical use over the past two decades has done little to change this. There is an urgent demand to address the unmet clinical needs for: (1) new symptomatic antiseizure treatments for drug-resistant seizures with improved efficacy/tolerability profiles, (2) disease-modifying treatments that prevent or ameliorate the process of epileptogenesis, and (3) treatments for the common comorbidities that contribute to disability in people with epilepsy. New therapies also need to address the special needs of certain subpopulations, that is, age- or gender-specific treatments. Preclinical development in these treatment areas is complex due to heterogeneity in presentation and etiology, and may need to be formulated with a specific seizure, epilepsy syndrome, or comorbidity in mind. The aim of this report is to provide a framework that will help define future guidelines that improve and standardize the design, reporting, and validation of data across preclinical antiepilepsy therapy development studies targeting drug-resistant seizures, epileptogenesis, and comorbidities.
    Epilepsia 03/2012; 53(3):571-82. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: sec-Butyl-propylacetamide (SPD) is a one-carbon homolog of valnoctamide (VCD), a central nervous system (CNS)-active amide derivative of valproic acid (VPA) currently in phase II clinical trials. The study reported herein evaluated the anticonvulsant activity of SPD in a battery of rodent seizure and epilepsy models and assessed its efficacy in rat and guinea pig models of status epilepticus (SE) and neuroprotection in an organotypic hippocampal slice model of excitotoxic cell death. The anticonvulsant activity of SPD was evaluated in several rodent seizure and epilepsy models, including maximal electroshock (MES), 6-Hz psychomotor; subcutaneous (s.c.) metrazol-, s.c. picrotoxin, s.c. bicuculline, and audiogenic, corneal, and hippocampal kindled seizures following intraperitoneal administration. Results obtained with SPD are discussed in relationship to those obtained with VPA and VCD. SPD was also evaluated for its ability to block benzodiazepine-resistant SE induced by pilocarpine (rats) and soman (rats and guinea pigs) following intraperitoneal administration. SPD was tested for its ability to block excitotoxic cell death induced by the glutamate agonists N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and kainic acid (KA) using organotypic hippocampal slices and SE-induced hippocampal cell death using FluoroJade B staining. The cognitive function of SPD-treated rats that were protected against pilocarpine-induced convulsive SE was examined 10-14 days post-SE using the Morris water maze (MWM). The relationship between the pharmacokinetic profile of SPD and its efficacy against soman-induced SE was evaluated in two parallel studies following SPD (60 mg/kg, i.p.) administration in the soman SE rat model. SPD was highly effective and displayed a wide protective index (PI = median neurotoxic dose/median effective dose [TD(50)/ED(50)]) in the standardized seizure and epilepsy models employed. The wide PI values of SPD demonstrate that it is effective at doses well below those that produce behavioral impairment. Unlike VCD, SPD also displayed anticonvulsant activity in the rat pilocarpine model of SE. Thirty minutes after the induction of SE, the calculated rat ED(50) for SPD against convulsive SE in this model was 84 mg/kg. SPD was not neuroprotective in the organotypic hippocampal slice preparation; however, it did display hippocampal neuroprotection in both SE models and cognitive sparing in the MWM, which was associated with its antiseizure effect against pilocarpine-induced SE. When administered 20 and 40 min after SE onset, SPD (100-174 mg/kg) produced long-lasting efficacy (e.g., 4-8 h) against soman-induced convulsive and electrographic SE in both rats and guinea pigs. SPD ED(50) values in guinea pigs were 67 and 92 mg/kg when administered at SE onset or 40 min after SE onset, respectively. Assuming linear pharmacokinetics (PK), the PK-PD (pharmacodynamic) results (rats) suggests that effective SPD plasma levels ranged between 8 and 40 mg/L (20 min after the onset of soman-induced seizures) and 12-50 mg/L (40 min after the onset of soman-induced seizures). The time to peak (t(max)) pharmacodynamic effect (PD-t(max)) occurred after the PK-t(max), suggesting that SPD undergoes slow distribution to extraplasmatic sites, which is likely responsible for antiseizure activity of SPD. The results demonstrate that SPD is a broad-spectrum antiseizure compound that blocks SE induced by pilocarpine and soman and affords in vivo neuroprotection that is associated with cognitive sparing. Its activity against SE is superior to that of diazepam in terms of rapid onset, potency, and its effect on animal mortality and functional improvement.
