I S Lee

Seoul National University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (12)14.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The immunoreactivity and protein expression of olfactory marker protein (OMP) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the main olfactory bulb (MOB) of the dog during normal ageing was investigated. OMP immunolabelling was observed only in nerve bundles of the olfactory nerve (ONL) and glomerular layers (GL) and there was no OMP expression within cell bodies of any layer. TH immunolabelling was detected in all layers of the MOB except for the ONL. Most of the neurons expressing TH were distributed in the juxtaglomerular region and had a morphological appearance consistent with periglomerular, external tufted or superficial short axon cells. Dendrites of TH-immunoreactive neurons were closely apposed to OMP-immunoreactive nerve bundles within the glomeruli. There was no significant age-related loss of OMP and TH immunoreactivity and protein concentrations of these molecules were consistent in dogs of different ages. These results suggest that olfactory signal transduction to the GL via axons of olfactory receptor neurons remains unchanged during ageing in the dog.
    Journal of comparative pathology 11/2009; 142(2-3):147-56. DOI:10.1016/j.jcpa.2009.10.013 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of calbindin D-28k (CB), calretinin (CR), substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the stomach myenteric plexus of the Korean native goat stomach was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The results demonstrated the presence of nerve fibers and cell bodies immunoreactive (IR) to CB, CR, SP and CGRP. In tissues of rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum, some distinct neuronal populations could be distinguished according to their morphologic and neuronal chemical properties: Dogiel type I cells which have irregular lamellar dendrites and a single axon, Dogiel type II cells which have large ovoid cell bodies and several long axon-like processes, and small filamentous interneurons. CB-, CR-, SP- and CGRP-IR neurons and fibers were observed in the myenteric plexus of stomach, and varicose nerve fiber immunostained to SP and CGRP also were found in the muscle layer. In myenteric plexus of the stomach, CB- and SP-positive neurons were characterized by Dogiel type II and CR-IR neurons were classified Dogiel type I with lamellar dendrites, and immunoreactivity of CGRP was very weak in the somata. SP- and CGRP-IR nerve fibers formed dense networks within the myenteric ganglia. SP-IR cell bodies and their fibers were found in the myenteric plexus, and the immunoreactivity and number of cell bodies were more than CB-, CR-, and CGRP-IR neurons. These results suggest that SP, CGRP, CB and CR in the myenteric neurons of Korean native goat stomach may have play an important role in the dynamic movement.(Support contributed by: Korean Research Foundation 2003-015-E00195).
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 12/2005; 34:29-29. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0264.2005.00669_66.x · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Somatostatin is found in the olfactory system, including the main olfactory bulb (MOB), and is thought to be one of the neuroactive substances for olfaction. However, somatostatin immunoreactivity in the olfactory system has not been determined during ageing. Hence, we examined the age-related changes of somatostatin-immunoreactive (IR) neurones in the rat MOB over a period of 2 years, at the following various ageing stages: post-natal month 1 (PM 1), PM 3, PM 6, PM 12 and PM 24. In PM 1 group, a few somatostatin-IR neurones were detected in the granule cell layer (GCL), and had slender or oval somata and short processes. At PM 3, somatostatin-IR neurones were observed in the glomerular, external plexiform and GCL. The size of somatostatin-IR somata was larger than that at PM 1. In PM 6 group, the number and size of somatostatin-IR neurones increased, and their processes became longer while running in various directions. At PM 12, somatostatin-IR neurones increased in number, and their processes became markedly longer than those at PM 6. At this stage, somatostatin-IR neurones had multipolar somata, and were the largest in size. In PM 24 group, somatostatin-IR neurones were most numerous. However, the processes of somatostatin-IR neurones were shorter than those at PM 12. This study suggests that the increased number of somatostatin-IR neurones in the MOB of aged rats may play a role to compensate for any decrease of olfactory function.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 03/2004; 33(1):59-63. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0264.2003.00515.x · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the temporal and spatial alterations of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immunoreactivity in the gerbil hippocampus after 5 min transient forebrain ischemia were investigated as followed up 7 days after ischemic insult, and the effects of ACTH after ischemic insult were also investigated 4 days after ischemic insult. The ectopic expression of ACTH (1-24 fragments) immunoreactive neurons in the cornus ammonis 1 (CA1) region of hippocampus and hilar region of the dentate gyrus 1 day after the ischemic insult was observed. Judging from the double immunofluorescence study, these neurons contain GABA. Four days after ischemic insult, the ACTH immunoreactivity was localized in CA1 pyramidal cells and glia near the stratum pyramidale, which normally do not express ACTH. In addition, in the saline-treated groups, the percentage of the detected Cresyl Violet positive neurons was 11.2% compared with the sham-operated group 4 and 7 days after ischemic insult. In these groups, the OX-42 immunoreactive microglia were detected in the strata pyramidale, oriens and radiatum. However, in the Org2766 (analog of ACTH)-treated group, 57.8% neurons compared with the sham-operated group were stained with Cresyl Violet 4 and 7 days after ischemic insult. In these groups, the OX-42 immunoreactive microglia were significantly reduced in the stratum pyramidale. These results suggest that transient forebrain ischemia may provoke selective ectopic and enhanced expression of ACTH in the hippocampus, and further suggest that ACTH plays an important role in reducing the ischemic damage.
