H Suwa

Shizuoka General Hospital, Sizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan

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Publications (39)30.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A variety of factors may affect surgery-related outcome in patients with ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) of the thoracic spine. The aim of this study was to determine these factors on the basis of preoperative clinical and radiological findings. The authors treated 31 cases of symptomatic thoracic OLF between 1988 and 1999. The following factors were retrospectively studied: patient age, sex, morbidity level, initial symptoms, chief complaint, duration of symptoms, patellar reflex, Achilles reflex, computerized tomography (CT) finding, presence of intramedullary change determined by magnetic resonance imaging, coexistent spinal lesions, preoperative grade, and postoperative grade. A decompressive laminectomy was performed in all cases. In 29 patients (94%) improved symptoms were demonstrated postoperatively. In terms of functional prognosis, the preoperative duration of symptoms was significantly shorter in the group of patients with excellent outcomes than in those with fair outcomes (p < 0.05). No significant difference was observed in the correlation between other factors. To evaluate the degree of preoperative thoracic stenosis and the severity/extent of OLF-induced spinal compression, we used an original OLF CT scoring system. A score of excellent on the CT scale tended to indicate an excellent prognosis (p < 0.01). Thoracic OLF frequently develops in the lower-thoracic spine in middle-aged men, and it is complicated by various spinal lesions in many cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are important for understanding the clinical symptoms and imaging diagnosis because the present findings suggest that a delay in diagnosis and treatment correlates with the functional prognosis postoperatively.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 04/2001; 94(2 Suppl):221-6. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case report. To understand a rare case of ligamentum flavum progressive hematoma. Previously there were only two reports about ligamentum flavum hematoma. A patient was surgically treated for ligamentum flavum hematoma causing progressive L5 radiculopathy. Clinical and neuroradiologic features were reported, and the literature was reviewed. The etiology of this case could not be defined except by minor back injury. In spite of conservative therapy, the symptoms were progressive for 7 months. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the epidural mass lesion at L4-L5 that was continuous with the ligamentum flavum. The mass was hypointense in T1-weighted images and central hyperintense and marginal hypointense in T2-weighted images. The margin was well enhanced by Gd-DTPA administration. After removal of the mass lesion, the patient's symptoms completely resolved. Before surgery, accurate diagnosis was difficult even based on magnetic resonance imaging and was achieved after histologic examinations. Surgery could be a choice of the treatment modality to resolve symptoms in ligamentum flavum hematoma.
    Spine 06/2000; 25(9):1182-4. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Damage to the paraspinal muscle after various lumbar back surgery procedures was evaluated by measuring the paraspinal muscle thickness preoperatively and postoperatively in 89 patients, 61 males and 28 females. There were 42 single interlaminar level procedures (SL group), 13 multiple interlaminar level procedures (ML group), and 34 posterolateral fusion procedures (PLF group). Changes in paraspinal muscle thickness were evaluated at more than 10 months after surgery, because muscle swelling continued as long as 10 months after surgery, and then reduced as the edema subsided. Postoperative serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) level on postoperative day 2 was also measured. The decrease of paraspinal muscle thickness was significantly larger in the PLF group than in the SL group (-12.9% and -2.7%, respectively, p < 0.02). There was no significant correlation between postoperative serum CPK level and decrease of paraspinal muscle thickness. However, the postoperative elevation of serum CPK level was significantly higher in the PLF group than in the SL and ML groups (979 +/- 114 vs. 292 +/- 45 and 410 +/- 44 IU/l, respectively, p < 0.001). In conclusion, posterolateral fusion is the most invasive procedure of the paraspinal muscles in various lumbar back surgery procedures. Paraspinal muscle damage during lumbar back surgery may be one of the most important factors that causes atrophy of the muscles.