[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mammalian SCO1 and SCO2 are evolutionarily-related copper-binding proteins that are required for the assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), a mitochondrial respiratory chain complex, but the exact roles that they play in the assembly process are unclear. Mutations in both SCO1 and SCO2 are associated with distinct clinical phenotypes as well as tissue-specific COX deficiency, but the reason for such tissue specificity is unknown. We show in this study that although both genes are expressed ubiquitously in all mouse and human tissues examined, surprisingly, SCO1 localizes predominantly to blood vessels, whereas SCO2 is barely detectable in this tissue. To our knowledge, SCO1 is the first known example of a mitochondrial protein that is strongly expressed in the vasculature. We also show that the expression of SCO1, but not of SCO2, is very high in liver (the tissue most affected in SCO1-mutant patients), whereas the reverse holds true in muscle (the tissue most affected in SCO2-mutant patients). Our findings may help explain the differences in clinical presentations due to mutations in SCO1 and SCO2 and provide clues regarding the partially nonoverlapping functions of these two proteins.
American Journal Of Pathology 11/2010; 177(5):2541-8. · 4.52 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutations in SCO2, a protein required for the proper assembly and functioning of cytochrome c oxidase (COX; complex IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain), cause a fatal infantile cardioencephalomyopathy with COX deficiency. We have generated mice harboring a Sco2 knock-out (KO) allele and a Sco2 knock-in (KI) allele expressing an E-->K mutation at position 129 (E129K), corresponding to the E140K mutation found in almost all human SCO2-mutated patients. Whereas homozygous KO mice were embryonic lethals, homozygous KI and compound heterozygous KI/KO mice were viable, but had muscle weakness; biochemically, they had respiratory chain deficiencies as well as complex IV assembly defects in multiple tissues. There was a concomitant reduction in mitochondrial copper content, but the total amount of copper in examined tissues was not reduced. These mouse models should be of use in further studies of Sco2 function, as well as in testing therapeutic approaches to treat the human disorder.
Human Molecular Genetics 10/2009; 19(1):170-80. · 7.69 Impact Factor