[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Abnormal high activation of survivin is involved in carcinogenesis of various types of cancer. Survivin has been shown to promote cell proliferation in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Survivin-targeting approaches have become a promising strategy for treating HCC. Here, we used a reporter system to screen effective survivin siRNA sequences. The effect of vector-based survivin short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the malignant phenotype of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo was determined, and an adenovirus-mediated shRNA expression vector was developed to decrease survivin expression of the established HCC tumor in nude mice. In vitro study showed that stable survivin knockdown inhibited cancer cell proliferation, enhanced apoptotic susceptibility, arrested cell cycle in the G1 phase and resulted in apparent mitotic catastrophe. Moreover, cells stably expressing survivin shRNA showed decreased tumorigenicity in nude mice. An additional in vivo study showed that intratumoral injection of adenovirus-delivered survivin shRNA suppressed tumor growth by spontaneous apoptosis of cancer cells and significantly prolonged animal survival. In conclusion, we proved the therapeutic potential of survivin shRNA for the treatment of HCC. And our results indicated that adenovirus-delivered shRNA may serve as a novel therapeutic for HCC.
Cancer gene therapy 10/2009; 17(4):275-88. DOI:10.1038/cgt.2009.68 · 2.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), a specific antigen on the membrane of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected cells, provides a perfect target for therapeutic drugs. In order to mediate successful targeted delivery of these therapies, it is essential to have antibodies that recognize HBsAg with high specificity and affinity. In this report, we constructed a natural immune antigen binding fragments (Fab) antibody phage display library against HBsAg and after three rounds of panning, five Fab fragments with significant HBsAg binding ability were selected and analysed. DNA sequencing revealed that all the light chains had the same sequence, while all the Fd genes exhibited different sequences. For further application, all of the Fab antibodies were reconstructed into single chain antibodies (scFvs) and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 cells. Indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis demonstrated that all five scFvs maintained a high affinity for HBsAg and could bind HBsAg on the membrane of HBV-infected cells. Indirect fluorescent staining analysis revealed that one of the scFvs (scFv15) could be internalized into HBsAg-positive HepG2.2.15 cells through clathrin-mediated endocytosis pathway. The internalizing scFv15 antibody would have great potential for the targeted delivery of therapeutics to HBV-infected cells.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) represents a caspase-independent apoptotic pathway in the cell, and a mitochondrial localization sequence-truncated AIF (AIFDelta1-120) can be relocated from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and exhibit a constitutive proapoptotic activity. Here, we generated a chimeric immuno-AIF protein, which comprised an HER2 antibody, a Pseudomonas exotoxin translocation domain and AIFDelta1-120. Human Jurkat cells transfected with the immuno-AIF gene could express and secrete the chimeric protein, which selectively recognized HER2-overexpressing tumor cells and was endocytosed. Subsequent cleavage of truncated AIF from immuno-AIF and its release from the internalized vesicles resulted in apoptosis of tumor cells. Intramuscular injection of the immuno-AIF gene caused significant suppression of tumors and substantially prolonged mice survival in an HER2-overexpressing xenograft tumor model. Our study demonstrates the feasibility of the immuno-AIF gene as a novel approach to treating cancers that overexpress HER2.