Hiroshi Kimura

Chiba Institute of Science, Tiba, Chiba, Japan

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Publications (26)81.39 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Transcription factor binding sites are short DNA sequences that interact with transcription factors and the proper control of gene expression appears to require the mechanisms including the regulation through the genome context around the transcription factor binding sites. The MYC proteins are central regulators of cell growth. Many genes have been reported to be regulated by MYC through E-box sites. However, the characters of E-box that Myc selects to function are not clear and identification of additional genes controlled by MYC will provide information to completely understand the functions of MYC. Here we report that MYC directly induces TAF4b expression. We mapped the transcription start site and characterized functional promoter elements for MYC response in the TAF4b promoter. There are several E-box sequences near the transcription start site, including canonical (CACGTG) and non-canonical (CGCGTG) ones. We found that c-MYC induces TAF4b expression through one of the non-canonical E-box sites, which is in a highly conserved region of TAF4b promoters in mammals, suggesting the importance of the genome context around the target E-box. When the non-canonical E-box in the TAF4b promoter was mutated to a canonical one, MYC functioned on both E-boxes, while another E-box-binding transcription factor, USF, did so on only the canonical E-box. These results suggest that in addition to the context where the target E-box exists, a sequence within an E-box is involved in the mechanisms by which specific E-box sites are selected by Myc.
    International Journal of Oncology 01/2009; 33(6):1271-80. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mina53 (mina) was identified as a gene, which is directly induced by the oncogene c-myc. Elevated expression of Mina53 protein was found in >80% of colon cancer and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Patients with high expression of Mina53 had shorter survival, suggesting the prognostic usefulness of Mina53. We studied Mina53 expression in lymphoma subtypes to examine its diagnostic significance and its possible role in lymphoma-genesis. Surgical cases of 28 lymphoma and 4 non-neoplastic tissues were stained immunochemically using anti-Mina53 monoclonal antibody. Mina53 expression correlated well with c-Myc expression in lymphoma, suggesting that c-Myc is a controlling factor for mina53 expression also in lymphomas. Although the expression of Mina53 as well as c-Myc was less frequent in lymphoma compared with those of colon and ESCC, increased expression of Mina53 was found in Burkitt-like lymphoma (1/1), Hodgkin's lymphoma (3/5), diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (5/13), lymphomas with a transition from follicular to DLBCL (1/2), with none in follicular (0/4) and T cell lymphoma (0/3). Analyses of the data suggested that Mina53 was frequently expressed in aggressive types of B cell lymphoma. To get more information about the expression of Mina53 in DLBCL, which most frequently occurs among lymphomas, we analyzed the expression of Mina53 in another 21 DLBCL specimens, which were in more advanced stages than those described above. The expression level of Mina53 correlated to the international prognostic index (IPI) values with statistical significance (r=0.477, P=0.0275). Notably, in this group, Mina53 expression did not correlate with c-Myc expression, suggesting that other factor(s) besides c-Myc largely affect the expression of Mina53 in advanced DLBCL. These results suggest that although Mina53 expression is not prominent in lymphoma in general, it may be related to tumor progression of B cell lymphoma.
    Oncology Reports 10/2007; 18(4):841-8. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Allele frequencies of 15 short tandem repeat (STR) loci, D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA, were determined for 98 unrelated Africans from South Africa and 98 unrelated Europeans from South Africa using the AmpFlSTR Identifiler PCR amplification kit. The genotype frequency distributions of the 15 STR loci were in the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for both populations.
    Forensic science international 06/2007; 168(2-3):232-5. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: POPULATION: Seventy-three unrelated Africans living in Cape Town, south region of South Africa.
    Journal of Forensic Sciences 12/2006; 51(6):1414-6. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently we have identified a novel gene mina53 (mina), which is a direct transcriptional target of oncoprotein Myc. Mina53 protein was shown to be highly expressed in tumour cells and to play a role in cell proliferation. Here we report the expression of Mina53 in mouse testis, which contains proliferating cells and expresses many cancer-related genes. Immunohistochemical studies by using newly produced monoclonal antibody to Mina53 showed that Mina53 was expressed in the nuclei of spermatogonia. Mina53 was also expressed in meiotic prophase cells such as preleptotene, leptotene and zygotene, and weakly in early pachytene spermatocytes, but was absent in late pachytene spermatocytes, spermatids and mature sperm. The expression pattern of Mina53 was quite similar to that of proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Using experimental cryptorchid testis, it was found that Mina53 was highly expressed in undifferentiated spermatogonia, which were PCNA-positive. These results suggest that Mina53 is prominently expressed in proliferating, undifferentiated spermatogonia, and plays a role in cell proliferation from the spermatogonial stage to the meiotic prophase in spermatogenesis, but not in meiotic divisions per se.
