[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 40l/h Helium Liquefier has been commissioned by the Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences. A measurement and control system based on Siemens PLC S7-300 for this Helium Liquefier is developed. Proper sensors are selected, for example, three types of transmitters are adopted respectively according to detailed temperature measurement requirements. Siemens S7-300 PLC CPU315-2PN/DP operates as a master station and three sets of ET200 M DP remote expand I/O operate asslave stations. Profibus-DP field communication is used between the master station and the slave stations. The upper computer HMI(Human Machine Interface) is compiled using Siemens configuration software WinCC V7.0. The upper computer communicates with PLC by means of industrial Ethernet. A specific control logic for this Helium Liquefier is developed. The control of the suction and discharge pressures of the compressor and the control of the turbo-expanders loop are being discussed in this paper. Following the commissioning phase, the outlet temperature of the second stage turbine has reached 8.6K and the temperature before the throttle valve has reached 13.1K.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To ensure that the magnetic metal electrodes can meet the requirements of the spin injection, NiFe films prepared both on HfO2 dielectric layer and n+-Si directly by sputtering deposition, and treated by conventional furnace annealing and/or high vacuum magnetic field annealing were investigated. It was found that thermal annealing at 250°C improved the crystalline quality and reduced surface roughness of the NiFe films, thus enhancing its saturation magnetization intensity. The 100 nm thick NiFe films had too large coercive force and saturation magnetization intensity in vertical direction to meet the requirements of Hanle curve detection. While, 30 nm thick NiFe films showed paramagnetic hysteresis loops in vertical direction, and the magnetization intensity of the sample after annealing at 250°C for 30 min was less than 2% to the parallel when the external magnetic field was given between ±10 Oe. This was preferred to Hanle curve detection. The thin HfO2 dielectric layer between metal and Si partially suppressed the diffusion of Ni in NiFe into Si substrate and formation of NiSi, greatly enhancing the saturation magnetization intensity of the Al/NiFe/HfO2/Si sample by thermal annealing. Those results suggest that Al/NiFe/HfO2/Si structure, from the point view of magnetic electrodes, would be suitable for spin injection and detection applications.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 11/2015; 394:253-259. DOI:10.1016/j.jmmm.2015.06.066 · 1.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) gene rearrangements and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been intensively studied. The objective of this study was to determine the clinicopathological characteristics in genotype-specific subsets of patients with NSCLC to help ensure the optimal identification of patients whose tumors harbor these two driver mutations. The incidence of ALK rearrangements was investigated in 763 NSCLC specimens by immunohistochemistry using a D5F3 antibody, and EGFR mutations were assessed by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) in 222 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Of these, 73 (9.6%) were detected as being ALK-positive; this designation was associated with young age, female gender, never-smokers, lymph node metastasis, and poor tumor differentiation, but not with histology. EGFR mutations were identified in 102 (45.9%) of 222 adenocarcinoma samples, and were more frequent in females and never-smokers. No difference in age was observed. Specifically, we identified several cases of complex EGFR mutations, and concomitant EGFR mutations and ALK rearrangements. These results suggest that young women and never-smokers are at risk for ALK rearrangement. We also identified concomitant mutations of EGFR and rearrangements of ALK in this study.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The partly stripped ions get loss in storage ring when the charge state changes through collision ionization by residual gas and capturing electrons from electron beam. It was found in the first electron cooling commissioning of 12C3+ beam at HIRFL-CSRe that the lifetime of 122 MeV/u 12C3+ beam is only 6.6 s shorter than expected, and the electron cooling effect is unobvious. The lifetime of 12C3+ at CSRe and its electron cooling time were calculated in this paper. The result shows that the vacuum pressure at the order of 10-8 Pa causes severe 12C3+ beam loss at CSRe. The beam loss due to recombination and cooling effect is unapparent in comparison with the one by collision ionization. The calculation explains the accidental fast beam loss in the first electron cooling commissioning of 12C3+ beam at CSRe.