Guang Chen

Tongji Hospital, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (20)17.29 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect and molecular mechanisms of different doses of 8-hydroxy dihydroberberine (Hdber) for the treatment of hyperlipidemia in rats.
    Chinese journal of integrative medicine. 06/2014;
  • Ding-Kun Wang, Guang Chen, Fu-Er Lu
    Sheng li ke xue jin zhan [Progress in physiology] 04/2014; 45(2):111-4.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of Fructus Mume formula and its separated prescription extract on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats was investigated. The rat model of type 2 diabetes was established by feeding on a high-fat diet for 8 weeks and by subsequently intravenous injection of small doses of streptozotocin. Rats in treatment groups, including the Fructus Mume formula treatment group (FM), the cold property herbs of Fructus Mume formula treatment group (CFM), the warm property herbs of Fructus Mume formula treatment group (WFM), were administrated with Fructus Mume formula and its separated prescription extract by gavage, while the rats in diabetic model group (DM) and metformin group (MET) were given by gavage with normal saline and metformin correspondingly. The body weight before and after treatment was measured, and the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and the insulin release test (IRT) were performed. The homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. The protein and mRNA expression levels of Insr, β-arrestin-2, Irs-1 and Glut-4 in the liver, skeletal muscle and fat tissues were detected by using Western blotting and RT-PCR respectively. The results demonstrated that, as compared with DM group, OGTT, IRT (0 h, 1 h) levels and HOMR-IR in treatment groups were all reduced, meanwhile their protein and mRNA expression levels of Insr, Irs-1 and Glut-4 in the liver, skeletal muscle and fat tissues were obviously increased, and their protein and mRNA expression levels of β-arrestin-2 in the liver and skeletal muscle tissues were also markedly increased. It was suggested that the Fructus Mume formula and its separated prescription extracts could effectively improve insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats, which might be related to the up-regulated expression of Insr, Irs-1 and Glut-4 in the liver, skeletal muscle and fat tissues, and β-arrestin-2 in the liver and skeletal muscle tissues.
    Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 12/2013; 33(6):877-885. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Jiao-Tai-Wan (JTW), a classical Chinese prescription, has been clinically employed to treat diabetes mellitus in recent years. To investigate the comparative evaluations on anti-diabetic effects and pharmacokinetics of the active ingredient berberine in mice treated with JTW in various combinations of its constituent herbs. In our study, the anti-diabetic study was carried out in diabetic mice induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The diabetic mice were randomly assigned to three therapy groups and orally administered with different prescription proportions of Rhizoma Coptidis and Cinnamomum cassia respectively. The level of plasma glucose, lipid profile and parameters related to oxidative stress were determined. The concentrations of berberine in non-diabetic mice plasma were determined using HPLC, and main pharmacokinetic parameters were investigated. The results indicated that the compatibility effects of ingredients present in Cinnamomum cassia could affect the anti-diabetic ability and pharmacokinetics of berberine in JTW.
    Phytomedicine: international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 04/2013; · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Estrogens play a pivotal role in the development and progression of non-small lung cancer (NSCLC). With the discovery of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) isoforms, some controversial roles of ERβ were explained adequately in NSCLC. In this study, our aim is to elucidate expression, distribution, and prognostic significance of ERβ 1, 2, 5 in NSCLC. Estrogen receptors β1, 2, 5 protein expression were confirmed by Western-blot analysis in all frozen tissues, and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Nuclear and cytoplasmic staining was evaluated and correlated with histopathologic characteristics, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) via Pearson χ 2 square, Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox proportional hazard models. ERβ1 was commonly found in the cytoplasm and was the most abundant isofroms followed by ERβ2 and ERβ5 which were localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus. In contrast to BPL, both in nucleus and cytoplasm, ERβ1, ERβ2, and ERβ5 were over expressed all in NSCLC (P < 0.05). IHC results were correlated with pathological and clinical follow-up data to delineate the distinct roles of ERβ1, ERβ2, and ERβ5 in NSCLC. nERβ1 "nuclear", cERβ2 and cERβ5 "cytoplasm" were in a negative correlation with the pathological stage and lymph node metastasis. In a Kaplan-Meier analysis, the expression cERβ2 and cERβ5 identified a group of patients with the longest DFS and OS. Cox proportional hazard models revealed that cERβ2 and cERβ5 predicted long time to DFS and OS. This is the first study to uncover the expression of ERβ1, ERβ2, and ERβ5, and show that they were over expressed in NSCLC. Meantime, we find that positive expression of cERβ2 and cERβ5 were in a positive correlation with DFS, and have prognostic values for the progression of NSCLC.
