H-S Lee

Samsung Medical Center, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (41)146.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Given the fragility of adult porcine islets, reduction of shearing stress in islet purification using histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) solution and iodixanol could be an effective strategy. We examined the effect of ductal preservation with HTK solution and an islet purification protocol that utilizes HTK solution and iodixanol in adult porcine islet isolation.
    Transplantation Proceedings 06/2014; 46(5):1628-32. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms near the interleukin (IL) 28B gene have been proposed to be associated with spontaneous clearance of the hepatitis C virus. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between IL28B polymorphisms and the rate of spontaneous hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroclearance by means of meta-analysis. MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE were utilized to identify relevant studies. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were analysed together to assess the strength of the association. Subgroup analyses were mainly performed according to ethnicity. A total of 4028 cases with persistent chronic hepatitis B and 2327 spontaneously recovered controls were included from 11 studies. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs12979860, had no significant association with HBsAg seroclearance (OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.84-1.14 in the dominant model; OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.68-1.46 in the recessive model; and OR = 0.95, 95% CI: 0.82-1.09 in the allelic model). The SNP, rs12980275, had no significant association either (OR = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.84-1.26 in the dominant model; OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 0.46-2.96 in the recessive model; and OR = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.86-1.26 in the allelic model), nor did the SNP, rs8099917 (OR = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.77-1.15 in the dominant model; OR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.34-1.62 in the recessive model; and OR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.77-1.13 in the allelic model). Similarly, the results of subgroup analyses by ethnicity also showed no association in either the Asian group or non-Asian group. We concluded that there was no significant association between common IL28B polymorphisms and the rate of spontaneous HBsAg seroclearance.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 03/2014; 21(3):163-70. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated that the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection with adefovir (ADV) can impair renal function. In contrast, treatment with telbivudine (LdT) improves renal function in CHB patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the renoprotective effect of LdT in CHB patients receiving ADV-based combination therapy. The effects of treatment with ADV + LdT on renal function were compared to those resulting from treatment with ADV + entecavir (ETV), ADV + lamivudine (LAM), ADV alone and ETV alone. The consecutive cohort analysis included 831 CHB patients who received ADV + LdT, ADV + LAM, ADV + ETV, ADV alone or ETV alone for 96 weeks. Alterations in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were compared between the five groups using a linear mixed-effects model. HBV DNA levels were also compared between the five groups during the 96-week period. Among the five treatment groups, significant improvements in eGFR were observed in the ADV + LdT and ADV + LAM groups over time (P < 0.001 for each group compared with baseline eGFR). In patients with a baseline eGFR between 50 and 90 mL/min, the change in eGFR was the most significant in the ADV + LdT group (+0.641 mL/min; P < 0.001). Age, gender, baseline eGFR and treatment option were significant predictive factors for eGFR changes. In conclusion, our results suggest that the combination therapy of LdT and ADV is significantly associated with renoprotective effects in CHB patients when compared with other ADV-based combination or single therapies.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 12/2013; · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that some mammalian microRNAs (miRNAs) play a role in antiviral defence. However, little is known about the role of miRNA-323b in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-host interaction. We explored whether single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of miRNA-323b affects HBV replication in a Korean HBV cohort. Genotyping was performed in a total of 1439 subjects composed of 404 spontaneously recovered (SR) subjects as normal controls and 1035 chronic carriers (CC) of HBV who were further classified into 313 patients with chronic hepatitis, 305 patients with liver cirrhosis and 417 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. To confirm the effect of SNP of miRNA-323b on HBV replication in vitro, HepAD38 cells were transfected with miRNA-323b wild type or miRNA-323b SNP plasmid vectors, and HBV replication was induced for 5 days. HBV DNA was isolated and quantified using real-time PCR. The polymorphism rs56103835C>T in the pre-miRNA region of miRNA-323b revealed significant minor allele frequency (0.273). rs56103835C>T SNP showed significantly affect persistence of HBV in CC group compared with SR group (OR = 1.29, P = 0.009 in a codominant model; OR = 1.29, P = 0.03 in a dominant model; and OR = 1.78, P = 0.03 in a recessive model). In vitro, the total intracellular HBV DNA content was significantly reduced by miRNA-323b wild-type plasmid vector transfection (P = 0.014). The polymorphism of miRNA-323b was significantly associated with persistence of HBV by the enhancement of HBV replication (P = 0.021). Our findings provide a novel perspective on the role SNP of miRNAs in host-virus interactions in HBV infection.