H Abe

Niigata University, Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan

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Publications (58)55.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The caveolin 1 to caveolin 2 (CAV1-CAV2) gene region on chromosome 7q31 has been reported to be associated with susceptibility to primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal tension glaucoma (NTG) in previous studies. We investigated whether genetic variants in the CAV1-CAV2 region are associated with NTG in Japanese patients. Two hundred and ninety-two Japanese patients with NTG and 352 Japanese healthy controls were recruited. We genotyped three single-nucleotide polymorphisms; that is, rs1052990, rs4236601, and rs7795356, in the CAV1-CAV2 gene region and assessed the allelic diversity among cases and controls. The frequency of the minor allele (G) of rs1052990 was significantly decreased in NTG cases compared with controls (P=0.014, OR=0.71), whereas NTG or POAG cases had a significantly higher frequency of the allele than controls in previous studies. Conversely, rs7795356 did not show any significant association with NTG cases, and rs4236601 was monomorphic in the Japanese study population. Our findings did not correspond with previous positive results, suggesting that CAV1-CAV2 variants studied in the present study are not important risk factors for NTG susceptibility in all populations. Further studies are needed to elucidate the possible contribution of the CAV1-CAV2 region to the development of glaucoma.Eye advance online publication, 7 June 2013; doi:10.1038/eye.2013.123.
    Eye (London, England) 06/2013; 27(8). DOI:10.1038/eye.2013.123 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether the GLC3A locus harboring the CYP1B1 gene is associated with normal tension glaucoma (NTG) in Japanese patients. One hundred forty-two Japanese patients with NTG and 101 Japanese healthy controls were recruited. Patients exhibiting a comparatively early onset were selected as this suggests that genetic factors may show stronger involvement. Genotyping and assessment of allelic diversity was performed on 13 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers in and around the GLC3A locus. There were decreased frequencies of the 444 allele of D2S0416i and the 258 allele of D2S0425i in cases compared to controls (P = 0.022 and P = 0.034, respectively). However, this statistical significance disappeared when corrected (Pc > 0.05). We did not find any significant association between the remaining 11 microsatellite markers, including D2S177, which may be associated with CYP1B1, and NTG (P > 0.05). Our study showed no association between the GLCA3 locus and NTG, suggesting that the CYP1B1 gene, which is reportedly involved in a range of glaucoma phenotypes, may not be an associated factor in the pathogenesis of NTG.
    Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 02/2009; 3:183-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to elucidate the effects of timolol and dorzolamide on intraocular pressure (IOP) and retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in an experimental model of glaucoma in rat. Mild elevation of IOP was induced in rats by intracameral injection of India ink and subsequent laser trabecular photocoagulation. IOP was measured before the surgical procedures and weekly thereafter. Timolol (0.5%), timolol XE (0.5%), dorzolamide (1%), and artificial tears (vehicle) were topically applied daily. Retinal sections were prepared for histology to determine RGC number. Timolol, timolol XE, and dorzolamide induced a significant reduction in IOP (p<0.05) and counteracted the reduction in RGC number that occurred in vehicle treated glaucomatous eyes (p<0.05). The coefficient of correlation between RGC number and IOP was significant in the dorzolamide treated group (r = -0.908, p<0.005), but not in other groups (p>0.05). Both timolol formulation and dorzolamide reduced IOP and protected RGCs in a rat model of experimental glaucoma. It cannot be ruled out that timolol might protect RGCs by additional mechanisms other than simply lowering of IOP.