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 03/2000; 40(3):151-4; discussion 154-5. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 53-year-old male presented with a rare dorsally sequestrated thoracic disc herniation manifesting as acute low back pain and weakness. He had no history of trauma. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated a mass at T10-11 intervertebral level connected with the T-10 disc. Axial MR imaging showed the mass had surrounded and compressed the dural sac from the lateral and dorsal sites. MR imaging with gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid showed slight rim enhancement of the lesion. Computed tomography detected no abnormal calcification. The diagnosis was thoracic disc herniation. Laminectomy resulted in rapid and satisfactory recovery. The histological diagnosis was thoracic disc herniation. MR imaging was very effective for the diagnosis based on the connection between the mass and the disc space. The differential diagnosis includes metastatic epidural tumor, epidural hematoma, and epidural abscess.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 11/1999; 39(11):769-72. · 0.49 Impact Factor
  • J Hanakita, H Suwa, M Mizuno
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    ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of spinal surgery for lumbar canal stenosis was investigated in the elderly. 164 patients with lumbar canal stenosis were surgically treated over 8 years. 125 patients were followed up by letter questionnaire. The outcome and patient satisfaction with the surgical procedures were compared between the 73 younger patients (< or = 64 years of age) and the 52 elderly patients (> or = 65 years of age). Intermittent claudication was satisfactorily improved in both the younger and the elderly groups. Both simple laminectomy and laminectomy with fusion could equally improve the symptoms of intermittent claudication. Although statistically not significant, there was tendency that laminectomy plus fusion effectively improved the symptoms of back pain and leg pain in both groups. 75% of the younger patients and 67% of the elderly were pleased with the outcome. The present study shows that elderly patients with lumbar canal stenosis should be actively considered for surgical treatment.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 08/1999; 39(7):519-22; discussion 522-3. · 0.49 Impact Factor
  • J Hanakita, H Suwa
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    ABSTRACT: The sternal splitting approach for upper thoracic lesions located anterior to the spinal cord is described. The sternal splitting approach can be effectively applied to lesions from the T-1 to T-3 levels. The aortic arch prevents procedures below this level. The approach is straight toward the T1-3 vertebral bodies and provides good surgical orientation. The sternal splitting approach was applied to five patients with metastatic spinal tumors at the C7-T3 levels and three patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament at the T1-3 levels. No postoperative neurological deterioration occurred. Two patients had postoperative hoarseness. The sternal splitting approach to the upper thoracic spine is recommended for hard lesions, extensive lesions requiring radical resection, and lesions requiring postoperative stabilization with spinal instrumentation.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 07/1999; 39(6):428-32; discussion 432-3. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with a spinal origin is a rare clinical entity. The most common source of SAH is an arteriovenous malformation. Only six cases of spinal hemangioblastomas causing SAH have been reported. This 48-year-old man had experienced severe headache 12 years earlier, which was diagnosed as SAH by computed tomography (CT) scan and lumbar puncture. However, cerebral angiography could not detect either aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation. Thereafter, he spent an uneventful life until he was incidentally diagnosed with a cervical tumor on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study for Meniere's disease. The tumor was situated at the cervicomedullary junction, and fed by the left vertebral artery. Histologic findings of the tumor showed features typical of hemangioblastoma. We describe a case of cervical spinal extramedullary hemangioblastoma with a past history of SAH. In our case, the SAH of 12 years ago perhaps occurred from the cervicomedullary junction hemangioblastoma. Since the etiology of SAH could not be detected at the first angiography, not only follow-up reangiography, but also MRI of the spinal cord and spinal angiography could have played an important role.
