Hong Zhao

Zhejiang University, Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (60)36.7 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Study Design. A retrospective radiographic analysis.Objective. To assess the effect of unfused segments in the reconstitution of coronal balance after posterior selective thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.Summary of Background Data. Current literature suggests that compensatory changes occur after selective TL/L curve fusion surgery. Hitherto the roles of the unfused levels in coronal balance reconstitution have not fully understood.Methods. Radiographic data of idiopathic scoliosis patients that underwent selective posterior TL/L curve fusion at our hospital before October 2011 with a minimum of 2 years follow-up period was retrospectively analyzed. Changes of coronal trunk shift during the follow-up period were studied and multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine its correlation with changes of upper and lower curve of unfused thoracic segments, instrumented segments angle, distal unfused segments angle and coronal sacral inclination.Results. A total of 43 patients were included in this study. Pre-operative and first erect radiographs demonstrated trunk shifts of 21.1mm and 18.7mm respectively, showing no significant differences (P = 0.205). At the last follow-up, it compensated to 9mm, which showed significant differences (P<0.01). Regression analysis of all patients showed that coronal trunk shift changes only correlated with distal unfused segments angle changes. Subgroup analysis based on the magnitude of preoperative thoracic curve found that only distal unfused segments had an impact on coronal balance reconstitution. However, subgroup analysis based on the flexibility of preoperative thoracic curve showed that both proximal unfused thoracic segments and distal unfused lumbar segments contributed to coronal balance compensation in patients with a thoracic curve flexibility rate of more than 70%.Conclusions. The reconstitution of coronal balance was mainly compensated by distal unfused segments after selective posterior fusion of TL/L idiopathic scoliosis. The effect of unfused thoracic segments in coronal balance reconstitution mainly depended on its flexibility.
    Spine 09/2014; · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Study Design. Retrospective Case SeriesObjective. The objectives of this study were to 1) determine the rate of POUR in a series of patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery 2) compare length of stay between patients who developed POUR and patients who did not, and 3) identify the patient and surgical factors associated with the development of POUR.Summary of Background Data. Although post-operative urinary retention (POUR) is a common complication in many surgical subspecialties, sparse literature is present regarding development of POUR after posterior lumbar surgical procedures.Methods. A retrospective review was conducted of all posterior lumbar surgery cases performed at single institute from July 2008 to July 2012. Data collected included demographic variables (age, sex, BMI), length of stay, comorbid medical conditions, and surgical data. Wilcoxon rank sum test with continuity correction was used to compare length of stay between patients who developed POUR and patients who did not. A multivariate logistic regression model was created using all patient and surgical factors and systematically pruned of variables not improving overall predictive power.Results. 647 patients (291 decompression, 356 decompression and fusion) were included in the study. 36 of 647 patients had urinary retention after lumbar spine surgery (5.6%). Patients who developed POUR had a longer length of stay compared to patients who did not develop POUR (3.94 days vs. 2.34 days, p = 0.005). Male gender, BPH, age, diabetes, and depression were significantly associated with development of POUR (OR: 3.05, 9.82, 1.04, 3.32, and 2.51, respectively). Smoking was inversely associated with the development of POUR (OR: 0.45).Conclusions. The risk of developing POUR following posterior lumbar spine surgery is approximately 5%. Male gender, BPH, age, diabetes, and depression were significantly associated with the POUR group. Patients who developed POUR had a greater length of stay.