    British Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2005; 89(4):504-7. DOI:10.1136/bjo.2004.052860 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a patient with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous(PHPV) who presented with acute angle-closure glaucoma in his adult life. A 30-year-old man had an attack of acute angle-closure glaucoma associated with retrolenticular fibrous tissue, atrophic retina, and elongated cilliary process in his right eye. Ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM) study showed iris bowing, shallow anterior chamber, and elongated cilliary body which were being pulled by the retrolenticular mass. The posterior chamber was normal. Although the mechanisms of secondary angle-closure glaucoma in PHPV are complicated, we suspected pupillary block resulting from constriction by the retrolenticular mass in this case.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 11/2001; 105(10):711-5. DOI:10.1016/S0021-5155(01)00520-2
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the control of intraocular pressure(IOP) by various types of blebs after non-penetrating trabeculectomy(NPT) and the difference between bleb formation after penetrating trabeculectomy(PT) and that after NPT. The filtering blebs of 45 yeys from 40 patients after NPT were studied using ultrasound biomicroscopy. They were grouped into four types, and the space under the scleral flap was classified into three types. The filtering blebs and the space under the scleral flap were correlated with IOP level. Overall, 40% of the blebs were L(low-reflective) type, 16% H(high-reflective) type, 16% E (encapsulated) type, and 29% F(flattened) type, but in good IOP control cases 59% of the blebs were L type, 14% H type, 14% E type, and 14% F type. L type blebs were found in 94% of eyes with good IOP control. Though filtering blebs of the L type could produce sufficient IOP reduction, blebs after NPT showed a greater tendency to become flattened than after PT. Additional systematic therapy must be designed to maintain the L type of filtering blebs after NPT.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 08/2001; 105(7):447-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the role in the eye of chondromodulin (ChM)-I, which has been identified in cartilage as an angiogenic inhibitor, the expression and localization and a possible function of ChM-I were investigated. Expression and localization of ChM-I in rat eyes were examined by RNase protection assay and in situ hybridization and by immunostaining, using an antibody against a synthetic peptide. The effect of recombinant ChM-I on tube morphogenesis of retinal endothelial cells was examined in culture. The rat ChM-I gene was determined to encode the open reading frame of 334 amino acid residues, and ChM-I mRNA was exclusively expressed in cartilage, eye, and cerebellum in rats. ChM-I mRNA expression was evident in the iris-ciliary body, retina, and scleral compartments, but not in other compartments of the eye. In situ hybridization revealed mRNA expression in the ganglion cells, inner nuclear layer cells, and pigment epithelium in the retina and in the nonpigment epithelium of the ciliary body. Immunoreactive ChM-I was present in these cells and also in the vitreous body. Western blot analysis detected an approximately 25-kDa band of ChM-I presumed as a secretory form in the aqueous humor and vitreous body and an approximately 37-kDa band as a precursor form in the retina. Recombinant human ChM-I inhibited tube morphogenesis of human retinal endothelial cells in vitro. These observations indicate a potential role for ChM-I in inhibition of angiogenesis in the rat eye.
    Investigative Ophthalmology &amp Visual Science 06/2001; 42(6):1193-200. · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of the cell adhesion glycoproteins, laminin, fibronectin, tenascin, vitronectin, thrombospondin, and entactin/nidogen, was examined in the human lamina cribrosa. Frozen sections of the optic nerve head from 7 normal human elderly donors were stained by immunohistochemistry. All six glycoproteins were detected in this tissue. While laminin and entactin/nidogen were observed linearly, reflecting the localization of basement membranes, fibronectin was identified diffusely. Marked tenascin immunoreactivity was apparent in the lamina cribrosa, but little or no tenascin staining was detected in the sclera. Vitronectin showed a fine fibrillar staining pattern in the lamina cribrosa, and, to a lesser extent, in the sclera and pial septa. Thrombospondin staining was apparent only in the sclera and the lamina cribrosa, which traversed the optic nerve. These results indicate that extracellular matrix components in the lamina cribrosa differ from those in the sclera or pial septa. This study is the first report that the human lamina cribrosa includes vitronectin and thrombospondin.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2001; 45(4):363-7. DOI:10.1016/S0021-5155(01)00331-8 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined ultrastructurally the localization of myocilin (formerly called trabecular meshwork inducible glucocorticoid response, or TIGR) protein in cultured human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells and in normal human TM tissues. The TM, a specialized tissue located at the chamber angle of the eye, is believed to be responsible for the development of glaucoma. The myocilin gene has been directly linked to both juvenile and primary open-angle glaucomas, and multiple mutations have been identified. Human TM cells were treated with 0.1 mM of dexamethasone (DEX) to induce myocilin expression. This protein was immunolocalized by colloidal gold electron microscopy using an anti-human myocilin polyclonal antibody. Double labeling with different sizes of gold particles was also performed with additional monoclonal antibodies specific for cell organelles and structures. In both DEX-treated and untreated cultured cells, myocilin was associated with mitochondria, cytoplasmic filaments, and vesicles. In TM tissues, myocilin was localized to mitochondria and cytoplasmic filaments of TM cells, elastic-like fibers in trabecular beams, and extracellular matrices in the juxtacanalicular region. These results indicate that myocilin is localized both intracellularly and extracellularly at multiple sites. This protein may exert diverse biological functions at different sites.
    Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 11/2000; 48(10):1321-30. DOI:10.1177/002215540004801003 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine collagen fibrils in 3 nanophthalmos sclerae and to compare them with normal control sclerae morphometrically. Three cases of nanophthalmos associated with uveal effusion were studied. When sclerectomy was performed, scleral specimens were collected and fixed with 3% glutaraldehyde/2.5% paraformaldehyde. After epon-embedding and ultrathin sectioning, they were examined by transmission electron microscopy. Collagen fibrils from both nanophthalmos and normal control sclerae were compared in diameters and numbers per micron 2 areas. All scleral tissues from the three cases were associated with irregularly woven and unclear collagen bundles. Several abnormal findings, such as twisting or fraying, were also detected in a few collagen fibrils. The diameter and density of normal-appearing collagen fibrils that occupied most areas of nanophthalmos sclerae were the same as those from normal control sclerae morphometrically. Although nanophthalmos sclerae even with uveal effusion showed thick irregular collagen bundles and a few abnormal collagen fibrils, most collagen fibrils appeared the same as normal controls.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 11/2000; 104(10):706-10. DOI:10.1016/S0021-5155(00)00369-5
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We attempted to analyze the three-dimensional ultrastructure of human corneal and scleral collagen fibrils with an atomic force microscope (AFM).Methods: A normal eye removed from a 66-year-old male was used in the study. Suspended corneal and scleral collagen fibrils were individually attached to glass slides by centrifugation. These collagen fibrils were air-dried and observed with a noncontact mode AFM in air.Results: AFM imaging provided information on the surface topography of both corneal and scleral collagen fibrils. The corneal collagen fibrils had a height of 11.9 +/- 1.0 (mean +/- standard deviation) nm and the scleral fibrils of 82.5 +/- 35.6 nm. A periodic banding pattern of grooves and ridges was clearly found in both types of fibrils: the D-periodicity and the groove depth were 65.7 +/- 0.8 nm and 1.46 +/- 0.50 nm in the corneal fibrils, and 67.3 +/- 1.1 nm and 6.16 +/- 1. 23 nm in the scleral fibrils.Conclusions: Surface topographic images of human corneal and scleral collagen fibrils were clearly obtained with the AFM. This technique provides quantitative information on the surface morphology of the collagen fibrils at high resolution.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 06/2000; 44(3):318. · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was performed to analyse the structure of non-digested and digested collagen type I molecules by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Collagen type I molecules from the bovine skin were diluted with 0.05 N acetic acid, spread on a mica plate, air-dried and observed by non-contact mode AFM in air. Collagen molecules digested with Clostridium histolyticum collagenase were also examined by AFM. Intact collagen type I molecules were observed as twisted threads ranging mainly between 280 and 310 nm in length. The surface of the molecules was uneven and both ends usually slightly bulged like a globule. Depressions on the molecules were found throughout the length, and were most prominent approximately 70 nm from one end of the molecules. The collagenase-treated collagen molecules were degraded into fragments with various lengths, which corresponded to the data from sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis. The end of these fragments often appeared like a tuft, suggesting that the triple-helix unraveled at these regions.
