J Fang

Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (7)21.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent environmental contaminants that have the potential to disrupt reproduction through a variety of different pathways. In the present study, we investigated the effects of fetal and lactational PCB exposure on reproductive behavior in male and female laboratory rats. These pregnant rats were injected daily with either 2,4,2',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 47) at the dosage of 1 or 20 mg/kg body weight or 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB 77) at the dosage of 0.25 or 1 mg/kg body weight or sesame oil (control group) from gestational days 7 to 18. Offspring were then tested for sexual behavior as adults. Exposure to both PCB 77 and PCB 47 reduced the level of sexual receptivity in the female offspring, but had no detectable effects on the sexual behavior of the male offspring. In addition to changes in adult sexual behavior in the females, both PCBs produced a significant increase in the females' anogenital distance, suggesting a modification of androgen responsiveness in females resulting from PCB exposure during development. Similar effects were not seen with the males.
    Physiology & Behavior 05/2002; 75(5):689-96. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    Chemosphere 11/2001; 45(4):701-701. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some environmental contaminants have the potential to affect humans or animals by mimicking the effects of hormones. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a weak estrogen agonist when tested using in vitro or in vivo bioassays. In addition to the well documented effects of estrogens on reproductive functions, ovarian hormones also have salient effects on mammalian energy balance and feeding behavior. In this study, we investigated the effects of BPA on body weight and food intake of ovariectomized adult female rats. Treatment with doses of 4 or 5 mg/day for 15 days resulted in a significant reduction of body weight gain with no reduction in food intake. A dose of 1 mg/day did not affect feeding or weight gain. BPA was detected in the blood, brain and adipose tissues of the BPA-treated animals but not in the vehicle control group. There was a preferential concentration of BPA in brown adipose tissue. These results indicate that BPA can affect energy balance and that brown adipose tissue may be a primary tissue into which BPA accumulates in mammals.
    Chemosphere 04/2001; 42(8):917-22. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pelvic ganglion (PG) provides both sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation to the genitalia and other pelvic structures. To determine whether neuronal activity; of the PG, as detected by Fos-like immunoreactivity (Fos-IR), is related to sexual stimulation, male and female rats were tested under a variety of conditions. In males, Fos-IR expression in the PG was positively correlated with the amount of both genital and noncontact stimulation. In females, only ejaculation preceded by multiple intromissions induced a significant increase in Fos-IR; multiple intromissions or ejaculation preceded by only 0-1 intromission did not affect Fos-IR. Additional experiments comparing Fos-IR expression, in which some females were allowed to pace their sexual contact and others were not, revealed that ejaculation duration was the key factor in the induction of Fos-IR in female rats. Because the conditions under which Fos-IR expression occurred in females are identical to those required for sperm transport, we suggest that, in the female, sperm transport is regulated in part by autonomic outflow from the PG after copulation. These relations between sexual behavior and measures of PG activity are consistent with the idea that the sexually dimorphic organization of the peripheral nervous system plays a major role in mediating the gender-specific outcome of copulation: ejaculation in the male and sperm transport in the female.
    Behavioral Neuroscience 07/2000; 114(3):543-52. · 2.63 Impact Factor
  • J Fang, L G Clemens
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine how vaginocervical stimulation (VCS) affects female-female mounting in laboratory rats. After receiving sexual stimulation from the male, the latency for the female to mount another female was significantly longer than that of control females. In the absence of any copulatory stimulation, the latency to initiate mounting of another female was about 3 min. However, following three mounts or three intromissions by a male, the latency for the experimental female to initiate mounting increased to about 10 min, and ejaculation abolished mounting for almost 2 h. Once females began mounting, regardless of the copulatory stimulation they received prior to testing, their mounting rate (mounting frequency/2 h) did not differ from stimulus control females. Artificial VCS also inhibited female mounting and anesthetization of the vaginocervical area diminished the inhibiting effect of ejaculation. Taken together, the present results provide evidence that VCS can temporarily inhibit female mounting, and that the duration of the inhibition is related to the amount of VCS received. These data are interpreted within the perspective that female mounting behavior is not a sexual behavior and is consequently suppressed within the context of normal copulation.
    Physiology & Behavior 09/1999; 67(1):75-9. · 3.16 Impact Factor
  • J Fang, LG Clemens
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    ABSTRACT: Female-female mounting is widespread among mammalian species, but little is known about the proximal function of this behaviour. While such mounting is often regarded as a 'masculine' trait, its widespread occurrence may indicate that it serves specific functions within the context of female-female social behaviour. We valuated female mounting behaviour in Long-Evans rats in standard observation chambers and in a seminatural enclosure. Under these conditions, we examined a number of potential factors that might influence mounting, including the oestrous cycle, social hierarchy, familiarity and male presence. The female's mounting was not influenced by her own oestrous cycle, but did vary with the oestrous cycle of the stimulus female. Socially dominant females mounted significantly more than subordinate females, and mounting by the dominant female was most frequent when the subordinate female was sexually receptive. Females mounted (and fought with) unfamiliar females significantly more than they did with familiar cagemates. Female-female mounting was dramatically reduced when males were present. Further testing showed that female mounting did not affect the induction of the progestational state of pregnancy, suggesting that female mounting does not function as a pseudomale behaviour that can substitute for genital stimulation provided by the male. Based on these data, female mounting does not appear to function as a sexual behaviour per se, but may serve as a form of female social behaviour related to maintenance of the female's social status within female groups. In this regard, the results of this study suggest that female mounting is part of the normal female's complex behavioural repertoire and does not necessarily reflect masculinization of some underlying neural substrate. Copyright 1999 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour.
    Animal Behaviour 04/1999; 57(3):545-555. · 3.07 Impact Factor
  • J. Fang, L.G. Clemens
    Physiology & Behavior 01/1999; 67(1). · 3.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

95 Citations
21.46 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002
    • Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 1999–2001
    • Michigan State University
      • • Department of Psychology
      • • Department of Zoology
      East Lansing, MI, United States