ABSTRACT: Expression levels of estrogen receptor cofactors (coactivators or corepressors) in specific tissue compartments and cells are thought to influence the expression of estrogen responsive genes and thereby influence overall hormonal responsiveness of target tissues. To date, the presence of cofactors has been reported in tissues from humans, rats and mice. We analyzed the presence and distribution of messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) encoding several transcriptional cofactors in the ovary and uterus of three domestic animal species, the sheep, cow and pig. Northern analysis for cofactors SRC-1, GRIP1, RAC3, p300, RIP140, and SPA showed expression in ovaries from all three species. In addition, lower expression of SRC-1, GRIP1, RAC3, p300, and RIP140 mRNAs was observed during the luteal phase (day 10-12 of the estrous cycle) than at estrus (day 0); however, SPA transcript levels remained unchanged. We then examined expression of mRNAs for changing (SRC-1, RIP140) and constitutively expressed (SPA) cofactors in ovine ovaries. SRC-1 and RIP140 transcripts in corpus luteum were lower compared to the surrounding ovarian tissue. SPA mRNA expression, however, was similar in corpus luteum and surrounding tissues. To determine which ovarian cell types express SRC-1, RIP140, and SPA, in situ hybridization was performed on sheep ovaries. Silver grains corresponding to these cofactors were seen in ovarian granulosa, theca and stromal cells, but appeared to be most abundant in the granulosa cells. Expression of SRC-1 and RIP140 in corpus luteum, however, was reduced compared to expression in follicular cells. Finally, we examined cofactor expression in ovine, bovine, and porcine uterus. Northern blot analysis for SRC-1, GRIP1, RAC3, p300, and RIP140 mRNAs showed higher expression in extracts of the endometrium compared to whole uterus. We provide the first evidence for the presence of estrogen receptor cofactor mRNAs in the ovary and uterus of three domestic animal species. We suggest that coactivators are conserved among species and associated with hormonal responsiveness of reproductive tract tissues in sheep, cow and pig.
Life Sciences 03/2001; 68(12):1427-38. · 2.53 Impact Factor