    Journal of Electron Microscopy 02/2000; 49(3):423-7. DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.jmicro.a023824 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We attempted to analyze the three-dimensional ultrastructure of human corneal and scleral collagen fibrils with an atomic force microscope (AFM). A normal eye removed from a 66-year-old male was used in the study. Suspended corneal and scleral collagen fibrils were individually attached to glass slides by centrifugation. These collagen fibrils were air-dried and observed with a non-contact mode AFM in air. AFM imaging provided information on the surface topography of both corneal and scleral collagen fibrils. The corneal collagen fibrils had a height of 11.9 +/- 1.0 (mean +/- standard deviation) nm and the scleral fibrils of 82.5 +/- 35.6 nm. A periodic banding pattern of grooves and ridges was clearly found in both types of fibrils; the D-periodicity and the groove depth were 65.7 +/- 0.8 nm and 1.46 +/- 0.50 nm in the corneal fibrils, and 67.3 +/- 1.1 nm and 6.16 +/- 1.23 nm in the scleral fibrils. Surface topographic images of human corneal and scleral collagen fibrils were clearly obtained with the AFM. This technique provides quantitative information on the surface morphology of the collagen fibrils at high resolution.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 12/1999; 103(11):800-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether any differences may exist in the relation between the neural capacity as determined by high pass resolution perimetry and the thickness of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) in patients having normal tension glaucoma (NTG) with a relatively high intraocular pressure (IOP) between 16 and 21 mm Hg (HNTG) v those with a lower IOP below 15 mm Hg (LNTG). Scanning laser polarimetry and high pass resolution perimetry were performed in 20 eyes of 20 patients with HNTG and 21 eyes of 21 patients with LNTG. The correlation between total and regional thickness of the peripapillary RNFL and the corresponding total and regional neural capacity with linear regression analysis were evaluated. Overall, although the total RNFL thickness was not significantly correlated with the total neural capacity, the RNFL thickness in each of the superior and inferior quadrants was significantly correlated with the corresponding regional neural capacity (r = 0.44, p = 0.0045; r = 0.39, p = 0.0126 for each). The RNFL thickness in each of the superior and inferior quadrants in the HNTG group was significantly correlated with the corresponding regional neural capacity (r = 0.52, p = 0.0196; r = 0.49, p = 0.0286 for each). No significant correlation between neural capacity and the RNFL thickness was observed either globally or regionally in the LNTG group. The degree of the correlation between neural capacity as determined by high pass resolution perimetry and thickness of the RNFL as measured by scanning laser polarimetry appeared to differ in NTG patients with an IOP higher than 15 mm Hg v those with a lower IOP.
    British Journal of Ophthalmology 04/1999; 83(3):353-7. DOI:10.1136/bjo.83.3.353 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Remodeling of the extracellular matrix occurs in the lamina cribrosa in progressed glaucomatous optic nerve damage including disc cupping. We examined immunohistochemical changes in the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in the optic nerve heads in experimentally induced glaucoma. We used 3 cynomolgus and 2 Japanese monkey eyes. Glaucoma was induced by repeated argon laser photocoagulation of the chamber angle. Eyes were enucleated after disc cupping had formed 3 to 5 months after treatment. The optic nerve head was examined for expression of TGF beta 1, beta 2, and beta 3, and PDGF A and B in frozen sections and by the biotin-ExtrAvidin-Alkali Phosphatase method. Normal monkey eyes showed TGF beta 1, beta 2, and beta 3, and PDGF A, and B in the optic nerve head including the nerve fibers, glial cells, and vascular cells. Glaucomatous eyes showed stronger expression of TGF beta 1 and beta 2 in the glial cells around the lamina cribrosa. The staining intensities for TGF beta 3, PDGF A, and PDGF B were the same as in normal eyes. Eyes with experimental glaucoma showed higher expressions of TGF beta 1 and beta 2 around the lamina cribrosa. This finding may show upregulation of extracellular matrix production as related to remodeling of the lamina cribrosa in glaucoma.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 04/1999; 103(3):193-200.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine it there are any age-dependent changes in the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in the peripapillary area. Sixty normal volunteers (31 men, 29 women) (120 eyes) whose ages ranged from 23-75 years (mean 48.4 years) participated in this study. The thickness of the RNFL was determined using a scanning laser polarimeter along the peripapillary area with a 1.75 disc diameter and along another ring 0.8 mm away from the disc margin. The thickness of the RNFL was not significantly correlated with age in either of the two ring areas. However, the RNFL thickness ratio of total/nasal area decreased significantly with increase in age in both rings. There was an increase in the difference of RNFL thickness between the right and left eyes of the same individual with aging, in both rings. It was suggested that the RNFL thickness determined along both rings demonstrated almost identically the relationship between age and RNFL thickness in normal subjects.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 01/1999; 43(3):180-5. DOI:10.1016/S0021-5155(99)00015-5 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the characteristics of 10 glaucomatous cases with microcornea, we measured corneal diameter, curvature, axial length, and depth of anterior chamber, and examined the eyes with a specular microscope and an ultrasound biomicroscope. The ten cases examined in this study included 1 case of cornea plana, 2 cases of sclerocornea, 2 cases of nanophthalmos, and 5 cases of anterior microphthalmos. Three of the 10 cases were combined with open angle glaucoma, and the others with closed angle glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma seemed like developmental glaucoma with angle maldevelopment. The closed angle type may appear at a younger age than in patients who have simple pupilary block. There are probably complex mechanisms related with closed angle glaucoma with microcornea. While differential diagnosis among these cases is relatively easy, we should evaluate how or why the intraocular pressure rises as far as possible before forming a treatment plan for each patient.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 12/1998; 102(11):746-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relation between the optic disc size and the thickness of the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) in normal Japanese subjects by means of scanning laser polarimetry. Scanning laser polarimetry was performed in 60 normal subjects. One eye of each subject was randomly selected for study. Using a scanning laser polarimeter, the integral of RNFL thickness was measured totally and regionally within a circular band located 1.75 disc diameters from the centre of the optic disc. The correlation between the optic disc size and the integral of RNFL thickness was examined. The optic disc size showed a significant correlation with the integral of RNFL thickness (R = 0.497, p < 0.001). A significant negative correlation was observed between the optic disc size and the ratio of inferior integral to total integral of RNFL thickness (R = -0.274, p = 0.034). The cross sectional area occupied by the RNF, measured by scanning laser polarimetry increased significantly with an increase in optic disc size while the ratio of inferior to total cross sectional area decreased significantly. These facts should be considered when one evaluates the RNFL thickness in patients with progressive optic neuropathies such as glaucoma.