    Surgical Neurology 03/1998; 49(3):278-81. · 1.67 Impact Factor
  • Surgical Neurology 01/1998; 49(3). · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 74-year-old male presented with right hemiparesis greater in the lower than the upper extremity. He had no apparent head trauma. He had been treated with anticoagulants for cerebral and myocardiac infarction. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an unusual combination of subdural hematomas in the interhemispheric space on the left, and the left temporoparietal and right frontotemporooccipital regions. The left convexity hematoma was irrigated through a single burr hole. Postoperatively, the size of the left convexity hematoma was diminished and the left interhemispheric subdural hematoma disappeared. However, his consciousness deteriorated, and a second irrigation of the recurrent left convexity hematoma was performed 7 days after the first surgery. CT obtained 3 days after the second operation showed a right interhemispheric subdural hematoma, which diminished spontaneously. The convexity hematoma on the left reaccumulated, and was treated by shunting. His neurological status did not improve, and he died from myocardial infarction 39 days later. Irrigation of convexity hematoma may be effective to treat an associated ipsilateral interhemispheric subdural hematoma.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 03/1997; 37(2):177-80. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 44-year-old male presented with a solitary cerebellopontine angle (CPA) metastasis from lung cancer. His initial symptoms were vertigo and hearing loss beginning 5 months after the diagnosis of the primary cancer. Two months later, right facial paresis developed. His neurological deterioration was rapid. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with enhancement disclosed the CPA tumor. The tumor was partially removed through the retroauricular retromastoid approach. Histological examination of the specimen revealed adenocarcinoma. The characteristic rapidly progressive symptoms and MR imaging with enhancement are the most sensitive and essential examinations for this lesion.
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica 04/1996; 36(3):172-4. · 0.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The significance and role of cervical soft disc hernia in ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament were investigated based on 54 surgical cases. The types of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament were divided into three sub-types: segmental, continuous, and mixed types. In the current series, there were 29 segmental type, 12 continuous type, and 13 mixed type. In the 29 segmental type, 23 patients had accompanying cervical disc hernias (79%). In the 12 continuous type, only 2 patients (17%), and in the 13 mixed type, 5 patients (33%), had accompanying disc hernias. According to the current study, an essential difference exists between the segmental type and the continuous or mixed types. In addition, the current result seems to indicate that, at least in the segmental type, disc herniation is not the promoting or initiating factor of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, but that, in these cases, the fragility of the posterior longitudinal ligament may increase the chance of a disc hernia.
    Spine 03/1994; 19(4):412-8. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors report a rare case of intraspinal thoracic mobile neurinoma in a 51-year-old man. The clinical symptoms, especially thoracoabdominal discomfort, changed remarkably according to the patient's posture. Magnetic resonance images demonstrated that the level of the caudal end of the tumor varied between T4-5 and T9-10 with changes in the patient's position. Intraoperative myelography was useful in identifying the tumor location and choosing the level of the laminectomy.
    Journal of Neurosurgery 09/1993; 79(2):277-9. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two cases of dumbbell cervical neurinomas with massive subcutaneous extension were reported. The first case was A 30-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital because she had been aware of a left lateral cervical subcutaneous mass and was suffering from shoulder dullness. On admission, neurological examination revealed hypesthesia to touch and pain in the segmental area of C4, and hyperreflexia in the left biceps and patellar tendon reflexes. Plain X-ray showed enlargement of the left C3/4 intervertebral foramen. CT scan, post-myelogram CT and MRI demonstrated a dumbbell shaped tumor at the level of C3-4. Angiogram showed an anterior shift of the left vertebral artery (VA) and tumor stain. Temporary occlusion of the left VA by a balloon catheter was performed leaving no neurological deficits. The second case was a 36-year-old woman who had been aware of a left lateral cervical subcutaneous mass. She complained of shoulder pain and finger clumsiness. On admission, neurological examination revealed weakness of the left deltoid muscle, hypesthesia in the segmental area of C3-4 and exaggeration of all deep tendon reflexes in the left-side extremities. Plain X-ray showed enlargement of the C2/3, C3/4 and C4/5 intervertebral foramina. CT scan, post myelogram CT and MRI demonstrated a dumbbell shaped tumor at the level of C2-5. Angiogram showed an anteromedial shift of the left VA and tumor stain. Temporary occlusion test of the left VA by a balloon catheter was performed with negative results. In each case two-stage operations were undertaken with excellent results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 04/1993; 21(3):257-62. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors studied the long-term follow up of trigeminal neuralgic patients treated by retrogasserian rhizotomy with anhydrous glycerol injection (GI) or by microvascular decompression (MVD) and compared the satisfaction rates between them. Since 1983, 67 patients had been treated either by GI or MVD. The authors analyzed the results of the treatment by the method of questionnaire. Fifty-two patients of these 67 answered the questions, on which the present analysis was based. GI group consisted of 27 patients and MVD group 29 patients. The average follow-up period was 30.9 months in GI group (maximum follow-up: 84 months) and 50.9 months in MVD group (maximum follow-up: 95 months), respectively. The technique of GI used was Härtel's method with cisternography of Meckel's cave. The operations of MVD were performed by J.H. and A.K.. One patient out of 29 failed to be treated by MVD and two recurred within one year. On the other hand, 2 patients out of 27 failed to be treated by GI and 11 recurred. The recurrence was seen earlier in patients who had undergone GI, while one patient recurred the neuralgia at 76 months later. The recurrence rate in patients treated by MVD is 7.0% at 95 months, while that by GI is 49.0% at 84 months based on Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. The pathogenesis of trigeminal neuralgia is speculated to be an emphatic conduction caused by segmental demyelination and artificial synapse formation at the junction of central and peripheral myelin. The factors of this demyelination may be multiple sclerosis, basilar impression, aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation, atheroscleroses and natural aging.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 02/1993; 21(1):29-36. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this contribution the clinical features of eleven patients suffering from a neurinoma in the cauda equina and around the conus medullaris are analysed. Because of the relative mobility of the roots and the wide space in the spinal canal, tumours arising in the cauda equina or around the conus medullaris can become larger than any other spinal tumours. Lumbago was the predominant symptom as the initial complaint. Nocturnal pain relieved by walking was noticed in one patient. Two cases showed spontaneous remission and relapse. Multiple tumours were found in 6 cases (55%). Macroscopic cyst formation was found in 5 cases (45%). Among the eleven patients, total removal of the tumour, including the involved root, was performed in ten. The numbers of the resected nerve roots were one root in 6 cases, two roots in 2, and three roots in 2. Only one patient showed postoperative slight weakness of the leg.
    Neurochirurgia 10/1992; 35(5):145-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Granulocytic sarcoma of the parenchyma of the brain present in a patient with acute monocytic leukemia, and its unusual course during treatment, is described. Four years after diagnosis of acute monocytic leukemia, a 24-year-old man developed severe headache during its remission period. The CT scan showed large intraparencymal mass in the right frontal lobe, which was partially removed and diagnosed as granulocytic sarcoma. Following the operation, radiation in total dose of 35.5 Gy was given to the whole brain, and there was also left intraventricular administration of methotrexate (MTX) and cytosine arabinoside (ara-C). The treatment resulted in the complete disappearance of the intraparenchymal mass apart from small calcifications. Five months later, the patient redeveloped severe headache with consciousness disturbance. CT scan revealed marked swelling in the left cerebral hemisphere with irregular contrast-enhanced areas. The patient died of brain herniation in spite of conservative therapy. Photomicroscopic findings of the left cerebral hemisphere proved the presence of "disseminated leukoencephalopathy" and the absence of tumor cells. On the other hand, the right frontal lesion consisted of no tumor cells but scar tissues. This unusual feature of the CT scan in the terminal stage might be caused by combination with the effect of highly concentrated MTX in the left cerebral hemisphere because of the increased permeability of the ependym and the relatively high radiosensitivity in the non-affected left cerebral hemisphere.
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 07/1992; 20(6):691-5. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intermittent clinical manifestations, the representative one of which is claudication, can be classified into two types; neurogenic and vasculogenic. Although cauda equina lesions are well known as a neurogenic cause, spinal disorders, especially cervical or thoracic cord lesions, have been paid more attention to by several authors recently. We encountered a 42-year-old man with cervical soft disc hernia and ossification of longitudinal ligament, who showed intermittent rectal dysfunction evoked by walking. This peculiar clinical manifestation successfully disappeared after surgical decompression of the spinal cord. Such an interesting case has not been reported in the world literature. The patient was admitted because of numbness in both hands. Neurological examinations on admission showed neither motor weakness nor abnormally increased tendon reflex. Hypesthesia and hypalgesia were noticed below the Th4 dermatome on both sides. Adding to those symptoms, he complained of fecal incontinence evoked by walking 100 meters. This rectal dysfunction became gradually worse. At last he showed fecal incontinence after walking only 10 meters. This was ten days after his admission. Myelogram and computed tomographic scan revealed a cervical soft disc hernia at the C5/6 level and findings of OPLL at the C5 and C6 level. Anterior cervical approach for OPLL and soft disc was used for bone graft insertion from the C4 to the C7 vertebral body. The rectal dysfunction completely disappeared after the operation. The possible mechanisms of intermittent rectal dysfunction evoked by walking were discussed.
