Jan Abrahamsen

Regionspsykiatrien Viborg-Skive, Viborg, Central Jutland, Denmark

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Publications (8)14.66 Total impact

  • Erland J Erlandsen, Jan Abrahamsen
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. The purpose of this study in humans was to examine the influence of the gastrointestinal tract and liver on the serum concentrations of cystatin C. Methods. Eighteen healthy volunteers and 28 patients suspected of having chronic intestinal ischemia underwent catheterization of the abdominal aorta and the central hepatic vein. Blood samples were taken simultaneously from the abdominal aorta and the central hepatic vein 60, 90 and 120 minutes after the start of the investigation. After the first blood sample, a standard liquid meal was ingested. Measurement of splanchnic blood flow was performed using the Fick principle with constant infusion of (99m)Tc-Bridatec(®). Angiography was performed at the end of the investigation. Results. The splanchnic blood flow increased significantly postprandially in the healthy volunteers and in the patients with normal angiography by 0.613-0.698 L/min and increased non- significantly in the patients with abnormal angiography (n = 5) by 0.135 L/min on average. ANOVA and the Bonferroni's multiple comparison test showed no significant difference between the means of cystatin C, creatinine or urea in the samples taken 60, 90 and 120 minutes after the start of the investigation in the abdominal aorta and the hepatic vein in the healthy volunteers or in the patients suspected of chronic intestinal ischemia with normal angiography. Conclusion. There was no indication of hepatic elimination of cystatin C, creatinine or urea. The serum concentrations of cystatin C, creatinine and urea in the central hepatic vein and the abdominal aorta were independent of the splanchnic blood flow.
    Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation 04/2014; · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the splanchnic blood flow and oxygen uptake in healthy-subjects and patients and to relate the findings to body-composition. The total splanchnic blood flow (SBF) and oxygen uptake (SO(2)U) were measured in 20 healthy volunteers (10 women) and 29 patients with suspected chronic intestinal ischemia (15 women), age 40-85 years, prior to and after a standard meal. The method is based on the Fick principle using the continuous infusion of an indicator (99mTechnetium-labelled mebrofenin) and catheterization of an artery and the hepatic vein. An angiography of the intestinal arteries was performed during the same investigation. A whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan was performed in healthy volunteers to determine body composition. Angiography revealed no atherosclerotic lesions in the intestinal arteries. The mean baseline SBF was 1087 mL/min (731-1390), and this value increased significantly to 1787 mL/min after the meal in healthy volunteers (P < 0.001). The baseline SBF in patients was 1080 mL/min, which increased to 1718 mL/min postprandially (P < 0.001). The baseline SBF was independent of age, sex, lean body mass and percentage of body fat. The mean meal-induced increase in SBF was equal to 282 mL/min + 5.4 mL/min × bodyweight, (P = 0.025). The SO(2)U in healthy volunteers and patients was 50.7 mL/min and 48.0 mL/min, respectively, and these values increased to 77.5 mL/min and 75 mL/min postprandially, respectively. Both baseline and postprandial SO(2)U were directly related to lean body mass. Age and sex exerted no impact on SO(2)U. A direct correlation between body weight and the postprandial increase in SBF was observed. The effect of body weight should be considered in the diagnosis of chronic intestinal ischemia.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2013; 19(6):882-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Study design:Prospective cohort study.Objectives:To investigate the relationship between (51)chromium-ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetate ((51)Cr-EDTA) clearance, serum cystatin C (CysC), serum creatinine, creatinine clearance and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR(MDRD), MDRD stands for modification of diet in renal disease) based on the serum creatinine in patients with complete or incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) and to develop and evaluate a GFR-estimating equation using serum CysC.Settings:Spinal Cord Injury Unit, Viborg Regional Hospital, Viborg, Denmark.Methods:Ninety-eight men and 47 women with SCI were included in the study. Serum CysC levels were measured by an automated particle-enhanced nephelometric immunoassay, serum and urine creatinine levels were measured by an enzymatic method traceable to the IDMS creatinine reference method, and (51)Cr-EDTA clearance was measured by a multiple plasma sample method.Results:The area under the curves (AUCs) in the non-parametric receiver operating characteristics (ROC) plots for serum CysC were compared with serum creatinine and to eGFR(MDRD) and revealed a significant difference (P-value<0.05) for all SCI patients. There was no significant difference between the AUC for serum CysC compared with the AUC for creatinine clearance. GFR (ml min(-1) per 1.73 m(2)) can be calculated from serum CysC values (mg l(-1)) using the equation eGFR(CysC)=212·exp(0.914·CysC). The model accurately predicted the GFR of 88% of patients within ±30% of the measured GFR, and it was able to predict the GFR of 50% of patients within ±10% of the measured GFR.Conclusion:In patients with SCI, GFR can be estimated independent of age, sex and muscle mass by a newly developed equation based on a single serum CysC value.
    Spinal Cord 05/2012; 50(10):778-83. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the measurement of the total splanchnic blood flow (SBF) using a clinical diagnostic method based on Fick's principle and hepatic extraction of 99mTc-mebrofenin (99mTc-MBF) compared with a paraaminohippuric acid (pAH) dilution method in a porcine model. Another aim was to investigate whether enterohepatic cycling of 99mTc-MBF affected the SBF measurement. Five indwelling catheters were placed in each pig (n = 15) in the portal, mesenteric, and hepatic veins, as well as in the aorta and the vena cava. The SBF was measured using both methods. The portal blood flow; the intestinal and hepatic oxygen uptake; the net fluxes of oxygen, lactate, and glucose; and the extraction fraction (EF) of 99mTc-MBF were measured before and for 70 min after feeding. The mean baseline SBF was 2,961 ml/min vs. 2,762 ml/min measured by pAH and 99mTc-MBF, respectively, and increased significantly to 3,977 ml/min and 3,981 ml/min postprandially. The hepatic EF of 99mTc-MBF decreased from 40% at the start of the investigation to 16% 70 min after feeding. The arterial-portal difference in 99mTc-MBF concentration was 0.21% (P = 0.48), indicating no intestinal extraction or metabolism. The clinical method for measuring the SBF based on hepatic 99mTc-MBF extraction is robust compared with the indicator dilution method, despite the decrease seen in hepatic extraction of 99mTc-MBF. Because there was no difference in the content of 99mTc-MBF between the arterial and portal vein plasma, the SBF can be calculated from an arterial and a hepatic vein sample.
    Journal of Applied Physiology 12/2011; 112(5):877-82. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Painful bone metastases are common in advanced prostate cancer. We report the clinical outcome after administration of Samarium-153 ((153)Sm), an emitter of beta-particles that concentrates in the areas of enhanced osteoblastic activity. Twenty-two patients (median age 73 years) with metastatic, hormone-refractory prostate cancer received a single bolus infusion of (153)Sm (37 MBq/kg). All patients had painful bone metastases to more than one anatomical region, and most had inadequate pain relief to narcotic analgesics. Bone specific pain, analgesic score according to WHO, ECOG performance status, and blood count were evaluated before and up to 28 weeks after treatment. Median follow-up was six weeks (mean 14 weeks). Eleven patients died within the 28 week observation period (ten from terminal disease), and four patients had their observation period truncated. Median pain score was 56.3%, 50.0%, and 50.0% of baseline values at week 4 (n = 20), 16 (n = 10), and 28 (n = 7), respectively. A reduction of baseline pain score by 50% or more was observed in 50%, 70% and 71% of patients at week 4, 16, and 28, respectively. Hematological toxicity was mild and reversible in most cases. Administration of (153)Sm to prostate cancer patients with painful bone metastases offered clinical relevant pain relief with tolerable hematological toxicity.
    Danish medical bulletin 06/2010; 57(6):A4154. · 0.92 Impact Factor
  • Helle D Zacho, Jan Abrahamsen
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnosis chronic intestinal ischaemia (CII) is based on the clinical symptoms postprandial pain and weight loss combined with abnormal findings during angiography. Despite the well-known poor correlation between symptoms and morphology, physiological tests are rarely performed. It is possible to measure the total splanchnic blood flow (SBF) before and after a test meal, and the results supply additional information to the morphologic investigations. To date, no papers have addressed the impact of morphologic changes of the mesenteric arteries on the SBF. Forty-six consecutive patients suspected of CII were investigated. The routine investigation included angiography and measurements of the SBF before and after a test meal. Measurements of the total SBF were performed using the 'Fick principle'. (99m)Technetium-labelled Mebrofenin was used as a tracer. Digital subtraction angiography was performed. Agreement between SBF and angiography was found in 44 of 46 patients. Mean baseline SBF for all patients was 985 ml/min, total range (525-1932) and within the reported normal range. The mean postprandial increase in SBF was 480 mL min(-1) (-130 to 1353), thus 36 patients were categorized as normal by both angiography and SBF, eight patients were abnormal by both methods and two patients had abnormal SBF but normal angiography. In this cohort, SBF detects CII with sensitivity of 1.0, and specificity of 0.95. SBF supplies additional information in patients with convincing symptoms and normal angiography. In these patients, the affection of the intestinal arteries may be too distant or too subtle to be visualized on angiography.
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 11/2009; 30(2):116-21. · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • Helle D Zacho, Jan Abrahamsen
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic intestinal ischaemia is a relatively rare but very important clinical entity, which is caused by a reduction in the splanchnic blood flow, most often because of atherosclerosis. Intestinal angina is postprandial abdominal pain developing when the genuine and collateral vessels no longer are able to accommodate the postprandial increasing demand from the gastrointestinal tract and the liver. In addition, the clinical picture very often includes sitophobia and weight loss. In daily clinical practice, conventional angiography is considered as the gold standard, but ultra sonography, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance angiography are gaining momentum when investigating for chronic intestinal ischaemia. These methods depend on imaging of the stenotic vessels not taking into consideration the possibility of sufficient splanchnic perfusion in spite of severely stenotic or occluded vessels. Only a few papers address the physiological consequence of stenotic or occluded vessels - the lack of postprandial increase in splanchnic blood flow.
    Clinical physiology and functional imaging 04/2008; 28(2):71-5. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between serum cystatin C, serum creatinine, and (51)Cr-EDTA-clearance in patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Unit, Viborg-Kjellerup County Hospital. Twenty-four men and seven women aged 20.3 to 68.0 years with motor complete spinal cord injury (ASIA A or B) were included. Serum cystatin C was measured by an automated particle-enhanced nephelometric immunoassay (Dade Behring), serum creatinine by an enzymatic method (Vitros 950), and (51)Cr-EDTA-clearance by a multiple plasma sample method. A linear relationship was found between (51)Cr-EDTA-clearance and the reciprocal values of cystatin C and creatinine. The correlation coefficient between (51)Cr-EDTA-clearance and 1/cystatin C was 0.72 compared to the correlation coefficient between (51)Cr-EDTA-clearance and 1/creatinine being 0.26. Comparison of the area under the curves in the non-parametric receiver operating characteristics (ROC) plots for serum cystatin C (area under the curve (AUC)=0.912; SE=0.065), and serum creatinine (AUC=0.507; SE=0.115) revealed significant differences (P-values=0.0005). In patients with spinal cord injury serum cystatin C is a better marker of the renal function compared to serum creatinine.
    Spinal Cord 11/2002; 40(10):524-8. · 1.90 Impact Factor