Hideyuki Yamamoto

Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo-ken, Japan

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Publications (8)27.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Extracellular adenosine induced apoptosis of HuH-7 cells, a Fas-deficient human hepatoma cell line. The adenosine action was inhibited by dipyridamole, an adenosine transporter inhibitor, or 5'-amino-5'-deoxyadenosine, an inhibitor of adenosine kinase to convert from adenosine to AMP, but it was not affected by inhibitors for adenosine A(1), A(2a), A(2b), and A(3) adenosine receptors. Adenosine activated caspase-3 and -8, but not caspase-9, in HuH-7 cells, and the activation was abolished by dipyridamole. In the real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, extracellular adenosine downregulated mRNA and protein levels for c-FLIP, and the effect was suppressed by dipyridamole. Furthermore, overexpression of c-FLIP short in HuH-7 cells inhibited adenosine-induced caspase-8 activity. Taken together, these results suggest that intracellularly transported adenosine, perhaps converted AMP as the ensuing event, activates caspase-8 and the downstream effector caspase caspase-3 by neutralizing caspase-8 inhibition due to c-FLIP as a consequence of decreased c-FLIP expression, leading to apoptosis. This extends our understanding of adenosine-induced molecular apoptotic pathways.
    Biochemical Pharmacology 06/2007; 73(10):1665-75. · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cryoprotective effect of intracellular free high-mannose oligosaccharides (HMOS) on mammalian cells and proteins was examined by monitoring PC-12 cell viability and assaying protein kinase C (PKC)-epsilon activity. 1-Deoxymannojirimycin, an inhibitor of alpha-mannosidase, to cause an increase in intracellular free HMOS, significantly rescued PC-12 cells with 2-h freezing insult at -15 degrees C in a concentration (1-50mM)- and pretreatment time (48-72h)-dependent manner, as compared with unpretreated cells; full rescue from freezing injury was obtained with 1-deoxymannojirimycin at more than 25mM for 48-h pretreatment and more than 3mM for 72- and 96-h pretreatment. For PC-12 cells pretreated with 1-deoxymannojirimycin at 1mM for 72h, thawed cell viability after more than 8-w cryopreservation at -80 degrees C in 10% (v/v) dimethyl sulfoxide was much higher than that for cells without pretreatment. PKC-epsilon activity was well preserved after 16-h cryopreservation at -20 degrees C in the presence of mannose 9-N-acetylglucosamine 2 (Man9-GlcNAc2) (1 mM), an HMOS, while the activity was reduced to 15% without Man9-GlcNAc2. Collectively, the results of the present study suggest that intracellular free HMOS is a key molecule to protect mammalian cells and proteins from freezing injury; in other words, HMOS could be a new target for cryopreservation of mammalian cells and proteins.
    Cryobiology 01/2007; 53(3):330-5. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracellular adenosine reduced viability of RCR-1 rat astrocytoma cells in a dose (0.3-10mM)- and treatment time (24-72h)-dependent manner. In the apoptosis assay using propidium iodide (PI) and annexin V, treatment with adenosine (1mM) for 72h increased the population of PI-negative/annexin V-positive cells, that is related to early apoptosis, and that of PI-positive/annexin V-positive cells, that is related to late apoptosis/secondary necrosis. In addition, nuclei of cells treated with adenosine (1mM) for 72h were reactive to an antibody against single-stranded DNA. Adenosine activated caspase-3, -8 and -9, but mitochondrial membrane potentials were not affected. Adenosine-induced RCR-1 cell death was significantly inhibited by 8-CPT, an antagonist of A(1) adenosine receptors, and forskolin, an adenylate cyclase activator. SQ22536, an adenylate cyclase inhibitor, alternatively, exhibited an effect similar to adenosine. CHA, an agonist of A(1) adenosine receptors, activated caspase-3 and -9, but not caspase-8. Adenosine-induced cytotoxicity of RCR-1 cells was also significantly inhibited by dipyridamole, an inhibitor of adenosine transporter, and AMDA, an inhibitor of adenosine kinase. AICAR, an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), reduced RCR-1 cell viability, but synergistic effect was not obtained with co-treatment with adenosine and AICAR. AICAR activated caspase-3 and -9, but not caspase-8. An additive inhibition was found in the co-presence of 8-CPT and dipyridamole. Extracellular adenosine, thus, appears to activate caspase-9 followed by the effector caspase, caspase-3, at least via two independent pathways linked to A(1) adenosine receptor-mediated adenylate cyclase inhibition and adenosine uptake into cells/conversion to AMP/activation of AMPK, possibly regardless of mitochondrial damage, thereby leading to RCR-1 cell death, dominantly by apoptosis. Moreover, caspase-8 activation could again contribute to adenosine-induced cytotoxicity, although the underlying mechanism is currently unknown. Collectively, the results of the present study may represent a new pathway for caspase activation relevant to diverse adenosine signals in cell death.