    International Journal of Andrology 05/2006; 29(2):323-30. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the distribution of haptoglobin (HP) alleles and haplotypes among Africans (Ghanaians), Europeans (from South Africa), and Chinese. HP*1F was present only in Africans and Europeans, whereas HP*del was unique to Chinese. Six base substitutions at the promoter region were population specific. Only 3 out of 18 haplotypes were shared among the populations. A probable application of HP in human population genetics appears legitimate.
    Human Biology 03/2006; 78(1):121-6. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myc is a ubiquitous mediator of cell proliferation that transactivates the expression of various genes through E-box sites. Here we report a novel gene, mimitin (Myc-induced mitochondrial protein), that encodes a mitochondrial protein with a molecular mass of 20 kDa. We demonstrated that the transcription of mimitin is directly stimulated by c-Myc. To investigate the role of Mimitin, its expression was suppressed by the RNA interference (RNAi) technique. Whereas specific inhibition of mimitin expression did not affect cell proliferation in human cervical carcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, and hepatocarcinoma cell lines, it did suppress cell proliferation in human glioblastoma, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and embryonic lung fibroblastic cells, with the greatest suppression efficiency in ESCC cells. To investigate whether mimitin is related to tumorigenesis in ESCC in vivo, the expression of Mimitin protein in ESCC tissues was studied. Mimitin was highly expressed in 80% (28 of 35) of ESCC tumors, suggesting that high expression of Mimitin is a characteristic feature of ESCC. The expression level of Mimitin was found to be correlated with that of c-Myc and cell proliferation, but not with the histopathological grade, stage of cancer, or age of patients. Taken together, these results suggest that the novel gene mimitin is a direct transcriptional target of c-Myc, and is involved in Myc-dependent cell proliferation at least in ESCC cells.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/2005; 280(20):19977-85. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously identified mina53, a novel Myc target gene. Here we investigated whether mina53 is related to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), a disease with poor prognosis. Mina53 expression was suppressed in ESCC cell lines by a RNA interference method to investigate whether Mina53 is involved in cell proliferation. Expression of Mina53 was investigated by Western blotting in tissue sections from patients with ESCC. Immunohistochemical analysis of Mina53 was carried out and compared with that using anti-Ki-67 antibody. Finally, the level of Mina53 expression was compared with the length of survival of patients with ESCC. Reduction of mina53 expression by RNA interference suppressed cell proliferation in ESCC cell lines. Western blot analysis of surgically resected ESCC specimens indicated that the expression of Mina53 in tumors was increased compared with that in adjacent nonneoplastic tissues in all four specimens examined. When formalin-fixed specimens from 52 patients with ESCC were stained immunohistochemically, it was found that Mina53 was highly expressed in 83% of specimens. Anti-Mina53 antibody stained tumors more efficiently than antibody against Ki-67, a cell proliferation biomarker, in some cancer specimens. Patients with high expression of Mina53 had shorter survival periods, whereas the expression level of Ki-67 in ESCC showed no relationship to patient outcome. Taken together, our results indicate that expression of Mina53 is a characteristic feature of ESCC and suggest that immunostaining by anti-Mina53 antibody may be useful as a potential prognostic indicator.
    Clinical Cancer Research 12/2004; 10(21):7347-56. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We found a novel polymorphic short tandem repeat (FUT2/01), 3.8 kb downstream of the coding region of FUT2. Seventeen length and 33 sequence variants were identified in 300 individuals representing three major human populations. Africans (Xhosa) and Europeans were characterized by high microvariation, and Japanese were characterized by a simple repeat structure. All exhibited high haplotype diversity.
    Human Biology 11/2004; 76(5):789-95. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Mikiko Soejima, Hiroshi Kimura, Yoshiro Koda
    Transfusion 11/2004; 44(10):1534-5. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have identified a novel base substitution at codon 247 in the beta-chain of the haptoglobin 2 ( Hp(2)) allele in a Ghanaian with the Hp0 (ahaptoglobinemic) phenotype. The heterozygous T-->C substitution caused reduced expression of the protein when the mutant was transfected into COS7 cells. The base substitution resulted in a missense change of the non-polar amino acid isoleucine to the polar amino acid threonine at a position in the beta-chain that is highly conserved among several species. We had previously identified a mutation in the Hp gene promoter region for the same individual, which gives her genotype as -61C Hp(2)/-61C Hp(2)(I247T). Since the -61C mutation also leads to low Hp expression, the genotype represents the first and most definitive ahaptoglobinemic case reported in Africa.
