Hidekazu Ota

Showa University, Shinagawa, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (51)155.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We compared claudin-4 with Ber-EP4 and carcinoembryonic antigen as markers to distinguish mesothelioma from lung adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated lung squamous cell carcinoma, and serous adenocarcinoma of the uterus or ovary. All mesothelioma specimens were negative for claudin-4, but 3 of 18 specimens were focally positive for Ber-EP4. In contrast, lung adenocarcinoma including poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma was highly positive for claudin-4, but expression of Ber-EP4 and carcinoembryonic antigen varied widely. Claudin-4 in poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma had a lower positive expression rate than in adenocarcinoma. Granular claudin-4 immunoreactivity was conspicuous in poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma; this immunoreactive pattern was also observed in mesothelioma. Claudin-4 was thus considered very useful marker for distinguishing mesothelioma and adenocarcinoma, even if histological specimens are small, as in biopsies that contain limited numbers of tumor cells. However, it should be mentioned that claudin-4 has a limit in discrimination between squamous cell carcinoma from mesothelioma.
    International Journal of Surgical Pathology 06/2013; · 0.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a non-invasive mixed mucin-producing and squamous differentiated tumor of the uterine cervix. This tumor was composed of two cell types: mucin-producing cells and non-mucin-producing cells. These cells were intimately mixed with each other, and showed intraepithelial spreading. The mucin-producing cells showed signet-ring or columnar shapes, and were localized to the lower-to-upper epithelial layer. The non-mucin-producing cells had eosinophilic cytoplasms with a monotonous appearance through the epithelium. Mitosis was sometimes observed in both cell types. Immunohistochemically, both cell types were positive for p16(INK4A) . The non-mucin-producing cells were positive for p63 and 34βE12, suggesting squamous differentiation. Although most mucin-producing cells were p63(-) , a few of them were p63(+) and many 34βE12 immunoreactive cells were found in the mucin-producing cells. This tumor was adenosquamous carcinoma in situ.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 01/2013; 39(1):420-3. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a CD20-negative relapse is clinically significant because it is associated with chemo-refractory phenotypes and loss of a therapeutic target. The alteration of the CD20 gene is reported as infrequent in CD20-negative relapse in B-cell lymphoma. We established a DLBCL cell line with loss of CD20 expression (SD07) from a patient at CD20-negative relapse. She was initially diagnosed with CD20-positive DLBCL and received repeated immuno-chemotherapy that included rituximab. SD07, which has an immunoglobulin κ rearrangement identical to that of lymphoma cells at CD20-negative relapse, showed homozygous deletion of the CD20 gene with loss of the copy number of 11q12. SD07 is the first case in which it is proven that the loss of CD20 expression in relapsed DLBCL is the result of deletion of the CD20 gene. Deletion of the CD20 gene is a molecular mechanism of CD20-negative relapse in a subset of DLBCL.
    European Journal Of Haematology 07/2012; 89(4):350-5. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on three cases of ulcerative colitis who presented with increased levels of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) during the active stage. All cases were pancolitis with a moderate to severe disease course. After remission induction with medical therapies, serum CEA levels decreased to the normal reference range. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated the existence of CEA not only along with the apical surface of the colonic epithelia but also at the cytosol of the inflamed epithelia where goblet cells were depleted during the active stage. We speculate that CEA was up-regulated by inflammatory response particularly in the process of epithelial regeneration.
    Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2012; 5(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Although dysfunction of VE-cadherin-mediated adherence junctions in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) is thought to be one of the initial steps of atherosclerosis, little is known regarding how VE-cadherin is disrupted during atherogenic development. This study focused on the role of calpain, an intracellular cysteine protease, in the proteolytic disorganization of VE-cadherin and subsequent progression of atherosclerosis. Increased expression of m-calpain was observed in aortic ECs in atherosclerotic lesions in humans and low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (ldlr(-/-)) mice. Furthermore, proteolytic disorganization of VE-cadherin was shown in aortic ECs in ldlr(-/-) and apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. Long-term administration of calpain inhibitors into these mice attenuated atherosclerotic lesion development and proinflammatory responses, as well as VE-cadherin disorganization, without normalization of plasma lipid profiles. Furthermore, in vivo transfection of m-calpain siRNA to ldlr(-/-) mice prevented disorganization of VE-cadherin and proatherogenic hyperpermeability in aortic ECs. Treatment of cultured ECs with oxidized LDL, lysophosphatidylcholine, or LDL pretreated with secreted phospholipase A(2) led to the induction of m-calpain but not of μ-calpain, thereby eliciting selective m-calpain overactivation. These data suggest that lysophosphatidylcholine-induced m-calpain directly cleaves a juxtamembrane region of VE-cadherin, resulting in dissociation of β-catenin from the VE-cadherin complex, disorganization of adherence junctions, and hyperpermeability in ECs. Subtype-selective induction of m-calpain in aortic ECs during atherosclerotic progression is associated with proteolytic disorganization of VE-cadherin and proatherogenic hyperpermeability in cells. Thus, a strategy to selectively inhibit m-calpain may be useful for the therapeutic treatment of patients with atherosclerosis.