    NeuroToxicology 08/2006; 27(4):458-67. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effect of 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA), a newly synthesized linoleic acid derivative with cyclopropane rings instead of cis-double bonds, on protein kinase C (PKC) activity. In the in situ PKC assay with reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, DCP-LA significantly activated PKC in PC-12 cells in a concentration-dependent (10 nM-100 microM) manner, with the maximal effect at 100 nM, and the DCP-LA effect was blocked by GF109203X, a PKC inhibitor, or a selective inhibitor peptide of the novel PKC isozyme PKC-epsilon. Furthermore, DCP-LA activated PKC in HEK-293 cells that was inhibited by the small, interfering RNA against PKC-epsilon. In the cell-free PKC assay, of the nine isozymes examined here, DCP-LA most strongly activated PKC-epsilon, with >7-fold potency over other PKC isozymes, in the absence of dioleoyl-phosphatidylserine and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycerol; instead, the DCP-LA action was inhibited by dioleoyl-phosphatidylserine. DCP-LA also activated PKC-gamma, a conventional PKC, but to a much lesser extent compared with that for PKC-epsilon, by a mechanism distinct from PKC-epsilon activation. Thus, DCP-LA serves as a selective activator of PKC-epsilon, possibly by binding to the phosphatidylserine binding site on PKC-epsilon. These results may provide fresh insight into lipid signaling in PKC activation.
    The Journal of Lipid Research 06/2006; 47(6):1146-56. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examined noradrenaline-induced modulation of ATP-evoked currents in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons after sciatic nerve injury (transection). ATP (10 microM) generated fast/mixed type of whole-cell membrane currents, possibly as mediated via P2X(3)/P2X(3)-like receptors, and slow type of the currents, possibly as mediated via P2X(2/3) receptors, in acutely dissociated L4/5 DRG neurons, without significant difference between sham and injury group. For sham group, noradrenaline (10 microM) enhanced fast/mixed type of ATP-evoked currents in ipsilateral DRG neurons, that is not inhibited by H-7, a broad inhibitor of protein kinases, but otherwise it had no effect on slow type of the currents. For injury group, noradrenaline (10 microM) significantly potentiated slow type of ATP-evoked currents in ipsilateral DRG neurons, that is abolished by H-7 or GF109203X, a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), while it depressed fast/mixed type of the currents. In the analysis of real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, an increase in the mRNAs for alpha(1b), alpha(2a), alpha(2d), and beta(2) adrenergic receptors was found with the ipsilateral DRGs after sciatic nerve injury. Collectively, the results of the present study suggest that noradrenaline potentiates P2X(2/3) receptor currents by activating PKC via alpha(1) adrenergic receptors linked to G(q) protein, perhaps dominantly alpha(1b) adrenergic receptors, in DRG neurons after sciatic nerve injury. This may account for a nociceptive pathway in response to noradrenergic sprouting after peripheral nerve injury.
