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ABSTRACT: The PTGDR gene has been suggested to be an asthma susceptibility gene in previous genome-wide linkage studies as well as in functional studies in a mouse model of asthma. Recently, promoter polymorphisms of the PTGDR gene have been reported to be associated with asthma in American and European populations. In order to determine the association of PTGDR promoter polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility in a Chinese Han population, three promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) -549T/C, -441C/T, and -197T/C were genotyped in 336 patients with asthma and 264 healthy controls. Asthma was diagnosed according to the American Thoracic Society (ATS) criteria. SNPs -549T/C and -441C/T were genotyped by Tetra-primer Amplification Refractory Mutation System PCR method and -197T/C by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Unlike the results observed in American and European populations, none of the three SNPs nor any haplotypes in the PTGDR promoter region were found to be associated with asthma susceptibility in this Chinese Han population (all P-value > 0.05). The frequencies for both high-transcriptional-efficiency haplotype (CCC) and low-transcriptional-efficiency haplotype (TCT) were lower than 1% in patients and controls, significantly different from those observed in American and European populations. These results suggest that the three PTGDR gene promoter polymorphisms studied are not important risk factors for asthma susceptibility in the Chinese Han population.
International Journal of Immunogenetics 10/2007; 34(5):353-7. · 1.36 Impact Factor