Chu Myong Seong

Ewha Womans University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (30)66.8 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IntroductionMyeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) may transform into secondary myelofibrosis (MF) or evolve into acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The genetic mechanisms underlying disease progression in MPN and MDS/MPN patients remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate sequential genomic aberrations identified by single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping that can detect cryptic aberrations or copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) in the chronic phase and during disease progression of MPN and MDS/MPN patients.Methods The study group included 13 MPN and four MDS/MPN patients (seven polycythemia vera (PV); four essential thrombocythemia (ET); two MPN-unclassifiable (MPN-U); one chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML); one atypical chronic myeloid leukemia, BCR-ABL1 negative (aCML); and two MDS/MPN-unclassifiable (MDS/MPN-U)). Among them, five patients (two PV, two MPN-U, and one MDS/MPN-U) progressed to MF and three patients (one CMML, one aCML, and one MDS/MPN-U) transformed to AML. The median follow-up period was 70 months (range, 7–152). Whole-genome SNP-A (SNP 6.0; Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA)-based karyotyping and JAK2 mutation analysis were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions.ResultsSNP-A showed 19 kinds of genomic aberrations, including seven gains, eight deletions, and four CN-LOH. CN-LOH of 9p involving JAK2 was the most common aberration, followed by 5q deletion and 9p gain. The incidence of genomic changes identified by SNP was not different in patients with disease progression (75%), compared with those without disease progression (56%) (P = 0.4). However, when excluding 9p CN-LOH, the incidence of genomic changes was significantly higher in patients with disease progression than in patients without disease progression (63% and 0%, respectively, P = 0.01). Among eight patients with disease progression, two patients (two MPN-U) showed abnormal SNP-A results, whereas metaphase cytogenetics (MC) analysis showed normal results at diagnosis and during follow-up. In nine patients without disease progression, SNP-A did not show any genomic aberrations except for 9p CN-LOH. In three patients (one PV, one aCML, and one MDS/MPN-U), clonal evolutions were identified by both MC and SNP-A according to disease progression. One PV patient who progressed to MF at 45 months after diagnosis showed sequential genomic changes from 9p CN-LOH to 9p gain by SNP-A. Results of JAK2 mutation analysis were variable depending on the patient. Most of the patients with 9p CN-LOH or 9p gain showed more than 50% of the JAK2 mutant alleles. In one patient (MDS/MPN-U) evolving to AML, the number of JAK2 mutant alleles decreased according to disease progression.Conclusion This study suggests sequential genomic changes identified by SNP-A may be associated with disease progression.
    International journal of laboratory hematology 05/2014; · 1.30 Impact Factor
  • Acta Haematologica 02/2014; 132(1):122-124. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • Acta Haematologica 06/2013; 130(3):176-180. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical heterogeneity of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with trisomy 8 as the sole abnormality may result from cytogenetically undetectable genetic changes. The purpose of this study was to identify hidden genomic aberrations not detected by metaphase cytogenetics (MC) using high-resolution single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping in AML/MDS patients with a sole trisomy 8. The study group included 8 patients (3 AML and 5 MDS) and array-based karyotyping was done using whole-genome SNP-A (SNP 6.0 and SNP 2.7M). By SNP-A, additional genomic aberrations not detected by MC were identified in 2 patients: 1 AML patient exhibited a copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) of 3q21.1-q29 and 11q13.1-q25 and the other patient with MDS (refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia) had CN-LOH of 2p25.3-p15. In particular, the latter patient progressed to AML 18 months after the diagnosis. In 3 patients, aberrations in addition to trisomy 8 were not identified by SNP-A. In the remaining 3 patients, SNP-A could not detect trisomy 8, while trisomy 8 was found in 25-67% of metaphase cells by MC. This study suggests that additional genomic aberrations may in fact be present even in cases of trisomy 8 as sole abnormality by MC, and SNP-A could be a useful karyotyping tool to identify hidden aberrations such as CN-LOH.
    Acta Haematologica 11/2012; 129(3):154-158. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prognosis is known to be better in cases with isolated chromosomal abnormalities than in those with complex karyotypes. Accordingly, del(20q) as an isolated abnormality must be distinguished from cases in which it is associated with other chromosomal rearrangements for a better stratification of prognosis. We report a case of an isolated del(20q) abnormality with additional genomic aberrations identified using whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping. A 39-yr-old man was diagnosed with AML without maturation. Metaphase cytogenetic analysis (MC) revealed del(20)(q11.2) as the isolated abnormality in 100% of metaphase cells analyzed, and FISH analysis using D20S108 confirmed the 20q deletion in 99% of interphase cells. Using FISH, other rearrangements such as BCR/ABL1, RUNX1/RUNX1T1, PML/RARA, CBFB/MYH11, and MLL were found to be negative. SNP-A identified an additional copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) in the 11q13.1-q25 region. Furthermore, SNP-A allowed for a more precise definition of the breakpoints of the 20q deletion (20q11.22-q13.31). Unexpectedly, the terminal regions showed gain on chromosome 20q. The patient did not achieve complete remission; 8 months later, he died from complications of leukemic cell infiltrations into the central nervous system. This study suggests that a presumably isolated chromosomal abnormality by MC may have additional genomic aberrations, including CN-LOH, which could be associated with a poor prognosis. SNP-A-based karyotyping may be helpful for distinguishing true isolated cases from cases in combination with additional genomic aberrations not detected by MC.
    Annals of Laboratory Medicine 11/2012; 32(6):445-9. · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosomes forming a corresponding ring cannot be clearly defined by conventional cytogenetics or FISH. Karyotypic analyses using whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism arrays (SNP-A) may result in the identification of previously cryptic lesions and allow for more precise definition of breakpoints. We describe a case of AML with metaphase cells bearing -5, del(11)(q22), and +r. With SNP-A, a 5p-terminal deletion (11 megabases [Mb]), a 5q-terminal deletion (27 Mb), an 11q-interstitial deletion (29 Mb), and a 21q gain (3 Mb) were identified. Therefore, the G-banded karyotype was revised as 46, XY, r(5)(p15. 2q33.2), del(11)(q14.1q23.2), dup(21)(q22.13q22.2)[18]/46,XY[2]. SNP-A could be a powerful tool for characterizing ring chromosomes in which the involved chromosomes or bands cannot be precisely identified by conventional cytogenetics or FISH.
    Annals of Laboratory Medicine 07/2012; 32(4):307-11. · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Hematology 03/2012; 91(11):1813-5. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A)-based karyotyping can identify copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) as well as cryptic lesions not detected by metaphase cytogenetics. We report serial genetic studies on a patient diagnosed with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia who progressed to acute leukemia. Monosomy 7 was predominantly found at diagnosis, but clones changed to CN-LOH of chromosome 7 with disease progression. Furthermore, subclones with genomic aberrations of 3q gain, 1p CN-LOH, and trisomy 12 newly appeared, suggesting that they were also involved in the transformation process. Additionally, by SNP-A, a presumably balanced translocation, t(14;20), identified by metaphase cytogenetics, was shown to result in an unbalanced 20q deletion at the breakpoint. The sequential changes identified by SNP-A may provide a better understanding of the mechanism of clonal evolution.
    Cancer Genetics 12/2011; 204(12):682-6. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Incorporation of novel agents has resulted in an improved response rate and reduced side effects in multiple myeloma. This has prompted combining novel agents in induction chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Our patients received 2 cycles of vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone (VAD) and then 2 cycles of bortezomib, thalidomide, dexamethasone (VTD) chemotherapy as an induction treatment. Subsequently, autologous stem cell transplantation was performed, and bortezomib was administered as a consolidation therapy. Seventy-one patients were enrolled, and 65 were evaluable for response. After 2 cycles of VAD, the overall response rate was 69%. After VTD, the response rate improved to 97% with a complete response (CR) and near CR rate of 27%. Importantly, patients with cytogenetics, having poor prognostic features, all responded after VTD. Autologous stem cells were successfully collected in all 58 patients with a median CD34+ cell count of 7.12 × 10(6)/kg (range, 1.94-44.7 × 10(6)/kg), except in 1 patient (2%). After ASCT, 36 patients completed bortezomib maintenance with a combined CR and near CR rate approaching 75%. Median time to response was rapid (1.6 months). With a median follow-up duration of 52.7 months, the median TTP was 29.4 months and median OS was not reached. Toxicities proved manageable. In conclusion, sequential VAD and VTD induction therapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma was active with manageable toxicity and excellent stem cell yields. The incorporation of bortezomib as a consolidation therapy improved the clinical outcome with the expense of rather frequent development of peripheral neuropathy.