    Spine 09/2014; · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To the best of our knowledge, no Chinese case studies concerning Nocardia infection have been published to date. Therefore, the present study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the risk factors, clinical features, imaging results, laboratory abnormalities, treatments and outcomes of nocardiosis in a Chinese tertiary hospital. Data collected from patients with laboratory-confirmed nocardiosis were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 40 patients who had a positive culture of Nocardia were included. The median time between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 42 days. Underlying diseases were identified in 72.5% of the patients of which diabetes was the most common (32.5%). The most important risk factor was corticosteroid administration. Fever and cough were common clinical symptoms. The pleuropulmonary (85%) were the most frequently involved sites and the disseminated disease rate was 30.0%. Frequent chest computed tomography scans revealed the presence of airspace opacities, nodules and masses, in addition to cavitary lesions that were particularly common among the study group. Brain images revealed lesions associated with abscesses. The majority of the patients (71.1%) were treated with trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole alone or in combination with other drugs. The in-hospital mortality rate was 15.0%. Disseminated disease, immunocompromised patients, an older age, brain involvement and concomitant infections were associated with a poor prognosis. Nocardiosis is an uncommon but emerging disease. The present study reports the first case series on nocardiosis from China and provides important information on the clinical features and risk factors of nocardiosis. Early recognition of the disease and the initiation of appropriate treatment are essential for a good prognosis.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 07/2014; 8(1):25-30. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine: (1) the relationship of thoracic cage parameters and preoperative pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in congenital scoliosis (CS) patients. (2) if patients with rib deformity have greater impairment of PFTs than those without rib deformity. A total of 218 patients with CS and pulmonary dysfunction (FVC < 80 %) were conducted in one spine center between Jan 2009 and Mar 2013. The demographic distribution, medical records, PFTs and radiographs of all patients were collected. The association of PFTs and thoracic cage deformities was analyzed. In total, 143 patients (65.6 %) had a clinically relevant impairment of pulmonary function. They had smaller BMI, larger thoracic transverse and anteroposterior diameter, more thorax height, scoliotic angle and number of involved vertebra than no clinically impairment. PFTs were negative correlation significantly with scoliotic angle, number of involved vertebra and thoracic sagittal diameter, while thorax height is significant positive. The T1-12 height was significant positive correlation with age, stature, weight, thoracic transverse and sagittal longitudinal diameter, while negative correlation with scoliotic curve, number of involved vertebra, as well as kyphotic angle. PFTs do not correlate with T1-12 height, but significantly associated with the rib anomalies. The FVC and FEV1 were significantly lower in patients with rib anomalies than without rib anomalies. There was no association between the pulmonary function and the location of rib deformities. PFTs correlate significantly with scoliotic angle, number of involved vertebra, thoracic sagittal diameter, and thorax height. PFTs were significantly lower in patients with rib anomalies, particular to the patients with fused rib.
    European Spine Journal 05/2014; · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the correlation between the stability of lumbar vertebrate and pelvic indices of pelvic incidence (PI), lumber lordosis (LL), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacrum slope (SS).
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi. 05/2014; 94(17):1338-41.
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    ABSTRACT: No recent studies have analyzed the rates of or reasons for unanticipated revision surgery within 30 days of primary surgery in spinal deformity patients. Our aim was to examine the incidence, characteristics, reasons, and risk factors for unplanned revision surgery in spinal deformity patients treated at one institution. All patients with a diagnosis of spinal deformity presenting for primary instrumented spinal fusion at a single institution from 1998 to 2012 were reviewed. All unplanned reoperations performed within 30 days after primary surgery were analyzed in terms of demographics, surgical data, and complications. Statistical analyses were performed to obtain correlations and risk factors for anticipated revision. Of 2758 patients [aged 16.07 years (range, 2-71), 69.8% female] who underwent spinal fusion surgery, 59 (2.1%) required reoperation within 30 days after primary surgery. The length of follow up for each patient was more than 30 days. Of those that required reoperation, 87.0% had posterior surgery only, 5.7% had anterior surgery, and 7.3% underwent an anteroposterior approach. The reasons for reoperation included implant failure (n = 20), wound infection (n = 12), neurologic deficit (n = 9), pulmonary complications (n = 17), and coronal plane imbalance (n = 1). The risk factors for reoperation were age, diagnosis, and surgical procedure with osteotomy.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(3):e87172. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Retrospective review. To identify the incidence and characteristics of rib anomalies in patients with congenital scoliosis (CS) in a Chinese population. Rib deformities and intraspinal anomalies often coexist in individuals with CS. Rib deformities may assist in diagnosing occult anomalies in these patients. The incidence of rib anomalies and the relationship between rib and vertebral abnormalities in Chinese patients with CS have not been reported. A total of 382 patients operated on at Peking Union Medical College Hospital during January 2010 to October 2012 were identified from a single institutional database. The demographic distribution, clinical and radiographical data were collected to investigate the incidence of rib anomalies, and the vertebral and intraspinal abnormalities associated with it. A total of 192 patients (50.3%) were documented with rib anomalies including numerical variation (46.4%) and structural changes (72.4%). Missing ribs was the most commonly seen anomaly in these patients, accounting for 43.8% of the rib anomalies. Of the patients with rib anomalies, a slightly higher proportion of patients had simple anomalies, 106 (55.2%) versus 86 (44.8%). Rib changes were most common in patients with thoracic or thoracolumbar vertebral anomalies, and occurred most frequently on the concave side (65.5%) or in the lower thoracic spine (36.5%). The overall incidence rate of intraspinal anomalies was 40.1% (153/382), and these were most commonly seen in patients with thoracic vertebral anomalies or with upper and middle thoracic rib anomalies. The incidence of rib anomalies was 50.3% in surgical patients with CS. The rib anomalies vary with the location and type of vertebral anomalies. The incidence of intraspinal anomalies was significantly higher in patients with rib anomalies than in those without rib anomalies.Level of Evidence: 4.
    Spine 12/2013; 38(26):E1656-61. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the incidences and characteristics of the ribs and intraspinal abnormalities in surgical patients with congenital scoliosis. We conducted a retrospective study of the medical records and spine radiographs of 118 patients underwent surgical treatment between January 2010 and March 2011 with congenital scoliosis. The average age was 14 years (3-50 years).Fifty-two were male and 66 were female patients. The rib and intraspinal abnormalities were compared in different vertebral anomalies. Pearson's χ(2) test were used to analyze the incidence of anomalies of the ribs and vertebrae, as well as intraspinal anomalies. A total of 57 (48.3%) patients were found to have intraspinal abnormalities.Split cord deformities were identified to be the most common intraspinal anomaly (32.2%), followed by syringomyelia (21.2%).Sixty-nine patients (58.5%) had rib anomalies, which occurring on the concavity of the scoliosis was most frequent. The patients with mixed deformity and failure of segment were found to have a higher incidence of rib anomaly than those with failure formation (χ(2) = 14.05, P < 0.01). The patients with multiple level malformations were found to have significantly higher incidence of rib anomaly than those with single level malformation (χ(2) = 27.50, P < 0.01).Intraspinal anomalies occurred in 42 of 69 patients (60.9%) with rib anomalies and 15 of 49 patients (30.6%) without rib anomalies in congenital scoliosis. The occurrence of intraspinal malformation has significant difference with or without rib anomalies in congenital scoliosis (χ(2) = 10.5, P < 0.01). The intraspinal malformation is common in patients with mixed defects and failures of segmentation. The rib anomalies occurring on the concavity of the scoliosis is most frequent. The incidence of intraspinal anomaly is significant higher in the patients with rib anomalies than those without rib anomalies. Both the occurrence and type of rib anomaly, combined with vertebral deformity are helpful in forecasting the occurrence of intraspinal abnormalis.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 08/2013; 51(8):732-736.
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    ABSTRACT: Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is a spinal realignment technique of correcting the sagittal spinal imbalance. Theoretically, the level and degree of resection via a PSO should impact the degree of sagittal correction. However, the quantitative effect of PSO level and focal angular change on postoperative spinopelvic parameters has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the level/degree of PSO and changes in global sagittal balance and spinopelvic parameters. Retrospective analysis was conducted for 34 patients undergoing PSO surgery for ankylosing spondylitis. Preoperative and postoperative free-standing sagittal radiographs were obtained and analyzed by regional curves (lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis), pelvic parameters of pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI) and sacral slope (SS) and global balance of sagittal vertical axis (SVA). And the correlations between PSO parameters (level and degree) and spinopelvic parameters were analyzed. There were significant changes in spinopelvic parameters including decreased thoracic kyphosis, increased lumbar lordosis, decreased SVA, decreased PT and increased SS. The decreased SVA were 3.94 ± 3.38 and 3.97 ± 1.91 in lumbar/thoracic osteotomy respectively (P > 0.05). The decreased values of PT were 9.71 ± 6.46 and 5.20 ± 2.74 respectively (P < 0.05). Larger degree of osteotomy (≥ 22°) had greater SVA and PT decreases (P < 0.05). PSO is a quite useful technique of restoring spinal alignment. Lumbar and larger degrees of osteotomy have greater effects on spinopelvic parameters.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 04/2013; 93(15):1138-41.
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    ABSTRACT: Initial results for the use of single and dual growing rod techniques in the treatment of early onset scoliosis (EOS) has been seldom documented. The aim of this research was to investigate the initial efficacy of single and dual growing rods in treatment of EOS. A retrospective study of 25 early onset scoliosis cases treated with growing rod technique between November 2002 and May 2010 was performed, including six cases in the single growing rod group and 19 cases in the dual growing rod group. Operation time, intra-operative bleeding, correction rate, changes in C7-S1 distance, and incidence of complications of the first operation were compared for the two techniques. The average post-operative follow-up duration was 31.9 months. There was no statistical difference observed between operation time, intra-operative bleeding, and complication incidence between the single and dual growing rod groups. In addition, no statistical difference was observed in the pre-operative coronal Cobb's angle (P > 0.05), or in the pre-operative sagittal Cobb's angle between both groups (P > 0.05). The correction rate of the dual growing rod group was significantly superior to that of the single growing rod group in the coronal plane (P < 0.01), but not in the sagittal plane (P > 0.05). The C7-S1 distance in the dual growing rod group was significantly larger than that in the single growing rod group (P < 0.05). The growing rod technique is an effective option for surgical treatment of EOS. The dual growing rod technique shows relative superiority in the correction outcome as compared to the single growing rod technique.
    Chinese medical journal 08/2012; 125(16):2862-6. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of one-stage posterior correction of scoliosis associated with little symptomatic syringomyelia. A total of 19 cases diagnosed as scoliosis with little symptomatic syringomyelia between January 2003 and November 2010 were included in this study (study group), the patients underwent one-stage posterior correction and instrumentation without neurosurgery for the syringomyelia. At the same time, 9 cases with severe symptomatic syringomyelia were included as the control group, the patients underwent neurosurgery before scoliosis correction, including suboccipital decompression and syrinx shunting. All patients underwent posterior pedicle screw or screw-hook hybrid instrumentation. The preoperative, postoperative and the last follow-up of the Cobb angle of the coronal main curve and thoracic kyphosis were measured. Also, the preoperative and postoperative of the apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift were measured by the same person. The perioperative and the last follow-up complications of neurological injury were recorded. The surgical outcome and postoperative complications between the 2 groups were compared with the t student and chi-square statistics methods. There were no significant differences in gender, age, the location, length and diameter of the syringomyelia of the 2 groups (P > 0.05). The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 45 months, with a mean of 28.6 months. The average preoperative Cobb angles of coronal main curves of the 2 groups were 71° ± 23° and 68° ± 19°, the postoperative Cobb angles were 27° ± 20° and 25° ± 16°, and the last follow-up Cobb angles were 29° ± 17° and 32° ± 20°. The coronal correction rate was 66% ± 19% in the study group and 65% ± 21% in the control group (t = 0.136, P = 0.893). There was no significant difference at the last follow-up(t = 0.210, P = 0.837). The average preoperative Cobb angles of thoracic kyphosis of the 2 groups were 35° ± 18° and 32° ± 19°, the postoperative Cobb angles were 25° ± 10° and 23° ± 9°, and the last follow-up Cobb angles were 24° ± 4° and 28° ± 8°. The mean sagittal correction rate of the 2 groups were 50% ± 58% and 57% ± 53% (t = -0.303, P = 0.764). There was also no significant difference at the last follow-up time (t = 0.769, P = 0.490). There were no significant difference, in terms of the postoperative of the apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift between the 2 groups (P > 0.05). One case in the study group complicated with a pedicle screw breaking the anterior cortex of the vertebra and one in the control group complicated with a hook loosening, postoperatively. At the last follow-up time, the neurological symptoms of the 2 groups got no aggravating. One-stage posterior correction of scoliosis associated with little symptomatic syringomyelia may be effective and safe.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 08/2012; 50(8):714-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize and analyze the complications of posterior vertebral column resection in the treatment of spinal tumors. The complications of 31 patients were recorded and categorized into primary and secondary complications. Many factors such as segment, bleeding volume and surgical duration were reviewed. The SPSS 12.0 software was used to analyze the relations between the complications and these factors retrospectively. Two primary and 30 secondary complications were identified. A definite relation existed between the delayed removal of endotracheal intubation and bleeding volume. And a definite relation existed also between transient thrombocytopenia and operative duration. There was no relation between prosthetic subsidence and various factors (including follow-up period). Most complications are secondary and have basically no effect on the recovery of patients. And preventions are feasible in most cases. So a thorough plan should be devised to prevent the occurrences of potential complications, especially primary ones. For any occurrence, active treatment should be offered to improve the surgical safety.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 06/2012; 92(23):1587-90.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of correction of scoliosis associated with tethered cord without releasing it. Twenty-two cases diagnozed as scoliosis with tethered cord between December 2005 and January 2011 were investigated retrospectively in the study. There were 8 males and 14 females. The age was from 6 to 51 years, averaged 17.7 years. There were 7 patients with clinical symptoms before surgery. All the patients underwent posterior deformity correction and instrumentation by pedicle screws directly without releasing the tethered cord. Spinal cord monitoring was conducted in all the cases. The preoperative and postoperative Cobb angle of the coronal main curve and thoracic kyphosis were measured. Also, the preoperative and postoperative values of the apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift were measured by the same person. The incidence of perioperative complications were recorded. A total of 20 patients were followed up. The follow-up time was from 6 to 52 months, mean 23.5 months. The average Cobb angle of the coronal main curve were 68° ± 20° before surgery and 38° ± 21° after surgery with a mean correction of 48.1%. The difference was significant (t = 13.9, P < 0.05). The mean kyphosis was 65° ± 18° preoperatively and 28° ± 11° postoperatively, with a correction of 56.7%. The difference was also significant (t = 8.81, P < 0.05). The preoperative values of the apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift were (5.4 ± 2.5) cm, 2.3° ± 0.6° and (2.0 ± 1.8) cm, respectively, which were corrected to (3.2 ± 1.8) cm, 1.2° ± 0.5° and (1.5 ± 1.1) cm after the surgery. Compared to the preoperative values, the difference were significant in the apical vertebra translation (t = 5.69, P < 0.05) and apical vertebra rotation (t = 10.07, P < 0.05). However, there was no difference in trunk shift. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 patients, including transient numbness of the lower extremity in 1 patient and hydrothorax in 2 patients. No neurological and instrumentation complications occurred during the follow-ups. Patients with clinical symptoms before surgery got no serious during the surgery and follow-ups. If there are no symptoms of tethering in scoliosis patients with tethered cord, the corrective surgeries may be safe and effective when spinal cord monitoring conducted without spinal cord untethering. But more cases are needed to confirm it.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 04/2012; 50(4):333-7.
  • Applied Mechanics and Materials 03/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Retrospective review. To evaluate the efficacy of multimodal intraoperative neuromonitoring for predicting iatrogenic neurological injury during surgical correction of a spine deformity and evaluate the potential risk factors for neurological monitoring changes. Single modal intraoperative neuromonitoring is insufficient to predict neurological injury during surgical correction of spine deformity. Multimodal monitoring can provide more accuracy. Some risk factors were reported to be correlated with high rates of neurological deficits during scoliosis correction. But few studies have reported on the risk factors for neurological monitoring changes (NMCs). The records of 176 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of spinal deformities were reviewed. The patients were monitored using transcranial electric motor-evoked potential (MEP) and/or somatosensory-evoked potential (SEP). Alterations with the MEP wave amplitude decreasing more than 75% and SEP amplitude decreasing more than 50%, as compared with the baseline, were diagnosed as positive changes. Risk factors related to NMCs were evaluated, in light of preoperative neurological deficits, comorbidity of spinal cord deformity, procedure of osteotomy, main curve Cobb angle, and a diagnosis of kyphosis. Combined MEP/SEP monitoring was successfully achieved in 175 of 176 cases. Eleven cases were presented with true NMCs according to MEPs. One patient had an irreversible neurological deficit and 4 patients had transient neurological deficits after waking up from the operation. SEP lagged MEP for an average of 15 minutes when both were presented with positive changes. The sensitivity and specificity of MEP were 91.7% and 98.8%, respectively. Solo SEP were 50% and 95.2%. Combined MEP and SEP were 92.9% and 99.4%. The procedure of osteotomy, curve Cobb angle more than 90 degrees, and preoperative kyphosis were correlated with a higher incidence of NMCs. Multimodal intraoperative monitoring provides higher sensitivity for monitoring during spine deformity surgery and can predict events of neurological injury. The detection of NMCs and adjustment of surgical strategy may prevent irreversible neurological deficits. The possible risk factors for NMCs during spine deformity surgery include an osteotomy procedure, kyphosis correction, and preoperative Cobb angle more than 90 degrees.