    Endocrine 03/2013; · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Jiao Tai Wan (JTW), a Chinese herbal formula containing Rhizoma Coptidis and Cortex Cinnamomi, has been used for diabetic treatment for many years. The aim of this study was to determine the main components in JTW and to investigate the effects of JTW on hepatic lipid accumulation in diabetic rats and humans. JTW extract was prepared and the main components were assayed by HPLC. An animal model of diabetes mellitus was established and JTW was administered intragastrically. In the clinical study, diabetic patients with poor glycemic control were treated with JTW. Blood glucose and lipid parameters, liver histology, hepatic triglyceride content and lipogenic gene expression were examined. Our data demonstrated that JTW significantly improved hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and hepatic lipid accumulation in diabetic rats. This was accompanied by the down-regulation of acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) protein expressions, and the up-regulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and phosphorylated-ACC (pACC) protein expressions in the liver tissues. Diabetic patients also exhibited decreases in their hepatic triglyceride content. The results suggest that JTW attenuates hepatic lipid accumulation in diabetic rats and humans. These beneficial effects are possibly associated with the inhibition of lipogenic gene expression in the liver.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2013; 2013:567045. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hu-Lu-Ba-Wan (HLBW) is a Chinese herbal prescription used to treat kidney deficiency. The aim of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of HLBW on diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 2 diabetic rats. The rat model of DN was established by being fed a high-fat diet and intravenous injection of streptozotocin. Then, HLBW decoction was administered for 16 weeks. Blood glucose level, lipid profile, renal function, 24-hour total urinary protein, and albumin content were examined. Renal morphology and superoxide anion levels were evaluated. The activity of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and protein kinase C-alpha (PKC- α ) related genes expression in renal tissue were also determined. Our data demonstrated that HLBW significantly improved hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and proteinuria in diabetic rats compared with those of control group. HLBW also alleviated glomerular expansion and fibrosis, extracellular matrix accumulation and effacement of the foot processes. Additionally, HLBW reduced superoxide anion level, NADPH oxidase activity, the protein and mRNA expressions of p47(phox), and the protein expression of phosphorylated PKC- α in renal tissue. These results suggest that HLBW is effective in the treatment of DN in rats. The underlying mechanism may be related to the attenuation of renal oxidative stress via PKC- α /NADPH oxidase signaling pathway.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2013; 2013:504642. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The estrogen receptor (ER) signaling and the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling are implicated in lung cancer progression. Here, we sought to investigate whether estrogen regulated the IGF-1R signaling in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the underlying mechanisms. We examined and analyzed the correlation of the expression of aromatase (Arom), ERβ, ERα, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and IGF-1R in NSCLC. Tissue-microarray and immunohistochemistry analysis of tissue specimens from 162 NSCLC patients and 38 patients with benign pulmonary lesions showed that Arom, ERβ, IGF-1, and IGF-1R were overexpressed while ERα was not expressed in NSCLC. Furthermore, ERβ expression was positively correlated with that of Arom, IGF-1, and IGF-1R (r = 0.554, 0.649, 0.496, respectively, P values are equal to 0.000), while Arom expression was positively associated with that of IGF-1 and IGF-1R (r = 0.657, 0.714, respectively, P values are equal to 0.000). Additionally, ERβ, IGF-1, and phospho-IGF-1R, but not ERα, were expressed in A549 cells. Immunoblotting assays showed that A549 cells treated with E2 showed significantly higher IGF-1 and p-IGF-1R levels than those receiving the combination treatment of 17β-estradiol (E2) and fulvestrant (Ful, ER antagonist) (P = 0.042, 0.002, respectively) or controls (P values are equal to 0.000). The MTT assays further revealed that E2 and IGF-1 synergistically promoted A549 cell proliferation. Together, our study provides the first direct evidence for an interaction between ER and IGF-1R in lung cancer. We showed that estrogen upregulated the IGF-1R signaling through ERβ in lung cancer tissues and A549 cells. These findings shed further light on the mechanisms whereby estrogen promotes lung cancer and highlight the ER and IGF-1R signaling pathways as promising targets for combinational therapy for lung cancer.
