Hiroshi Itoh

Yamaguchi University, Yamaguti, Yamaguchi, Japan

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Publications (64)189.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with centromeric probes is a method used to detect chromosomal instability (CIN), a hallmark of most cancers. However, no studies thus far have investigated the relationship between centromeric FISH signals and the cell cycle in cancer cells. In this study, the chromosome content in each cell cycle phase was evaluated with respect to the number of centromeric FISH signals in two breast cancer cell lines and eight surgically resected breast cancer specimens using image cytometry. Variations in chromosome number were detected at each phase of the cell cycle but were not associated with proliferative capacity in the cell lines. Furthermore, the chromosome doubling frequency differed in each cell line and clinical specimen. These results reveal two aspects of centromeric FISH signal variation in breast cancers that exhibit CIN, and suggest that chromosome doubling is a remarkable occurrence that may increase the heterogeneity of tumors. © 2014 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry
    Cytometry Part A 07/2014; · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chondroblastoma is a benign bone tumor with a relatively high incidence in older children and adolescents during the period of active epiphyseal growth. It is generally regarded as a benign neoplasm, but sometimes it grows aggressively or recurs. To prevent recurrence, complete curettage is important; however, such an approach can be extremely difficult to perform precisely when the chondroblastoma arises deep in the epiphysis. In our patient's case, we used a computed tomography-based navigation system with registration technique involving skin marker fiduciaries and endoscopic curettage of the lesion. A 16-year-old Japanese girl presented to our facility with left knee joint pain, which started nine months before her initial examination. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies of the left knee showed a radiolucent lesion with marginal sclerosis and lobular homogeneous hypo-intensity and hyper-intensity signals in the distal epiphysis of the left femoral epiphysis, carried through to the growth plate. To prevent recurrence of chondroblastoma and growth disturbance, we used a computed tomography-based navigation system with registration technique involving skin marker fiduciaries and endoscopic curettage of the lesion. Wide excision with total removal of the chondroblastoma in the distal femur often requires large exposure with associated drawbacks, where a wide excision near the growth plate can potentially lead to growth disturbance. Therefore, in an accessible location in the distal femur, endoscopic excision of chondroblastoma under navigation system guidance can be performed with minimal operative damage. In the setting of a benign intra-osseous lesion infiltrating the growth plate, arthroscopic retrieval or excision under a computed tomography-based navigation system should be considered before proceeding with open surgery.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 06/2013; 7(1):164.
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  • Open Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2013; 03(04):227-230.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Expression profiles of some microRNAs (miRNAs) were associated with clinicopathological findings in human prostate cancer (PC), but the relative expression of miRNAs among Gleason patterns (GPs) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the expression of several known microRNAs in each GP of PC. METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue samples were obtained from radical prostatectomy (RP) (patient set 1, n = 43, including (GP 3) n = 22, (GP 4) n = 35, and (GP 5) n = 12) and needle biopsy (patient set 2, n = 10, (GP 4) n = 10). Cancer tissues from each GP and adjacent normal counterparts were separately collected using laser-captured microdissection (LCM). Real-time RT-PCR was performed to determine the relative expression of miRNAs, including miR-31-5p, -34c-5p, -96-5p, -182-5p, -183-5p, -205-5p, -221-3p, and -222-3p, which were currently reported to be involved in PC progression. RESULTS: In radical prostatectomy samples, relative expression of miR-31-5p, miR-34c-5p, and miR-205-5p in any GP was significantly decreased compared to normal counterpart. However, no significant difference was detected among GP 3, GP 4, and GP 5. Meanwhile, in the same GP4, expression of miR-31-5p miR-182-5p, and miR-205-5p in cancer tissues obtained from high grade cancer was significantly higher than those obtained from intermediate grade cancer. Validation study using biopsy samples revealed that the relative expression of miR-182-5p was statistically higher in high grade cancer even in same GP4. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the expression of miR-182-5p depended on the cancer grade even in same GP 4. Expression of miRNA associated with Gleason grading system may contribute to more accurate preoperative cancer risk evaluation. Prostate © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    The Prostate 11/2012; · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hands and fingers are sometimes locally aggressive; with higher rates of regional metastasis than other cutaneous SCC, although distant metastasis is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 62-year-old Japanese man with double cancers: a tongue SCC and a cutaneous SCC. Swelling of the finger lesion developed gradually around the entire remaining middle finger after accidental amputation at the proximal interphalangeal joint. Histopathological examination of the tumor on the stump of the amputated finger indicated a well-differentiated SCC. The past history indicated surgery for SCC of the tongue 3 years earlier; with histopathology of moderately-differentiated SCC. CONCLUSION: Since dedifferentiation is unlikely in metastatic tumors, the cutaneous SCC of the finger is unlikely to have originated from the tongue SCC. Alternatively, the double cancer may be two unrelated lesions or the tongue tumor could have originated from the cutaneous SCC.