    Human Genetics 05/2004; 114(5):499-502. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mina53 is a novel Myc target gene that we previously demonstrated to be involved in cell proliferation. We studied, here, the expression of Mina53 in colon cancer to examine its possible role in carcinogenesis. We generated a specific monoclonal anti-human Mina53 antibody and found that colon tumor cell lines expressed Mina53 highly. We also found that expression of Mina53 was elevated in colon tumor tissues by immunoblotting analysis. Tissue sections of 23 surgical cases of adenocarcinoma and 1 case of adenoma were stained immunohistochemically, and the expression of Mina53 was found to be elevated in all of the adenocarcinomas compared to adjacent nonneoplastic tissues, which showed little staining. Deeply invading tumors as well as tumors that have invaded lymphatic vessels showed strong immunoreactivity against anti-Mina53 antibody. Mina53 was expressed in all pathological grades of cancer as well as in the adenoma. Staining patterns of Ki-67, a biomarker for cell proliferation, were similar to those of Mina53 in most cases, but the percentage of tumor cells stained by anti-Mina53 was higher. Although anti-Ki-67 antibody strongly stained some well-proliferating nonneoplastic cells including cells in the deeper part of the crypts and in lymphoid germinal centers, antibody to Mina53 rarely stained those cells. Suppression of mina53 expression severely suppressed proliferation of colon tumor cells in vitro. Together, our results indicate that the elevated expression of Mina53 is a characteristic feature in colon cancer, one that may have therapeutic applications.
    American Journal Of Pathology 02/2004; 164(1):205-16. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We found a novel polymorphic short tandem repeat (FUT2/01), 3.8 kb downstream of the coding region of FUT2. Seventeen length and 33 sequence variants were identified in 300 individuals representing three major human populations. Africans (Xhosa) and Europeans were characterized by high microvariation, and Japanese were characterized by a simple repeat structure. All exhibited high haplotype diversity.
    Human Biology 01/2004; 76(5):789-795. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have investigated the allelic polymorphism of the human ABO-secretor locus ( FUT2) in 90 unrelated Papuan-speaking New Guineans (Dani group), 101 admixed New Guineans from Irian Jaya, Indonesia, and 32 New Guineans from Papua New Guinea by DNA sequencing analysis. Whereas the total frequency of various nonfunctional alleles at the FUT2 locus in the worldwide populations so far examined is around 0.5, we have found only one individual heterozygous for a nonfunctional allele in the 90 Dani group members and a frequency of nonfunctional alleles of 0.1-0.2 in the admixed New Guineans. Admixed New Guineans had the Asian-specific null allele se(385) and the characteristic nonfunctional allele se(del2) found in Polynesians. In addition, both New Guinean populations had unique functional alleles ( Se(375) and Se(400)) with high frequencies (0.11-0.37); these are absent in other populations of the world except for African and Samoan populations. The Se(375) allele had G and C at positions 1009 and 1011 of the 3' untranslated region, respectively, whereas all other FUT2 alleles found so far in the world, except for se(428), have 1009A and 1011T. The Se(375) allele found in Africans has 1009G and 1011T, or 1009A and 1011T. Corresponding positions of nonhuman primates have G and C, suggesting that the Se(375) allele is one of the ancestral alleles, reflecting the early human migration from Africa to New Guinea and the long isolation of Dani populations from neighboring populations.
    Human Genetics 11/2003; 113(6):534-41. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Actinomycosis is caused by Gram-positive Actinomyces species that are part of the normal oral flora with low virulence. We describe a rare case of sudden death of a 48-year-old man with actinomycotic basilar meningitis that was complicated by fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Autopsy revealed meningitis at the basilar region of the brain, and histological examination revealed characteristic bacterial aggregates with extensive leukocyte infiltration and severe vasculitis of arteries of this region. Rupture of an artery by severe arteritis was thought to be the cause of the subarachnoid hemorrhage. The probable primary source of infection was found in the left lung. To the best of our knowledge, the complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported previously in actinomycotic meningitis.