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 12/2013; · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate positioning of locking screws depends on accurate insertion of the drill sleeve into the locking compression plate (LCP). The purpose of the present study was to determine factors affecting accurate drill sleeve insertion. Tilting and shallow locking screw holes and combination-type holes make it difficult to insert the drill sleeve in the LCP. Twenty-seven 3.5mm LCP metaphyseal insertion holes were selected (Philos(®), LPHP(®), DMTP(®), low-band DMTP(®) [Synthes, Solothurn, Switzerland]). Two orthopedic surgeons checked the time taken for accurate insertion of the drill sleeve into the plate. Variables relating to LCP drill sleeve insertion time were analyzed. It took an average 6.6seconds to insert the drill sleeve accurately in the holes. Insertion time increased with the tilt of the screw hole but not with shallowness. Insertion time in combination-type holes was longer (8.8seconds) than in single locking holes (5.6seconds). Tilted screw holes and combination-type holes affect the insertion of the drill sleeve into 3.5mm LCPs. Level IV, experimental study.
    Orthopaedics & Traumatology Surgery & Research 10/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the optimal method for transportation of isolated porcine islets from an isolation facility to a transplant hospital or research center in terms of temperature, oxygen supply, and shaking effect. Commercially available insulator boxes with thermoregulators exposed for 5 hours under two external temperatures (4°C and 37°C) were monitored using HOBO temperature loggers. To find the optimal transport device, we compared islet counts, viability, quality, and function in conical tubes, gas-permeable bags (GPB) and gas-permeable flasks (GPF) after 1, 3 and 5 hours. To evaluate the effects of shaking on islets, we also analyzed the difference between a control and a shaking group in each device with time. Commercially available Styrofoam insulators with thermoregulators maintained the internal temperature near the target. Islet recovery rate for GPF, which was higher than other devices, was maintained, while those decreased with time for conical tube and GPB containers adenosine diphosphate/adenosine triphosphate (ADP/ATP) ratio for GPF was lower than other devices, albeit not significantly fluoroscein acrimide/propidium iodide (AO/PI) ratio for GPF was higher than other devices after 5 hours. Glucose stimulated index was not different among the devices. In comparison with the control group, shaking yielded comparable islet survival, viability and function. Our study demonstrated that the use of commercially available insulator boxes with thermoregulators maintained internal temperature close to the target value and that GPF was more favorable for islet oxygenation during transportation. This study also suggested negligible impact of shaking on isolated porcine islets during transportation.
    Transplantation Proceedings 10/2013; 45(8):3097-101. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of cirrhotic patients with spontaneous peritonitis using antibiotics occasionally fails. Fungal infections may be one of the causes of antibiotic treatment failure in such patients. In this study we evaluated the clinical significance and characteristics of spontaneous fungal peritonitis (SFP). Consecutive cirrhotic patients with spontaneous peritonitis treated between 2000 and 2005 at a tertiary care center in Seoul, Korea, were included. We analyzed the clinical characteristics and the prognosis of SFP patients compared with patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). During the study period 416 patients developed spontaneous peritonitis and 15 (3.6 %) had SFP. Compared with patients with SBP, nosocomial peritonitis (peritonitis that developed after hospitalization for >72 h) was more common and the Child-Pugh score was higher in SFP patients (both, P < 0.01). Ten patients were infected with Candida spp. (C. albicans, 8; C. tropicalis, 1; C. glabrata, 1), and 5 with Cryptococcus neoformans. Eleven patients were co-infected with bacteria that were susceptible to the antibiotics administered. Only 5 patients were treated using appropriate anti-fungal agents. The 1-month mortality rate for SFP patients was 73.3 % (11 out of 15; median time to death, 2 days [range, 0-22]), which was significantly higher than patients with SBP alone (28.7 %, P = 0.0007). SFP is severe complication related to high mortality in cirrhotic patients. A longer admission and a higher Child-Pugh score may be risk factors. Immediate anti-fungal treatment is warranted in patients with spontaneous peritonitis, once fungus is found in the ascitic fluid.
