Hiroaki Kobayashi

Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (2)8.32 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the isolation of the human orthologue of the mouse Osterix (Osx/Sp7) gene, a C2H2 zinc finger transcription factor of the SP gene family and putative "master" regulator of bone cell differentiation. The human SP7 cDNA encodes a putative 431 amino acid protein that contains three consecutive C2H2 zinc finger repeats. The SP7 protein is highly conserved between mice and humans with an overall sequence identity of 95%. The expression of a SP7 mRNA transcript of approximately 3.2 kb is restricted to bone-derived cell lines in vitro but undetectable in any adult tissues including mandibular bone by Northern blot hybridization. The specific expression of SP7 mRNA in osteoblasts in vivo was further confirmed by in situ hybridization on human embryonic tissues. The highly restricted expression pattern and the divergence of the sequence outside of the zinc finger region distinguish SP7 as a unique member of the SP family. The SP7 gene consists of two exons, with exon 2 containing most of the protein coding sequence. The gene locus was mapped to chromosome 12q13.13 by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The identification and initial characterization of the SP7 gene will facilitate the study of the molecular regulation of osteoblast differentiation in humans.
    Gene 11/2004; 341:101-10. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Bernhard Ganss, Hiroaki Kobayashi
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    ABSTRACT: The differentiation of many mesenchyme-derived cells, including cells that form bone and cartilage, is regulated at the level of gene transcription, but many of the factors involved in this regulation remain to be identified. In this study, a modified RNA fingerprinting technique was used to identify the KRAB domain zinc finger transcription factor Zfp60 as a candidate regulator of cell differentiation in mouse calvaria primary cultures. The highest expression of Zfp60 mRNA in vivo was found between embryonic day 11 (E11) and E15 during mouse embryonic development, coinciding with stages of active organ formation. The expression of Zfp60 mRNA and protein was analyzed further in mouse embryos during skeletal development. The most prominent expression was found in prehypertrophic chondrocytes, where it coincides with the expression of key regulators of chondrocyte maturation, Indian hedgehog (Ihh), and the parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) receptor. Zfp60 mRNA was also found transiently expressed during chondrogenesis of C1 cells in vitro, preceding collagen type X expression and cellular hypertrophy. Overexpression of Zfp60 inhibited cartilage differentiation in the chondrogenic ATDC5 cell line. These results suggest a role for Zfp60 as a negative regulator of gene transcription, specifically during the development and/or differentiation of chondrocytes.
    Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 01/2003; 17(12):2151-60. · 6.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

41 Citations
8.32 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2003
    • University of Toronto
      • Faculty of Dentistry
      Toronto, Ontario, Canada