[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A cDNA clone (AF3) encoding the ubiquitin A gene 52 amino acid extension fusion protein (UbA52) was isolated from a subtracted cDNA library of human colorectal carcinoma minus adjacent normal mucosa. In Northern hybridization the mRNA signal for UbA52 was greater in surgical samples of colonic carcinoma (T) than in paired adjacent normal (N) tissues in 24 of 29 cases (T/N = 3.4 +/- 0.5, P < 0.01). An oligonucleotide probe specific for only the 52 amino acid extension confirmed the overexpression of UbA52. In contrast, there was no overexpression of UbA52 mRNA in gastric cancer samples (n = 7, T/N = 1.0 +/- 0.3). The mRNA of several ribosomal proteins, and of another ubiquitin A gene fusion protein, UbA80, with an 80 amino acid extension of ribosomal protein S27a, have been reported to be over-expressed in colon cancer, but not as yet at the protein level. Using rabbit antisera to the ribosomal protein component S27a we demonstrate over-expression of S27a at the protein level in colonic (n = 5), but not gastric (n = 6) carcinomas. Therefore it is likely that both UbA80 and UbA52 are overexpressed in colon cancer, but not in gastric cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ribosomal protein L37 mRNA is overexpressed in colon cancer. The nucleotide sequences of human L37 from several tumor and normal, colon and liver cDNA sources were determined to be identical. L37 mRNA was approximately 375 nucleotides long encoding 97 amino acids with M(r) = 11,070, pI = 12.6, multiple potential serine/threonine phosphorylation sites and a zinc-finger domain. The human sequence is compared to other species.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ribosomal protein L18 mRNA is overexpressed in human colorectal cancer compared to normal colon tissue. We report the nucleotide sequence of human L18 cDNA derived from a normal colon source. There were no mutational changes in segments of L18 cDNA derived from two tumor sources. The L18 cDNA was 690 base pairs long and predicts a single open reading frame of 564 nucleotides, encoding 188 amino acids with a M(r) = 21,621, it is homologous to rat L18 and Xenopus laevis L14.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The levels of a number of ribosomal protein mRNAs are reported to be increased in human colon cancer. We have assessed whether selected ribosomal protein mRNAs are overexpressed in other gastrointestinal malignancies, namely gastric and hepatocellular carcinomas. Subtracted complementary DNA libraries were generated from paired samples of human (a) colorectal carcinoma minus adjacent normal colonic mucosa and (b) hepatocellular carcinoma minus adjacent normal liver. Screening of approximately 3% of these library clones determined that ribosomal protein mRNAs encoding L18 and L37 (not previously reported) and P0 and S6 were overexpressed in one or the other library. Their complementary DNA inserts were then used as probes to evaluate their expression in a larger number of paired tumor/normal surgical samples of human colonic, gastric, and hepatocellular carcinomas, by Northern hybridization. The mRNA signal was greater in the colonic carcinoma than in paired adjacent normal colonic mucosa in 38 of 42 cases for P0 [tumor/normal (T/N) ratio = 3.0 +/- 0.3, mean +/- SE, P < 0.001] (G. F. Barnard, R. J. Staniunas, S. Bao, K. Mafune, J. L. Gollan, G. D. Steele, Jr., and L. B. Chen, Cancer Res., 52: 3067-3072, 1992), in 25 of 28 cases for L18 (T/N ratio = 3.7 +/- 0.5, P < 0.001), in 27 of 28 cases for L37 (T/N ratio = 5.3 +/- 0.4, P < 0.001), and in 24 of 28 cases for S6 (T/N ratio = 3.1 +/- 0.5, P < 0.01). The level of mRNA overexpression of L18 and S6 did not correlate with the Dukes' stage of disease. In hepatocellular carcinoma samples, using the same four ribosomal protein complementary DNA probes, only P0 mRNA was significantly increased (T/N ratio = 2.8 +/- 0.4, n = 6, P = 0.047). In gastric carcinoma samples, none of these mRNAs was increased (mean T/N ratios = 0.9-1.2, n = 6). Therefore, gastric and hepatocellular carcinomas do not overexpress the same ribosomal protein mRNAs as do colonic carcinoma.
Cancer Research 09/1993; 53(17):4048-52. · 9.33 Impact Factor