[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastases, thus bestowing obvious importance upon methodologies which could enable its inhibition.Materials: C57BL/6 female mice bearing a subcutaneous (s.c.) MCA205 fibrosarcoma were used.Methods: Ten mice were divided equally into two groups. One group was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 10 mug tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha and the other (controls) with Hanks balanced salt solution (HBSS). Tumor growth was monitored at least twice weekly. The number of endothelial cells in the blood microvessels was assessed by immunohistostaining on paraffin-embedded tumor tissue sections using vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Factor 8 antibodies. Expression of the p53 gene was similarly assessed by immunohistostaining.Results: Injection of 10 mug TNF-alpha into the tumor-bearing mice reduced the number of endothelial cells in the blood microvessels by 46% on day 3 post-injection which was accompanied by an increase (by 37%) in the expression of p53 in these cells. It also inhibited tumor growth compared to the HBSS-injected group starting at 17 days post-cytokine injection.Discussion: The antitumor in vivo effect exerted by TNF-alpha on established murine sarcoma s.c. tumors may be due to an earlier effect of the cytokine on the tumor's blood microvessels, probably through an apoptotic mechanism involving the p53 gene.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The diverse biological effects of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) are mediated by c-Met, which is preferentially expressed on epithelial cells. Met signaling has a role in normal cellular activities, and may be associated with the development and progression of malignant processes. In this study we examined whether Met can be detected in the axillary drainage from patients who underwent conservative operations for breast cancer, and its prognostic significance.
Thirty-one consecutive patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast suitable for breast-conserving treatment were studied. The output of the drain that had been placed in the axilla during the operation was collected, and the presence of Met and beta-actin were assessed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays. The data were compared with the pathological features of the tumor and the axillary lymph nodes, and with the estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status.
RT-PCR of the axillary lymphatic drainage was positive for Met in 23 (74.2%) of the patients. Positive assays were correlated with increasing tumor size and grade, with capillary and lymphatic invasion, and with lymph node metastasis (P < 0.02, for all comparisons). All 12 patients with axillary lymph node metastases had positive assays for Met, compared with 57.9% of patients without lymph node metastases. All five patients with tumor involvement in the margins of the resection had positive assays for Met in their lymphatic fluid, compared with 18 of 26 positive assays (69.2%) for patients without involved margins (P < 0.04). Finally, Met showed negative correlations with positivity for estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor (P < 0.02).
Met can be detected in the axillary fluids of patients with breast cancer and its expression in the axillary drainage may have potential as a prognostic factor. This finding might be relevant to therapeutic considerations, because a positive assay for Met in histologically node-negative patients might point to the need to search for node microinvasion or involvement of the excision margins with tumor.
Breast cancer research: BCR 03/2003; 5(3):R71-6. DOI:10.1186/bcr588 · 5.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ErbB-4 is a recently described growth factor receptor. Relatively little is known about its expression in human tumours. In this study, we assessed the possible role of erbB-4 as a tissue marker for soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) and its correlation with the response to chemotherapy. The histological specimen of 29 patients with STS of a limb who had received preoperative doxorubicin (ADR)-based chemotherapy were studied for the degree of necrosis and the expression of erbB-4 (by an avidin-biotin-peroxidase technique). ErbB-4 expression in the preoperative tissue samples was compared with the expression in the postchemotherapy resected tumour. The true objective response rate to preoperative chemotherapy was 34%. Wide resection of the tumour was done in 12 patients, marginal in 14, amputation in 2 and no surgery in 1. The tumour necrosis was above 90% in 9 patients, 60-90% in 12, and less than 60% in 7 patients. An increase in erbB-4 expression was more common in cases with no response to chemotherapy, while no change or a decrease in erbB-4 was more common in responsive tumours (P=0.004). No correlation could be found between the degree of necrosis or the chemotherapeutic regimen and the change in expression of erbB-4. The median disease-free survival (DFS) was longer for patients with a decrease or no change in expression of erbB-4 than for patients with increased expression. It is believed that postchemotherapy new expression or no downregulation of the erbB-4 molecule represents tumour aggressiveness and increased capability of growth and spread.
European Journal of Cancer 08/2002; 38(10):1335-42. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(02)00075-8 · 5.42 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The c-erbB-2 gene and its products (also designated HER-2 and c-neu) encode for a 185-kd transmembrane glycoprotein with intracellular tyrosine kinase activity. c-erbB-2 belongs to the epidermal growth factor receptor family, of which there are four known members, and has molecular homology to the epidermal growth factor receptor. It seems that this family is critical in control of growth, differentiation, and mobility of many normal and transformed epithelial cell types. We have looked for overexpression of c-erbB-2 gene product in paraffin-embedded material from 230 cases of soft tissue sarcoma, in order to establish a possible new prognostic marker and a potentially new treatment option. In all the cases, irrespective of the sarcoma histological type, the immunostaining for erbB-2 was negative. Applications of erbB-2 for prognostication as well as the option of receptor targeting by trastuzumab monoclonal antibodies were aborted.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary papillary serous carcinoma of the peritoneum is a well-known entity in women. The tumour is derived from the extraovarian mesothelium and the pelvis and lower abdomen mesothelia. The treatment strategies are similar to ovarian serous papillary carcinoma.
A case of primary serous papillary carcinoma of the peritoneum in a man is presented. The patient, 53 years old, died 2 months after diagnosis.
The histologic and immunohistochemical studies of the tumour will be presented. These studies, made during lifetime and at autopsy of the patient, confirm a diagnosis of primary serous papillary carcinoma of the peritoneum.
primary serous papillary carcinoma of the peritoneum can occur in men, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis in cases of abdominal carcinomatosis of unknown origin. Treatment options remain to be determined.
Annals of Oncology 05/2001; 12(4):563-7. DOI:10.1023/A:1011115930434 · 7.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present study we show that a brief exposure of human PBMC to hydrostatic pressure (HyP) increased their proliferative response to PHA and anti-CD3 antibody, assessed by DNA synthesis. The effect of HyP was most prominent at 400 atmospheres of HyP followed by 600 and 200 atmospheres. At any pressure level, the highest effect of HyP was noted when employing PHA and anti-CD3 antibody at 10(-2) dilution. When PBMC were exposed to 400 atmospheres HyP, maximal effect was achieved at 20 minutes of exposure. The highest effect of HyP on DNA synthesis was noted at 48 and 72 hours of incubation with PHA, when exposing cells to pressure for 20 minutes at 400 atmospheres. Exposure of PBMC under similar conditions for 40 minutes, caused an increase in DNA synthesis only at 48 hours incubation with PHA. These results demonstrate that exposure of human PBMC to HyP increases their proliferative response to different polyclonal activators. The possible mechanisms involved in this phenomenon are discussed.