H Kobayashi

Kumamoto University, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (3)7.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the role of macrophage class A scavenger receptors (SR-A, CD204) in oxidative lung injury, we examined lung tissue of SR-A deficient (SR-A(-/-)) and wild-type (SR-A(+/+)) mice in response to hyperoxic treatment. Protein levels of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pulmonary oedema (wet : dry weight ratios) were higher in SR-A(-/-) mice than those in SR-A(+/+) mice. Cumulative survival was significantly decreased in SR-A(-/-) mice. However, there were no differences in BALF macrophage and neutrophil count between the two groups. Real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were increased during hyperoxic injury, and this increase was more prominent in SR-A(-/-) mice. Expression levels of iNOS in alveolar macrophages after hyperoxia in vivo and in vitro were higher in SR-A(-/-) macrophages compared with SR-A(+/+) macrophages. Immunohistochemistry using anti-nitrotyrosine antibodies revealed distinctive oxidative stress in the injured lung in both groups, but it was more remarkable in the SR-A(-/-) mice. After hyperoxic treatment, pulmonary mRNA levels of tumour necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-alpha) were elevated more rapidly in SR-A(-/-) mice than in SR-A(+/+) mice. Together these results suggest that SR-A expression attenuates hyperoxia-induced lung injury by reducing macrophage activation.
    The Journal of Pathology 06/2007; 212(1):38-46. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 20-year-old woman was admitted to another hospital due to schizophrenia in July 2003. The patient felt chest pain and palpitation in August, and she was referred to our hospital. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a mass in the left thoracic cavity and a pleural/pericardial effusion. Since general condition did not improved in spite of aggressive supportive treatment, surgical treatment was chosen. An operation was performed via median sternotomy in September. The tumor was found to have adhered firmly to the surrounding organs. Pericardial fenestration was performed; then the tumor was resected with the left phrenic nerve due to tight adhesion. The patient received respiratory support in the intensive care unit for 5 days after surgery, uneventfully. Twenty-three months after surgery, she is surviving and free from schizophrenic symptoms without medication.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 01/2006; 58(13):1166-8.
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    ABSTRACT: On February 25, 2004, 59-year-old woman visited a local clinic due to lower abdominal pain. On February 28, she was admitted to the clinic due to severe abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) showed a mass in the lower abdomen and plural effusion and athelectasis of the right lung. She had severe anemia (Hb 6.9 g/dl). On March 1, she was transferred to our hospital. Pleural fluid was revealed to be sanguineous by thoracentasis. She underwent thoracotomy on the day of admission. There was no source of bleeding in the pleural space. A small pore, 3 mm in diameter, was found in the tendinous portion of the diaphragm. An influx of bloody fluid from the abdomen via the pore caused hemothorax. Laparotomy was performed, followed by closure of the pore using direct suture. The origin of the abdominal bleeding was pedicle torsion of the right ovarian tumor. Seven months after surgery she was uneventful with no pleural effusion.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 06/2005; 58(5):422-5.