    Epilepsia 12/2011; 53(1):134-46. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty six new N-(4-substituted phenyl)-2-[4-(substituted) benzylidene]-hydrazinecarbothioamides were synthesized and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity and neurotoxicity. The anticonvulsant activity was established in three seizure models i.e. MES, scMET and 6 Hz model. The most active compound was 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)benzylidene]-N-(4-fluorophenyl)hydrazinecarbothioamide PC 31 which showed 100% protection at 0.5 h in the 6 Hz test. Compound 2-[4-(4-bromophenoxy) benzylidene]-N-(4-bromophenyl) hydrazinecarbothioamide PC 23 was found to be active in both the MES and 6 Hz test. A computational study was carried out from calculation of a pharmacophore pattern and the prediction of pharmacokinetic properties. Titled compounds have also exhibited good binding properties with epilepsy molecular targets such as glutamate, GABA (A) delta and GABA (A) alpha-1 receptors, in the Lamarckian genetic algorithm based on flexible docking studies.
    European journal of medicinal chemistry 10/2011; 47(1):153-66. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, we reported that select N'-benzyl 2-substituted 2-amino acetamides (primary amino acid derivatives (PAADs)) exhibited pronounced activities in established whole animal anticonvulsant (i.e., maximal electroshock seizure (MES)) and neuropathic pain (i.e., formalin) models. The anticonvulsant activities of C(2)-hydrocarbon N'-benzyl 2-amino acetamides (MES ED(50) = 13-21 mg/kg) exceeded those of phenobarbital (ED(50) = 22 mg/kg). Two additional studies defining the structure-activity relationship of PAADs are presented in this issue of the journal. In this study, we demonstrated that the anticonvulsant activities of (R)-N'-benzyl 2-amino-3-methylbutanamide and (R)-N'-benzyl 2-amino-3,3-dimethylbutanamide were sensitive to substituents at the 4'-N'-benzylamide site; electron-withdrawing groups retained activity, electron-donating groups led to a loss of activity, and incorporating either a 3-fluorobenzyloxy or 3-fluorophenoxymethyl group using a rationally designed multiple ligand approach improved activity. Additionally, we showed that substituents at the 4'-N'-benzylamide site of (R)-N'-benzyl 2-amino-3-methoxypropionamide also improved anticonvulsant activity, with the 3-fluorophenoxymethyl group providing the largest (∼4-fold) increase in activity (ED(50) = 8.9 mg/kg), a value that surpassed phenytoin (ED(50) = 9.5 mg/kg). Collectively, the pharmacological findings provided new information that C(2)-hydrocarbon PAADs represent a novel class of anticonvulsants.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 08/2011; 54(19):6417-31. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary amino acid derivatives (PAADs) (N'-benzyl 2-substituted 2-amino acetamides) are structurally related to functionalized amino acids (FAAs) (N'-benzyl 2-substituted 2-acetamido acetamides) but differ by the absence of the terminal N-acetyl group. Both classes exhibit potent anticonvulsant activities in the maximal electroshock seizure animal model, and the reported structure-activity relationships (SARs) of PAADs and FAAs differ in significant ways. Recently, we documented that PAAD efficacy was associated with a hydrocarbon moiety at the C(2)-carbon, while in the FAAs, a substituted heteroatom one atom removed from the C(2)-center was optimal. Previously in this issue, we showed that PAAD activity was dependent upon the electronic properties of the 4'-N'-benzylamide substituent, while FAA activity was insensitive to electronic changes at this site. In this study, we prepared analogues of (R)-N'-benzyl 2-amino-3-methylbutanamide to identify the structural components for maximal anticonvulsant activity. We demonstrated that the SAR of PAADs and FAAs diverged at the terminal amide site and that PAADs had considerably more structural latitude in the types of units that could be incorporated at this position, suggesting that these compounds function according to different mechanism(s).