    BMC Research Notes 10/2012; 5(1):595.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether grade II oligodendroglioma was transformed to glioblastoma or not, histopathological evaluation of recurrent oligodendrogliomal tumors (OG) and diffuse astrocytomas (DA) was performed. The OG group was composed of ten patients with OG, including seven oligodendrogliomas and three oligoastrocytomas. The DA group was composed of ten patients with DA, including eight fibrillary astrocytomas and two gemistocytic astrocytomas. The histopathological parameters of glioblastoma including nuclear atypia, multinucleated giant cells, glomeruloid tufts (GT) as a marker of microvascular proliferation, necrosis, and the Ki-67 staining index were investigated. Evaluation of these parameters was scored as follows: 0, none; 1, sporadic; 2, partial; 3, extensive. There were no cases of transformation to glioblastoma in the OG group. There were five cases of transformation to secondary glioblastoma in the DA group. In recurrent tumors, scores of GT and necrosis in the OG group were significantly lower than those in the DA group (p < 0.005). Nuclear atypia and high proliferative activity (Ki-67 index) were identified in recurrent tumors of the OG group. Our study suggested that the extent of GT and necrosis in recurrent OG was less than that in recurrent DA, and transformation to glioblastoma from oligodendroglial tumor was exceptional.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 05/2012; 29(3):140-7. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been some recent reports about glioblastoma with oligodendroglial (OG) components and malignant glioma with primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)-like components. We investigated whether the presence and extent of OG components and PNET-like components influenced the prognosis in patients with glioblastoma. Eighty-six patients with glioblastoma were divided into an OG group (28 %), which revealed areas with a honeycomb appearance, and a non-OG group (72 %) without a honeycomb appearance. Patients with glioblastoma were also divided into a PNET group (27 %), which revealed areas with PNET-like features defined as neoplastic cells with high N/C ratios and hyperchromatic oval-carrot-shaped nuclei, and lacked the typical honeycomb appearance, and a non-PNET group (73 %) without PNET features. There were no significant differences in overall survival among the OG, the non-OG, the PNET, and the non-PNET groups. Two patients who survived longer than 36 months had both OG and PNET components with 1p or 19q loss of heterozygosity. Perinuclear halo, which is a characteristic feature of oligodendrogliomas, is an artifact of tissue fixation. Therefore, we should not readily use the term glioblastoma with OG components. PNET-like components, which are considered rare in malignant gliomas, may be frequently identified in glioblastomas.
    Brain Tumor Pathology 04/2012; 29(3):154-9. · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Dermatology 03/2012; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive forms of squamous cell carcinomas. Common genetic lesions in ESCC include p53 mutations and EGFR overexpression, both of which have been implicated in negative regulation of Notch signaling. In addition, cyclin D1 is overexpressed in ESCC and can be activated via EGFR, Notch and Wnt signaling. To elucidate how these genetic lesions may interact during the development and progression of ESCC, we tested a panel of genetically engineered human esophageal cells (keratinocytes) in organotypic 3D culture (OTC), a form of human tissue engineering. Notch signaling was suppressed in culture and mice by dominant negative Mastermind-like1 (DNMAML1), a genetic pan-Notch inhibitor. DNMAML1 mice were subjected to 4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced oral-esophageal carcinogenesis. Highly invasive characteristics of primary human ESCC were recapitulated in OTC as well as DNMAML1 mice. In OTC, cyclin D1 overexpression induced squamous hyperplasia. Concurrent EGFR overexpression and mutant p53 resulted in transformation and invasive growth. Interestingly, cell proliferation appeared to be regulated differentially between those committed to squamous-cell differentiation and those invading into the stroma. Invasive cells exhibited Notch-independent activation of cyclin D1 and Wnt signaling. Within the oral-esophageal squamous epithelia, Notch signaling regulated squamous-cell differentiation to maintain epithelial integrity, and thus may act as a tumor suppressor by preventing the development of a tumor-promoting inflammatory microenvironment.