    British Journal of Ophthalmology 12/1998; 82(11):1242-5. DOI:10.1136/bjo.82.11.1242 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aquaporin (AQP) 5 gene was recently isolated from salivary gland and identified as a member of the AQP family. The mRNA expression and localization have been examined in several organs. The present study was focused on elucidation of AQP5 expression and localization in the eye, salivary gland, and lung in rat. RNase protection assay confirmed intense expression of AQP5 mRNA in these organs but negligible expression in other organs. To examine the mRNA expression sites in the eye, several portions were microdissected for total RNA isolation. AQP5 mRNA was enriched in cornea but not in other portions (retina, lens, iris/ciliary body, conjunctiva, or sclera). AQP5 was selectively localized on the surface of corneal epithelium in the eye by immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy using an affinity-purified anti-AQP5 antibody. AQP5 was also localized on apical membranes of acinar cells in the lacrimal gland and on the microvilli protruding into intracellular secretory canaliculi of the serous salivary gland. In the lung, apical membranes of type I pulmonary epithelial cells were also immunostained with the antibody. These findings suggest a role of AQP5 in water transport to prevent dehydration or to secrete watery products in these tissues.
    The American journal of physiology 11/1998; 275(4 Pt 1):C1151-7. · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We used a specular microscope to evaluate the corneal endothelial cells in 119 eyes before and 2 to 3 weeks after trabeculectomy with topical mitomycin C. The endothelial cell density per square millimeter averaged 2,569 +/- 487 (mean +/- standard deviation) before surgery and 2,444 +/- 536 after surgery, showing a decrease of 4.98%. The hexagonality decreased by 1.7%, the coefficient of variation increased by 1.9, and the average cell area increased by 6.82%. There were no statistical differences as a whole in these values. Decrease in hexagonality was more frequent in eyes with prior intraocular or glaucoma surgery. Eyes treated by laser trabeculoplasty showed a decrease in endothelial cell density, an increase in coefficient of variation and an increase in hexagonality. Eyes with postoperative flat anterior chamber showed significant changes in each parameter. The findings show that trabeculectomy with topical mitomycin C does not significantly affect the corneal endothelial cells at 2 to 3 weeks after surgery.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 07/1998; 102(6):365-70.
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    ABSTRACT: We measured the thickness of retinal never fiber layer (RNFLT) in the peripapillary area in 120 eyes of 60 normal subjects. We used a scanning laser polarimeter, or Never Fiver Analyzer (NFA) by Laser Diagnostic Technologies, USA. Measurements were made along the peripapillary ring with the diameter of 1.75 disc diameter (DD) and another one 0.8 mm away from the disc margin. The RNFLT was not significantly correlated with age along The two rings. The RNFLT ratio of total/nasal area significantly decreased with increase in age. There was an increase in the difference of RNFLT between both eyes with increase in age in spite of considerable interindividual variations. The RNFLT values along both rings thus showed age-related changes in normal subjects.
    Nippon Ganka Gakkai zasshi 07/1998; 102(6):383-8.

Publication Stats

668 Citations
55.37 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2013
    • Niigata University
      • • Division of Ophthamology and Visual Sciences
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan
  • 1992–1996
    • St. Marianna University School of Medicine
      • Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
      Kawasaki, Kanagawa-ken, Japan