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The tight junction-based paracellular pathway plays an important role in saliva secretion. Zonula occludens (ZO) proteins are submembranous proteins of tight junction complex; however, their function in salivary epithelium is poorly understood. Here, we found that activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) by capsaicin increased rat saliva secretion both in vivo and ex vivo. Meanwhile, TRPV1 activation enlarged the width of tight junctions between neighboring acinar cells, increased the paracellular ﬂux of 4-kDa fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran in submandibular gland (SMG) tissues, and decreased transepithelial electric resistance (TER) in SMG-C6 cells. ZO-1, -2, and -3 were distributed principally to the apical lateral region of acinar cells in SMG tissues and continuously encircled the peripheries of SMG-C6 cells in the untreated condition. TRPV1 activation obviously diminished ZO-1 and -2 staining, but not ZO-3 or β-catenin, at the cell-cell contacts ex vivo and in vitro. Moreover, in untreated SMG-C6 cells, ZO-1 and -2 single or double knockdown by small interfering RNA (siRNA) increased the paracellular ﬂux of 4-kDa FITC-dextran. In capsaicin-treated cells, ZO-1 and -2 single or double knockdown abolished, whereas their re-expression restored, the capsaicin-induced increase in paracellular permeability. Furthermore, TRPV1 activation increased RhoA activity, and inhibition of either RhoA or Rho kinase (ROCK) abolished the capsaicin-induced TER decrease as well as ZO-1 and -2 redistribution. These results indicate that ZO-1 and -2 play crucial roles in both basal salivary epithelial barrier function and TRPV1-modulated paracellular transport. RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway is responsible for TRPV1-modulated paracellular permeability as well as ZO-1 and -2 redistribution.
Journal of dental research 10/2015; DOI:10.1177/0022034515609268 · 4.14 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We constructed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells that stably express stathmin with a Ser25 phosphorylation site mutation (stathmin S25A). We used the polymerase chain reaction for site-directed mutagenesis, constructed a stathmin S25A plasmid, and verified the results by restriction enzyme cleavage and sequencing technology. Using the liposome transfection method, stathmin wild-type and S25A HCCLM6 cells were established, which were identified by western blotting. The sequencing report of the stathmin S25A plasmid showed that stathmin serine at position 25 had mutated into alanine. Stable cells transfected with stathmin wild-type and S25A plasmids were constructed. Using western blotting, we confirmed that the expression level of stathmin pS25 in the stathmin S25A cells was reduced than that in the stathmin wild-type and HCCLM6 control cells (P < 0.05). We constructed stathmin S25A HCCLM6 cells, which offer an experimental model for further investigation of the molecular mechanism of stathmin phosphorylation in hepatocarcinogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We established a necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) rat model and explored the role of bifidobacteria in the intestines of the rats and its regulation on intestinal Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Seventy-five newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (15 rats/group): group A, artificial feeding group (formula-fed); group B, NEC model (LPS + formula-fed); group C, bifidobacterium (LPS + formula-fed + bifidobacterium microcapsules, intragastric administration); group D, artificial feeding + bifidobacterium (formula-fed + bifidobacterium microcapsules gavage); group E, rat breast-feeding group (rat breast-feeding). After 3 days of feeding, rats were placed in incubators, fasted for 12 h, and killed by decapitation. The ileocecal proximal segment ileum was fixed and sliced; pathological examination was conducted, and TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear factor-kB p65 protein expression in the intestinal tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. There was a statistically significant difference in pathological scores between groups C and B (H = 21.789, P = 0.000), and the former was lower than the latter. TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear factor-kB p65 expression in intestinal tissue was determined in groups A-E. There were statistically significant differences between groups C and B (P = 0.001; P = 0.000; P = 0.000). Bifidobacteria had a protective effect on the intestines of newborn rats with NEC, which showed reduced NEC and intestinal damage severity. This observation may be related to the reduced levels of TLR2, TLR4, and nuclear factor-kB P65 observed during the inflammatory response.