    Forensic Science International 08/2003; 134(2-3):169-71. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The proto-oncogene c-myc is a multifunctional gene that regulates cell division, cell growth, and apoptosis. Here we report a new function of c-myc: induction of autophagy. Autophagy is a bulk degradation system for intracellular proteins. Autophagy proceeds with characteristic morphologies, which begins with the formation of a double-membrane structure called the autophagosome surrounding a portion of the cytoplasm, after which its outer membrane then fuses with the lysosomal membrane to become an autolysosome. Autophagosomes and autolysosomes are generally called autophagic vacuoles. When c-Myc protein was overexpressed in rat 3Y1 fibroblasts or when the chimeric protein c-MycER was activated by estrogen, the number of autophagic vacuoles in cells increased significantly. The formation of autophagic vacuoles induced by c-Myc was completely blocked by a specific inhibitor of autophagosome formation, 3-methyladenine. A c-Myc mutant lacking Myc Box II induced neither apoptosis nor oncogenic transformation, but still stimulated autophagy. An inhibitor of caspases suppressed apoptosis but not autophagy. These results suggest that the autophagy caused by c-myc is not due to the apoptosis or tumorigenesis induced by c-myc. Taken together, our results suggest that the induction of autophagy is a novel function of c-myc.
    Cell Structure and Function 07/2003; 28(3):195-204. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The polymorphism of HF (beta 1H-globulin) was investigated in three Asian populations (Bangladeshis, Tibetans and Indonesians) by means of isoelectric focusing and immunoblotting. Phenotypes associated with three common alleles (HF*A, HF*B and HF*Q0) and a rare allele HF*A1 were identified. The observed numbers of phenotypes were in accordance with the numbers expected under the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. HF*A1 seems to be a unique allele of the East-Asian Mongoloids including Tibetans and Indonesians.
    Anthropologischer Anzeiger 04/2003; 61(1):63-5. · 0.54 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Forensic Sciences 12/2002; 47(6):1401-2. · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myc is a ubiquitous mediator of cell proliferation and can transactivate the expression of various genes through E-box sites. Here we report a novel gene, mina53 (Myc-induced nuclear antigen with a molecular mass of 53 kDa). The mina53 gene encodes a protein with a molecular weight of 53 kDa, which is localized in the nucleus and with part of the protein concentrated in the nucleolus. When serum-starved cells were activated by serum, the level of c-myc mRNA was elevated, and an increase in mina53 mRNA followed the elevation of c-myc mRNA. When expression of c-myc was reduced in human promyelocytic leukemia HL60 cells by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, the expression of mina53 mRNA and protein was reduced. The expression of mina53 mRNA and Mina53 protein was induced by ectopic introduction of wild type c-Myc but not by a mutant c-Myc lacking the transactivation domain. When c-Myc in the c-MycER chimeric protein was activated, mina53 mRNA was increased, even in the presence of an inhibitor for protein synthesis. E-box sites are present in a region proximal to the transcription initiation sites of the mina53 gene. The gene expression from the mina53 promoter was elevated by c-Myc through E-box sites. c-Myc protein bound to the mina53 promoter region in vivo in HL60 cells in the proliferating phase but not after treatment of cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Specific inhibition of mina53 expression by an RNA interference method severely suppressed cell proliferation. Taken together, these results indicate that mina53 is a direct target gene of Myc, suggesting that mina53 is involved in mammalian cell proliferation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2002; 277(38):35450-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Kell-null (Ko) phenotype is rare and it does not express the Kell antigens on erythrocyte membranes. Recently, several distinct missense and nonsense base substitutions in the coding region and the donor splice site of intron 3 were identified in the KEL gene in individuals with the Ko phenotype. We analysed both genomic DNA and cDNA sequences of the KEL gene in a Japanese woman with the Ko phenotype. She was found to be heterozygous for two novel null KEL alleles. One allele contained an A to G substitution in intron 5 that changes the 3'-splice site of intron 5 from AAG to AGG, resulting in a reading frameshift by a single guanine insertion in KEL mRNA, and the other allele contained a single G to A substitution in exon 12 (codon 459) creating a termination codon. Neither mutation was found in 114 randomly selected Japanese individuals. The results suggested that the Ko blood group phenotype might be owing to several distinct non-functional alleles without any prevalent allele.
    British Journal of Haematology 05/2002; 117(1):220-5. · 4.94 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

305 Citations
81.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • Chiba Institute of Science
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
    • University of Yamanashi
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Kōhu, Yamanashi, Japan
  • 1998–2006
    • Kurume University
      • Department of Forensic Medicine
      Куруме, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2004
    • University of Occupational and Environmental Health
      Kitakyūshū, Fukuoka, Japan