    Pain 02/2006; 120(1-2):106-12. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the water-maze test, the linoleic acid derivative, 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA) (1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), significantly shortened the prolonged latency for accelerated-senescence-prone mice 8 (SAMP8), reaching a level similar to the latency for accelerated-senescence-resistant mice 1 (SAMR1) as control. In the open-field test to assess motor activity, it was confirmed that the DCP-LA effect is not due to increased motor activity. In the passive avoidance test to assess fear memory, DCP-LA had no effect on the latency of acquisition and retention for SAMP8. The results of the present study, thus, suggest that DCP-LA could improve age-related learning impairment by enhancing cognitive functions.
    Neuroreport 02/2006; 17(1):105-8. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the assay of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) with a high-performance liquid chromatography, spontaneous release of glutamate and GABA from rat hippocampal slices was significantly enhanced by mecamylamine, an inhibitor of non-alpha7 ACh receptors, or alpha-bungarotoxin, an inhibitor of alpha7 ACh receptors in the absence of tetrodotoxin (TTX), but not in the presence of TTX. Nicotine significantly enhanced glutamate and GABA release in the absence of TTX, that is abolished by mecamylamine or alpha-bungarotoxin, while it had no effect on the release in the presence of TTX. In the recording of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (AMPA-EPSCs) and GABA(A) receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic currents (GABA(A)-IPSCs) from CA1 pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal slices, nicotine did not affect the rate and amplitude of AMPA-EPSCs and AMPA-miniature EPSCs. In contrast, nicotine significantly increased the rate of GABA(A)-IPSCs, without affecting the amplitude, but such effect was not obtained with GABA(A)-miniature IPSCs. The collective results suggest that alpha7 and non-alpha7 ACh receptors expressed in the hippocampus, activated under the basal conditions, inhibit release of glutamate and GABA controlled through multi-synaptic relays, but that otherwise, those receptors, highly activated by nicotine, stimulate both the release, with a part of GABA released from interneurons transmitting to CA1 pyramidal neurons. Furthermore, the results also suggest that alpha7 and non-alpha7 ACh receptors do not have potency sufficiently to modulate glutamate and GABA release controlled by single synapses.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2006; 338(2):742-7. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors, such as alpha7, alpha3beta4 and alpha4beta2 receptors in the hippocampus, are suggested to modulate neurotransmitter release. 8-[2-(2-Pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA) (100 nM), a linoleic acid derivative, potentiated responses of alpha7, alpha3beta4 and alpha4beta2 ACh receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes that are blocked by 3-(1-[dimethylaminopropyl] indol-3-yl)-4-[indol-3-yl] maleimide (GF109203X), a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), except for alpha3beta4 ACh receptors. DCP-LA enhanced the nicotine-triggered release of GABA from rat hippocampal slices in the presence of tetrodotoxin in a bell-shaped dose-dependent manner at concentrations ranging from 10 nM to 10 microM, although DCP-LA by itself had no effect on GABA release. The DCP-LA action was inhibited by GF109203X or alpha-bungarotoxin, an inhibitor of alpha7 ACh receptors, but not by mecamylamine or dihydro-beta-erithroidine, an inhibitor of alpha3beta4 and alpha4beta2 ACh receptors. A similar effect on GABA release was obtained with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, a PKC activator. DCP-LA (100 nM) also enhanced GABA release triggered by choline, an agonist of alpha7 ACh receptors, but not 3-[2(s)-azetidinylmethoxy] pyridine, an agonist of alpha4beta2 ACh receptors. In addition, DCP-LA (100 nM) increased the rate of nicotine-triggered GABA(A) receptor-mediated miniature inhibitory post-synaptic currents, monitored from CA1 pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal slices, and the effect was also inhibited by GF109203X or alpha-bungarotoxin but not by mecamylamine. Thus, the results of the present study indicate that DCP-LA stimulates GABA release by enhancing activity of pre-synaptic alpha7 ACh receptors present on the GABAergic terminals of interneurons that transmit to CA1 pyramidal neurons via a PKC pathway.
    Journal of Neurochemistry 12/2005; 95(3):695-702. · 3.97 Impact Factor