[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT:
RNA extracted from guts of rice brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, was used to clone cDNA predicted to encode a diuretic hormone receptor (DHR). The DHR, a member of the calcitonin/secretin/corticotropin-releasing factor family of G-protein-coupled receptors, contains seven transmembrane domains and a large N-terminal extracellular domain potentially involved in hormone binding. The N-terminal domain was expressed as a recombinant protein, purified and used to raise antibodies. Anti-DHR IgG bound specifically to Malpighian tubules in immunolocalization experiments using dissected guts, and to a putative DHR polypeptide from N. lugens gut on Western blots. Anti-DHR IgG delivered orally to insects was not detected in the haemolymph, and showed no binding to gut or tubules, confirming that DHR N-terminal hormone-binding domain is not exposed to the gut lumen.