    European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 09/2013; · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and periodontitis in a representative sample of Korean adults. Of 36 188 individuals who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2008, 2009, and 2010, 9977 participants aged ≥40 years were included in this cross-sectional study. The associations of BMD of lumbar spine, total femur, and femoral neck with periodontitis were investigated using logistic regression analysis. Additionally, dose-response relationships with BMD divided into quintiles and the association between osteoporosis and periodontitis were investigated. With the set of Community Periodontal Index (CPI) ≥ 3 as a dependent variable, logistic regression analysis revealed that a decrease of BMD was significantly associated with higher odds of periodontitis [range of adjusted odds ratios (AORs); 1.15-1.20, P < 0.001 for all BMD sites]. Similarly, these associations were also found in the CPI 4 model. With regard to dose-response relations, the lower the BMD quintile, the higher the AORs appeared with statistical significance in the CPI ≥ 3 model. (P for trend < 0.001) Participants with osteoporosis had 2.26 and 1.91 times higher odds for CPI ≥ 3 and CPI 4, respectively, than those with normal BMD, indicating a significant association between the two diseases. Our results suggest that BMD is significantly associated with periodontitis.
    Oral Diseases 08/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell culture of human-derived neural stem cells (NSCs) is a useful tool that contributes to our understanding of human brain development and allows for the development of therapies for intractable human brain disorders. Human NSC (hNSC) cultures, however, are not commonly used, mainly because of difficulty with consistently maintaining the cells in a healthy state. In this study, we show that hNSC cultures, unlike NSCs of rodent origins, are extremely sensitive to insulin, an indispensable culture supplement, and that the previously reported difficulty in culturing hNSCs is likely because of a lack of understanding of this relationship. Like other neural cell cultures, insulin is required for hNSC growth, as withdrawal of insulin supplementation results in massive cell death and delayed cell growth. However, severe apoptotic cell death was also detected in insulin concentrations optimized to rodent NSC cultures. Thus, healthy hNSC cultures were only produced in a narrow range of relatively low insulin concentrations. Insulin-mediated cell death manifested not only in all human NSCs tested, regardless of origin, but also in differentiated human neurons. The underlying cell death mechanism at high insulin concentrations was similar to insulin resistance, where cells became less responsive to insulin, resulting in a reduction in the activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway critical to cell survival signaling.
    Cell Death & Disease 08/2013; 4:e766. · 6.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among reports on the psychological variables that influence quality of life (QoL), none has addressed the impact of personality on QoL in patients with haemophilia. We investigated the impact of psychosocial variables including depression and personality on QoL in patients with severe haemophilia. A cross-sectional survey examining psychosocial and clinical characteristics was administered to Korean patients with severe haemophilia. Personality traits were ascertained using the 10-item short version of the Big Five Inventory, which quantifies five personality dimensions including extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness. Patient QoL and depression were measured by the World Health Organization Quality of Life-abbreviated version and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) respectively. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used for each domain to determine the impact of psychological variables on QoL. Of the 53 subjects who consented to participate, 46 cases were finally analysed. Multivariate linear regression analyses demonstrated that agreeableness was significantly and positively associated with the physical health domain of QoL. Openness was independently and positively associated with the psychological and social relationship domains of QoL. BDI scores were significantly and negatively associated with all four domains of the QoL. Persistent pain and joint impairment showed strong associations with all domains in a univariate analysis, but the impact was attenuated after adjusting for psychosocial variables. Personality and depression had strong impacts on QoL independent of physical status in patients with severe haemophilia. Providing psychological screening and intervention are recommended for enhancing QoL in patients with severe haemophilia.