    Circulation 11/2011; 124(23):2522-32. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of performing pleural cauterization is developing heat denaturation, and we can induce pleural thickening and also reduce the bullae by shrinking the pleura It originates in a method of the cauterization whether there will be tissue damage. So a safe and reliable method of cauterization is required. Here, we investigated the indications for and effectiveness of cauterization techniques performed at our facility. We perform cauterization while dropping saline solution, so when using a Salient Monopolar Sealer, we can avoid excessive thermo-coagulation and more easily control cauterization. Furthermore, on the basis that only emphysematous pleura will turn white on cauterization, bullae can be distinguished, which is particularly effective in the case of lesions with unclear borders. In the case of a large emphysematous bulla, shrinkage of the bulla by cauterization can provide a sufficient surgical field, and a smaller lesion can then be stapled.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 04/2011; 64(4):323-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic examination shows that serrated neoplasias (SNs), such as serrated adenomas and sessile serrated adenomas, exhibit different mucosal crypt patterns. However, it remains unclear whether advanced serrated polyps with different mucosal crypt patterns have different clinicopathological or molecular features. We classified the mucosal crypt patterns of 86 SNs into three types (hyperplastic, adenomatous, and mixed pattern) and evaluated their clinicopathological and molecular features. We found significant differences in the proliferative activity status between SNs with mixed/adenomatous patterns and those with the hyperplastic patterns. SNs with the hyperplastic pattern were frequently located in the proximal colon and had a macroscopically superficial appearance, whereas SNs with the adenomatous pattern were often located in the distal colon and had a protruding appearance. Furthermore, a significant difference was observed in the frequency of the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), involving the methylation of two or more CIMP-related genes (MINT1, MINT2, MINT31, p16, and MLH1), between SNs with the hyperplastic pattern and those with the mixed/adenomatous patterns (18/32 (56%) vs. 8/28 (29%) or 7/26 (27%); P=0.0309 or P=0.0249, respectively). Moreover, the prevalence of KRAS mutations was significantly higher in SNs with the adenomatous pattern than in those with the hyperplastic pattern (7/26 (27%) vs. 1/32 (3%); P=0.0173). In comparison with other patterns, the mixed pattern was detected more frequently in mixed serrated polyps (MSPs), which contain separate histological components. Some MSPs exhibited concordant molecular alterations among the different histological components. The clinicopathological and molecular features of SNs correlated strongly with their mucosal crypt patterns, which were observed using chromoendoscopy.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2011; 106(7):1351-8. · 9.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have suggested that circulating inflammatory cells augment the growth of thrombus in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We therefore immunohistochemically analyzed thrombi in aspirates obtained from patients immediately after the onset of ACS. Two hundred twenty samples were studied. Total thrombus area, white thrombus area, and red thrombus area were measured. As antibodies in immunohistochemical staining, myeloperoxidase (MPO), CD66b, CD68, p-selectin, tissue factor (TF) and PAI-1 were employed respectively. The ratios of areas of red and white thrombi correlated with whole sample areas of enlarged thrombi (r = 0.48, p < 0.001). The immunohistochemical findings revealed granulocytes and macrophages aggregated around p-selectin-positive platelets that shared the boundary between white and red thrombi, a region where MPO and CD66b expression was abundant in neutrophils. The ratios (%) of MPO- and CD66b-positive cells significantly correlated with whole sample areas (r = 0.50; p < 0.001 and r = 0.49; p < 0.001, respectively). Neutrophils and macrophages within thrombi were positive for TF and PAI-1. Along the boundary between red and white thrombi, TF and PAI-1 positivity coincided with MPO-, CD66b- and CD68-positive cells. The ratios of cells positive for both TF and PAI-1 in this area significantly correlated with the whole sample area (r = 0.43, p < 0.001 and r = 0.60, p < 0.001, respectively). These results suggested that enhanced activation of peripheral neutrophils together with increased TF and PAI-1 expression might comprise a considerable portion of thrombus enlargement.
    Thrombosis Research 03/2011; 127(5):443-9. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No abstract available.
    Acta Haematologica 02/2011; 125(4):242-6. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a case of a primary low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) that progressed to a secondary high-grade ESS. In the secondary tumor, the immunohistochemical profile and focal tumor cell proliferation pattern suggested that this tumor was not truly undifferentiated, but possessed features of endometrial stroma. Low-grade ESS of our patient's primary tumor showed p53 protein overexpression, which is unusual in low-grade ESS, and her secondary high-grade ESS showed more prominent p53 immunoreactivity. This indicates that low-grade ESS that shows p53 immunoreactivity might progress to high-grade ESS, and it is considered that such cases of low-grade ESS should pay attention to the prognosis. Immunoreactivity for epidermal growth factor receptor was observed in both tumors, suggesting a relationship between the primary and secondary tumors in our case. Further study requires more immunohistochemical data for cases in which low-grade ESS transitions to high-grade ESS; in particular, data on epidermal growth factor receptor expression are necessary to define new therapeutic strategies for ESS.
    International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 07/2010; 29(4):374-7. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We analyzed a case with the blastoid variant of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL-BV), a rare subtype of B-cell lymphoma, presenting with marked hypercalcemia at diagnosis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed elevated serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), and type I collagen telopeptide, but not parathyroid hormone, calcitriol or parathyroid hormone-related peptide at diagnosis, suggesting local osteoclastic hypercalcemia in this case. By reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, we found predominant expression of mRNA for MIP-1alpha in addition to those for receptor-activator of nuclear-factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), TNF-alpha, and IL-6 in lymphoma cells obtained from the patient. Furthermore, recombinant MIP-1alpha significantly stimulated (3)H-thymidine uptake by isolated MCL cells in vitro. Treatment with intravenous fluids, bisphosphonate, and methylprednisolone followed by combination chemotherapy promptly corrects the hypercalcemia and successfully induced complete remission, which was accompanied by a decrease of these cytokines in the serum, including MIP-1alpha. In the present case, MIP-1alpha, an osteoclast-activating factor produced by mantle lymphoma cells, may contribute to the development of hypercalcemia. It likely acts through RANKL expression in tumor cells and/or stroma cells, as indicated in multiple myeloma (MM) and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). Furthermore, MIP-1alpha is also involved in the development of an aggressive phenotype on MCL by stimulating proliferation of these lymphoma cells. In summary, the present study demonstrated that MIP-1alpha is an important factor in the development of both hypercalcemia and an aggressive phenotype in some types of B-cell lymphoma.
    European Journal Of Haematology 05/2010; 84(5):448-52. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumors of germ cell origin uncommonly arise in extragonadal sites. We report two cases of intracranial germinoma, in which it was necessary to distinguish between intracranial germinoma and metastatic carcinoma in cytological specimens. Cytologically, not only single tumor cells or loosely connective tumor cells but also closely packed clusters of cells and pair cells were recognized. Immunocytochemically, almost all tumor cells were immunoreactive for M2A, placental alkaline phosphatase, and c-kit. Closely packed clusters were also immunoreactive for pan-cytokeratin. Therefore, Cytopathologists should be aware that tumor cell clusters, mimicking carcinoma might appear in cytological specimens of intracranial germinomas. Although immunocytochemical analysis assists in correct diagnosis, some cell clusters showing cytokeratin immunoreactivity does not become the basis for the diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma. A panel of antibodies including D2-40, PLAP, and c-kit should be used.
    Diagnostic Cytopathology 02/2010; 38(2):132-6. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of primary pulmonary classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) in a 58-year-old woman. Twelve years ago, the patient complained of slight fever and weight loss. A mass of about 5 cm in diameter was seen in the right lung on radiography and computed tomography (CT). Right total pneumonectomy and resection of mediastinal lymph nodes were performed. A pathological examination led to a strong suspicion of Hodgkin disease (HD) (now referred to as CHL), but a definite diagnosis could not be made at the time. Six years later, a chest CT showed a tumor around the ascending aorta, which was treated successfully by radiation therapy. Six years later, the chest CT revealed a tumor in the anterior mediastinum. CHL was diagnosed based on an immunohistochemical re-examination of lung specimens resected 12 years earlier and CT-guided fine needle tumor biopsy specimens of the second recurrent tumor in the anterior mediastinum were compatible with the recurrence of CHL. Therefore, we diagnosed this case as primary pulmonary CHL that later relapsed in the mediastinum. The tumor size was reduced by radiation therapy and the patient is currently under observation as an outpatient.
    Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology 01/2010; 50(2):151-7.
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    ABSTRACT: We herein present a quite atypical case of primary gastrointestinal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in the transverse colon. Computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasonography revealed diffuse thickening of the wall, and colonoscopy showed a white-colored mucosa with reduced superficial vessels in the entire transverse colon. The lesion was diagnosed as MALT lymphoma by pathological examination of the biopsied specimen. Secondary macroglobulinemia of IgM-kappa type was also found in the present case. After chemotherapy and radiation, the lesions in the transverse colon improved and the patient has been in good condition without any evidence of recurrence for more than 1 year.
    Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(7):677-82. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human heregulins, neuregulin-1 type I polypeptides that activate proliferation, differentiation, and survival of glial cells, neurons, and myocytes, are expressed in macrophage foam cells within human coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Macrophage foam cell formation, characterized by cholesterol ester accumulation, is modulated by scavenger receptor class A (SR-A), acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT)1, and ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)A1. The present study clarified the roles of heregulins in macrophage foam cell formation and atherosclerosis. Plasma heregulin-beta(1) levels were significantly decreased in 31 patients with acute coronary syndrome and 33 patients with effort angina pectoris compared with 34 patients with mild hypertension and 40 healthy volunteers (1.3+/-0.3, 2.0+/-0.4 versus 7.6+/-1.4, 8.2+/-1.2 ng/mL; P<0.01). Among all patients with acute coronary syndrome and effort angina pectoris, plasma heregulin-beta(1) levels were further decreased in accordance with the severity of coronary artery lesions. Expression of heregulin-beta(1) was observed at trace levels in intracoronary atherothrombosis obtained by aspiration thrombectomy from acute coronary syndrome patients. Heregulin-beta(1), but not heregulin-alpha, significantly reduced acetylated low-density lipoprotein-induced cholesterol ester accumulation in primary cultured human monocyte-derived macrophages by reducing SR-A and ACAT1 expression and by increasing ABCA1 expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Heregulin-beta(1) significantly decreased endocytic uptake of [(125)I]acetylated low-density lipoprotein and ACAT activity, and increased cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein (Apo)A-I from human macrophages. Chronic infusion of heregulin-beta(1) into ApoE(-/-) mice significantly suppressed the development of atherosclerotic lesions. This study provided the first evidence that heregulin-beta(1) inhibits atherogenesis and suppresses macrophage foam cell formation via SR-A and ACAT1 downregulation and ABCA1 upregulation.
    Circulation Research 07/2009; 105(5):500-10. · 11.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human urotensin-II (UII) is a cyclic neuropeptide with potent vasoconstrictive activity in the vasculature. The expression of UII and its receptor (UT) mRNA is detected at high levels in the brain. We evaluated the relationship between plasma UII levels and vascular dementia (VaD) caused by stroke or atherosclerotic small vessel disease. Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), plaques, plasma levels of immunoreactive UII (IR-UII), and atherosclerotic biomarkers were determined in 42 patients with VaD, 197 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 47 non-demented elderly controls. Age, gender, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (SBP), fasting plasma glucose, insulin, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, leptin, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were not significantly different among these groups. IR-UII, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), lipid peroxides, interleukin-6, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels, and maximum IMT were significantly higher in VaD than in AD patients or controls. IR-UII level showed a significantly positive correlation with SBP or maximum IMT. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed a significantly independent association between IR-UII levels or increased maximum IMT (> or =1.1 mm) and VaD as compared with SBP, LDL cholesterol, and interleukin-6 levels. Increased plasma IR-UII levels and carotid atherosclerosis may be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of VaD.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 06/2009; 16(3):179-87. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thrombus aspiration therapy allows for the examination of thrombus and atheroma fragments in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Inflammatory cells and platelet activation play key roles in thrombus formation in ACS. However, histopathologic evaluation of thrombi in ACS has not been adequately addressed. We performed histologic analysis of tissue samples obtained by thrombus aspiration therapy. We studied 165 samples from patients with ACS. The area of each sample, percentage of red thrombus, and percentage of white thrombus were measured. Samples were stained immunohistochemically with antibodies against macrophages, activated platelets, and interleukin (IL)-5. Seventy-six samples included atheroma fragments. Macrophages, neutrophils, and activated platelets were observed in thrombi and in atheroma fragments. Eosinophil infiltration was also observed predominantly in the area between white thrombus and red thrombus in 106 samples. We categorized all samples into 3 groups according to the grade of eosinophil infiltration (eos-, eos+, eos++ group). Sample area in the eos++ group was greater than that in the eos- group (P < 0.0001). In addition, the percentage of the red thrombus areas in the eos++ group and the eos+ group was greater than that in the eos- group (P < 0.009, P < 0.02, respectively). However, there was no difference in the percentage of white thrombus area between the 3 groups. Staining for IL-5 was identified in inflammatory cells within thrombi. Eosinophils may play an important role in coronary occlusion by promoting thrombus growth.