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 05/1992; 20(4):445-9. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors reported their clinical experience with devices, which have been recently introduced for spinal surgery. The main roles of such devices are to correct malalignment of the spine and stabilize the spinal instability. Although Harrington's device has been widely used since 1962, its use is gradually decreasing due to its having several weak points, such as its low resistance to distorting forces and its imperfect ability to correct malalignment of the spine. In the present manuscript, the authors describe clinical experience with three kinds of spinal devices. They are Steffee's transpedicular screw for 5 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis, Roosen-Trauschel compression clamp for 2 cases of atlanto-axial dislocation and Kaneda's device for one case of metastatic T-11 tumor. Good fixation was obtained in 4 cases using Steffee's devices. The injury of the nerve root is one of the most serious disadvantages in this device. Although Roosen-Trauschel compression clamp needs improvement in some aspect, it was able to bring about good stabilization without using sublaminar wiring, which may be a dangerous procedure in the cervical region. Kaneda's device seemed to be useful for the thoracolumbar lesion. Although it needs a relatively radical approach, such as thoracotomy, Kaneda's device brought about good stabilization and corrected the kyphosis. The devices, which are described in the present manuscript, will probably play important roles in spinal surgery in the future.
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 04/1992; 20(3):243-8. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors reported two cases of von Recklinghausen's disease with multiple brain tumors and multiple spinal tumors. The first case, a 21-year-old man who had a past history of optic gliomas was admitted because of gait disturbance. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed calcification of the basal ganglia, bilateral C-P angle tumors, cystic cerebellar tumor and arachnoid cyst in the quadrigeminal cistern. Myelography and MRI revealed multiple spinal tumors. Surgical management was performed and cerebellar tumor was histologically confirmed to be a pilocytic astrocytoma. Spinal tumors were also astrocytomas. The second patient, a 56-year-old woman suffered from right iliac pain, right hemiparesis and motor aphasia. CT revealed two round tumors in the left cerebral hemisphere and bilateral C-P angle tumors. Myelography and MRI demonstrated multiple intradural-extramedullary spinal tumors. Histologically, supratentorial tumors were transitional meningiomas and spinal tumors were neurinomas. It is well known that von Recklinghausen's disease is often associated with brain or spinal tumors. But, in the literature, only 22 cases of von Recklinghausen's disease combined with multiple brain tumors with different histological types and multiple spinal tumors have been reviewed. With our two cases, the average age of these 24 cases was 28.6 years old, nine cases were male and 15 cases were female. All patients had C-P angle tumors and 23 cases were combined with intracranial meningiomas. In this paper, the clinical features and diagnostic aspects were discussed.
    No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery 02/1992; 20(1):51-6. · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Massive liver necrosis, which is a severe and highly fatal complication after extended pancreatobiliary surgery, may occur due to an interruption of the hepatic arterial flow caused by such events as an excision of the hepatic artery invaded by cancer, a ligation of the postoperatively ruptured hepatic artery, or a thrombotic obstruction of the reconstructed hepatic artery. In order to improve this ischemic state of the liver, we have performed a partial arterialization of the portal vein by making an arteriovenous shunt at the mesenteric vascular branches in two cases. Although a sufficient pathophysiological investigation could not be fully conducted, partial portal arterialization was considered to be effective in one patient, while no clinically noticeable adverse effects were revealed in the other patient.
    Surgery Today 02/1992; 22(6):568-71. · 0.96 Impact Factor