    Haemophilia 06/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since the introduction of lamivudine to treat chronic hepatitis B (CHB), the prevalence of lamivudine resistance is increasing among orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) candidates in Korea. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of pre-OLT lamivudine-resistance on the post-OLT prognosis of recipients. Consecutive OLT recipient at a single tertiary care center (n = 8) between September 1999 and August 2009 were tested preoperatively for genotypic lamivudine resistance. We compared overall survival as well as incidences of graft failure, recurrent hepatitis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) between patients with (n = 35) versus without (n = 46) lamivudine-resistance. Mortality occurred in 2 resistant and 3 nonresistant individuals. The occurrences of graft failure, recurrent hepatitis, and HCC were 1, 2, and 2 cases, respectively, in the resistance group versus 2, 2, and 2 cases, respectively, in the nonresistance cohort. Univariate analysis showed no significant difference in survival, graft failure, HCC occurrence, and recurrent hepatitis. Our results indicated that pre-OLT lamivudine-resistance did not significantly affect the post-OLT prognosis. Thus, lamivudine-resistance may not be a barrier when considering OLT in patients with underlying CHB as a therapeutic modality, if it is treated with appropriate antiviral agents.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2013; 45(1):231-5. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) belonging to endogenous danger signals prolongs eosinophil survival and acts as a chemoattractant. The authors evaluated the role of HMGB1 in the pathogenesis of asthma characterized by eosinophilic airway inflammation. Firstly, HMGB1 expressions in induced sputum obtained from human asthmatics were determined. This was followed by an evaluation of the role of HMGB1 in a murine model of asthma using anti-HMGB1 antibodies. Then the effect of HMGB1 on the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE) expressions on CD11b-CD11c(+) cells isolated from a murine model of asthma were measured to elucidate the mechanisms involved. Sputum HMGB1 expressions were markedly higher in asthmatics than in normal controls, and were positively correlated with sputum eosinophilia and sputum TNF-α, IL-5 and IL-13 expressions. In a murine model of asthma, HMGB1 expressions in lung tissue and HMGB1 levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly elevated and eosinophilic airway inflammation, non-specific airway hyperresponsiveness, and pathological changes were attenuated by blocking HMGB1 activity. Furthermore, we found that enhanced RAGE expressions on CD11b-CD11c(+) also significantly decreased when HMGB1 activity was blocked. Our findings suggest that HMGB1 plays a key role in the pathogenesis of clinical and experimental asthma characterized by eosinophilic airway inflammation.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 06/2012; 42(6):958-65. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Structural abnormalities include various types of translocations, inversions, deletions, duplications and isochromosomes. Structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome are estimated to affect less than 1% of the newborn male population and are particularly hazardous for male reproductive function. The objective of this study was to characterize a group of patients with structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome. All patients who visited our laboratory between 2007 and 2010 underwent cytogenetic investigations. Among these, we detected 26 patients with structural abnormalities of the Y chromosome. To confirm the structural Y chromosome alterations, we used special bandings, FISH and multiplex PCR to detect Y chromosome microdeletions. Of the 26 patients presented here, 11 had an isodicentric Y chromosome, 7 had an inversion, 3 had a translocation, 2 had a derivative, 2 had a Yqs and 1 had a deletion. Sixteen were diagnosed with azoospermia, 8 as normal fertile males and 1 as a man who was unable to donate semen due to mental retardation. One of the patients having 45,X/46,X,idic(Y) was reported to be phenotypically female with primary amenorrhea and without uterus. Deletions of the AZFbc region were correlated with the sperm concentration (p < 0.05), but no correlation with the levels of FSH, LH, testosterone, prolactin and estradiol were found. The present report shows that the precise identification of structural Y chromosome aberrations may be clinically important for genetic counseling and assisted reproductive technology treatment.
    Cytogenetic and Genome Research 01/2012; 136(4):270-7. · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • H-S Lee, S-C Bae
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    ABSTRACT: Recent progress in genetics has expanded the number of the genes associated with SLE to more than 20 in the past 2 years. One might assign these candidate genetic factors into several pre-existing biological pathways: (i) innate immune response including TLR/interferon signaling pathways (IRF5, STAT4, TNFAIP3, and TREX1); (ii) adaptive immune response (HLA-DR, PTPN22, PDCD1, STAT4, LYN, BLK, and BANK1) including B, T cells, and antigen-presenting cells; and (iii) immune complex clearance mechanism (FCGRs, CRP, and ITGAM). In addition, there are also several genes and loci that could not be assigned into previous known pathways (KIAA1542, PXK, XKR6, ATG5, etc), providing possible novel mechanisms in SLE. It has also been evident that there are similarities and differences in SLE susceptibility loci across ethnic groups. Here we categorize the susceptible genes into four groups. The first group is the consistently associated genes with similar risk allele frequency between multiple ethnic populations such as STAT4, TNFAIP3, BANK1, and IRAK1/MECP2. The second group is the genes that are consistently associated but show marked difference in risk allele frequency (BLK, IRF5). The third group is the genes in which different risk variants exist within a gene or genetic loci (allelic heterogeneity) such as HLA-DR, FCGRs, and IRF5. The fourth group is the genes that show consistently discrepancy between populations such as PTPN22 and possibly ITGAM, PXK, and LYN (genetic heterogeneity). The possible explanations for differences of susceptible genetic factors between populations could be different genetic backgrounds, contribution of gene-gene or gene-environment interaction, and the relation between marker and causal variants. Therefore, efforts to identify ethnic-specific genetic factors or disease causing variants should be necessary for individualized therapy for SLE in future.
    Lupus 01/2010; 19(12):1452-9. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute hepatitis A (AHA) is one of the most common infectious diseases; it is usually a self-limiting disease affecting the liver. Although extrahepatic manifestations are not common, some cases have been reported associated with acute renal failure. We reviewed the clinical features of patients with AHA complicated by acute renal failure (ARF group) and compared them with patients with noncomplicated AHA (non-ARF group). The medical records of 208 consecutive patients with AHA who were diagnosed between January 2003 and October 2008 were reviewed. We identified 15 patients (7.2%) with ARF associated with AHA. There were no differences between the ARF and non-ARF group with regard to gender and age. The peak value of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (median: 6060 IU/L vs 1792 IU/L, P < 0.001), prothrombin time (PT) (International normalized ratio, median 1.72 vs 1.10, P < 0.001), and total bilirubin level (median: 9.6 mg/dL vs 6.3 mg/dL, P = 0.04) were significantly higher in the ARF than in the non-ARF group. Twelve patients (80%) recovered completely with haemodialysis (seven patients, 46.7%) or only conservative management (five patients, 33.3%), while one patient underwent liver transplantation because of fulminant hepatic failure, and two patients died because of fulminant hepatic failure. There were no deaths among patients with noncomplicated AHA in the non-ARF group. Five patients underwent kidney biopsy; two patients were diagnosed with acute tubular necrosis, two patients with acute interstitial nephritis with IgA nephropathy and one patient with acute tubulointerstitial nephritis. All patients in the ARF group had microscopic haematuria and proteinuria (100%vs 31.1%, P < 0.001). Urine sodium levels were more than 10 mEq/L in 10 patients. The findings of high urinary sodium concentrations, microscopic haematuria and proteinuria did not support the diagnosis of hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). Patients with AHA with ARF had higher ALT levels, more prolonged PTs, and higher total bilirubin levels. The prognosis for these patients was poorer than for those without ARF. However, the patients with ARF and nonfulminant AHA had recovered with proper treatment and should not be confused with patients that have HRS.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 10/2009; 17(9):611-7. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies showed that several genetic polymorphisms might influence the clinical outcome of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, including HBV clearance or development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to determine whether polymorphisms of the transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) gene are associated with clinical outcome of HBV infection. A total of 1096 Korean subjects having either present or past evidence of HBV infection were prospectively enrolled between January 2001 and August 2003. Among 16 genetic variants in TGFA gene, nine variants were genotyped using TaqMan assay and the genetic association with HBV clearance and HCC occurrence was analysed. Statistical analyses revealed that TGFA+103461T>C, TGFA+106151C>G and TGFA-ht2 were marginally associated with clearance of HBV infection. However, only TGFA-ht2 retained significance after multiple correction (OR = 0.39, P(corr) = 0.007 in recessive model). Although no variants were significant after multiple correction, TGFA+88344G>A and TGFA+103461T>C were weakly associated in recessive model in the analysis of HCC occurrence. In addition, Cox relative hazards model also revealed that TGFA+88344G>A was associated with onset age of HCC occurrence in subjects (RH = 1.46, P(corr) = 0.04). TGF-alpha polymorphisms might be an important factor in immunity, progression of inflammatory process and carcinogenesis, which explains the variable outcome of HBV infection at least in part. Further biological evidence is warranted in the future to support these suggestive associations.