    Neuroscience 02/2004; 126(4):871-7. DOI:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2004.03.061 · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that glucocorticoids have a profound influence on the survival of hippocampal neurones, and that the depletion of glucocorticoids as a result of adrenalectomy (ADX) reduces nerve growth factor levels in the hippocampus. It is also believed that ADX is associated with the seizure susceptibility of the Mongolian gerbil. In the present study, the choronological changes of c-jun immunoreactivity were investigated after ADX in the hippocampal formations in the seizure-prone gerbil model. In the sham hippocampus, c-jun immunoreactivity was not observed in the neurones of the hippocampus proper and dentate gyrus. C-jun immunoreactive neurones appeared 3 h after ADX in the neurones of the CA1 area and dentate gyrus, and these immunoreactivities peaked 24 h after ADX and then gradually decreased. These results suggest that, in the adrenalectomized gerbil, c-jun may be expressed in the neurones of the hippocampus in compensation for glucocorticoid deficit. The result of enhanced c-jun expression of the hippocampal formation provides anatomical support for the hypothesis that c-jun may play a role in the reduction of seizure activity.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 11/2003; 32(5):305-9. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0264.2003.00489.x · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report upon the distribution of galanin-immunoreactive (GAL-IR) cells in the lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of the rat, and upon the distribution of GAL-IR cells, which also contain calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-, substance P (SP)- and somatostatin (SOM)-immunoreactivity. Neuropeptide-immunoreactive lumbar DRG cells were 55.8% for CGRP, 12.7% for SP, and 6.5% for GAL in lumbar DRG cells. There was no significant difference between the right and left DRGs (L1-L6) for any neuropeptide-immunoreactive cell (P < 0.01). In terms of size distribution, CGRP-immunoreactive cells were identified below 1500 microm2, and SP-, and GAL-IR cells below 600 microm2. Neuropeptide immunoreactive cells showed various immunoreactivities in the cytoplasm according to each neuropeptide. CGRP and SP immunoreactive cells were colocalized with GAL immunoreactive cells in the serial sections about 83.3 and 60% respectively, but SOM colocalizing with GAL-IR cells were not in evidence. The current results confirm and extend previous results, and show that neuropeptides can coexist in single sensory neurones of the rat DRG. In addition, our results demonstrate that the normal distribution of some neurotransmitters modulating sensory action in Wistar Kyoto rat, make this model more prone to develop neuropathic pain than Sprague-Dawley rat.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 04/2003; 32(2):110-5. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0264.2003.00425.x · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is located in the olfactory system, including the olfactory bulb, and is thought to be one of the main neurotransmitters for olfaction. Thus, we examined age-related changes of NPY-immunoreactive (IR) neurons in the rat anterior olfactory nucleus (AON) at various aging stages over a period of 2 years; postnatal months 1 (PM 1), PM 6, PM 12 and PM 24. NPY-IR neurons in the AON were present in the lateral and medial subdivisions at PM 1 and at PM 6 were distributed in all subdivisions of the AON. Prior to PM 12, the NPY-IR neurons showed a tendency to change from bipolar cells with short processes into multipolar cells with long processes. Moreover, the population of NPY-IR neurons and nerve fibers in the AON increased in proportion to age. In particular, the number of NPY-IR neurons increased about 6-fold between PM 1 and PM 3. At PM 24, the number of NPY-IR neurons was much smaller than that at PM 12 and somal size had decreased. It is therefore suggested that the dramatic increase in the number and size of the NPY-IR neurons between PM 1 and PM 3 may be associated with sexual maturation and that the decrease in the number and cell size of the NPY-IR neurons at PM 24 may underlie age-related changes in the olfactory process.
    Journal of Neurocytology 01/2002; 30(12):967-72. DOI:10.1023/A:1021880405862 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To attempt a rigorous definition of the structure of the accessory spleen (AS) in the Chinese hamster, we examined twenty-one animals, and found AS in 5 animals (23.8%), which were over 7-month-old. The AS had no connection with the main spleen and was seen as a dark red oval organ (0.7 mm x 1.5 mm), which was embedded in the adipose tissue near the tail of the pancreas. It was demarcated from the adipose tissue and some pancreatic tissue. The organ was encapsulated by thin collagenous connective tissue and smooth muscle fibers, and contained lymphatic nodules, reticular fibers, nodular central arterioles, macrophages and megakaryocytes. Notably the incidence of AS appeared to increase with age in the Chinese hamsters.
    Journal of Veterinary Science 01/2001; 1(2):73-5. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenin is a potent angiogenic factor secreted by cultured tumor cells and is found in various normal organs and tissues. The ovary is one of the adult organs in which angiogenesis normally occurs during the female reproductive cycle. In this study, we examined whether angiogenin protein is localized and if angiogenin mRNA is expressed in the normal bovine ovary by immunohistochemistry using polyclonal rabbit anti-bovine angiogenin IgG and by in situ hybridization using bovine angiogenin probe, respectively. The localization and mRNA expression of angiogenin in the ovarian follicle and in the corpus luteum were different in their developmental stages. The intensities of immunoreactivities and angiogenin transcripts in the follicle increased from the primordial to the tertiary (or Graafian) follicle. The early corpus luteum contained strong immunoreactivities and mRNA expression of angiogenin but these intensities weakened during regression. The results suggest that angiogenin is involved in morphological changes and angiogenesis in the ovary.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/1999; 257(1):182-6. DOI:10.1006/bbrc.1999.0359 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We employed the retrograde neural tracing method using the pseudorabies virus bartha strain (PRV-Ba) to investigate the projection from accessory trigeminal nucleus (Acc5) or accessary facial nucleus (Acc7) to hypoglossal nucleus (HP). After injection of PRV-Ba into the bellies of the digastric muscle, the PRV-Ba containing neurones were observed in Acc5 of the cranial belly injected rats and Acc7 of caudal belly injected rats ipsilaterally, but not in HP. These results suggest that Acc5 and Acc7 may not project to HP and that movements of the digastric muscle are not related to cooperation with tongue movements during mastication.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 04/1999; 28(1):39-40. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0264.1999.00159.x · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pericellular arborization is reported to be the self-regulating structure in sensory ganglia. Although the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or substance P (SP) immunoreactive pericellular arborization appeared in the sensory ganglia, there was no available information that CGRP and SP colocalize in this structure. As the attempts to resolve the question described above, the present study was undertaken to identify the coexistence of CGRP and SP in pericellular arborizations of the goat nodose and trigeminal ganglia by double immunohistochemistry. As the results show, CGRP immunoreactivity was present in every pericellular arborization containing SP immunoreactivity in trigeminal ganglia, however, pericellular network containing CGRP or SP immunoreactivity was not present in nodose ganglia. Unexpectedly, a few small satellite elements were observed to contain intense CGRP and SP immunoreactivity at the periphery of CGRP and SP immunoreactive neurones in nodose ganglia. Therefore, these results suggest that CGRP and SP coexist in pericellular arborizations, and that satellite cell as well as pericellular arborization may be involved in intraganglionic regulation of goat sensory ganglia.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 04/1999; 28(1):41-3. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0264.1999.00160.x · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we performed the retrograde tracing method using the neurotropic pseudorabies virus bartha strain (PRV-Ba) and immunohistochemistry against CGRP, to identify whether CGRP exists in the gastric monosynaptic vagal circuit between dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve (DMV) and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). At the results, PRV immunoreactive neurons were found in both DMV and NTS. However, CGRP-immunoreactive cells were present only in NTS, which contained no double-labeled neurons for PRV and CGRP. These results suggest that CGRP may not have a neuronal function in gastric vagal circuit of rat.
    Anantomia Histologia Embryologia 11/1998; 27(5):331-3. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0264.1998.tb00203.x · 0.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

83 Citations
14.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998–2009
    • Seoul National University
      • • College of Veterinary Medicine
      • • Department of Anatomy
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1999
    • Kyungpook National University
      Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea