Publications (3)29.48 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Lactate accounts for a third of myocardial oxygen consumption before and in the first 2 weeks after birth. It is unknown how the remainder of myocardial oxygen is consumed. Glucose is thought to be important before birth, whereas long-chain fatty acids (LC-FA) are the prime substrate for the adult. However, the ability of the myocardium of the newborn to use LC-FA has been doubted. We measured the myocardial metabolism of glucose and LC-FA with [U-(13)C]glucose and [1-(13)C]palmitate in chronically instrumented fetal and newborn lambs. In fetal lambs, myocardial oxidation of glucose was high and that of LC-FA was low. Glucose and LC-FA accounted for 48+/-4% and 2+/-2% of myocardial oxygen consumption, respectively. In newborn lambs, oxidation of glucose decreased, whereas oxidation of LC-FA increased. Glucose and LC-FA accounted for 12+/-3% and 83+/-19% of myocardial oxygen consumption. To test whether near-term fetal lambs could use LC-FA, we increased the supply of LC-FA with a fat infusion. In fetal lambs during fat infusion, the oxidation of LC-FA increased 15-fold. Although the oxidation of LC-FA was still lower than in newborn lambs, the contribution to myocardial oxygen consumption (70+/-13%) was the same as in newborn lambs. These data show that glucose and lactate account for the majority of myocardial oxygen consumption in fetal lambs, whereas in newborn lambs, LC-FA and lactate account for the majority of myocardial oxygen consumption. Moreover, we showed that the fetal myocardium can use LC-FA as an energy substrate.Circulation 09/2000; 102(8):926-31. · 14.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Around birth, myocardial substrate supply changes from carbohydrates before birth to primarily fatty acids after birth. Parallel to these changes, the myocardium is expected to switch from the use of primarily lactate before birth to fatty acids thereafter. However, myocardial lactate uptake and oxidation around birth has not been measured in vivo. We measured myocardial lactate uptake, oxidation, and release with infusion of [1-13C]lactate and myocardial flux of fatty acids and glucose in chronically instrumented fetal and newborn (1 to 15 days) lambs. Myocardial lactate oxidation was the same in newborn (81.7+/-14.7 micromol. min-1. 100 g-1, n=11) as in fetal lambs (60.7+/-26.7 micromol. min-1. 100 g-1, n=7). Lactate uptake was also the same in newborn as in fetal lambs. Lactate uptake was higher than lactate flux, indicating lactate release simultaneously with uptake. In the newborn lambs, lactate uptake declined with age. Lactate uptake was strongly related to lactate supply, whereas lactate oxidation was not. The supply of fatty acids or glucose did not interfere with lactate uptake, but the flux of fatty acids was inversely related to lactate oxidation. We show that lactate is an important energy source for the myocardium before birth as well as in the first 2 weeks after birth in lambs. We also show that there is release of lactate by the myocardium simultaneously with uptake of lactate. Furthermore, we show that lactate oxidation may be attenuated by fatty acids but not by glucose, probably at the level of pyruvate dehydrogenase.Circulation 05/1999; 99(14):1892-7. · 14.74 Impact Factor
Article: Perinatal changes in myocardial supply and flux of fatty acids, carbohydrates, and ketone bodies in lambs.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: No information is available on perinatal changes in myocardial metabolism in vivo. We measured myocardial supply and flux of fatty acids, carbohydrates, and ketone bodies in chronically instrumented fetal, newborn (1-4 days), and juvenile (7 wk) lambs, by measuring aorta-coronary sinus concentration differences and blood flow. In the fetal lambs, myocardial supply and flux of fatty acids were zero. In the newborn lambs, the supply of fatty acids increased tenfold, but there was no flux of fatty acids. Carbohydrates were the major energy source in fetal and newborn lambs, accounting for 89 and 69% of myocardial oxygen consumption, respectively. In the juvenile lambs, the flux of fatty acids was increased threefold. The supply and flux of carbohydrates were decreased (by 31 and 82%, respectively). The supply and flux of ketone bodies gradually increased with age. We show that the myocardium of the lamb in vivo does not switch immediately after birth from carbohydrates to fatty acids. The mechanisms involved in the development of myocardial fatty acid oxidation remain to be elucidated.The American journal of physiology 07/1998; 274(6 Pt 2):H1962-9.