    American Journal of Cancer Research 01/2012; 2(4):459-75. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    Acta Dermato-Venereologica 11/2011; 92(3):326-7.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of advanced sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) effectively treated with sunitinib. A 77-year-old female who had gross hematuria and left lower abdominal pain was found to have a left renal tumor by computed tomography (CT) and was referred to our hospital. CT revealed a poorly enhanced mass in the left kidney and an enlarged paraaortic lymph node. The patient underwent laparoscopic left nephrectomy, and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as a sarcomatoid RCC. Sunitinib was administered to treat lymph node metastasis, postoperatively, and a partial response was observed after 4 courses. Sunitinib administration has been continued without tumor re-growth.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 11/2011; 57(11):615-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a multifunctional molecule that acts as mitogen, motogen, and/or morphogen in a variety of cells. MET, a specific receptor tyrosine kinase for HGF, is upregulated in various tumors including squamous cell carcinoma of the human head and neck (HNSCC), but how HGF affects the expression of downstream functional genes has not yet been elucidated in detail. In the present study, we examined the expression of microRNA (miRNA), non-coding small RNA that regulate cell proliferation and functions by interfering with the translation of target mRNA, with or without HGF stimulation in HNSCC cell line HSC3. Among several miRNAs, in which the expression was altered after HGF stimulation, we focused on miR-200c and miR-27b, both of which were drastically downregulated after HGF stimulation. Expression of ZEB1, a target mRNA for miR-200c, was upregulated 3 and 6 h after HGF stimulation, and that of E-cadherin, a downstream molecule of ZEB1, was downregulated 12 h after HGF stimulation. Expression of ST14/matriptase, an enzyme for extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation and HGF activation and a target mRNA for miR-27b, was drastically upregulated in the protein level after HGF stimulation, although it was not statistically altered in the mRNA level. These results suggest that miR-200c and miR-27b downregulated by HGF might play an important role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition mediated by ZEB1/E-cadherin and ECM degradation and HGF autoactivation mediated by ST14/matriptase, respectively. Altered expression of miRNA directly regulated by HGF might contribute enhanced progressive and invasive characteristics of HNSCC by regulating the translation of HGF-induced functional molecules.
    Cancer Science 09/2011; 102(12):2164-71. · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zinc finger E-box-binding (ZEB) proteins ZEB1 and ZEB2 are transcription factors essential in TGF-β-mediated senescence, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and cancer stem cell functions. ZEBs are negatively regulated by members of the miR-200 microRNA family, but precisely how tumor cells expressing ZEBs emerge during invasive growth remains unknown. Here, we report that NOTCH3-mediated signaling prevents expansion of a unique subset of ZEB-expressing cells. ZEB expression was associated with the lack of cellular capability of undergoing NOTCH3-mediated squamous differentiation in human esophageal cells. Genetic inhibition of the Notch-mediated transcriptional activity by dominant-negative Mastermind-like 1 (DNMAML1) prevented squamous differentiation and induction of Notch target genes including NOTCH3. Moreover, DNMAML1-enriched EMT-competent cells exhibited robust upregulation of ZEBs, downregulation of the miR-200 family, and enhanced anchorage-independent growth and tumor formation in nude mice. RNA interference experiments suggested the involvement of ZEBs in anchorage-independent colony formation, invasion, and TGF-β-mediated EMT. Invasive growth and impaired squamous differentiation were recapitulated upon Notch inhibition by DNMAML1 in organotypic three-dimensional culture, a form of human tissue engineering. Together, our findings indicate that NOTCH3 is a key factor limiting the expansion of ZEB-expressing cells, providing novel mechanistic insights into the role of Notch signaling in the cell fate regulation and disease progression of esophageal squamous cancers.