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 08/2011; 54(19):6432-42. · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of (E)-N′-(substituted-benzylidene)isonicotinohydrazide derivatives were synthesized by coupling it with different substituted aldehydes, acetophenone, and benzophenones in presence of absolute ethanol along with catalytic amount of glacial acetic acid. All the synthesized compound were confirmed and characterized by using various spectral technique like IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and mass spectroscopy studies. Anticonvulsant evaluations of all the synthesized compounds were done using various seizures models like maximal electroshock-induced seizure (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) at a dose of 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg body weight and anticonvulsant activity was noted at 0.5 h and 4 h time intervals after the drug administration. Compound 1a (E)-N′-2-benzylidene isonicotinohydrazide, 1g (E)-N′-2-ethoxybenzylidene isonicotinohydrazide, 1k (E)-N′-3-flourobenzylidene isonicotinohydrazide and 3a (E)-N′-diphenylmethylene isonicotinohydrazide showed protection in MES model, which indicates that these compounds have the ability to prevent the spread of seizure at 300 mg/kg dose and showed protection at 0.5 h duration. Compound 3a was also found to be active in scPTZ screen at a dose of 300 mg/kg. In neurotoxicity screen, all the synthesized compounds were found non-toxic except compounds 1n, 2a, and 3b. Further compounds 1a, 1g, 1k, and 3a were also evaluated in the minimal clonic seizure model and exhibited potent anticonvulsant activity with lower neurotoxicity. Among all synthesized derivatives, analogue 3a was found to exhibit protection in MES and scPTZ seizure models. This study proved that isonicotinoyl hydrazides synthesized by condensing isoniazid with various aldehydes and ketones displayed moderate to potent anticonvulsant activity.
    Medicinal Chemistry Research 07/2011; 21:2145-2152. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • Nadeem Siddiqui, M Shamsher Alam, James P Stables
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    ABSTRACT: Various 1-(amino-N-arylmethanethio)-3-(1-substituted benzyl-2, 3-dioxoindolin-5-yl) urea (5a-p) were designed keeping in view the structural requirements suggested in the pharmacophore model for anticonvulsant activity. Their in vivo anticonvulsant screenings were performed by two most adopted seizure models, maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ). Compound 5f was found active in MES screening while compounds 5h, 5i, 5k and 5l showed significant anticonvulsant activity in both the screenings and were devoid of any neurotoxicity. Compound 5h and 5i showed marked protection at 300 mg/kg against MES and scPTZ screening. Compound 5i also showed protection against MES screening at the dose of 100 mg/kg. In 6 Hz screening these two compounds showed significant protection and emerged as lead compounds for future investigations.
    European journal of medicinal chemistry 03/2011; 46(6):2236-42. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The novel antiepileptic drug, (R)-N-benzyl 2-acetamido-3-methoxypropionamide ((R)-lacosamide, Vimpat(®) ((R)-1)), was recently approved in the US and Europe for adjuvant treatment of partial-onset seizures in adults. (R)-1 preferentially enhances slow inactivation of voltage-gated Na(+) currents, a pharmacological process relevant in the hyperexcitable neuron. We have advanced a strategy to identify lacosamide binding partners by attaching affinity bait (AB) and chemical reporter (CR) groups to (R)-1 to aid receptor detection and isolation. We showed that select lacosamide AB and AB&CR derivatives exhibited excellent activities similar to (R)-1 in the maximal electroshock seizure model in rodents. Here, we examined the effect of these lacosamide AB and AB&CR derivatives and compared them with (R)-1 on Na(+) channel function in CNS catecholaminergic (CAD) cells. Using whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology, we demonstrated that the test compounds do not affect the Na(+) channel fast inactivation process, that they were far better modulators of slow inactivation than (R)-1, and that modulation of the slow inactivation process was stereospecific. The lacosamide AB agents that contained either an electrophilic isothiocyanate ((R)-5) or a photolabile azide ((R)-8) unit upon AB activation gave modest levels of permanent Na(+) channel slow inactivation, providing initial evidence that these compounds may have covalently reacted with their cognate receptor(s). Our findings support the further use of these agents to delineate the (R)-1-mediated Na(+) channel slow inactivation process.
    ACS Chemical Neuroscience 02/2011; 2(2):90-106. · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A library of 35 benzylacetamide derivatives was evaluated for anticonvulsant activity as reflected in the ED50 (mg/kg) required to suppress seizure activity in the maximal electroshock seizure (MES) test. Using the method of partial least-squares regression in conjunction with cross-validation, the influence of 31 topological, electronic, physico chemical, and structural properties on anticonvulsant activity was investigated. A QSAR model of the logED50 in the MES test was established (R2adj = 0.77) as a function of the following seven properties: the Wiener index on distance code (Wmean), the mean information index on atomic composition (rIac), the partial charge at the C-terminal carbonyl carbon (qCC), the sum of partial charges in the α substituent (qαtotal), the number of hydrogen bond donors and acceptors in the α substituent (Hdα and Haα), and the calculated value of the squared n-octanol/water partition coefficient. Based on this model, two new amido ketone compounds — (R,S)-2-acetamido-5-phenyl-3-pentanone and cis/trans-(R,S)-2-acetamido-5-phenyl-4-penten-3-one — were synthesized and shown to have significant anticonvulsant activity in the MES test.Key words: QSAR, anticonvulsant, benzylacetamide, functionalized amino acid, amido ketones.
    Canadian Journal of Chemistry 02/2011; 83(1):37-45. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Laxmi Tripathi, Ranjit Singh, James P Stables
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    ABSTRACT: A series of N'-[substituted] pyridine-4-carbohydrazides were designed and synthesized keeping in view the structural requirement of pharmacophore and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity and neurotoxicity. The anticonvulsant activity of the titled compounds was established after intraperitoneal administration in three seizure models, which include MES, scMET and 6 Hz model. The most active compound of the series was N'-[4-(4-fluorophenoxy)benzylidene]pyridine-4-carbohydrazide PCH 6, which showed a MES ED50 value of 128.3 mg/kg and 6 Hz ED50 value of 53.3 mg/kg in mice. The median toxic dose (TD50) was 343.6 mg/kg, providing compound PCH 6 with a protection index of 2.67 in the MES test and 6.44 in 6 Hz test. A computational study was also carried out, including calculation of pharmacophore pattern, prediction of pharmacokinetic properties and docking studies.
    European journal of medicinal chemistry 02/2011; 46(2):509-18. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of ten compounds (Compounds J(1)-J(10)) of (±) 3-menthone aryl acid hydrazone was synthesized and characterized by thin layer chromatography and spectral analysis. Synthesized compounds were evaluated for anticonvulsant activity after intraperitoneal (i.p) administration to mice by maximal electroshock (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) induced seizure method and minimal clonic seizure test. Minimal motor impairment was also determined for these compounds. Results obtained showed that four compounds out of ten afforded significant protection in the minimal clonic seizure screen at 6 Hz. Compound J(6), 4-Chloro-N-(2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexylidene) benzohydrazide was found to be the most active compound with MES ED(50) of 16.1 mg/kg and protective index (pI) of greater than 20, indicating that (±) 3-menthone aryl acid hydrazone possesses better and safer anticonvulsant properties than other reported menthone derivatives viz. menthone Schiff bases, menthone semicarbazides and thiosemicarbazides.
