Gui-Xiang Wang

Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (9)0 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To develop the national neglect norms for urban primary school students in China. METHODS: According to multi-stage stratified cluster sampling principle, 24 cities of 13 provinces (municipalities) in China were selected during December 1 to 31, 2008. A total of 1491 students in grade 1 - 3 and 2236 students in grade 4 - 6 were selected. Questionnaire was designed by authors and the final norms were determined through several statistical analysis methods, such as item analysis method, factor analysis method, reliability analysis method. The reliability analysis and validity analysis were used to test the stability and reliability of the norms. The evaluation criteria of the scale was determined by the percentile method, then the initial development of the norm was completed. RESULTS: The two questionnaires of grade 1 - 3 and grade 4 - 6 students consisted of 55 and 57 items, respectively, whose item loadings were ranged from 0.301 to 0.687 and 0.321 to 0.730, which met the statistical requirements. For grade 1 - 3 students, the scale's total Cronbach α coefficients was 0.914, the total split-half reliability coefficients was 0.896, the Cronbach α coefficients of four level was above 0.737 except medical and social neglect, split-half reliability was ranged from 0.461 to 0.757; for grade 4-6 students, the scale's total Cronbach α coefficients was 0.916, split-half reliability was 0.883, except social neglect, the Cronbach α coefficients of other level was ranged 0.457 to 0.856, split-half reliability was ranged from 0.500 to 0.798. The total neglect cut-off score of the two scales grade 1-3 and 4-6 were 125 and 155, respectively. CONCLUSION: The structure of two norms was reasonable. The scales have good stability and reliability.
    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 02/2013; 47(2):129-134.
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    ABSTRACT: To develop the national neglect norms for rural children aged 3 to 6 years, which are suitable for Chinese situations. According to the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling principle, 84 towns of 10 provinces or municipalities were selected in China. Children aged 3 to 6 years were surveyed in November 2010, the sample of analysis were 3240 (of whom males were 49.6% (1608/3240) and the Han nationality were 93.3% (3023/3240)). Questionnaire was designed by authors and deleted items that did not meet the requirements through several statistical analysis methods, such as item analysis method, factor analysis method, reliability analysis method. The reliability analysis and validity analysis were used to test the stability and reliability of the norm. The evaluation criteria of the scale was determined by the percentile method, then the initial development of the norm completed. After deleting inappropriate items by statistical processing, finally, the scale consisted of 57 items, and included 6 neglected dimensions (physical neglect, emotional neglect, educational neglect, safe neglect, medical neglect and social neglect). Its item loadings ranged from 0.359 to 0.789, which met the statistical requirements. The scale's total Cronbach α coefficients 0.904, the total split-half reliability coefficients were 0.820, the 6 neglect dimensions' Cronbach α coefficients ranged from 0.620 to 0.815, the 6 neglect dimensions' split-half reliability coefficients ranged from -0.034 to 0.789, the scale's parallel reliability were 0.785 and it's re-test reliability were 0.613. After construct validity, external validity and content validity testing, the result showed that this scale could effectively reflect the real neglected status of children investigated. The total neglect cut-off score of this scale were 121. The scale has good stability and reliability. And it adapts Chinese conditions and it's convenient to operate.
    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 01/2012; 46(1):16-21.
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    ABSTRACT: To develop the National Norms of Negligence (NNN) for rural children aged 0 to 35 months. According to multi-stage stratified cluster sampling principle, 10 provinces or municipalities (Jilin, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Beijing, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hunan, Hubei, Yunnan, Chongqing) in China were selected. A national research group was formed collaboratively. A questionnaire was designed by ourselves. According to several statistical analysis methods, such as item, factor and reliability analysis etc. we determined the norm. The evaluation criteria of the scale were determined by percentile method. Finally, the reliability and validity of the norm were evaluated. In total, 2310 children were surveyed, in which the effective sample were 2227, with an effective rate as 96.4%. The scale consisted of 6 neglected dimensions and 65 items in total. The total Cronbach's a coefficient of the scale was 0.903, with the split-half reliability coefficient as 0.829, the parallel reliability as 0.720 and the re-test reliability as 0.678, respectively. The total neglect cut-off score of this scale was 139. The scale seemed to have perfect stability and reliability and all the statistical indicators met the psychometric demands.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 01/2012; 33(1):54-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the status of child neglect among rural areas children aged 0 - 6 years in China. A total of 7411 rural children aged 0 - 6 years old who were composed of two age groups (3315 children aged 0 - 2 years old and 4096 children aged 3 - 6 years old) were multistage stratified randomly sampled from 84 villages which were representative of 10 provinces of China, in accordance with sex and age in November 2010. To identify the child neglect based on the Neglect Norms for Children Aged 0 to 2 and 3 to 6 Years Old in Rural Areas of China, SPSS 13.0 was employed for analyzing neglect frequency and degree for every group of different age, sex and neglect type (including physical, emotional, educational, medical, safety and social neglects). χ(2) test and analysis of variance were also used. The degree of child neglect for the children aged 0 - 2 years old was 45.01 ± 7.56, the neglect frequency was 54.9% (1819/3315); the degree of child neglect for the children aged 3 - 6 years old was 