    Journal of spinal disorders & techniques 02/2012; 25(4):E108-14. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An analysis of computed tomography (CT) images of patients with adolescent thoracic idiopathic scoliosis for posterior pedicle screw placement. To evaluate the relative position of the aorta to the spine by the axial CT scans in patients with right thoracic idiopathic scoliosis, and to discuss the safe trajectory and screw length for posterior pedicle screw placement. Posterior pedicle screw instrumentation and fusion are widely used in the correction of scoliosis. Pedicle screw placement in the thoracic spine implies risk of injuring the aorta. Literatures on the relative position of the aorta to the spine are mostly focused on the anterior surgery. However, few are reported about the posterior surgery. A total of 47 patients with adolescent right thoracic idiopathic scoliosis who underwent CT scan of total spine before surgery were included in this study. Transverse plane including bilateral pedicles, lamina, and transverse process was selected for measurement from T4 to T12. We defined a new coordinate system, and 5 parameters were measured in each vertebral body from T4 to T12 of the patients. The point where the left pedicle axial line and the base of the left transverse process intersected was defined as the origin of the coordinate system. A line connecting bilateral intersection was defined as x-axis. y-axis perpendicular to the x-axis is drawn ventrally from the origin. The left pedicle-aorta angle (α), the left aorta angle (β), the left pedicle-aorta distance (PAD), the aorta-x-axis distance (AXD), and the vertebral rotation angle (γ) were measured. The values of angles α and β had a tendency of first increasing and then decreasing, and increasing again from T4 to T12. The lowest value of angle α occurred at T10 (7.45±6.10 degrees), followed by T4 (8.89±6.49 degrees), T11 (9.13±7.59 degrees), and T9 (9.74±6.11 degrees). PAD and AXD values had a tendency of decreasing first and then increasing from T4 to T12. The lowest values of PAD and AXD occurred at T6; 25.94±5.33 and 23.64±6.53 mm, respectively. From the cephalad to the caudal spine, angle γ increased first and then decreased. The highest value occurred at T7 (2.32±6.83 degrees), which rotated to the right side. The second largest value occurred at T8 (2.23±7.76 degrees). Statistical analysis indicated that the apical vertebral translation and vertebral rotation angle were significantly positively correlated to angles α and β (P<0.05). The highest risk of injuring the aorta when placing pedicle screw during posterior scoliosis surgery was at T10, followed by T4, T11, and T9 in right thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. Taking a spine CT scan and evaluating the relative position of the aorta to the thoracic spine before surgery are significant in precise and safe pedicle screw placement.
    Journal of spinal disorders & techniques 02/2012; 25(4):E103-7. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the clinical manifestations and surgical strategies of scoliosis associated with syringomyelia. A total of 50 cases diagnosed as scoliosis with syringomyelia between January 2003 and November 2010 were recruited. They were divided into 2 groups: Group A, neurosurgery before scoliosis correction, including suboccipital decompression and syrinx shunting; Group B, one-staged posterior correction and instrumentation without previous neurosurgery. The preoperative, postoperative and last follow-ups of Cobb angle of coronal main curve and thoracic kyphosis were measured. Also the preoperative and postoperative apical vertebra translation, apical vertebra rotation and trunk shift were measured by the same person. The surgical efficacies and complications of correction were compared between 2 groups. All patients underwent posterior pedicle screw instrumentation and had a mean follow-up period of 32.1 months. Among them, 42 patients had clinical symptoms or signs preoperatively and 3 patients improved postoperatively. The mean correction of coronal curve was 65.7% and a mean loss of correction 6.4% during the follow-up. The mean correction of apical vertebra translation and apical vertebra rotation were 63.0% and 60.0% respectively. However, the trunk shift increased 0.4 cm. There were no statistically significant differences for the correction efficacies and complications between 2 groups (P > 0.05). Scoliosis associated with syringomyelia may be effectively managed if a surgeon manipulates carefully intraoperatively and perioperative spinal monitoring is practiced. Furthermore syrinx will not increase the incidence of postoperative complications without prophylactic neurosurgery.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 02/2012; 92(7):468-71.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy of imaging patients in a state of traction ("traction imaging") for selection of upper and lower vertebrae to undergo instrumentation (UIV and LIV, respectively) to correct moderate to severe, rigid scoliosis. Twenty-seven patients aged 11-21 years (average, 15.5 years) who had been treated at our institution for scoliosis of the thoracic spine between 2004 and 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were treated with the third multiple hook-screw and rod instrumentation system. Standardized radiographic measurements (anteroposterior, sagittal, bending, fulcrum, traction) were taken and Cobb's angles, apical vertebra translation (AVT), and traction-stable vertebrae determined. All patients were followed for 6-36 months (average, 14.7 months). The Cobb's angles under preoperative vertical traction correlated positively with those measured postoperatively in standing anteroposterior film (P < 0.01). Preoperative AVT under vertical traction was significantly different from that measured postoperatively in standing anteroposterior film (P < 0.01). The traction radiography-determined UIV slant angles were significantly different from those preoperatively without traction and the postoperative values, whereas traction radiography-determined LIV values were not significantly different from those found preoperatively without traction (P > 0.05). Traction radiographic imaging is an effective, feasible preoperative assessment for determining which vertebrae are stable, designing the surgical strategy and choosing the UIV and LIV for correcting moderate to severe, rigid scoliosis.