    International Heart Journal 05/2009; 50(3):267-77. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and its prodrugs are used to treat various cancers. Response to 5-FU-based chemotherapy and expression of 5-FU-related enzymes differ among cancers. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of 5-FU-related enzymes and clinicopathologic factors in bladder cancer. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of 44 bladder cancers and 27 normal bladders were included in this study. After laser capture microdissection, "Danenberg tumor profile," was performed for the measurement of 5-FU-related enzymes. There was no significant difference between dihydropyrimidine hydrogenase (DPD) mRNA expression in bladder cancer and in normal bladder. On the contrary, mRNA expressions of orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT), thymidylate synthase (TS), and thymidine phosphorylase (TP) in bladder cancer were higher than those in normal bladder. Compared with previously reported DPD mRNA expressions in other types of cancer, DPD mRNA expression in bladder cancer was relatively low. The 5-FU-related enzymatic condition of bladder cancer is favorable for 5-FU.
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clinical Cancer Therapeutics 01/2009; 18(4):153-62. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Aim: The World Health Organization (WHO) has adopted criteria for the histological differential diagnosis of gastric extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (GML) based on the criteria proposed by Wotherspoon in 1993 (WHO/Wotherspoon score). These histological criteria are commonly used by pathologists for initial diagnoses, but have not been adopted uniformly for the post-treatment evaluation of GML. In 2003, the Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adult (GELA) proposed a new histological grading system (GELA grade) in preference to use of the WHO/Wotherspoon score for post-treatment evaluation. In the present study, we compared the WHO/Wotherspoon and GELA systems to examine which histological criterion is better for post-treatment evaluation. Methods: Fourteen cases of GML under long-term follow up were initially diagnosed according to the WHO criteria with detailed immunohistology, and were periodically evaluated with both histological criteria after anti-Helicobacter pylori treatment. They were also evaluated based on histological stromal changes accompanying the disappearance of lymphoma tissue. Results: The study showed strong similarities between the WHO/Wotherspoon and GELA systems and no clear advantage of either system for post-treatment evaluation. The GELA grade could not be used for the evaluation of changes in the degree of lymphoma infiltration from pre- to post-treatment because the four-item scale is not comparable with the formal six-point WHO/Wotherspoon scale. Stromal changes in the lamina propria, including an empty appearance and fibrosis, were correlated with lymphoma reduction after treatment and appear to be good indicators for post-treatment evaluation. Conclusion: We propose the utilization of the WHO/Wotherspoon score accompanied by the assessment of stromal changes for the post-treatment evaluation of GML.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 12/2008; 24(2):307-15. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from a giant cystic adenomyosis, with immunohistochemical analysis of p53 and laminin-5 gamma2 chain overexpression. Microscopically, not only clear cell adenocarcinoma showing myometrial invasion but also single-layered clear cell adenocarcinoma cells lining the cyst wall were observed. Transition from these single-layered tumor cells to papillary proliferative lesions of various degrees was recognized. Moreover, these tumor cells were continuous with minimal atypical cells. Although the tumor cells within the uterus showed a low positive cell ratio for p53, the metastatic foci showed a remarkable p53 overexpression. Laminin-5 gamma2 chain expression was low in papillary proliferation and high in myometrial invasion and metastatic foci. The single-layered tumor cells showing non-invasive proliferation also contained laminin-5 gamma2 chain-positive cells. When non-invasive tumor cells were considered to be at an early stage in tumor progression, some tumor cells had already acquired an invasive feature. p53 overexpression was not related to expression of the laminin-5 gamma2 chain.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 06/2008; 204(9):677-82. · 1.21 Impact Factor