    Medical Oncology 03/2012; 29(4):2640-8. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of different compatibility proportion of Jiaotai pills on treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in rats. The model of type 2 diabetes mellitus in rats was established by injecting streptozotocin from tail vein and feeding with high fat and high caloric diet. Diabetic rats were randomly divided into model group, Jiaotai pill 1 group (Coptidis Rhizoma-cinnamon 2: 1), Jiaotai pill 2 group (Coptidis Rhizoma-cinnamon 4: 1), Jiaotai pill 3 group (Coptidis Rhizoma-cinnamon 10: 1) and metformin group. Rats in different treatment groups were given by corresponding therapy from gastric tube. Meanwhile normal control group was another set. Body weight, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), blood lipid level including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), plasma levels of free fatty acid (FFA) and adiponectin, plasma liver enzymes activity(ALT, AST, AKP, gamma-GT) and pathological results of liver tissue were determined after eight weeks. Body weight, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postpradial plasma glucose at one hour (PG-1 h), postpradial blood glucose at two hour (PG-2 h), plasma levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, FFA and liver enzymes activity were all increased in rats of model group compared with those in normal control group. Plasma levels of HDL-C and adiponectin were decreased in model group (P < 0.01). Fatty degeneration of hepatocytes was apparent in liver tissues in rats of model group. Compared with model group results of OGTT, blood lipid levels and liver enzymes activity were improved while levels of HDL-C and adiponectin were increased in rats of different treatment groups (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Meanwhile fatty degeneration of hepatocytes was improved in liver tissues in rats of different treatment groups. Compared with metformin group, plasma level of HDL-C was elevated while AKP and gamma-GT were decreased significantly in rats of Jiaotai pill 1 group (P < 0.05), gamma-GT level was decreased significantly in rats of Jiaotai pill 2 group (P < 0.05), AST, AKP and gamma-GT levels were decreased significantly in rats of Jiaotai pill 3 group (P < 0.05). Compared with Jiaotai Pill 1 group, plasma levels of HDL-C was decreased while AKP levels was elevated significantly in rats of Jiaotai pill 2 group, but HDL-C was decreased in rats of Jiaotai pill 3 group (P < 0.05). It is suggested that different compatibility proportion of Jiaotai pills are effective on treating type 2 diabetes mellitus in rats. The effect of Jiaotai pill 1 group is better than that of other therapy groups.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 08/2011; 36(16):2271-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer has been viewed as the most common malignant cancer with high incidence, mortality and poor survival all over the world. A lot of investigations indicated there are significant gender-associated differences in lung cancer in several characteristics such as epidemiology, pathology, clinical outcome and prognosis. The insight into these differences may help to clarify the gender-associated characteristics of lung cancer, and to drawn out new approach for treatment and prevent of lung cancer depending on gender-associated characteristics. Furthermore, study on mechanism of gender-associated characteristics may even help to illuminate the pathogenesis of lung cancer.
    Zhongguo fei ai za zhi = Chinese journal of lung cancer 07/2011; 14(7):625-30.
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of Cinnamon granules on pharmacokinetics of berberine in Rhizoma Coptidis granules in healthy male volunteers, and the compatibility mechanism of Jiao-Tai-Wan (JTW) composed of Rhizoma Coptidis granules and Cinnamon granules were investigated. The concentration of berberine in plasma of healthy male volunteers was determined directly by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after an oral administration of Rhizoma Coptidis granules alone or combined with Cinnamon granules (JTW). The plasma concentration-time curves of berberine were plotted. The data were analyzed with Drug and Statistics (DAS) 2.0 pharmacokinetic program (Chinese Pharmacology Society) to obtain the main pharmacokinetic parameters. The results showed that the plasma concentration-time curve of berberine was described by a two-compartment model. The Cmax, Tmax, t1/2 and CLz/F of berberine in Rhizoma Coptidis granules were 360.883 μg/L, 2.0 h, 3.882 h, 119.320 L·h−1·kg−1 respectively, and those of berberine in JTW were 396.124 μg/L, 1.5 h, 4.727 h, 57.709 L·h−1·kg−1 respectively. It was suggested that Rhizoma Coptidis granules combined with Cinnamon granules could increase the plasma concentration of berberine, promote berberine absorption and lengthen the detention time of berberine in healthy male volunteers. Key wordsRhizoma Coptidis–Cinnamon cassia–Jiao-Tai-Wan–berberine–pharmacokinetics
    Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 01/2011; 31(3):379-383. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of 8-hydroxy-dihydroberberine on insulin resistance induced by high free fatty acid (FFA) and high glucose in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and its possible molecular mechanism. Palmic acid or glucose in combination with insulin was used to induce insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. 8-Hydroxy-dihydroberberine and berberine were added to the cultured medium separately, which were considered as treated group and positive control group. The rate of glucose uptake was determined by 2-deoxy-[3H]-D-glucose method. The amount of glucose consumption in the medium was measured by glucose oxidase method. Cell growth and proliferation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes were detected with Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. After incubated with palmic acid for 24 hours or glucose with insulin for 18 hours, the rate of glucose transport in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was inhibited by 67% and 58%, respectively. The amount of glucose consumption in 3T3-L1 adipose cells was decreased by 41% after cells were incubated with palmic acid for 24 h. However, the above changes were reversed by pretreatment with 8-hydroxy-dihydroberberine for 24 and 48 h. Significant difference existed between groups. Insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, which is induced by high FFA and high glucose, could be ameliorated by 8-hydroxy-dihydroberberine.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 11/2009; 44(11):1304-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of berberine on insulin secretion in rat pancreatic islets and to explore its possible molecular mechanism. Primary rat islets were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats by collagenase digestion and treated with different concentrations (1, 3, 10 and 30 micromol/L) of berberine or 1 micromol/L Glibenclamide (GB) for 24 h. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) assay was conducted and insulin was determined by radioimmunoassay. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed to evaluate cytotoxicity. The mRNA level of hepatic nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4alpha) was determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Indirect immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis were employed to detect protein expression of HNF4alpha in the islets. Glucokinase (GK) activity was measured by spectrophotometric method. Berberine enhanced GSIS rather than basal insulin secretion dose-dependently in rat islets and showed no significant cytotoxicity on islet cells at the concentration of 10 mumol/L. Both mRNA and protein expressions of HNF4alpha were up-regulated by berberine in a dose-dependent manner, and GK activity was also increased accordingly. However, GB demonstrated no regulatory effects on HNF4alpha expression or GK activity. Berberine can enhance GSIS in rat islets, and probably exerts the insulinotropic effect via a pathway involving HNF4alpha and GK, which is distinct from sulphonylureas (SUs).
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2008; 14(39):6004-11. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects and molecular mechanisms of berberine on improving insulin resistance induced by free fatty acids (FFAs) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The model of insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was established by adding palmic acid (0.5 mmol/L) to the culture medium. Berberine treatment was performed at the same time. Glucose uptake rate was determined by the 2-deoxy-[(3)H]-D-glucose method. The levels of IkB kinase beta (IKKbeta) Ser(181) phosphorylation, insulin receptor substrate-1(IRS-1) Ser(307) phosphorylation, expression of IKKbeta, IRS-1, nuclear transcription factor kappaB p65 (NF-kappaB p65), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase p85 (PI-3K p85) and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) proteins were detected by Western blotting. The distribution of NF-kappaB p65 proteins inside the adipocytes was observed through confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). After the intervention of palmic acid for 24 h, the insulin-stimulated glucose transport in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was inhibited by 67%. Meanwhile, the expression of IRS-1 and PI-3K p85 protein was reduced, while the levels of IKKbeta Ser(181) and IRS-1 Ser(307) phosphorylation, and nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB p65 protein were increased. However, the above indexes, which indicated the existence of insulin resistance, were reversed by berberine although the expression of GLUT4, IKKbeta and total NF-kappaB p65 protein were not changed during this study. Insulin resistance induced by FFAs in 3T3-L1 adipocytes can be improved by berberine. Berberine reversed free-fatty-acid-induced insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes through targeting IKKbeta.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2008; 14(6):876-83. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • Ping Yi, Fu-Er Lu, Guang Chen
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of berberine on nuclear transcription factor kappaB (NF-kappaB p65) expression and translocation in insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes induced by free fatty acid (FFA) and its possible molecular mechanism. 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with palmic acid (0.5 mmol/L) to induce insulin resistance and intervened with berberine. Controlled with aspirin, the glucose consumption in the medium was determined by glucose oxidase method; glucose transportation by 2-deoxy-[3H]-D-glucose method; protein expression of NF-kappaB p65 in adopocytes by Western blot; and the distribution of NF-kappaB p65 was displayed by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Treatment with 0.5 mmol/L of palmic acid for 24 h made glucose consumption of 3T3-L1 adipocytes decrease by 41%; the insulin-stimulated glucose transportation inhibited by 67%; nuclear NF-kappaB p65 protein expression and nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB p65 significantly increased. These changes were reversed by prior treatment with berberine or aspirin. But total NF-kappaB p65 protein expression was not responded to palmic acid, berberine and aspirin. Berberine significantly improve the insulin resistance induced by FFA in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, its molecular mechanism might through inhibiting the activation and translocation related gene expression of NF-kappaB.
    Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine / Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he xue hui, Zhongguo Zhong yi yan jiu yuan zhu ban 01/2008; 27(12):1099-104.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of berberine on insulin secretion of NIT-1 cells stimulated by glucose and the possible molecular mechanism, we used radioimmunoassay, scintillation counting technique, enzymatic method and Western blotting to measure the effects of berberine on insulin secretion, glucose utilization, the activity of glucokinase (GK) and protein level of GK and GK regulation protein (GKRP). Compared with untreated group, insulin secretion level, glucose utilization, the activity and protein level of GK in NIT-1 cells stimulated by high concentration of glucose were increased significantly in berberine group (P < 0.05), while the protein level of GKRP in berberine group decreased markedly. In conclusion, berberine can promote insulin secretion of NIT-1 cells induced by high concentration of glucose. The possible molecular mechanism may be associated with berberine acting as a GK activator, improving glucose utilization, enhancing the activity and protein expression level of GK, as well as decreased the protein level of GKRP.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 11/2007; 42(10):1045-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the effects of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD), a traditional Chinese compound herbal medicine, on p85 mRNA and protein expressions of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI-3K) in target tissues (skeletal muscular and adipose tissues) in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to investigate the molecular mechanism of HLJDD in treating T2DM. The male Wistar rats were injected with streptozotocin (STZ) 30 mg/kg through tail vein, and fed with high-fat and high-caloric diets to induce T2DM. Then the rats were randomly divided into untreated group, aspirin-treated group and HLJDD group, and treated correspondingly. Meanwhile, a group of normal animals without any treatment was set up for normal control group. Ten weeks later, serum fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum fasting insulin (FINS) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were routinely determined. The expressions of PI-3K p85 mRNA and protein in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue were determined with RT-PCR and Western blotting before and after insulin treatment. Compared with the untreated group, the FBG and OGTT levels in T2DM rats treated with HLJDD decreased significantly (P<0.05). The FINS in HLJDD group was lower than that in the normal control group (P<0.05), but was not significantly different from that in the untreated group. The PI-3K p85 mRNA and protein expressions in HLJDD group obviously increased, as compared with those in the untreated group. The effect of HLJDD in treating T2DM was probably associated with its improvement of PI-3K p85 mRNA and protein expressions in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue of the T2DM rats.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 10/2007; 5(5):541-5.
  • Guang Chen, Fu-er Lu, Li-jun Xu
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the molecular mechanism of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD), a traditional Chinese compound herbal medicine, in treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by observing its effects on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) protein expression and translocation in adipose and skeletal muscle tissues of rats with T2DM. T2DM was induced in rats by intravenous injection of a small dose of streptozotocin (STZ, 30 mg/kg) plus high fat and high caloric laboratory chow. Then animals were divided into untreated group, aspirin-treated group and HLJDD-treated group. Normal rats fed with common chow were designated as normal control group. Ten weeks later, the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed in all animals, and the changes of murine body weight, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting serum insulin (FINS) and the expression of GLUT4 protein in skeletal muscle and adipose tissues before and after insulin treatment were routinely determined. Compared with the untreated group, the result of OGTT of HLJDD-treated group was improved. The levels of the body weight and FBG were decreased, while the GLUT4 protein expression and translocation were elevated obviously. It is suggested by the present results that the therapeutic effects of HLJDD on T2DM might be related to its ability of increasing GLUT4 protein expression and translocation in adipose and skeletal muscle tissues of T2DM rats.
    Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 08/2007; 5(4):412-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (HLJDD) on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) protein expressions in insulin-resistant murine target tissues. The experimental male Wistar rats were established into insulin resistant models by injecting streptozotocin (STZ 30 mg/kg) via caudal vein and feeding them with high fat high caloric diet, and randomly divided into the model group, the aspirin group and the HLJDD group. Besides, a normal group was set up for control. Changes of body weight (BW), levels of serum fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum fasting insulin (FINS) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were routinely determined. The expression of GLUT4 protein in adipose and skeletal muscle tissues before and after insulin stimulation was determined with Western blot. In the HLJDD group after treatment, BW and FBG got decreased, OGTT improved, and the expression and translocation of GLUT4 protein elevated obviously, either before or after insulin stimulation, as compared with those in the model group, showing significant differences respectively. The mechanism of improving insulin resistance by HLJDD is probably associated with its effect in elevating GLUT4 protein expression and translocation in adipose and skeletal muscle tissues of insulin resistant rats.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 04/2007; 13(1):41-5. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate the effects of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction (黄连解毒汤, HLJDD) on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) protein expressions in insulin-resistant murine target tissues. Methods The experimental male Wistar rats were established into insulin resistant models by injecting streptozotocin (STZ 30 mg/kg) via caudal vein and feeding them with high fat high caloric diet, and randomly divided into the model group, the aspirin group and the HLJDD group. Besides, a normal group was set up for control. Changes of body weight (BW), levels of serum fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum fasting insulin (FINS) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were routinely determined. The expression of GLUT4 protein in adipose and skeletal muscle tissues before and after insulin stimulation was determined with Western blot. Results In the HLJDD group after treatment, BW and FBG got decreased, OGTT improved, and the expression and translocation of GLUT4 protein elevated obviously, either before or after insulin stimulation, as compared with those in the model group, showing significant differences respectively. Conclusion The mechanism of improving insulin resistance by HLJDD is probably associated with its effect in elevating GLUT4 protein expression and translocation in adipose and skeletal muscle tissues of insulin resistant rats.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - CHIN J INTEGR MED. 01/2007; 13(1):41-45.