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ABSTRACT: Amsalog, a derivative of 9-aminoacridine, is an inhibitor of topoisomerase II. Early studies of intravenous amsalog administered either once weekly, or daily for 3 days repeated every 3 weeks, showed that myelosuppression is the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). Phase II studies showed only limited activity in breast, head and neck, and non-small-cell lung cancer. The activity of other topoisomerase inhibitors is schedule-dependent. We therefore performed a phase I study to evaluate the use of amsalog on a more prolonged schedule.
A group of 19 patients with refractory malignancies were treated in six cohorts using 2-h infusions of amsalog daily for 5 days, repeated every 3 weeks.
Myelosuppression was seen as DLT at 200 mg/m2 per day. Other toxicities included nausea and vomiting, fatigue, and, when administered via a peripheral venous line, severe phlebitis necessitating administration via an indwelling central venous catheter for doses greater than 100 mg/m2. Pharmacokinetic studies showed a linear relationship between Cmax and AUC, and dose. The terminal half-life was 2 h, consistent with previous studies.
We conclude that amsalog can be safely given on a 5-day schedule every 3 weeks at doses up to 200 mg/m2. The dose recommended for further studies is 180 mg/m2 per day for 5 days repeated every 3 weeks. However, in view of the phlebitis, which necessitated the use of central venous catheters for administration, other routes of administration, for example oral formulations, should be explored.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 05/2001; 47(4):333-7. · 2.80 Impact Factor