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ABSTRACT: To prepare monoclonal antibody (McAb) specific to protoscolex of Echinococcus multilocularis.
BALB/c mice were immunized with crude antigen derived from E. multilocularis metacestodes. Spleen cells from immunized BALB/c mice were fused with SP2/0 myeloma cells by using hybridoma technique. ELISA and immunohistochemical staining were used to select hybridomas that secreted McAb P325 which especially against protoscolex. The number of metaphase chromosomes of hybridoma cells was counted. Characteristics of McAb P325 were identified by ELISA and immunohistochemical staining.
One hybridoma cell clone secreting McAb against protoscolex was obtained. The number of metaphase chromosomes found in hybridoma cells was 98, which showed the characteristics of their parents. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that McAb P325 demonstrated binding activity to the germinal layer and protoscolex of E. multilocularis, especially to the hooklets and suckers, while did not bind with E. granulosus metacestodes and Cysticercus tenuicollis.
The McAb is a valuable tool for immunohistochemical analysis, cell classification of E. multilocularis protoscolex, and study of specific antigen.
Zhongguo ji sheng chong xue yu ji sheng chong bing za zhi = Chinese journal of parasitology & parasitic diseases 08/2009; 27(4):328-31.