O Montonen

University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Province of Southern Finland, Finland

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Publications (4)52.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA) is characterized by defects in the development of hair, teeth, and sweat glands. We have recently cloned the gene for EDA by positional cloning. The EDA gene encodes a transmembrane protein with a putative role in epithelial mesenchymal interactions. Since EDA could play a role in cell-cell or cell-matrix adhesion, acantholytic skin diseases and several types of non-invasive and invasive skin cancers were studied using in situ hybridization. Because of the observation that the promoter region of the EDA gene contains a binding site for LEF-1, which is involved in the signaling through E-cadherin/beta catenin complex, we compared the expression of EDA with immunolocalization for E-cadherin (E-CD). EDA expression during hair growth cycle, in benign adnexal tumors, and neuroectoderm-derived nevus cells was also examined. Our findings indicate that EDA expression is less abundant in malignant tumors, including basal and squamous cell carcinomas and melanoma, and in acantholytic keratinocytes compared to normal epidermis. The reduction in expression also coincides with diminished E-CD staining in all malignant cell types and in acantholytic cells. Our results suggest that EDA protein functions in the regulation of epithelial cell contacts and that it may be associated with the E-CD signaling pathway.
    Experimental Dermatology 09/1998; 7(4):168-74. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA) is characterized by defects in the development of teeth, hair, and sweat glands. To study the expression of the human gene defective in EDA in human fetal development (Weeks 6-23 of gestational age) and in adult tissues, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used. First signs of expression were detected at Week 8 in epidermis and in neuroectodermal cells. Starting at Week 12, osteoblasts and thymus were positive for EDA mRNA. Hair follicles expressed EDA mRNA from 18 weeks. The presence of the EDA protein coincided with mRNA expression in the tissues examined. The expression pattern of the EDA gene is consistent with typical involvement of the skin in the syndrome. However, the expression is not limited to the ectodermal tissues and many sites of expression are not obviously reflected in the clinical features of the syndrome.
    Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 04/1998; 46(3):281-9. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ectodermal dysplasias comprise over 150 syndromes of unknown pathogenesis. X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA) is characterized by abnormal hair, teeth and sweat glands. We now describe the positional cloning of the gene mutated in EDA. Two exons, separated by a 200-kilobase intron, encode a predicted 135-residue transmembrane protein. The gene is disrupted in six patients with X;autosome translocations or submicroscopic deletions; nine patients had point mutations. The gene is expressed in keratinocytes, hair follicles, and sweat glands, and in other adult and fetal tissues. The predicted EDA protein may belong to a novel class with a role in epithelial-mesenchymal signalling.
    Nature Genetics 09/1996; 13(4):409-16. · 35.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to identify the gene for human X-linked anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA), a translocation breakpoint in a female with t(X;1)(q13.1;p36.3) and EDA (patient AK) was finely mapped. The EDA region contains five groups of rare-cutter restriction sites that define CpG islands. The two more centromeric of these islands are associated with transcripts of 3.5 kb and 1.8 kb. The third CpG island maps within <1 kb of the translocation breakpoint in patient AK, as indicated by a genomic rearrangement, and approximately 100 kb centromeric from another previously mapped translocation breakpoint (patient AnLy). Northern analysis with a probe from this CpG island detected an approximately 6-kb mRNA in several fetal tissues tested. An extended YAC contig of 1,200 kb with an average of fivefold coverage was constructed. The two most telomeric CpG islands map 350 kb telomeric of the two translocations. Taken together, the results suggest that the CpG island just proximal of the AK translocation breakpoint lies at the 5' end of a candidate gene for EDA.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 02/1996; 58(1):126-32. · 11.20 Impact Factor