H Wieland

Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg an der Elbe, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (198)772.63 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine whether differences in average diameter of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles were associated with total and cardiovascular mortality. We studied 1643 subjects referred to coronary angiography, who did not receive lipid-lowering drugs. During a median follow-up of 9.9 years, 398 patients died, of these 246 from cardiovascular causes. We calculated average particle diameters of LDL from the composition of LDL obtained by β-quantification. When LDL with intermediate average diameters (16.5-16.8 nm) were used as reference category, the hazard ratios (HRs) adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors for death from any cause were 1.71 (95% CI: 1.31-2.25) and 1.24 (95% CI: 0.95-1.63) in patients with large (>16.8 nm) or small LDL (<16.5 nm), respectively. Adjusted HRs for death from cardiovascular causes were 1.89 (95% CI: 1.32-2.70) and 1.54 (95% CI: 1.06-2.12) in patients with large or small LDL, respectively. Patients with large LDL had higher concentrations of the inflammatory markers interleukin (IL)-6 and C-reactive protein than patients with small or intermediate LDL. Equilibrium density gradient ultracentrifugation revealed characteristic and distinct profiles of LDL particles in persons with large (approximately even distribution of intermediate-density lipoproteins and LDL-1 through LDL-6) intermediate (peak concentration at LDL-4) or small (peak concentration at LDL-6) average LDL particle diameters. Calculated LDL particle diameters identify patients with different profiles of LDL subfractions. Both large and small LDL diameters are independently associated with increased risk mortality of all causes and, more so, due to cardiovascular causes compared with LDL of intermediate size.
    European Heart Journal 02/2014; · 14.72 Impact Factor
  • Emmanuel Bissé, Heinrich Wieland
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 11/2013; · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new delta-chain variant, delta143 (H21) His-->Tyr or Hb Noah Mehmet Oeztuerk, was discovered during the investigation of the cause of hemolytic anaemia in a 6-month-old infant of Turkish descent. It was detected by Cation exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (CE-HPLC) using PolyCAT A column. P(50) was 20.6+/-0.60 mmHg and 29.3+/-0.40 mmHg for the carrier and the wild-type, respectively. This suggests an increase in oxygen affinity. On routine CE-HPLC Hb A(2) was low (1.2%) and the variant was not detected. An extended family study revealed that the variant was not associated with the anaemia or with any other clinical abnormality.
    Journal of Chromatography B 08/2008; 871(1):55-9. · 2.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inclusion bodies associated with Hb Hokusetsu have never been published. We investigated the autoxidation of this variant as a cause for the inclusion bodies in three unrelated families. Moreover, haplotype analysis was carried out to unravel the origin of this variant also found in the Japanese population. The presence of inclusion bodies was revealed by incubating the fresh peripheral blood with brilliant cresyl blue. We further characterised this variant using mass spectrometry and DNA analysis. The generation of superoxide radical (ROS) during the autoxidation was assayed by electron spin resonance spectrometry. Inclusion bodies were seen in about 25% of red cells. Hb Hokusetsu turned out to be less thermostable than the control. It showed a tenfold-enhanced ROS formation versus control. The analysis of the beta-globin haplotypes for the three unrelated families showed that Hb Hokosetsu was linked with haplotype I (5' + - - - - + + 3'). This is the first case published in the German population. The inclusion bodies could be due to the instability of the variant. This is supported by the increased autoxidation. The absence of anaemia evokes an elimination of the inclusion bodies by the proteolytic mechanism of the red cells. The association of the variant in three unrelated families with the five polymorphisms of haplotype I indicates a single common mutation event. In the presence of Hb Hokusetsu, HbA 1C standard methods used to assess glycaemic control are mistaken.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2008; 87(6):463-6. · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical success of many therapies is impaired by dose limiting toxicities. Nanoscale particle-based drug delivery systems such as liposomes show unique pharmacokinetic properties and improved toxicity profiles. Liposomes accumulate in tumor tissue, but only a small fraction of a total dose reaches the target site. The overwhelming amount of a given dose is needed only to build up a diffusion gradient for effective accumulation at the target site. In order to find a way to detoxify this predominant fraction after accumulation is completed, the different separation principles used for the apheresis of lipoproteins were evaluated for the extracorporeal elimination of liposomes. Appropriate radiolabeled model liposomes were prepared by extrusion. Separation efficacy, leakage of liposomal content and influence of plasma contact were measured. Membranes with pore sizes between 25 and 400 nm were used to investigate filtration properties of liposomes. Liposomes were precipitated by adding heparin and Ca(2+). Adsorption chromatography was investigated using dextran sulfate, heparin sepharose and functionalized polyacrylamide beads. Membrane filtration allowed the elimination of various liposomes, while precipitation and adsorption were only useful for positively charged liposomes. Leakage of liposomal content was not induced by adsorption, but precipitation induced leakage. Leakage during filtration was dependent on liposomal membrane lipids. Plasma contact reduced precipitation and adsorption efficacy of positively charged liposomes, while filtration properties of liposomes remained unchanged. For extracorporeal elimination of liposomal drug delivery systems, filtration-based techniques are presumably more convenient and versatile than precipitation- or adsorption-based apheresis technologies.
    Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy 03/2008; 12(1):2-12. · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (LpPLA(2)), also denoted as platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase, is a lipoprotein-bound enzyme involved in inflammation and atherosclerosis. In this cohort study we investigated LpPLA(2) activity to predict cardiac mortality in patients scheduled for coronary angiography. LpPLA(2) activity was determined in 2513 patients with and in 719 patients without angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease (CAD). During the median observation period of 5.5 years, 501 patients died. In patients with tertiles of LpPLA(2) activity of 420-509 U/L or >or=510 U/L, unadjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for cardiac death were 1.7 (95% CI 1.3-2.4; P = 0.001), and 1.9 (95% CI 1.4-2.5; P <0.001), respectively, compared with patients with LpPLA(2) activity <or=419 U/L. After we accounted for established risk factors and included angiographic CAD status, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, the 3rd tertile of LpPLA(2) activity predicted cardiac 5-year mortality with an HR of 2.0 (95% CI 1.4-3.1; P = 0.001). LpPLA(2) activity increased the adjusted risk for cardiac death by 2-fold in patients with hsCRP <3 mg/L in the 2nd (HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.4-4.2; P = 0.002) and 3rd (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-4.0; P = 0.02) tertiles of LpPLA(2) activity and in patients with hsCRP of 3-10 mg/L in the 3rd tertile (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.0-3.6; P = 0.03) of LpPLA(2) activity. LpPLA(2) activity predicts risk for 5-year cardiac mortality independently from established risk factors and indicates risk for cardiac death in patients with low and medium-high hsCRP concentrations. Therefore, LpPLA(2) activity may provide information for the identification and management of patients at risk beyond established risk stratification strategies.
    Clinical Chemistry 09/2007; 53(8):1440-7. · 7.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical use of Homocysteine-Primavette, a new blood collection medium for total homocysteine (tHcy) assay. The agreement between baseline tHcy and tHcy in stabilized samples (40 h) was assessed for FPIA, HPLC, GC-MS, LC-MS, and ICL. tHcy concentrations in whole blood were stable for 40 h in Hcy-Primavette tubes. Primavette tubes are a good alternative for the accurate tHcy measurement and no readjustment of reference intervals is needed.
    Clinical Biochemistry 07/2007; 40(9-10):739-43. · 2.45 Impact Factor
  • G. Pütz, J. Eckes, H. Wieland, K. Winkler
    Breast. 01/2007; 16.
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    ABSTRACT: The first hemoglobin (Hb) variant carrying a mutation at beta4 was identified as beta4(A1)Thr-->Asn or Hb Würzburg and constituted 38% of the total hemoglobin. It showed a slightly elevated oxygen affinity and a slightly decreased cooperativity index (n50 = 2.3 versus n50 = 2.8). The analysis of the electrostatic potential showed an increased negative charge at the site of the mutation with a displacement of beta6(A3)Glu by 1.3A. The replacement of threonine by asparagine seems to stabilize the R conformation. This may explain partially both the high affinity and the reduction in cooperativity.
    Journal of Chromatography A 06/2006; 1115(1-2):118-24. · 4.61 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2006; 7(3):507-508.
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    ABSTRACT: Silicon is an essential nutrient of fundamental importance to human biology. It has been shown that silicon is required for bone, cartilage, and connective tissue formation. However, the assessment of silicon concentration is difficult as reference values are lacking. The aim of the present study was to establish reference values for apparently healthy individuals. Silicon concentrations were determined in serum of 1325 healthy subjects 18-91 years of age using atomic absorption spectrometry. Medians for serum silicon concentrations showed a statistically significant age and sex dependency. In men 18-59 years of age the median was 9.5 micromol/L and decreased to 8.5 micromol/L at 60-74 years of age. In women there was an increase in the median from age 18-29 years (10.00 micromol/L) to 30-44 years (11.10 micromol/L) followed by a decrease in the age group of 45-59 years (9.23 micromol/L). In subjects aged over 74 years the median serum silicon values were 7.70 micromol/L for men and 8.00 micromol/L for women. The most important findings in this study are the decrease of silicon and the course of the silicon concentrations with age, especially in women. The present study is an important prerequisite for studies that aim to identify the health effects and medical implications of silicon.
    Analytical Biochemistry 03/2005; 337(1):130-5. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MODULAR ANALYTICS (Roche Diagnostics) (MODULAR ANALYTICS, Elecsys and Cobas Integra are trademarks of a member of the Roche Group) represents a new approach to automation for the clinical chemistry laboratory. It consists of a control unit, a core unit with a bidirectional multitrack rack transportation system, and three distinct kinds of analytical modules: an ISE module, a P800 module (44 photometric tests, throughput of up to 800 tests/h), and a D2400 module (16 photometric tests, throughput up to 2400 tests/h). MODULAR ANALYTICS allows customised configurations for various laboratory workloads. The performance and practicability of MODULAR ANALYTICS were evaluated in an international multicentre study at 16 sites. Studies included precision, accuracy, analytical range, carry-over, and workflow assessment. More than 700 000 results were obtained during the course of the study. Median between-day CVs were typically less than 3% for clinical chemistries and less than 6% for homogeneous immunoassays. Median recoveries for nearly all standardised reference materials were within 5% of assigned values. Method comparisons versus current existing routine instrumentation were clinically acceptable in all cases. During the workflow studies, the work from three to four single workstations was transferred to MODULAR ANALYTICS, which offered over 100 possible methods, with reduction in sample splitting, handling errors, and turnaround time. Typical sample processing time on MODULAR ANALYTICS was less than 30 minutes, an improvement from the current laboratory systems. By combining multiple analytic units in flexible ways, MODULAR ANALYTICS met diverse laboratory needs and offered improvement in workflow over current laboratory situations. It increased overall efficiency while maintaining (or improving) quality.
    Journal of Automated Methods and Management in Chemistry 02/2005; 2005:8-25. · 0.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors effectively decrease LDL cholesterol, it remains controversial whether these agents also lower dense LDL, which are considered particularly atherogenic. We examined the effects of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor cerivastatin on lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins in 69 patients with elevated fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or type 2 diabetes, combined hyperlipoproteinemia and increased concentrations of dense LDL (apo B in LDL-5 plus LDL-6 > 25 mg/dl). The study was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group comparison of cerivastatin at 0.4 mg daily for 12 weeks (n = 34) and placebo (n = 35). Cerivastatin significantly reduced cholesterol (- 20 %, p < 0.001), IDL cholesterol - 37 %, p < 0.001), LDL cholesterol (- 26 %, p < 0.001), apolipoprotein B (- 25 %, p < 0.001), triglycerides (- 12 %, p < 0.05), and raised HDL cholesterol (+ 7.5 %, p < 0.05) and apolipoprotein AI (+ 7.2 %, p < 0.05). Cerivastatin signficantly lowered apolipoprotein B in all LDL subfractions (- 21 to - 28 %, p < 0.05). Absolute changes were greatest in dense LDL and the change in dense LDL made the largest contribution to the change of total LDL. The change of dense LDL was highly correlated with baseline values. There was no consistent relationship between the effect of cerivastatin on triglycerides and the decrease of dense LDL. The HMG CoA reductase inhibitor cerivastatin lowers total and LDL cholesterol and the concentration of dense LDL in patients with elevated fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 06/2004; 112(5):269-77. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association of elevated plasma triglyceride concentrations, decreased HDL-cholesterol, and dense LDL (dLDL) is referred to as the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype. dLDL particularly plays a role in the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes and may be one of the factors responsible for the increased risk for coronary artery disease in these patients. The effect of fenofibrate and atorvastatin on the LDL subfraction profile in patients with combined hyperlipidemia and a preponderance of dLDL was studied in a sequential design. Six male patients with combined hyperlipidemia and dLDL received 160 mg/die supra-bioavailable fenofibrate. After a washout phase of 8 weeks all patients received 10 mg/die atorvastatin for another 8 weeks. At baseline, after fenofibrate, and after atorvastatin treatment LDL subfractions were analyzed by equilibrium density gradient ultracentrifugation. Treatment with atorvastatin and fenofibrate reduced serum cholesterol by 30 % and 21 % (p = 0.046) (p-values for differences between treatment groups), triglycerides by 32 % and 45 %, LDL cholesterol by 28 % and 16 %, and increased HDL cholesterol by 3 % and 6 %, respectively. Atorvastatin and fenofibrate treatment resulted in the following changes of apoB and LDL subfractions: LDL-1 (1.019 - 1.031 kg/L) - 31 % and + 15 % (p = 0.028); LDL-2 (1.031 - 1.034 kg/L) - 14 % and + 57 % (p = 0.028); LDL-3 (1.034 - 1.037 kg/L) - 20 % and + 30 % (p = 0.028); LDL-4 (1.037 - 1.040 kg/L) - 25 % and - 6 %; LDL-5 (1.040 - 1.044 kg/L) - 29 % and - 38 %; and LDL-6 (1.044 - 1.063 kg/L) - 39 % and - 55 % (p = 0.028). As a consequence, fenofibrate reduced LDL density significantly (p = 0.028 versus atorvastatin). Atorvastatin decreased all LDL-subfractions to a similar extent (quantitative effect) whereas fenofibrate reduced predominantly dLDL and changed the LDL profile towards medium dense LDL-particles (qualitative effect). Since medium dense LDL have a higher affinity to the LDL-receptor fenofibrate may have a higher antiatherogenic potential than assessed by the reduction of total LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides alone.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 06/2004; 112(5):241-7. · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements. 04/2004; 5(1):22.
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    ABSTRACT: Fluvastatin reduces atherogenic dense low-density lipoprotein (dLDL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). dLDLs are associated with platelet-activating factor acetyl hydrolase (PAF-AH), an enzyme involved in inflammation and related to coronary artery disease (CAD). The association of preexisting CAD and PAF-AH and the effect of fluvastatin on enzyme activity is investigated in a placebo-controlled trial in patients with T2DM. A multicenter, double-blind, randomized comparison of fluvastatin XL (80 mg) (n = 42) and placebo (n = 47), each given once-daily for 8 wk, in 89 patients with T2DM, was conducted. At baseline and on treatment, lipoproteins, including lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] and LDL subfractions, and the activity of PAF-AH were measured. Increasing PAF-AH activity was significantly associated with a positive history of CAD (+0.7% per IU/liter PAH-AH; P = 0.010), the odds ratio estimate adjusted for age, gender, and body mass index of the highest quartile being 10.6 (P = 0.036). At baseline and at study end, PAF-AH activity was associated with the apolipoprotein B (apoB) content in dLDL (LDL-5 and LDL-6) (r = 0.447; P < 0.001 and r = 0.651; P < 0.001, respectively) and with non-HDL cholesterol at baseline (r = 0.485; P < 0.001). However, after additional adjustment for apoB in dLDL and non-HDL cholesterol at baseline, the odds ratio increment for CAD across PAF-AH quartiles was 2.09 (95% confidence interval, 1.02-4.29; P = 0.043). Fluvastatin treatment decreased the activity of PAF-AH by 22.8% compared with an increase of 0.4% in the placebo group (P < 0.001). This effect was independent of changes of Lp(a) concentrations. In patients with T2DM, PAF-AH activity is associated with a positive history of CAD. Fluvastatin not only decreases atherogenic dLDL but also PAF-AH activity, emphasizing the significance of fluvastatin treatment in T2DM. The antiatherogenic potential of fluvastatin in T2DM may thus be greater than expected from its effects on LDL-C and triglycerides alone.
    Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &amp Metabolism 04/2004; 89(3):1153-9. · 6.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of two monophasic oral contraceptives containing ethinylestradiol 20 microg in combination with levonorgestrel 100 microg (EE20/LNG100) or 30 microg and 150 microg (EE30/LNG150), respectively, on lipoprotein metabolism was investigated in a double-blind, randomized study of 12 treatment cycles in healthy female volunteers. Total triglycerides (+32% to +46%, p < 0.05 in comparison to baseline) increased significantly. Triglycerides were highest after six cycles of treatment, decreasing thereafter. Total cholesterol (+1% to +7%), apolipoprotein (apo) B (+21% to +29%) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (+7% to +17%) increased slightly. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol decreased slightly (-11% and -5%), HDL triglycerides increased (+16% and +26%). Apo AI did not change during the study, suggesting that the molar concentration of HDL particles did not change. Apo E (-23% to -14%) decreased, and there was a transitory decrease of lipoprotein (a). Essentially, there was no difference regarding the changes in lipoprotein metabolism between the two treatment groups. The effects of the two combinations of ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel on triglyceride-rich lipoproteins appear less pronounced than those produced by preparations containing third-generation progestins. It is not likely that the changes in lipoprotein metabolism brought about by the two preparations will alter the risk of future cardiovascular disease in a clinically relevant fashion.
    Contraception 02/2004; 69(2):105-13. · 3.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication on lipids and apolipoproteins in 87 patients with duodenal ulcers. A significant increase was observed in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (+24.7%, p <0.001), apolipoprotein AI (+9.0%, p <0.001), and apolipoprotein AII (+11.7%, p <0.001) after eradication. Minor increases occurred in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein B, whereas low-density lipoprotein cholesterol remained unchanged. Our results suggest that chronic H. pylori infection reduces plasma levels of HDL cholesterol and that eradication improves the lipoprotein pattern.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 02/2004; 93(2):219-20. · 3.21 Impact Factor
  • G. Puetz, J. Eckes, H. Wieland
    Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2004; 2(8):186-186.
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    ABSTRACT: The oral antidiabetic agent pioglitazone improves insulin sensitivity and glycemic control and appears to lower atherogenic dense LDL in type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance may occur frequently in nondiabetic patients with hypertension. This study is the first to report the effect of pioglitazone on LDL subfractions in normolipidemic, nondiabetic patients with arterial hypertension. We performed a monocentric, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group comparison of 45 mg pioglitazone (n = 26) and a placebo (n = 28), each given once daily for 16 weeks. Fifty-four moderately hypertensive patients (LDL cholesterol, 2.8 +/- 0.8 mmol/l; HDL cholesterol, 1.1 +/- 0.3 mmol/l; triglycerides, 1.4 mmol/l (median; range 0.5-7.1) were studied at baseline and on treatment. At baseline, dense LDLs were elevated (apolipoprotein [apo]B in LDL-5 plus LDL-6 >250 mg/l) in 63% of all patients. Sixteen weeks of treatment with pioglitazone did not significantly change triglycerides, total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol. However, pioglitazone reduced dense LDLs by 22% (P = 0.024). The mean diameter of LDL particles increased from 19.83 +/- 0.30 to 20.13 +/- 0.33 nm (P < 0.001 vs. placebo), whereas the mean LDL density decreased from 1.0384 +/- 0.0024 to 1.0371 +/- 0.0024 kg/l (P = 0.005 vs. placebo). The effect of pioglitazone on LDL size and density was independent of fasting triglycerides and HDL cholesterol at baseline and of changes in fasting triglycerides and HDL cholesterol. The prevalence of atherogenic dense LDL in nondiabetic, hypertensive patients is similar to patients with type 2 diabetes. Pioglitazone significantly reduces dense LDL independent from fasting triglycerides and HDL cholesterol. The antiatherogenic potential of pioglitazone may thus be greater than that expected from its effects on triglycerides, LDL, and HDL cholesterol alone.
    Diabetes Care 09/2003; 26(9):2588-94. · 7.74 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
772.63 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991–2013
    • Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Freiburg an der Elbe, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 1989–2008
    • University of Freiburg
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2004
    • Medical University of Graz
      • Klinisches Institut für Medizinische und Chemische Labordiagnostik
      Graz, Styria, Austria
    • Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
      Gratz, Styria, Austria
  • 2000
    • Philipps-Universität Marburg
      • Klinik für Innere Medizin – Kardiologie (Marburg)
      Marburg, Hesse, Germany
    • Hôpital Fribourgeois
      Freiburg, Fribourg, Switzerland
  • 1996–1999
    • Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
      • Gustav-Embden-Zentrum der Biologischen Chemie
      Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
  • 1995–1999
    • Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg
      • • Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Pathobiochemistry
      • • Chemical Institute (ICH)
      Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany