K L Fair

Washington University in St. Louis, Saint Louis, MO, United States

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Publications (5)37.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report the construction of an approximately 1.7-Mb sequence-ready YAC/BAC clone contig of 8p22-p23. This chromosomal region has been associated with frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in breast, ovarian, prostate, head and neck, and liver cancer. We first constructed a meiotic linkage map for 8p to resolve previously reported conflicting map orders from the literature. The target region containing a putative tumor suppressor gene was defined by allelotyping 65 cases of sporadic ductal carcinoma in situ with 18 polymorphic markers from 8p. The minimal region of loss encompassed the interval between D8S520 and D8S261, and one tumor had loss of D8S550 only. We chose to begin physical mapping of this minimal LOH region by concentrating on the distal end, which includes D8S550. A fine-structure radiation hybrid map for the region that extends from D8S520 (distal) to D8S1759 (proximal) was prepared, followed by construction of a single, integrated YAC/BAC contig for the interval. The approximately 1730-kb contig consists of 13 YACs and 27 BACs. Fifty-four sequence-tagged sites (STSs) developed from BAC insert end-sequences and 11 expressed sequence tags were localized within the contig by STS content mapping. In addition, four unique cDNA clones from the region were isolated and fully sequenced. This integrated YAC/BAC resource provides the starting point for transcription mapping, genomic sequencing, and positional cloning of this region.
    Genomics 09/1999; 60(1):1-11. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple chromosome 17 loci may be involved in ovarian carcinogenesis. Fifty-seven sporadic ovarian epithelial tumors were examined for loss of heterozygosity at 15 loci on chromosomes 17p. Eighty % (39 of 49) of informative tumors had allelic loss in 17p13.3 at D17S30, D17S28, or both loci within this region, including 3 of 7 tumors of low malignant potential and 4 of 5 nonmetastatic carcinomas. The smallest region of overlapping deletions extends from D17S28 to D17S30, a distance of 15 kb. Furthermore, several tumors have breakpoints within the region detected by the D17S30 probe. Chromosome 17p13.3 genes with potential tumor suppressor function include HIC-1, DPH2L (N. J. Phillips et al. Isolation of a human diphthamide biosynthesis gene on chromosome 17p13.3, submitted for publication)/OVCA1, PEDF, and CRK. The HIC-1 coding sequence lies i kb centromeric to the D17S28-S17S30 region of deletion (M. Makos Wales et al., Nat. Med., 1:570-577, 1995) but remains a candidate because 5'-regulatory elements may lie within the critical region. Portions of the DPH2L/OVCA1 coding sequence lie within the D17S28-D17S30 interval. Somatic cell hybrid analysis places PEDF in an interval including D17S28, D17S30, and D17S54, whereas CRK is excluded from this interval. Chromosome 17p13.3 loss precedes TP53 and BRCA1 region deletions because the latter changes are see only in high-stage carcinomas. Microsatellite instability plays only a minor role in sporadic ovarian carcinogenesis because only 1 of 57 tumors showed this finding.
    Cancer Research 03/1996; 56(3):606-11. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study genetic changes and the evolution of breast cancer, we assayed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 12 sets of synchronous carcinoma in situ (CIS) and invasive cancer, compared to normal control DNA. Microsatellite markers were used, which map to each nonacrocentric autosomal arm. Eight tumor sets demonstrated LOH of the same allele in both concurrent invasive cancer and ductal CIS, for a total of 18 chromosomal loci. Three of nine tumor sets showed LOH on 11p. In two of these sets, LOH was seen on 11p only in the invasive tumor, not the corresponding CIS. One of these tumors also exhibited allelic loss in the invasive tumor for 4 loci, all of which were retained in the noninvasive tumor. For two tumor sets, LOH was mirrored in matched ductal CIS, invasive tumor, and lymph node metastasis. The maintenance of LOH for certain loci throughout the stages of breast cancer suggests clonality of the cancer cells.
    Cancer Research 12/1995; 55(22):5180-3. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to determine which tumor suppressor loci are involved in preinvasive breast cancer, we have assayed for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Areas of DCIS were microdissected from archival paraffin-embedded tissue. DNA was extracted, and LOH was determined by PCR of microsatellite markers that map to 39 autosomal arms. Either uninvolved lymph node or white cell DNA was used as normal control. A total of 61 samples of DCIS were assayed. The average number of informative tumors examined for each marker was 19 (range, 8-48). The median fractional allelic loss was 0.037. The highest percentage of LOH was shown for loci on 8p (18.7%), 13q (18%), 16q (28.6%), 17p (37.5%), and 17q (15.9%). LOH on 18q was found in 10.7% of informative tumors. Fractional allelic loss was associated with LOH on 17p, with high nuclear grade and with the comedo subtype of DCIS. LOH on 17p correlated with LOH on 17q and on 13q. Additional markers were used for 16q and 17p to determine the smallest common region of deletion. These data provide evidence that tumor suppressor loci that map to these regions are involved in the oncogenesis of breast cancer before progression to the invasive phenotype. Our findings provide additional support that multiple loci on 17p and 16q are involved in the development of breast cancer.
    Cancer Research 09/1995; 55(15):3399-405. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple tumor suppressor genes are implicated in the oncogenesis and progression of invasive carcinoma of the breast. To investigate the chronology of genetic changes we studied loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 17 in ductal carcinoma in situ, a preinvasive breast cancer. A microdissection technique was used to separate tumor from normal stromal cells prior to DNA extraction and loss of heterozygosity was assayed mainly using simple sequence repeat polymorphism markers and the polymerase chain reaction. Loss of heterozygosity on 17p was observed in 8 of 28 tumors (29%) when compared with normal control DNA, whereas no loss was seen on 17q, suggesting that at least one locus on 17p is involved early in the development of breast cancer.
    Cancer Research 08/1993; 53(13):2947-9. · 8.65 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

251 Citations
37.61 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 1995–1999
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • Department of Surgery
      Saint Louis, MO, United States
  • 1996
    • University of Missouri - St. Louis
      Saint Louis, Michigan, United States