[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background & aims:
Aminotransferase abnormalities have been reported in malnourished patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). The aim of this study was to identify prevalence and risk factors of hyperaminotransferasemia in an adult cohort of AN patients and to describe evolution during nutritional rehabilitation with enteral nutrition for a period of 4 weeks.
Retrospective study of all consecutive malnourished (BMI <16) AN adult patients, without previous liver diseases or hepatotoxic drugs or alcohol consumption, hospitalized for enteral nutrition in a single center between 1998 and 2008. Hypertransaminasemia was defined by an increase in AST and (or) ALT >2N.
In all, 126 AN patients (117 W, 9 M), age 30 ± 10.8 years, were included. At admission, 54 (43%) patients presented hypertransaminasemia. In univariate analysis, risk factors for hypertransaminasemia were: lower BMI (11.2 ± 2 vs. 13 ± 2, p < 0.0001) and age (28 ± 9 vs. 32 ± 12, p < 0.05), male sex (p < 0.05) and the pure restrictive form (p = 0.07). In multivariate analysis only BMI, at a threshold of 12, remained significant [OR 3.7, CI: 95% 2.24-5.2]. Normalization of aminotransferases at the end of week 4 of enteral nutrition was obtained in 96%. Only 2/54 patients (4%) presented a worsening of aminotransferases during the refeeding period, including one that died of liver failure. None of the patients without hypertransaminasemia admission presented a subsequent elevation. At the end of the 4-week refeeding period, the increase in BMI was greater in patients without hypertransaminasemia than in those with it (2.0 ± 0.8 vs. 1.5 ± 1.0, p < 0.0001).
Elevated transaminases is common in severe malnourished AN patients. Four risk factors were identified: young age, low BMI (the only independent factor in multivariate analysis), the pure restrictive form of the disease and male sex. After 4 weeks of enteral nutrition the evolution is in most cases favourable, albeit with a lower increase in BMI, but can be severe. The long-term evolution remains to be determined.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Body weight changes do not reflect the respective changes of body compartments, namely fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM). Both bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) and the Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measure FFM and FM. This study in underweight patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) aims to compare measurements of FM and FFM done by DXA and BIA using 5 different BIA equations already validated in healthy population and to identify the most suitable BIA equation for AN patients.
Fifty female patients with AN (BMI=14.3 ± 1.49, age=19.98 ± 5.68yrs) were included in the study. Body composition was measured by DXA (Delphi W, Hologic, Bedford, MA) and by 50 kHz BIA (FORANA, Helios) using 5 different BIA equations validated in healthy population (Sun, Geneva, Kushner, Deurenberg and Roubenoff equations). Comparison between the DXA and the 5 BIA equations was done using the sum of the squares of differences and Bland-Altman plots.
The Deurenberg equation gave the best estimates of FFM when compared to the measurements by DXA (FFM(dxa)=35.80 kg versus FFM(deurenberg)=36.36 kg) and very close estimates of FM (FM(dxa)=9.16 kg and FM(deurenberg)=9.57 kg) The Kushner equation showed slightly better estimates for FM (FM(kushner)=9. 0kg) when compared to the DXA, but not for FFM. Sun equation gave the broadest differences for FM and FFM when compared with DXA.
The best available BIA equation to calculate the FFM and the FM in patients with AN is the Deurenberg equation. It takes into account the weight, height and age and is applicable in adults and adolescents AN patients with BMI of 12.8-21.0, and for ages between 13.4 and up to 36.9 years.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The psychiatric condition of patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN) is affected by their nutritional status. An optimal assessment of the nutritional status of patients is fundamental in understanding the relationship between malnutrition and the psychological symptoms. The present review evaluates some of the available methods for measuring body composition in patients with AN. We searched literature in Medline using several key terms relevant to the present review in order to identify papers. Only articles in English or French were reviewed. A brief description is provided for each body composition technique, with its applicability in AN as well as its limitation. All methods of measuring body composition are not yet validated and/or feasible in patients with AN. The present review article proposes a practical approach for selecting the most appropriate methods depending on the setting, (i.e. clinical v. research) and the goal of the assessment (initial v. follow-up) in order to have a more personalised treatment for patients suffering from AN.
Nutrition Research Reviews 03/2011; 24(1):1-7. DOI:10.1017/S0954422410000284 · 3.91 Impact Factor