ABSTRACT: We investigated ferromagnetism of a newly discovered ferromagnetic semiconductor Co-doped anatase TiO2 thin film, using the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) at the Co L(2,3) absorption edges. The magnetic moment was observed to be approximately 0.1 micro(B)/Co in the measurements, but the MCD spectral line shape is nearly identical to that of Co metal, showing that the ferromagnetism is induced by a small amount of clustered Co. With thermal treatments at approximately 400 degrees C, the MCD signal increases, and the moment reaches up to approximately 1.55 micro(B)/Co, which is approximately 90% of the moment in Co metal. In the latter case, the cluster size was observed to be 20-60 nm.
Physical Review Letters 02/2003; 90(1):017401. · 7.37 Impact Factor