H S Kohli

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandīgarh, Union Territory of Chandigarh, India

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Publications (2)1.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Renal disease during pregnancy is relatively uncommon. The diagnosis of renal disease before or during pregnancy was only 0.03% in a population-based study of pregnant women with kidney disease. However, there is a paucity of scientific data regarding the general topic of renal disease in pregnancy on which to base clinical management and counselling recommendations. A retrospective analysis of 14 year period was carried out in a referral hospital in northern India. Pregnant women were analyzed with respect to degree of renal impairment for the effect of renal disease on course of pregnancy, complications during pregnancy and perinatal outcome. Outcome of 30 pregnancies (29 women) was available during the study period of 14 years. Pregnancy outcome was comparable in all types of glomerulonephritis. Progression of the disease during pregnancy was observed in total six patients. Proteinuria was in the range of 800 mg/day to 6.2 g/day (2.802 +/- 1.519 g/day). Anemia was identified in 12(46.1%) and 3(7.7%) required multiple blood transfusions. Twenty-four (90%) women developed hypertension during pregnancy. Mild hypertension was seen in 40% patients and, 43.3% had severe hypertension requiring drug therapy. Obstetrical complications included a high frequency of preterm delivery (85%) and caesarean section (30%). Overall fetal survival rate was 77%. Most women with chronic renal disease will have a successful outcome if they receive proper prenatal care. Pregnant women with moderate or severe renal insufficiency have increased rates of complications due to worsening renal function, hypertension, and other obstetrical complications, but fetal survival is high.
    Archives of Gynecology 10/2008; 279(5):691-5. DOI:10.1007/s00404-008-0797-y · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of random urine protein-creatinine ratio for the prediction of significant proteinuria in patients with preeclampsia. 155 pregnant patients diagnosed to have hypertension in late pregnancy were instructed to collect urine during a 24-hour period. Protein-creatinine ratio was evaluated in a random urinary specimen. Out of these, 120 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The predictive value of the random urinary protein-creatinine ratio for the diagnosis of significant proteinuria was estimated by using a 300-mg protein level within the collected 24-hour urine as the gold standard. 104 patients (86.67%) had significant proteinuria. There was significant association between 24-hour protein excretion and the random urine protein-creatinine ratio (r(s)=0.596, P < .01). With a cut-off protein-creatinine ratio greater than 1.14 as a predictor of significant proteinuria, sensitivity and specificity were 72% and 75%, respectively. The positive predictive value was 94.9% and negative predictive value was 29.2%. The random urine protein-creatinine ratio was not a good predictor of significant proteinuria in patients with preeclampsia.
    Medscape journal of medicine 01/2008; 10(4):98.