    Medicinal chemistry (Shāriqah (United Arab Emirates)) 01/2011; 7(1):56-61. · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of aryl acid hydrazones of substituted aromatic acid hydrazides (D 1 to D 20) were synthesised and evaluated for anticonvulsant activity. Aryl acid hydrazones of Nicotinic acid hydrazide (D 8, D 9, and D 10) have displayed excellent protection in maximal electroshock screen. These compounds have also exhibited excellent binding properties with Lys 329 residue of gamma amino butyrate amino transferase (GABA-AT) in Lamarckian genetic algorithm based flexible docking studies. Compound D 8, N 1-(4-chlorobenzylidene) nicotinohydrazide was found to be the most potent analog with ED50 value of 16.1mg/kg and protective index (PI=TD50/ED50) value of >20, which was much greater than that of the prototype drug phenytoin (PI=6.9). It has shown free binding energy value of −10.20kcal/mol and inhibition constant (Ki) value of 33.30nM for GABA-AT, indicating that aryl acid hydrazones of nicotinic acid hydrazide could be considered as a new pharmacophore in the design of novel anticonvulsant drugs. KeywordsAryl acid hydrazones–Anticonvulsant activity–Antiepileptic drug design–Maximal electroshock test–scPTZ–Docking–GABA-AT
    Medicinal Chemistry Research 01/2011; 20(9):1499-1504. · 1.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twelve new 1-(4-substituted-phenyl)-3-(4-oxo-2-methyl-4H-quinazolin-3-yl)-urea were synthesized and screened for anticonvulsant, CNS depressant, and sedative-hypnotic activity. After i.p. injection to mice at doses of 30, 100, and 300mg/kg body weight 2,3-Disubstituted-quinazolin-4(3H)-one were examined in the maximal electroshock-induced seizures (MES) and subcutaneous pentylenetetrazole (scPTZ) induced seizure models in mice. Spectroscopic data and elemental analysis were consistent with the newly synthesized compounds. The neurotoxicity was assessed using the rotorod method. M3, M4, and M10 were found to be active in both MES screen and scPTZ screen at 0.5h. All except M11 showed more than 44% decrease in locomotor activity after 1h of compound administration via actophotometer screen. CNS-depressant activity screened with the help of the forced swim method resulted into some potent compounds. Except for M6 and M11 other tested compounds were found to exhibit potent CNS depressants activity as indicated by increased immobility time. It can be concluded that newly synthesized compounds possessed sedative-hypnotic and CNS depressant activities. Keywords4(3H)-quinazolinone–Anticonvulsant–Sedative-hypnotic
    Medicinal Chemistry Research 01/2011; 20(6):738-745. · 1.61 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
451.98 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Maharishi Arvind Insitute of Pharmacy
      Jeypore, Rajasthan, India
  • 1997–2013
    • National Eye Institute
      Maryland, United States
  • 2011
    • Indiana University-Purdue University School of Medicine
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
    • Shobhit University
      • Department of Pharmaceutical Science
      Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
    • Jaipur National University
      • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
    • Jamia Hamdard University
      • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
      New Delhi, NCT, India
  • 2008–2011
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
      • Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry
      North Carolina, United States
    • University of Pécs
      • Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
      Fuenfkirchen, Baranya county, Hungary
    • Université Paris-Sud 11
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Orsay, Île-de-France, France
  • 1995–2011
    • National Institutes of Health
      • Division of Anticonvulsant Screening
      Maryland, United States
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2010
    • Kumaun University
      • Department of Pharmacy
      Naini Tāl, Uttarakhand, India
    • Northeast Ohio Medical University
      Ravenna, Ohio, United States
    • Catholic University of Louvain
      • Ecole de pharmacie (FARM)
      Walloon Region, Belgium
  • 2006–2010
    • Acadia University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 2000–2010
    • Banaras Hindu University
      • Department of Applied Chemistry
      Vārānasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • 1997–2010
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1996–2010
    • University of Houston
      • Department of Chemistry
      Houston, Texas, United States
    • University of Saskatchewan
      • College of Pharmacy and Nutrition
      Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • 2009
    • National Institute of Technology Karnataka
      • Department of Chemistry
      Mangalore, State of Karnataka, India
  • 2008–2009
    • Dr. Harisingh Gour University
      • Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Sāgar, State of Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2002–2009
    • Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani
      • Department of Pharmacy
      Pilāni, Rajasthan, India
  • 2005
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2004
    • Medical University of Warsaw
      Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
    • Jagiellonian University
      Cracovia, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland
  • 2003–2004
    • Marmara University
      • Faculty of Pharmacy
      İstanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
    • Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi
      Vārānasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • 2001
    • University of Louisiana at Monroe
      • Department of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Monroe, LA, United States
    • Hacettepe University
      • Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
      Ankara, Ankara, Turkey