J. F. Lee

National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (132)309.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Short-range-order and long-range-order structures in Ge1 − xSnx /Ge thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) were investigated by using extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques, respectively. These materials are of great potential for constructing efficient optoelectronic devices. The EXAFS analysis demonstrates that Sn atoms occupy Ge sites in these thin-film samples with Sn concentration up to 20 at.%. The Ge-Sn bonds expected in the substitutional model were also observed in Raman spectra of these samples. The XRD results show that, in the out-of-plane direction, the lattice constants of the films are distinctly larger than that of the Ge substrates. However, such increased lattice parameters were not observed in the in-plane direction. Our x-ray and Raman results have clearly revealed substitutional incorporation of Sn with high concentration in dislocation-free MBE-grown Ge films of practical-device thickness.
    Semiconductor Science and Technology 09/2014; 29(11):115008. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the effects of Ge partial substitution for Si on local atomic and electronic structures of thermoelectric materials in binary compound cobalt monosilicides (). Correlations between local atomic/electronic structure and thermoelectric properties are investigated by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The spectroscopic results indicate that as Ge is partially substituted onto Si sites at , Co in CoSi1−xGex gains a certain amount of charge in its 3d orbitals. Contrarily, upon further replacing Si with Ge at , the Co 3d orbitals start to lose some of their charge. Notably, thermopower is strongly correlated with charge redistribution in the Co 3d orbital, and the observed charge transfer between Ge and Co is responsible for the variation of Co 3d occupancy number. In addition to Seebeck coefficient, which can be modified by tailoring the Co 3d states, local lattice disorder may also be beneficial in enhancing the thermoelectric properties. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectrum results further demonstrate that the lattice phonons can be enhanced by Ge doping, which results in the formation of the disordered Co-Co pair. Improvements in the thermoelectric properties are interpreted based on the variation of local atomic and electronic structure induced by lattice distortion through chemical substitution.
    EPL (Europhysics Letters) 05/2014; 106(3):37007. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A higher capacity and better cyclability are apparent when magnesium is introduced into the structure of LiCoO2 (y = 0.15). XRD analysis of LiMgyCo1−yO2 (y = 0, 0.1, 0.15), synthesized at 800 °C using a microwave assisted method, shows that the material is in the R-3m space group and to have a slightly expanded unit cell that increases with greater magnesium doping. Structural analysis by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at the Co K-edge, L-edge and O K-edge shows that the magnesium is located in the transition metal layer rather than in the lithium layer and the charge balance results from the formation of oxygen vacancies rather than Co4+, while cobalt remains in the 3+ oxidation state. Interestingly, oxygen is found to participate in the charge compensation. Both magnesium, in the transition metal layer, and the Co-defect structure are attributed to the contribution towards structural stabilization of LiCoO2, thereby resulting in its enhanced electrochemical performance.
    Journal of Power Sources 04/2014; 252:292–297. · 5.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ruthenium (Ru = 0%, 1% and 2%) doped nano-crystalline zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were synthesized by using well-known sol–gel technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that Ru (0%, 1% and 2%) doped ZnO nanorods crystallized in the wurtzite structure having space group C3v (P63mc). Williamson and Hall plot reveal that in the nanoscale dimensions, incorporation of Ru induced the tensile strain in ZnO host matrix. Photoluminescence (PL) and Raman studies of Ru doped ZnO nanorods show the formation of singly ionized oxygen vacancies which may account for the observed room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in 2% Ru doped ZnO. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) reveals that Ru replace the Zn atoms in the host lattice and maintain the crystal symmetry with slightly lattice distortion.
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 03/2014; Volume 588:705-709. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present the orbital structure of MnTiO3 with polarization dependent x-ray absorption and resonant x-ray emission spectra accompanied with electronic structure calculations. The results clearly indicate a strongly anisotropic O 2p-Mn 3d orbital hybridization whereas the Mn 3d hole state shows a highly delocalized characteristic ascribed to the 3d-4p mixing. The extended Mn 4p orbital could enhance the exchange interaction between Mn (3d)-O (2p)-Mn (3d) leading to an asymmetric charge distribution in Mn-O bonds. The delocalized characteristic of Mn 3d holes is indispensable to the mechanism of spin-dependent-metal-ligand hybridization to explain magnetically induced ferroelectricity.
    Applied Physics Letters 02/2014; 104(8):082104-082104-5. · 3.52 Impact Factor
  • Chemistry - An Asian Journal 01/2014; · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The electronic and magnetic properties of tetravalent-ion-doped La0.85Zr0.15MnO3 (LZMO) thin films that were epitaxially grown on SrTiO3 (STO) and MgO substrates were studied using temperature-dependent x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray absorption near-edge structure, x-ray linear dichroism, and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism at the Mn L3,2- and K-edge. XRD studies reveal that the LZMO thin films have compressive and tensile strains (along the c-axis) on the STO and MgO substrates, respectively. As the temperature is reduced from room temperature to below magnetic transition temperature, the preferentially occupied Mn majority-spin eg orbital changes from the in-plane dx2-y2 to the out-of-plane d3z2-r2 orbital for LZMO/STO, and vice versa for LZMO/MgO. Experimental results suggest that the new hopping path that is mediated by the Mn2+ ions triggers a stronger d3z2-r2 orbital ordering of Mn3+ ions and enhances the ferromagnetic coupling between the Mn spin moments of t2g electrons in LZMO/STO, whereas the strong tensile strain stabilizes the dx2-y2 orbital by inducing lattice distortions of the MnO6 octahedra in LZMO/MgO.
    Journal of Applied Physics 01/2014; 115(23):233713-233713-9. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The electronic structure of Nd1−xYxMnO3 (x=0–0.5) is studied using x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy at the Mn K-edge along with the DFT-based LSDA+U and real space cluster calculations. The main edge of the spectra does not show any variation with doping. The pre-edge shows two distinct features which appear well-separated with doping. The intensity of the pre-edge decreases with doping. The theoretical XANES were calculated using real space multiple scattering methods which reproduces the entire experimental spectra at the main edge as well as the pre-edge. Density functional theory calculations are used to obtain the Mn 4p, Mn 3d and O 2p density of states. For x=0, the site-projected density of states at 1.7 eV above Fermi energy shows a singular peak of unoccupied eg (spin-up) states which is hybridized Mn 4p and O 2p states. For x=0.5, this feature develops at a higher energy and is highly delocalized and overlaps with the 3d spin-down states which changes the pre-edge intensity. The Mn 4p DOS for both compositions, show considerable difference between the individual px, py and pz states. For x=0.5, there is a considerable change in the 4p orbital polarization suggesting changes in the Jahn–Teller effect with doping.
    Solid State Communications 01/2014; 181:50–53. · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ni doped ZnS (Zn1−xNixS) nanoparticles with Ni concentration x = 0.01, 0.03 and 0.05 were synthesized by the chemical co-precipitation technique. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) reveals that Ni incorporates into the ZnS crystal lattice with a cubic structure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements show that the average size of these nanoparticles is in the range 2–3 nm. Micro-Raman and photololuminescence (PL) studies also confirm the incorporation of Ni in the lattice. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) reveals that Ni replace the Zn atoms in the host lattice without forming second phases. The ZnS nanoparticles with lower Ni concentration exhibit saturated hysteresis loop at room temperature indicating ferromagnetism where as samples having higher Ni concentrations did not show such saturation confirming the intrinsic nature of the ferromagnetism at smaller doping.
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 12/2013; 554:357-362. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Co and N co-doped ZnO nanopowders with Co and N concentration 4, 6, and 8 mol% were synthesized by sol–gel method. Powder X-ray diffraction reveals that Co and N co-doped ZnO crystallize in wurtzite structure having space group C6v. Photo-luminescence studies show the reduction in band gap with increase in concentration of dopants. Micro Raman studies show the red shift for 1LO phonon peak with increase in doping, generally credited to the stress caused by lattice mismatch due to N doping in ZnO. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals that Co replaces the Zn atoms and N replace the O atoms in the host ZnO lattice. Magnetic studies show that Co and N codoped ZnO nanopowders exhibit ferromagnetic character at room temperature.
    Journal of Materials Science 12/2013; 48:2618-2623. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ruthenium (Ru = 0%, 1% and 2%) doped nano-crystalline zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were synthesized by using well-known sol gel technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that Ru (0%, 1% and 2%) doped ZnO nanorods crystallized in the wurtzite structure having space group C3v (P63mc). Williamson and Hall plot reveal that in the nanoscale dimensions, incorporation of Ru induced the tensile strain in ZnO host matrix. Photoluminescence (PL) and Raman studies of Ru doped ZnO nanorods show the formation of singly ionized oxygen vacancies which may account for the observed room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in 2% Ru doped ZnO. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) reveals that Ru replace the Zn atoms in the host lattice and maintain the crystal symmetry with slightly lattice distortion.
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 12/2013; · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ruthenium (Ru = 0%, 1% and 2%) doped nano-crystalline zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were synthesized by using well-known sol gel technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results show that Ru (0%, 1% and 2%) doped ZnO nanorods crystallized in the wurtzite structure having space group C3v (P63mc). Williamson and Hall plot reveal that in the nanoscale dimensions, incorporation of Ru induced the tensile strain in ZnO host matrix. Photoluminescence (PL) and Raman studies of Ru doped ZnO nanorods show the formation of singly ionized oxygen vacancies which may account for the observed room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) in 2% Ru doped ZnO. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) reveals that Ru replace the Zn atoms in the host lattice and maintain the crystal symmetry with slightly lattice distortion.
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds 11/2013; · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and element- and site-specific magnetic hysteresis (ESMH) are used to elucidate the effect of geometry (0-3- and 2-2-type) on the magnetic properties of CoFe2O4–PbTiO3 (CFO–PTO) multiferroic composites by comparison with those of the reference CFO and PTO powders. Magnetic Co ions in CFO have been confirmed to be located at both the tetrahedral (A)- and octahedral (B)-sites. CFO retains its mixed-spinel structure as verified by the EXAFS, XMCD and ESMH measurements. ESMH measurements further demonstrate that the magnetic moments of Co2+ and Fe3+/Fe2+ cations at both the A- and B-sites in the composites are smaller than those of the CFO powder. The reduction of the magnetic moments in the 2-2-type composite was larger than that in the 0-3-type composite. The reduction of the magnetic moments in the composites was attributable to the formation of anti-phase boundaries owing to the compressive strain in CFO, which is the largest strain in the 2-2-type composite. Based on the Ti L3,2-edge XMCD measurements of the CFO–PTO composites, no induced magnetic moment was observed at the Ti sites in the PTO matrix, excluding the possibility that the Ti ions in the PTO matrix affect the magnetic properties of these CFO–PTO composites.
    RSC Advances 05/2013; 3(21):7884-7893. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    Thin Solid Films 01/2013; · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Defect engineering techniques have been employed to generate and remove oxygen vacancy defects in nanoparticles of Y2O3:Mn diluted magnetic oxide (DMO). These samples were prepared by thermal decomposition method followed by a series of thermal annealing in oxygen and forming gas. The x-ray absorption analysis reveals that O vacancies surrounding Mn and Y atoms were appreciably increased by forming-gas-annealing and decreased by oxygen-annealing, accompanied by enhanced and reduced saturation magnetization as demonstrated by magnetic measurements, respectively. Our results demonstrate strong correlation between magnetism and O vacancies and therefore strongly support the bound magnetic polaron model for these high-k DMOs.
    Applied Physics Letters 07/2012; 101(2). · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Co-based catalysts of the reaction by which hydrogen was obtained from NaBH4 solution were prepared by chemical reduction in a liquid phase. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analyses showed that the as-prepared Fe@Co catalyst was ultrafine and amorphous. The calculated Arrhenius activation energy of the Fe@Co catalyst was 35.62(1) kJ mol−1 while that of the Co catalyst was 38.81(2) kJ mol−1, demonstrating that Fe@Co nanoparticles reduce the activation energy of the reaction more than does a Co nanocatalyst. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) clearly reveals the valences of Fe and Co. The Fe valence of Fe@Co is smallest among three catalysts because of the Co shell. The molar ration of Fe to Co is 1: 2 as determined by using XPS analysis, indicating that the novel catalyst reduces costs. The generation of hydrogen is schematically elucidated.
    International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 02/2012; 37(4):3338–3343. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Four perovskite compounds with nominal compositions of (Gd0.5Th0.5)NiO3, (Gd0.5Ce0.5)NiO3, (Yb0.5Th0.5)NiO3 and (Yb0.5Ce0.5)NiO3 were prepared by a polymeric citrate precursor method. They were either slow-cooled in the furnace or quenched to room temperature. All of them have monoclinic symmetry. Quenched samples have a slightly bigger unit cell volume and longer Ni-O bond length, and a smaller grain size than that of the furnace-cooled compounds. All samples are paramagnetic insulators in the range of 2 K to 300 K. The Th containing compounds have larger tolerance factor and Ni(1)–O(1)–Ni(2) bond angle than that of the Ce containing compounds. No mixed valence of Ce, Th and Ni is observed in these samples.
    International Journal of Modern Physics B 01/2012; 21(18n19). · 0.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Local electronic structures of ruthenocuprate RuSr2EuCu2O8 (RuEu-1212) were investigated by using x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and valence-band photoemission (VB-PES) measurements at room temperature, 80 K, and 25 K. The XANES results indicate that when RuEu-1212 is below Curie temperature, TM, electrons are transferred not only from Cu 3d states, but also from Ru 4 d states, to O 2p orbitals. Additionally, the partial spectral weight distributions derived from VB-PES measurements provide evidence of a weak overlapping between Ru 4 d states and strongly Cu 3d−O 2p hybridized states below the Fermi level, which results in a weak coupling between the CuO2 and RuO2 layers. The analysis of extended x-ray absorption fine structure shows that the appearance of weak ferromagnetism and superconductivity is accompanied by a significant decrease of dynamic local lattice distortions of high-shell Cu-Sr and Ru-Sr bonding in RuEu-1212.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 01/2012; 85(1). · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NiAl2O4,NiFe2O4, and their solid solution Ni(FezAl1−z)2O4 have been studied using high temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry in molten 2PbO·B2O3 at 973 K. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy investigation of the cation distribution showed that the Ni fraction in octahedral sites increases with increasing iron content. Despite the zero heat of mixing, the solid solution is not thermodynamically ideal in the sense of Raoult's law. The entropies of mixing are similar to those for a solid solution of two inverse spinels and the activities are approximated as the square of the mole fractions. The stability of the solid solutions relative to oxide components (NiO,Al2O3,Fe2O3) increases with increasing iron content. The solid solution is a suitable waste form for nickel from industrial processing with higher iron content potentially beneficial to its stability.
    Journal of the American Ceramic Society 01/2012; 95:423. · 2.43 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

443 Citations
309.66 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC)
      Hsin-chu-hsien, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2011
    • Academia Sinica
      • Institute of Physics
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2008
    • National University of Kaohsiung
      Kao-hsiung-shih, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  • 2001
    • National Central University
      Taoyuan City, Taiwan, Taiwan