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Publications (2)4.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The combination of pemetrexed and cisplatin shows good clinical activity against mesothelioma and lung cancer. In order to study the potential cellular basis for this, and provide leads as to how to optimize the combination, we studied the schedule-dependent cytotoxic effects of pemetrexed and cisplatin against four human cancer cell lines in vitro. Tumor cells were incubated with pemetrexed and cisplatin for 24 h at various schedules. The combination effects after 5 days were analyzed by the isobologram method. Both simultaneous exposure to pemetrexed and cisplatin for 24 h and sequential exposure to cisplatin for 24 h followed by pemetrexed for 24 h produced antagonistic effects in human lung cancer A549, breast cancer MCF7, and ovarian cancer PA1 cells and additive effects in colon cancer WiDr cells. Pemetrexed for 24 h followed by cisplatin for 24 h produced synergistic effects in MCF7 cells, additive/synergistic effects in A549 and PA1 cells, and additive effects in WiDr cells. Cell cycle analysis of MCF7 and PA1 cells supported these findings. Our results suggest that the simultaneous clinical administration of pemetrexed and cisplatin may be suboptimal. The optimal schedule of pemetrexed in combination with cisplatin at the cellular level is the sequential administration of pemetrexed followed by cisplatin and this schedule is worthy of clinical investigations.
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clinical Cancer Therapeutics 02/2006; 16(2):85-95. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pemetrexed is a novel multitargeted antifolate with significant clinical activity against a variety of tumors. We studied the schedule-dependent cytotoxic effects of pemetrexed in combination with paclitaxel in vitro to improve our understanding of how this combination might be used clinically. Human lung cancer A549 cells, breast cancer MCF7, ovarian cancer PA1, and colon cancer WiDr cells were exposed to both pemetrexed and paclitaxel in vitro. Cell growth inhibition after 5 days was determined and the effects of drug combinations were analyzed by the isobologram method (Steel and Peckham). Simultaneous exposure to pemetrexed and paclitaxel for 24 h produced antagonistic effects in A549 and PA1 cells, additive/antagonistic effects in MCF7 cells, and additive effects in WiDr cells. Pemetrexed for 24 h followed by paclitaxel for 24 h produced synergistic effects in A549 and MCF7 cells and additive effects in PA1 and WiDr cells, while the reverse sequence produced additive effects in all four cell lines. Cell cycle analysis supported these observations. Our findings suggest that the simultaneous administration of pemetrexed and paclitaxel is suboptimal. The optimal schedule of pemetrexed in combination with paclitaxel is the sequential administration of pemetrexed followed by paclitaxel, and this schedule should be assessed in clinical trials for the treatment of solid tumors.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 01/2005; 54(6):505-13. · 2.80 Impact Factor