    Cancer Research 09/2011; 71(21):6836-47. · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the pancreas is characterized by mucin-producing columnar epithelium and an ovarian-type stroma. It occurs almost exclusively in women and is almost always located in the pancreatic body or tail. Here, we report a case of large MCN located in the pancreatic head but not in the body nor tail in a 32-year-old pregnant woman, which was thought to have grown rapidly during pregnancy. It was ruptured at 34 weeks of gestation and the patient was admitted to the emergency department of the University of Fukui Hospital with an acute abdomen. Emergency cesarean section followed by pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed. The tumor consisted of many small cysts lined by a single-layer of mucinous epithelium with papillary growth and partial solid parts showing invasive growth and sarcomatoid changes, indicating mucinous cystic neoplasm with an associated invasive carcinoma (previously referred as mucinous cystadenocarcinoma). Thickened septa revealed ovarian-type stroma strongly positive for α-inhibin and partly positive for progesterone receptor immunohistochemically. We also review and discuss previous reports of MCNs including those with an associated invasive carcinoma in pregnant patients.
    Pathology International 01/2011; 61(1):28-33. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs that regulate cell proliferation and functions by interfering with the translation of target mRNAs. Altered expression of miRNA is known to induce various human malignancies. We examined the expression of miRNAs in squamous cell carcinoma of human head and neck (HNSCC) and esophagus (ESCC), compared to that in normal squamous epithelia as well as malignancies of other organs. Microarray analysis showed up-regulation of miR-21, miR-16 and miR-30a-5p in HNSCC and ESCC cell lines compared to normal squamous epithelial cell lines, and consistent high expression of miR-205 and let-7a in both normal and malignant squamous epithelial cell lines. Validation study using real-time quantitative RT-PCR in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded cancer tissues and paired normal epithelia obtained by Laser-captured microdissection revealed that miR-205 showed highest expression in both malignant and benign squamous epithelia, although it was less expressed in cell lines and tissues other than squamous epithelia. MiR-21, which is an oncogenic miRNA in various malignancies, was also up-regulated in HNSCC and ESCC compared to paired normal squamous epithelia. These results suggest that miR-205 might be a specific marker miRNA of both normal and malignant squamous epithelia, while miR-21 might be a putative oncogenic miRNA in HNSCC and ESCC.
    Oncology Reports 06/2010; 23(6):1625-33. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report 2 patients showing invasion of aspergillosis into the central nerve system (CNS). Patient 1, an 81-year-old woman, underwent surgery for sphenoidal sinusitis. She developed cerebral infarction with unconsciousness on 12th postoperative day. CSF examination demonstrated pleocytosis with increased protein and aspergillus antigen. She was diagnosed as having invasion of aspergillosis into the CNS, and was treated with voriconazole. Her clinical manifestations and CSF findings markedly improved. However, the effects of voriconazole gradually attenuated and she demonstrated recurrence of the cerebral infarction. After 2 months, she died of systemic aspergillosis and sepsis. Autopsy studies. Severe atherosclerotic changes with calcification were demonstrated in the bilateral carotid and basilar arteries, and many aspergillus were clustered in the vessel walls. Granulomatous inflammatory lesions with aspergillus were also demonstrated in the area surrounding the chiasm. There were no massive infarcts or bleeding in the brain, but multiple small infarcts were present. Patinet 2, a 64-year-old man, showing bilateral visual loss, was receiving treatment with corticosteroids under a diagnosis of optic neuritis. Two weeks later, he developed cerebral infarction. CSF examination showed pleocytosis with increased protein and aspergillus antigen. He was diagnosed as having invasive aspergillosis from the sphenoidal sinusitis into the CNS. He was treated with voriconazole, and unconsciousness and CSF findings improved transiently. However, he developed a recurrence of the brain infarction and pneumonia and finally died 6 months later. Treatment by voriconazole was definitely effective in both patients, but both patients died of recurrent cerebral infarction, possibly due to resistance for voriconazole, or developing multicellular filamentous biofilms. Voriconazole is recommended as the first choice of antifungal agents for aspergillosis. Aspergillus infection is strongly invasive into arterial vessels. It is important to consider the possible occurrence of cerebrovascular disease when treating invasion of aspergillosis into the CNS.