44.42 ± 7.57, the neglect frequency was 53.8% (2203/4096). The neglect frequency of children aged 0, 1, 2 years old were 58.5% (654/1117), 52.2% (597/1144), 53.9% (568/1054) (P < 0.05). For children aged 3 - 6 years old, the degrees of emotional and safety neglect for males (44.60 ± 7.86, 36.82 ± 9.03) were higher than females (44.03 ± 7.72, 36.25 ± 9.05) (P < 0.05); and the frequencies of emotional and social neglect for males (16.8% (349/2072), 28.3% (586/2072)) were also higher than females (14.1% (286/2024), 24.8% (503/2024)) (P < 0.05). All children of two age groups suffered neglect mainly on one of the six neglect types (incidences were 20.6% (683/3315) and 22.7% (931/4096)). For 0-2 age groups, the higher neglect frequencies happened in the single-parent family and the remarried family (62.5% (15/24) and 63.2% (12/19)), but for children aged 3 - 6 years old groups, it happened in the single-parent family (60.0%, 27/45). Degree and frequency of child neglect among children aged 0 to 6 years old in the rural areas of China are high, and we should find out risk factors and provide efficient prevention measures.
    Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] 01/2012; 46(1):22-7.
  • Wei Li, Gui-Xiang Wang
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    ABSTRACT: In present paper, a simple approach is proposed for linear programming with interval right hand side. Instead of solving linear programming by iterative methods, it is proposed a direct method simply to deal with Moore-Penrose inverse of the constraint matrix. The technique described is easily extended to more general types of linear programming with both interval right hand side and bound constraints
    01/2006;
  • Gui-Xiang Wang, You-Ming Li
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we give the concept of fuzzy integers and its representations. One representation of fuzzy integers is of form of cut-sets. The other is of form of simple functions. Using the representations of fuzzy integers, we study the operation of scalar product, addition and multiplication of fuzzy integers, and obtain some results
    01/2006;
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    Wei Li, Gui-Xiang Wang
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a purchase model in which the price variables are unascertained numbers. First, the basic theory of unascertained information proposed recently is applied to construct a dynamical programming model of purchase problem. Then by using recursive method in a reverse order, the optimal solution in the meaning of minimizing the unascertained expectation of the purchase cost, is obtained. Sensitivity analysis of the optimal solution of this model indicates the model is robust. A numeral example is also constructed to illustrate the detail of the steps for finding an optimal solution
    01/2006;
  • Gui-Xiang Wang, You-Ming Li, Wei Li
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we introduce some concepts on continuity and boundedness of fuzzy number mappings, and give out some preliminary results in relation to the continuity and boundedness. And then, we discuss the relations between continuity and boundedness about convex fuzzy number mappings, and obtain three theorems and two corollaries.
    Machine Learning and Cybernetics, 2005. Proceedings of 2005 International Conference on; 09/2005
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Children aged 3 - 6 years in the urban areas of China were surveyed for the first time to find out the state of child neglect (CN) as well as the major relevant risk factors so as to provide evidence for developing intervention measures. 1163 children (of whom 49.6% were males and 4.5% were minority nationality) were randomly sampled under multistage stratification, from 25 cities which representing 15 provinces of China. Based on the Child Neglect Norms used by China, prevalence of CN was identified and SPSS-Windows 11.0 was employed for statistical analysis. Scores, frequency/degrees, age, sex and 5 types (physical, emotional, educational, medical and safety) of CN on every group of the regions, were calculated. Multifactorial analysis was conducted through Binary Logistic Regression and multiple linear regression to determine the relevant risk factors. (1) The average degree of CN for the 3 - 6 year-olds was 42.2, with its prevalence as 28.0%. Degrees of CN for the groups of 3, 4, 5, 6-year-olds were 41.7, 42.2, 42.1 and 43.1 (F = 0.988, P > 0.05), with frequencies of 25.0%, 25.3%, 27.9% and 35.4% (chi(2) = 4.798, P > 0.05), respectively. Degrees for CN in males and females were 42.7 and 41.8 (F = 2.502, P > 0.05) with the frequencies as 32.6% and 23.7% (chi(2) = 6.585, P < 0.05), respectively. Degrees of CN for the five types were 39.4-43.4 with the frequencies as 5.1%-12.9%, respectively. No significant difference was found in the frequency of the types (with an exception on 'physical neglect') between males and females (P > 0.05). The highest frequency (42.9%) of CN was seen in the single-parent families and the lowest in large family with three generations (25.5%). (2) According to monofactorial chi(2) test, the possible risk factors of CN would include: educational background, occupation and decrease of income of the parents during last year, etc. (3) Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that the influential factors to the occurrence of CN would include: father's educational background, sex of the child and mother's occupation, etc. (4) Multiple linear regression showed that the influential factors to the degree of CN were: family structure, number of supporting family members, relationship between parents and children, etc. The degree and frequency of CN among children aged 3 to 6 in the urban areas of China were high but similar among the four age groups. Male children had a higher frequency of neglect than females, but with similar degree. Children in single-parent families had the highest frequency. The major influential factors of CN would include: educational background, occupation, family structure, family income of the parents which were similar to the results reported from foreign literature.
    Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 05/2005; 26(4):258-62.

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9 Citations

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Institutions

  • 2005
    • Hangzhou Dianzi University
      • School of Science
      Hangzhou, Zhejiang Sheng, China