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2011; 91(2):249-56. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) can identify submicroscopic deletions adjacent to the breakpoints of rearrangements undetected by conventional cytogenetics. In this study, the characteristics and frequency of the IgH deletion identified by interphase FISH were investigated in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The study group included 29 patients with MM and eight patients with CLL. Interphase FISH was performed with the IgH dual color, break-apart rearrangement probe and the IgH/CCND1 dual color, dual fusion translocation probe. The IgH deletion was found in 14% (4/29) of patients with MM and 13% (1/8) of the patients with CLL. Four patients had deletions of the whole or variable region of IgH on the native chromosome 14, whereas one patient had a deletion of the IgH variable region on a der(11)t(11;14). In two patients, the IgH break-apart FISH showed both patterns with and without IgH deletions. In cases showing the same pattern by IgH break-apart FISH, the IgH/CCND1 FISH showed different patterns, and vice versa. A variety of patterns of the IgH deletion were identified by interphase FISH using IgH break-apart and IgH/CCND1 probes in patients with MM and CLL. The results of this study suggest that the integrated information obtained with IgH break-apart and IgH/CCND1 FISH was needed to interpret FISH results unambiguously.
    International journal of laboratory hematology 01/2011; 33(3):299-304. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A variant Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) is generated from translocation of one or more partner chromosomes in addition to chromosomes 9 and 22. We have described the cases of 2 patients bearing variant Ph detected by interphase FISH but not detected by G-banded karyotyping and metaphase FISH. FISH was performed using BCR/ABL dual color dual fusion translocation probes (Abbott Molecular, USA). A 52-year-old man was diagnosed with acute leukemia of mixed phenotype. G-banded karyotyping showed 46,XY,t(9;22)(q34;q11.2)[12]/47,idem,+der(22)t(9;22)[5]/46,XY[3]. Interphase FISH revealed nuc ish(ABL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 2)[329/450]/(ABL1,BCR) × 4(ABL1 con BCR × 3)[5/450]/(AL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 1)[44/450]. Metaphase FISH showed ish (9;22)(ABL1+,BCR1+;BCR+,ABL+)[22]/der(22)(BCR+,ABL1+)[3]. The other case was that of a 31-yr-old male patient diagnosed with CML in the blastic phase. G-banded karyotyping of all 20 metaphase cells showed 47,XYYc,dup(1)(q21q32),del(7)(p11.2),t(9;22)(q34;q11.2). Interphase FISH revealed nuc ish(ABL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 2)[254/600]/(ABL1,BCR) × 3(ABL1 con BCR × 1)[191/600]. Metaphase FISH showed ish t(9;22)(ABL1+,BCR+;BCR+,ABL1+)[16]. These results suggest that typical t(9;22) and variant Ph may coexist in the same patient, and interphase FISH may facilitate the detection of the variant Ph that cannot be detected by G-banded karyotyping alone.
    The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 12/2010; 30(6):711-7. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis can provide important information in the management of patients with hematologic malignancies. However, FISH performed in addition to G-banded karyotype can be labor-intensive and expensive. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether FISH gives additional information in the setting of adequate conventional cytogenetics in cases of hematologic malignancies. Bone marrow aspirates were obtained from 135 patients at diagnosis (56 AML, 32 MDS, 20 ALL, and 27 MM) between 2005 and 2010. Interphase FISH was performed using the following probes: BCR/ABL1, AML1/ETO, PML/RARA, CBFB, MLL, EGR1, CEP8, and D7S486 for AML; CEP8, D20S108, EGR1, and D7S486 for MDS; BCR/ABL1, MLL, CDKN2A (p16), ETV6, and 6q21/c-myc for ALL; IgH, TP53, D13S25, IgH/CCND1, IgH/MAF, IgH/FGFR3, and 1q21/8p21 for MM. We compared the results of FISH with the corresponding aberrations identified by G-banded karyotype. Additional genetic aberrations detected by FISH (which were not identified by G-banded karyotype) were 4%, 9%, 50%, and 67% in AML, MDS, ALL, and MM, respectively. In ALL, CDKN2A and ETV6 FISH revealed additional genetic aberrations in 33% and 28% of cases, respectively. In MM, FISH was of benefit in detecting IgH, D13S25, TP53, and 1q21 rearrangements, not detected by G-banded karyotype (31%, 36%, 20%, and 40%, respectively). These results suggest that performing FISH in addition to G-banded karyotype may contribute little additional genetic information in AML and MDS, whereas routine FISH analysis appears to be an efficient screening method in ALL and MM.