    Rinsho shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology 08/2009; 49(8):468-73.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract A cell line designated NYGM was established from a human cerebral glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) obtained from a 75-year-old Japanese woman. The cell line has grown slowly without interruption and has been propagated continuously by serial passages (more than 80 passage) during the past 3 years. The cultured cells were fusiform or polyhedral in shape. The population doubling time was 24 hours. The chromosomal number varied between 77 and 88, with modal chromosomal number of 84. NYGM cells concomitantly expressed MET receptor tyrosine kinase (a product of c-met protooncogene) and its ligand HGF/SF (hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor), as well as HGF activator and HGF activator inhibitors. The cells might be useful for the study of pericellular regulation of HGF/SF-MET signaling and HGF activation of GBM cells.
    Human Cell 10/2008; 17(3):145 - 150. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1)/spint-1 is a membrane-bound protease inhibitor that is thought to regulate the activities of hepatocyte growth factor activator, matriptase, hepsin, and prostasin. In this study, we show that the membrane form of HAI-1 was significantly upregulated immunohistochemically in epithelial cells under adverse conditions including tissue injury, necroinflammatory reactions, and invasion of carcinomas. To analyze the mechanism underlying these in vivo observations, we examined the effects of hypoxia and oxidative stress on HAI-1 expression in vitro, using three human cell lines, HLC-1, WiDr, and HeLa. Hypoxic condition significantly enhanced the expression of HAI-1 in these cells. Oxidative stress also enhanced HAI-1 expression. Promoter analyses of the human HAI-1/spint-1 gene revealed overlapping binding site for Egr-1-3 and Sp1 near the transcription start site as the key domain for HAI-1/spint-1 transcription. This site was also critical in both hypoxic- and oxidative stress-induced HAI-1 upregulation. In fact, in vivo immunohistochemical studies indicated that areas with HAI-1 upregulation tended to express markers associated with hypoxia and oxidative stress. These observations suggest that the tissue microenvironment regulates the cell surface expression of HAI-1, and thereby may regulate proteolysis and processing of bioactive molecules on the cellular surface.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 10/2008; 453(4):347-57. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) has been divided into four subtypes up to now: (i) acute; (ii) lymphoma; (iii) chronic; and (iv) smoldering. Skin lesion(s) may be present and the cases showing less than 5% abnormal T-lymphocytes in peripheral blood without involvement of other organs, have been classified as smoldering ATLL. However, this type of ATLL with skin manifestations had a worse prognosis than that without skin lesions. This study aimed to define and distinguish cutaneous ATLL lacking nodal lymphoma and leukemic change from smoldering ATLL. We propose an entity of cutaneous ATLL, which has less than 5% abnormal T lymphocyte in peripheral blood, a normal lymphocyte count (i.e. <4 x 10(9)/L), no hypercalcemia and lactate dehydrogenase values of up to 1.5 times the normal upper limit. At least one of the histologically proven skin lesions should be present accompanying monoclonal integration of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) proviral DNA in the skin lesion. Blood samples were collected from 41 HTLV-1-infected patients, 21 asymptomatic carriers, 16 patients with cutaneous ATLL and four patients with smoldering ATLL. HTLV-1 proviral loads, soluble interleukin-2 receptors and other parameters were examined in each case. HTLV-1 proviral DNA loads in smoldering ATLL group are significantly higher than those in asymptomatic carrier and cutaneous ATLL group. Cutaneous ATLL may be a distinct entity that should be separated from smoldering ATLL clinically and virologically.
    The Journal of Dermatology 05/2008; 35(5):270-5. · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

777 Citations
189.90 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Yamaguchi University
      Yamaguti, Yamaguchi, Japan
  • 2007–2011
    • University of Fukui
      • • Division of Tumor Pathology
      • • Division of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation Medicine
      Hukui, Fukui, Japan
    • Fukui University
      Hukui, Fukui, Japan
  • 2004–2006
    • Miyazaki University
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Neurosurgery
      Миядзаки, Miyazaki, Japan