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We proposed a variable coordinate system forward modeling method using cell-based staggered grids. The contrast of the numerical solutions obtained by forward modeling with the analytical solution proves that the cell-based staggered method is more accurate than the conventional node-based staggered method in treating acoustic-elastic coupled medium. Moreover, the variable coordinate system technique, which is introduced into cell-based staggered grid, can transform the rugged acoustic-elastic interface to horizontal interface, so the pressure in acoustic medium and the stress in elastic medium can be well transformed, and both P-wave & S-wave can be simulated accurately. The simulation results of the complicated rugged acoustic-elastic interface model show the good adaptability of the method.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) usually apply the brain signals in responding to various sensory inputs in visual or auditory modalities to provide direct communication pathways to external devices. No early study shows the possibility of using electrical stimuli as BCI input. In this study, we adopted the electrical somatosensory stimuli as the BCI input to elicit event-related potential (ERP). Three-condition experiment was conducted using visual, auditory and electrical stimuli individually in each condition. We compared the ERP components of each condition as well as the classification accuracy of these three conditions. Results show that electrical stimuli could provide relatively high amplitude and stable latencies of ERP components. It also enjoys higher class-discriminative information and classification accuracy than auditory paradigms. Thus, electrical paradigms with different stimuli intensities could be a good choice for BCI applications, which will enlarge the options for BCI purpose.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of CpG ODN1826 plus radiotherapy (RT) on tumor growth and angiogenesis of subcutaneous tumor in a rat model. Four treatment groups were tested in which rats were injected with 100 μL CpG ODN1826 (1 μg/μL) or 100 μL vehicle, with and without exposure to 8 Gy after 2 h. At 7 days after inoculation of lung cancer cells, drugs were injected in the tumor and radiation was administered over 5 days, after which the rate of tumor inhibition was calculated. Expression of VEGF-C in tumor tissue was seen in 10, 50, 80, and 100% of tumors in the CpG ODN1826 + RT, CpG ODN1826, vehicle + RT, and vehicle alone groups, respectively, while positive expression of NRP-1 was seen in 10, 40, 90, and 100% of tumors. The decreases in expression of VEGF-C mRNA in the CpG ODN1826 + RT and CpG ODN1826 groups compared with the NS + RT and NS groups were significant (P < 0.01), as were the decreases in NRP-1 mRNA in the CpG ODN1826 + RT group compared with the CpG ODN1826 group (P < 0.01). Thus, CpG ODN1826 can significantly inhibit tumor growth in a rat model, the mechanism of which may be related to inhibition of the expression of VEGF-C and NRP-1, which have an inhibitory effect on angiogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of inactivated Bifidobacterium on the mRNA expression of TRAF6, GSK-3β, and microRNA-146a in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated rat small intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6s). IEC-6s were randomly divided into an LPS group, a culture supernatant group, and an inactivated bacteria group. After stimulation with LPS for 5 h, the three groups were treated as follows: the LPS group was cultured for 24 h with sterile saline; the culture supernatant group was cultured with Bifidobacterium (infantis strain) culture supernatant for 24 h; and the inactivated bacteria group was cultured with inactivated infantis Bifidobacterium for 24 h. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to determine mRNA expression levels. The mRNA expression levels of TRAF-6 and GSK-3β in the culture supernatant group were lower, and microRNA-146a expression was higher, compared with the LPS group (t = 5.278, P = 0.000; t = 6.316, P = 0.000; t = 13.218, P = 0.000, respectively). GSK-3β mRNA expression in the inactivated bacteria group was lower than in the LPS group (t = 4.837, P = 0.000). There was no difference in the mRNA expression levels of TRAF-6 and microRNA-146a between the two groups (t = 0.732, P = 0.472 and t = 1.463, P = 0.164). Both the culture supernatant and the inactivated Bifidobacterium had a protective effect on LPS-stimulated IEC-6s. The protective effect of Bifidobacterium may be achieved through increased microRNA-146a by reducing levels of TRAF6 and GSK-3β; the protective effect of inactivated Bifidobacterium may be achieved by reducing levels of GSK-3β.