[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from bone marrow (BM) and adipose tissue (AT) for the selection of suitable MSCs in cell therapy of an airway allergic animal model. We compared MSCs of BALB/c mice derived from BM and AT with respect to proliferation potential, immunophenotype, and multilineage differentiation capacity. In proliferation potential, MSCs from AT (ASCs) showed higher fibroblastoid colony-forming units frequencies and colony-forming efficiency than MSCs from BM (BMSCs). The flow cytometry analysis showed that both ASCs and BMSCs expressed MSCs-related antigens (CD90 and CD105), whereas they did not express hematopoiesis-related antigens (CD45 and CD11b). There was no significant difference in adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation between the murine ASCs and BMSCs. In conclusion, the present study has shown that ASCs had higher CFU-F frequencies and colony-forming efficiency than BMSCs. ASCs and BMSCs presented a similar surface immunophenotype and multilineage differentiation capacity. Therefore, ASCs in BALB/c mice might be a more useful material for cell therapy of the airway allergic experiment due to the abundance, relatively easy harvesting and high proliferation potential.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The major aims of this study were to characterize the varieties of T-cell infiltrates in tissue collected from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), analyze the cytokine profiles of these infiltrating T cells, and determine whether infiltrating T lymphocytes are specific for superantigens (SAGs).
Anterior ethmoid sinus mucosa and polyp tissue were collected from 23 patients with CRSwNP, and control anterior ethmoid sinus mucosa were obtained from 20 patients without CRS. Infiltrating cells were isolated from tissue samples and analyzed using flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and in vitro T-lymphocyte stimulation with Staphylococcus aureus.
The mean total numbers and proportions of CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells were significantly higher in the mucosa and polyp tissue of patients with CRSwNP than in the control group. Most infiltrating T cells in patients with CRSwNP were activated CD45RO+ memory T cells. Furthermore, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) expression was significantly higher than interleukin (IL)-10 and IL-4 expression in infiltrating T cells isolated from both the mucosa and the polyp tissue. IFN-γ also showed significantly greater increases in expression compared to IL-4 and IL-10 when isolated T cells were stimulated with SAGs in vitro.
IFN-γ-producing T cells could play an important role in CRSwNP when sinonasal chronic inflammation is induced by SAGs.
Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale 10/2010; 39(5):600-5. · 0.71 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allergic asthma is an inflammatory airway disease caused by T helper type 2 (Th2)-driven immune responses. Recent studies have demonstrated that adipose-derived stromal cells (ASC) have an immunosuppressive effect on T-cell activity. This study was performed to investigate whether ASC can inhibit Th2-dependent allergic airway inflammation in mice. BALB/c mice were sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) by intraperitoneal injection. To investigate the effect of ASC on the development of asthma phenotypes, 2 × 10⁶ ASC were injected intravenously before OVA challenge. We evaluated the airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), the proportion of eosinophils and cytokine production in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), airway inflammation, and the intracellular cytokine staining of T cells in the BALF and spleen. Airway hyperresponsiveness, airway eosinophilia, and mucus production were markedly reduced after ASC administration before OVA challenge. The increased interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 levels in the BALF after OVA challenge were significantly reduced by the administration of ASC. This inhibition was accompanied by decreased IL-4(+) CD4(+) T cells and increased interferon (IFN)-γ(+) CD4(+) T cells in the BALF and spleen. The results of this study suggest that ASC administration before an allergen challenge inhibits AHR, lung inflammation, and Th2 cytokine production induced by an allergen challenge through inhibition of Th2 cell activity.
Stem cells and development 03/2010; 19(11):1811-8. · 4.15 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) exhibit immunosuppressive effects in allogeneic transplantation. However, there is no report that evaluates the in vivo immune-modulating effect of ASCs in an experimental allergic rhinitis (AR) model. We investigated whether ASCs migrate to the nasal mucosa in an AR mouse model and evaluated the immune-modulating effect of ASCs in the AR mouse model. Cultured ASCs (2 x 10(6)) were injected i.v. before the first allergen challenge in the AR mouse model. Migration of ASCs to the nasal mucosa was evaluated by immunofluorescence. The immunomodulatory effects of ASCs were evaluated by nasal symptoms, histology, serum ovalbumin (OVA)-specific antibody, and the cytokine profile of the spleen. ASCs migrated to the nasal mucosa in the AR mouse model. ASCs significantly reduced allergic symptoms and inhibited eosinophilic inflammation in the nasal mucosa. ASCs significantly decreased the serum allergen-specific IgE level and the IgG(1)/IgG(2a) ratio and significantly increased the IgG(2a) level in the AR mouse model. ASCs inhibited interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5 production from OVA-incubated splenocytes, but enhanced interferon-gamma production. In conclusion, ASCs can migrate to the nasal mucosa in the AR mouse model and inhibit eosinophilic inflammation partly via shifting to a T-helper 1 (Th1) from a Th2 immune response to allergens.