I B Rosen

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (2)40.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report here the identification of a gene associated with the hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome. A single locus associated with HPT-JT (HRPT2) was previously mapped to chromosomal region 1q25-q32. We refined this region to a critical interval of 12 cM by genotyping in 26 affected kindreds. Using a positional candidate approach, we identified thirteen different heterozygous, germline, inactivating mutations in a single gene in fourteen families with HPT-JT. The proposed role of HRPT2 as a tumor suppressor was supported by mutation screening in 48 parathyroid adenomas with cystic features, which identified three somatic inactivating mutations, all located in exon 1. None of these mutations were detected in normal controls, and all were predicted to cause deficient or impaired protein function. HRPT2 is a ubiquitously expressed, evolutionarily conserved gene encoding a predicted protein of 531 amino acids, for which we propose the name parafibromin. Our findings suggest that HRPT2 is a tumor-suppressor gene, the inactivation of which is directly involved in predisposition to HPT-JT and in development of some sporadic parathyroid tumors.
    Nature Genetics 01/2003; 32(4):676-80. · 29.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by the development of multiple parathyroid adenomas and multiple fibro-osseous tumors of the maxilla and mandible. Some families have had affected members with involvement of the kidneys, variously reported as Wilms tumors, nephroblastomas, and hamartomas. The HPT-JT gene (HRPT2) maps to chromosome 1q25-q31. We describe further investigation of two HPT-JT families (K3304 and K3349) identified through the literature. These two expanded families and two previously reported families were investigated jointly for linkage with 21 new, closely linked markers. Multipoint linkage analysis resulted in a maximum LOD score of 7.83 (at recombination fraction 0) for markers D1S2848-D1S191. Recombination events in these families reduced the HRPT2 region to approximately 14.7 cM. In addition, two of these four study families (i.e., K3304 and K11687) share a 2.2-cM length of their (expanded) affected haplotype, indicating a possible common origin. Combining the linkage data and shared-haplotype data, we propose a 0.7-cM candidate region for HRPT2.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 03/1999; 64(2):518-25. · 10.99 Impact Factor