    Journal of Viral Hepatitis 09/2009; 17(7):518-26. · 3.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the effect of treatment with hyaluronic acid (HA) on cartilage in osteoarthritis (OA) can be determined by measuring the magnetic resonance (MR) T2 value of cartilage in an anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLX) animal model. Eighteen male Sprague Dawley rats were separated randomly into three groups (n=6 for each group). Group 1 was given ACLX and intra-articular (IA) normal saline (NS) injection (ACLX+NS), group 2 was given ACLX and IA HA injection (ACLX+HA), and group 3 was the sham control. The ACLX+NS and ACLX+HA groups received ACLX on the right knee at 8 weeks of age and were then treated with IA NS or HA injection once a week, respectively, for 4 weeks starting at 13 weeks of age. In the sham-control group, the right knee joint was opened surgically but ACLX was not performed at 8 weeks of age. MR T2 measurements were obtained on all rats at 8, 12, and 21 weeks of age, and histological Mankin scoring was performed at 21 weeks of age. Five weeks after the 4-week treatment, the MR T2 value of the ACLX right knee cartilage was significantly lower in ACLX+HA (29.58+/-1.12ms) than in ACLX+NS (32.04+/-1.39ms) (P<0.05). Five weeks after the 4-week treatment, the Mankin score of the ACLX right knee was significantly lower in ACLX+HA (3.3+/-0.81) than in ACLX+NS (7.3+/-1.03) (P<0.001). The T2 value was significantly and positively correlated with the Mankin score in the ACLX+NS (rho=0.77, P<0.05) and ACLX+HA (rho=0.69, P<0.05) groups. This study demonstrates the feasibility of quantitative MR T2 measurement in the early assessment of HA treatment efficiency in a cartilage degeneration model.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 09/2009; 18(1):54-60. · 4.26 Impact Factor
  • Neurology 08/2009; 73(1):e8. · 8.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorine-free SmFeAsO1−x single crystals of a nominal composition with x = 0.15 were grown under the pressure of 3.3 GPa and at 1350–1450 °C by using the self-flux method. Plate-shaped crystals of a few–200 µm in lateral size were obtained. The resistively determined superconducting transition of a single crystal was at about 53.5 K, with a narrow resistive transition width of 0.5 K. The detailed crystal structure was analyzed by using synchrotron-irradiated x-ray diffractometry and high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. A sharp transition, a low residual resistivity, and a large residual resistivity ratio indicate the high quality of our single crystals. The temperature and magnetic field dependences of the magnetization also confirmed the absence of extrinsic impurity phases.
    Superconductor Science and Technology 06/2009; 22(7):075023. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been many genetic studies of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Asia, but the status of SLE in Asia remains unclear. Genes that have been associated with SLE in Caucasians have shown both consistent and inconsistent results in Asians. This prompted us to review studies of SLE-associated genes and compare the degree of consistency according to ethnicity in Asia. We searched PubMed and the national databases in Korea and Japan for SLE genetic studies. A total of 755 articles were found and after applying various exclusion criteria, 442 studies including 17 linkage studies, 2 genome-wide association studies and 423 candidate-gene analyses were reviewed. Nine linkage loci were confirmed to be associated with SLE susceptibility in non-Asians, but the risk locus (16q12) has been identified in only one Asian study. A total of 156 candidate genes were analyzed, of which 92 were studied in Asians. Although there were allelic (HLA-DRB1 and IRF5) or genetic heterogeneity (FCGR gene family), HLA-DRB1, the FCGR gene family, IRF5, STAT4 and MECP2 showed consistent associations with SLE susceptibility across ethnicities. In conclusion, genetic associations often vary with ethnicity, requiring validation in different ethnic groups, and hence future SLE genetic studies will require strong worldwide collaborations.
    Genes and immunity 05/2009; 10(5):421-32. · 4.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

417 Citations
146.93 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Samsung Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005–2013
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
    • National Defense Medical Center
      • Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Ewha Womans University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Pohang University of Science and Technology
      • Department of Physics
      Andong, North Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2005–2009
    • Tri-Service General Hospital
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2008
    • Chonbuk National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006
    • Kyung Hee University
      • Department of East-West Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea