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Publications (4)7.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims Colorectal cancer (CRC) occurs mostly in the elderly. However, the biology of CRC in elderly has been poorly studied. This study examined the prevalence of deficient mismatch repair phenotype (dMMR) and BRAF mutations according to age. Patients and methods MMR phenotype was prospectively determined by molecular analysis in patients of all ages undergoing surgery for CRC. BRAF V600E mutation status was analysed in a subset of dMMR tumours. Results A total of 754 patients who underwent surgery between 2005 and 2008 were included in the study. Amongst them, 272 (36%) were ≥ 75 years old. The proportion of women < 75 was 38% and that ≥ 75 was 53% (p < 0.0001). The prevalence of dMMR was 19.4% in patients ≥ 75 and 10.7% in patients < 75 (p = 0.0017). For patients ≥ 75, the prevalence of dMMR was significantly higher in women than in men (27% vs 10.2%, respectively; p = 0.003) but was similar in women and men < 75 (12.5% vs 9.7%, respectively; p = 0.4). We examined BRAF mutation status in 80 patients with dMMR tumours. The V600E BRAF mutation was significantly more frequent in patients ≥ 75 than in patients < 75 (72.2% vs 11.4%, respectively; p < 0.001). In patients ≥ 75, there was no difference in the prevalence of the BRAF V600E mutation according to sex (78% in women and 70% in men, p = 0.9). Conclusions The prevalence of dMMR in CRC is high in patients over 75. In elderly patients, dMMR tumours are significantly more frequent in women than in men. The BRAF mutation is frequent in elderly patients with CRC.
    Journal of Geriatric Oncology 01/2014; · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: About 15% of colorectal adenocarcinomas have a deficient DNA mismatch repair phenotype. The frequency of deficient DNA mismatch repair tumours increases with age due to the hypermethylation of hMLH1 promoter. The study aimed to determine the prognostic value of deficient DNA mismatch repair phenotype in elderly patients. DESIGN: Mismatch repair phenotype was retrospectively determined by molecular analysis in consecutive resected colorectal adenocarcinoma specimens from patients over 75 years of age from 4 Oncology centres. RESULTS: 231 patients (median age: 81, range: 75-100) were enrolled from 2005 to 2008. Mean prevalence of deficient DNA mismatch repair phenotype was 22.5%, and 36% for patients over 85 years. Deficient DNA mismatch repair status was significantly associated with older age, female sex, proximal colon primary and high grade tumour. For stage II tumours no deficient DNA mismatch repair tumours had a recurrence at end of follow-up compared to 17% for tumours with proficient phenotype. The proficient phenotype status was significantly associated with worse age-adjusted overall survival [HR 2.60; 95% CI 1.05-6.44; p=0.039]. For stage III tumours a trend for less recurrence was observed for deficient DNA mismatch repair phenotype (16%) compared to proficient phenotype (36%). CONCLUSION: deficient DNA mismatch repair phenotype is a prognostic factor in stage II colorectal tumour in elderly patients. Our results suggest that mismatch repair phenotype should be taken in consideration for adjuvant chemotherapy decision in elderly patients.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 10/2012; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients whose tumours have microsatellite instability (MSI) do not benefit from adjuvant 5-fluorouracil. However, the predictive value of MSI is not known for FOLFOX, now recommended in adjuvant setting. MSI phenotype was assessed by the pentaplex method. Three-year relapse and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients treated for CRC with FOLFOX 4 in an adjuvant setting were compared according to MSI phenotype. A total of 105 patients (19 MSI, 86 microsatellite stable, MSS) were included. Stage II patients more frequently exhibited MSI (58%) than MSS (21%); (p=0.002). Patients with MSI relapsed significantly less than those with MSS (10.5% vs. 35.0%; p=0.04). DFS was similar for MSI and MSS (p=0.1). In univariate analysis, stage (p=0.0006) and MSI status (p=0.017) were significant predictors of DFS. MSI status was associated with significantly fewer relapses and a better prognosis. FOLFOX4 did not alter survival of patients with MSI and can be administered to them.
    Anticancer research 10/2010; 30(10):4297-301. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microsatelite instability (MSI) is the consequence of the inactivation of a mismatch repair gene and is observed in approximately 15% of colon cancer cases. Patients with MSI colon cancer do not benefit from 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy. A current treatment of reference for colon cancer is a combination of 5-FU and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX). The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of the FOLFOX treatment in patients with metastatic MSI colon cancer. Tumour specimens were collected from patients with metastatic colon cancer treated with FOLFOX 4 modified or FOLFOX 6; these two regimens are based on 85 mg/m2 and 100 mg/m2 oxaliplatin, respectively. The MSI status was assessed by measuring the length of five monomorphic mononucleotide markers. The FOLFOX regimen was evaluated as a first-line treatment according to WHO criteria. Forty patients (22 men, 18 women), median age 63.5 years (27-83 years) were treated with FOLFOX 4 or 6. Nine patients had tumours exhibiting high MSI (MSI group) and 31 patients had tumours exhibiting microsatellite stability (MSS group). In the MSS group, 11 partial responses (36%) were observed, while there were only two in the MSI group (22%) (no significant difference). The two patients who were responders in the MSI group were treated with FOLFOX 6. The overall survival was not significantly different for MSI and MSS patients. No significant differences in the overall response rate or overall survival between the two groups of patients were observed. However, these results suggest that patients with MSI colon cancer are more sensitive to a higher dose of FOLFOX.
    Anticancer research 01/2007; 27(4C):2715-9. · 1.71 Impact Factor