ABSTRACT: Clinical signs suggestive of canine distemper virus (CDV) infection were observed among a group of spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) in the Serengeti, Tanzania. Virus antigen was detected immunohistologically in a brain sample from a diseased cub. The presence of virus RNA could be demonstrated in this brain as well as in intestine and lymph node of the animal by RT-PCR. Sequence comparison of brain-derived amplicons showed that the virus was related to recent CDV field isolates. The closest homology (>99 percent) was to a recently described CDV which caused high mortality in sympatric lions.
Veterinary Microbiology 04/1996; 49(1-2):147-52. · 3.33 Impact Factor