    Orthopaedic Surgery 02/2012; 4(1):35-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Based on sequence variation in the N-terminus of the UL55 gene, which encodes glycoprotein B (gB), human cytomegalovirus (CMV) can be classified into four gBn genotypes. We assessed the distribution of CMV gBn genotypes and the correlation between CMV gBn DNA (detected by real-time PCR) and CMV-positive pp65 cells (identified by immunohistochemical staining) in a cohort of hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. The distribution of gB genotypes was as follows: gBn1, 60% of patients; gBn2, 13.3%; mixed gBn1 and gBn3 infection, 26.7%; and gBn4 and other mixed infections, 0%. CMV gBn1 was the most common genotype. The detected level of CMV gB DNA correlated well with the number of CMV-positive pp65 cells detected by immunostaining (r = 0.585).
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e51224. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been stated that preoperative pulmonary function tests are essential to assess the surgical risk in patients with scoliosis. Arterial blood gas tests have also been used to evaluate pulmonary function before scoliotic surgery. However, few studies have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of preoperative arterial blood gas tests in the surgical treatment of scoliosis with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction. This study involved scoliotic patients with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction (forced vital capacity < 60%) who underwent surgical treatment between January 2002 and April 2010. A total of 73 scoliotic patients (23 males and 50 females) with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction were included. The average age of the patients was 16.53 years (ranged 10 - 44). The demographic distribution, medical records, and radiographs of all patients were collected. All patients received arterial blood gas tests and pulmonary function tests before surgery. The arterial blood gas tests included five parameters: partial pressure of arterial oxygen, partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide, alveolar-arterial oxygen tension gradient, pH, and standard bases excess. The pulmonary function tests included three parameters: forced expiratory volume in 1 second ratio, forced vital capacity ratio, and peak expiratory flow ratio. All five parameters of the arterial blood gas tests were compared between the two groups with or without postoperative pulmonary complications by variance analysis. Similarly, all three parameters of the pulmonary function tests were compared. The average coronal Cobb angle before surgery was 97.42° (range, 50° - 180°). A total of 15 (20.5%) patients had postoperative pulmonary complications, including hypoxemia in 5 cases (33.3%), increased requirement for postoperative ventilatory support in 4 (26.7%), pneumonia in 2 (13.3%), atelectasis in 2 (13.3%), pneumothorax in 1 (6.7%), and hydrothorax in 1 (6.7%). No significant differences in demographic characteristics or perioperative factors (P > 0.05) existed between the two groups with or without postoperative pulmonary complications. According to the variance analysis, there were no statistically significant differences in any parameter of the arterial blood gas tests between the two groups. No significant correlation between the results of the preoperative arterial blood gas tests and postoperative pulmonary complications existed in scoliotic patients with moderate or severe pulmonary dysfunction. However, the postoperative complications tended to increase with the decrease of partial pressure of arterial oxygen in the arterial blood gas tests.
    Chinese medical journal 01/2012; 125(2):249-52. · 0.90 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

46 Citations
36.70 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Zhejiang University
      • • State Key Lab of Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases
      • • School of Medicine
      Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2003–2014
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2010
    • State Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics of China
      Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China
  • 2002
    • Peking Union Medical University
      Peping, Beijing, China