    The Korean journal of hematology 09/2010; 45(3):171-6.
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with isolated thrombocytopenia, but without significant dysplasia, diagnosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) rather than myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) may be taken into account. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis because different treatments are used for ITP and MDS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and hematologic features of patients who were initially diagnosed as ITP but had cytogenetic abnormalities. We retrospectively reviewed cytogenetic studies of 100 patients who were diagnosed as ITP from 2004 to 2009 at Mokdong Hospital of Ewha Womans University based on clinical features and hematologic studies. Bone marrow pathology was re-evaluated based on 2008 WHO classification. Cytogenetic analysis was performed by 24-48 hr culture of bone marrow aspirates without using mitogens and 20 metaphases were analyzed. Of the 100 patients diagnosed as ITP initially, three patients (3%) had cytogenetic abnormalities. They had no thrombocytopenia-related symptoms and thrombocytopenia was found accidentally. The numbers of megakaryocytes in bone marrow were increased and dysplasia was not found in megakaryocyte, erythroid, and myeloid cell lineages. The proportion of blasts was within normal limits. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities found were der(1;7)(q10;p10), add(9)(q12), or t(7;11)(p22;q12). Presumptive diagnosis of MDS or diagnosis of idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance (ICUS) was made according to 2008 WHO classification. During the follow up, disease progression was not found. In patients with suspected ITP, cytogenetic analysis should be done. If specific clonal chromosomal abnormality is found, presumptive diagnosis of MDS has to be considered and close follow up is needed.
    The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 04/2010; 30(2):105-10. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 60-year-old man presented with cough, sputum, and dyspnea. He had a history of acute myeloid leukemia and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with chronic renal failure. Chest CT scans showed miliary nodules and patchy consolidations. Histological examination revealed numerous fibrin balls within the alveoli and thickening of the alveolar septum, both of which are typical pathological features of acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP). We report the first case of AFOP following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 07/2009; 24(2):156-9.
  • K W Lee, J-W Huh, C M Seong
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    ABSTRACT: The sequence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*3314 is identical to that of HLA-A*330301 except for a single-nucleotide substitution at codon 49 (GCG-->GGG) resulting in an amino acid change from Ala to Gly.
    Tissue Antigens 07/2008; 71(6):570. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CD44 is an essential surface glycoprotein component of the hyaluronan receptor and is associated with adhesion and metastasis in many solid tumors. There are several isoforms of CD44, including CD44 standard (CD44s) and 10 CD44 variants (CD44v1 to CD44v10). We evaluated the clinical significance of CD44s and CD44v6 in biliary tract cancers. Patients who had been diagnosed with primary biliary tract cancers were enrolled onto the study, and tissue specimens were obtained during surgery. Paraffin-embedded tissue sections were evaluated for the presence of CD44s and CD44v6 by immunohistochemical staining. We decided CD44s and CD44v6 expression as overexpression, which shows an intensity grade of >10%. Clinical data of all patients were reviewed. Ninety-five patients (35 men and 60 women; median age, 64 years; range, 37-86 years) were evaluated. The incidence of overexpression (>10%) of CD44s was 49%, and that of CD44v6 was 17%. The median postoperative follow-up duration was 34.3 months, and the median overall survival was 12.2 months. The Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR) test identified CD44s overexpression (0% to 10% vs. 10% to 100%; HR, .420; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], .211-.837; P = .014) and cancer stage as prognostic factors. However, the expression of CD44v6 (0% to 10% vs. 10% to 100%; HR, 1.462; 95% CI, .630-3.393; P = .377) had no prognostic significance for survival. CD44s overexpression is useful as a marker of a poor prognosis for biliary tract cancer. Aggressive postoperative therapy should be considered for such patients.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 05/2008; 15(4):1155-60. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with hypocellular bone marrow (BM) is often difficult to distinguish from aplastic anemia (AA). Furthermore, the diagnosis of MDS with low blast counts and normal karyotype may be problematic. These issues highlight the need for a reliable marker for the diagnosis of MDS. This study was conducted to determine if changes of mRNA expression in any of the four selected genes would be useful markers for differentiation of hypoplastic MDS from AA, and MDS from benign disease, as well as to investigate whether mRNA expressions differ between MDS risk subgroups. Thirty-five patients diagnosed with MDS, 27 patients with AA and 17 patients with benign diseases were included. The CD34, RAB20, PU.1 and GFI1 mRNA levels were measured by real-time RT-PCR. The CD34 mRNA expressions in hypoplastic MDS were higher than those found in AA. PU.1 and GFI1 mRNA expressions were significantly lower in MDS with low blast counts and normal karyotype than those of benign disease. High-risk MDS showed higher CD34 expressions than those of low-risk MDS. This study suggests that measurement of CD34 and GFI1 mRNA expressions could be useful as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for MDS.
    International journal of laboratory hematology 04/2008; 31(3):344-51. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous group of diseases with respect to biology and clinical course. Through genome-wide scanning, we can have an improvement of the diagnosis and assay system of AML. Microarray was performed for the identification of acute myeloid leukemia prognosis. We divided patients into two groups (good prognosis group, GPG and poor prognosis group, PPG) based on differences in the individual reactions to treatment. Gene expression profiles were analyzed using microarray. Among genes up-regulated at least two-fold and down-regulated at least 0.5-fold in HL-60, we chose three up-regulated genes (PPP2CA, ME3, and CCDN2) and three down-regulated genes (GLO1, ANXA2, and BMI1) and confirmed the expression of these six genes by RT-PCR. We created a leukemia-specific subclass microarray, based on the gene expression profiles. Clinical samples from the bone marrow of four patients were hybridized on this microarray. Among the genes selected by the microarray technology, NB4, silenced TRIB3 and overexpressed XRN2 were not differentiated in spite of treatment with ATRA. This indicates that XRN2 and TRIB3 play an important role in cell differentiation. These data provided an expression profile for the diagnosis and prognosis of AML patients and identified candidate genes that might allow the prognosis of AML through the relative comparison of the expression level of genes between GPG and PPG.
    Oncology Reports 01/2008; 18(6):1395-402. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2008; 6(7):188-188.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether levels of hTERT mRNA, as determined by real-time RT-PCR, are associated with prognosis and clinical course in AML patients. Fifty-four bone marrow specimens from 21 patients diagnosed with de-novo AML were included. The level of hTERT mRNA was measured with the Telo TAGGG hTERT Quantification Kit (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany), using a LightCycler Instrument (Roche Diagnostics). The level of hTERT mRNA was determined as the relative ratio (RR), which was calculated by dividing the level of hTERT mRNA by the level of the porphobilinogen deaminase (PBGD) housekeeping gene in the same samples [1,000x(hTERT/PBGD)]. The expression rates of hTERT mRNA were significantly higher at diagnosis (73%) and during relapse (80%) than during remission (27%) (P<0.05). The median RR for diagnosis or relapse was significantly higher than that for patients in remission (P<0.05). hTERT mRNA expression was not correlated with CD34 expression, blast counts, white blood cell counts, or chromosomal abnormality (P>0.05). Two patients who showed hTERT mRNA expression during remission (RR 3.14 and 7.15, respectively) relapsed after 1 month. Among seven patients with high hTERT mRNA levels (RR>9.51), 4 failed to achieve complete remission (CR), whereas 4 of 5 patients without hTERT mRNA expression at diagnosis or during relapse achieved CR (P>0.05). Patients showing a trend of increasing hTERT mRNA levels failed to reach a second CR after relapse, while those with a trend toward decreasing hTERT mRNA did achieve CR. Among eight samples showing hTERT mRNA expression in remission (RR>0), 5 were obtained from patients who had received GCSF within 14 days. The expression rate and level of hTERT mRNA during remission were significantly higher in patients who had previously received GSCF (56%, RR=0.15) than in other patients (15%, RR=0) (P<0.05). Serial and quantitative analysis of hTERT mRNA may be a useful marker for prediction of prognosis and monitoring in AML patients.
    American Journal of Hematology 08/2005; 79(4):267-73. · 4.00 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

171 Citations
66.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • Ewha Womans University
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011
    • Seoul Women's University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Goyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Hallym University
      • Hallym Institute for Genome Application
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea