Guang Yang

Peking University, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (31)92.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Intracranial abscesses are associated with high mortality. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main pathogens that cause intracranial infection. Until now, there is no report to identify the key effectors of S. aureus during the intracranial infection. The murine intracranial abscesses model induced by S. aureus was constructed. The vital sign and survival rate of mice were observed to evaluate the infection. Histological examination was used to diagnose the pathological alterations of mouse tissues. The sensitivity of S. aureus to whole blood was evaluated by whole-blood killing assay. In murine intracranial abscesses model, it was shown that the mortality caused by the accessory gene regulator (agr) locus deficient strain was significant decreased compared with its parent strain. Moreover, we found that RNAIII, the effector of agr system, was essential for the intracranial infection caused by S. aureus. In the further investigation, it was shown that restoration the expression of α-toxin in agr deficient strain could partially recover the mortality in the murine intracranial abscesses model. Our data suggested that the agr system of S. aureus is an important virulence determinant in the induction and mortality of intracranial abscesses in mice.
    The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases: an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases 05/2014; · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Intracranial abscesses are associated with high mortality. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main pathogens that cause intracranial infection. Until now, there is no report to identify the key effectors of S. aureus during the intracranial infection. Methods The murine intracranial abscesses model induced by S. aureus was constructed. The vital sign and survival rate of mice were observed to evaluate the infection. Histological examination was used to diagnose the pathological alterations of mouse tissues. The sensitivity of S. aureus to whole blood was evaluated by whole-blood killing assay. Results In murine intracranial abscesses model, it was shown that the mortality caused by the accessory gene regulator (agr) locus deficient strain was significant decreased compared with its parent strain. Moreover, we found that RNAIII, the effector of agr system, was essential for the intracranial infection caused by S. aureus. In the further investigation, it was shown that restoration the expression of α-toxin in agr deficient strain could partially recover the mortality in the murine intracranial abscesses model. Conclusion Our data suggested that the agr system of S. aureus is an important virulence determinant in the induction and mortality of intracranial abscesses in mice.
    The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate why the level of Lyn is significantly decreased in B cells from a majority of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to determine the role of microRNA-30a (miR-30a) in SLE B cell hyperactivity. Methods Luciferase reporter gene assays were performed to identify the interaction between miR-30a and the 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) of Lyn. Levels of miR-30a in B cells were determined by TaqMan quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), Lyn messenger RNA levels were tested with real-time qPCR, and protein levels of Lyn were determined using Western blotting. The quantity of IgG was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The proliferation of B cells was measured using 3H-thymidine incorporation. ResultsIn B cell lines, miR-30a, but not miR-30b, miR-30c, miR-30d, or miR-30e, could specifically bind the 3′-UTR of Lyn, and overexpression of miR-30a inhibited the levels of Lyn. The level of miR-30a in B cells was significantly higher in SLE patients compared to healthy donors. The level of miR-30a was negatively associated with the level of Lyn in B cells. Overexpression of miR-30a was found to promote B cell proliferation and the production of IgG antibodies. The effect of miR-30a could be abrogated by inducing overexpression of Lyn in B cells. Conclusion These results reveal that elevated expression of miR-30a is responsible for the reduction in levels of Lyn in B cells from patients with SLE, suggesting that miR-30a plays an important role in B cell hyperactivity.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 06/2013; 65(6). · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracellular fibrinogen-binding protein (Efb) of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a bi-functional protein, which can specifically bind fibrinogen with its N terminus and inhibit deposition of C3b on the surface of S. aureus with its C terminus. Here, we screened the epitopes of Efb using phage display. Four peptides with consensus motif were screened. This consensus motif was identical to C terminus (161-164) of Efb. In the further investigation, it was found the synthesized peptide EC1 (154-165aa of Efb) could specifically bind C3/C3b and subsequently to block the activation of complement. Meanwhile, EC1 could inhibit the interaction between Efb and C3/C3b. Moreover, the interaction between the mutant protein of EmC1 (Efb without EC1) and C3 was decreased. And, the effect on the complement system of the mutant protein was dramatically declined compared with Efb. Our finding suggested that the peptide EC1 could mimic Efb to block complement system activation via binding C3.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 02/2013; · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate whether the expression level of valosin-containing protein (VCP) is correlated with the prognosis of primary orbital mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Methods: VCP expression in 58 samples from primary orbital MALT lymphoma patients was determined by immunohistochemisty using monoclonal antibodies. Correlations between VCP expression level and prognosis were clarified by statistical analysis. Results: It was found that the percentage of VCP positive cells in samples of primary orbital MALT lymphoma ranged from 32% to 95%. The samples were divided into two groups (level 1 and level 2) according to the median value (45%) of the percentage of VCP positive cells. It was found that the expression level of VCP was significantly correlated with recurrence (P=0.003) and tumor size (P=0.008). At the same time, the 5-year disease-free and overall survival rate of patients of level 1 was significantly better than that of level 2 (P=0.001; P=0.032). There was no observed correlation between the expression level of VCP and other clinical features. Conclusion: VCP could be a useful marker for predicting the prognosis of primary orbital MALT lymphoma.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2013; 14(11):6439-43. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Valosin containing protein (VCP)/p97 plays various important roles in cells. Moreover, elevated expression of VCP in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is correlated with increased incidence of recurrence. But the role of VCP in HCC progression in vitro and in vivo is unclear. And there are few reports about the regulation mechanism on the expression of VCP in HCC. In this study, it was identified that the level of VCP was frequently increased in human HCC tissues. In addition, down-regulation of VCP with siRNAs could dramatically suppress the genesis and progression of tumor in vivo. It was found that miR-129-5p directly inhibited the expression of VCP in several HCC cell lines. Meanwhile, the level of VCP in HCC tissues was negatively associated with the level of miR-129-5p. Our further investigation showed that the enhanced expression of miR-129-5p also suppressed tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, it was revealed that miR-129-5p could inhibit the degradation of IκBα and increase the apoptosis and reduce the migration of HCC cells by suppressing the expression of VCP. Our results revealed that the expression of VCP was directly regulated by miR-129-5p and this regulation played an important role in the progression of HCC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(4):e35800. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive pathogen responsible for a wide variety of diseases. RNAIII is the key effector of the accessory gene regulator (agr) system. It is a regulatory RNA (514 nucleotides long) that acts at both transcription and translation level to regulate the production of numerous toxins, enzymes and cell surface proteins. Here, we reveal that map (major histocompatibility complex class II analogous protein) is positively regulated by RNAIII. Our further study indicates that the 108-135nt fragment of RNAIII acts as an antisense RNA and anneals to map mRNA, forming RNA duplexes. The interaction between RNAIII and map mRNA may activate translation initiation. This may be helpful for understanding the regulation of virulence in S. aureus.
    FEBS letters 02/2011; 585(6):899-905. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several fibrinogen binding proteins (Fibs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Most Fibs can promote the aggregation of platelets during infection, but the extracellular fibrinogen-binding protein (Efb) is an exception. It is reported that Efb can specifically bind fibrinogen and inhibit the aggregation of platelet with its N terminal. However, the biological significance of platelet aggregation inhibition in the infection caused by S. aureus is unclear until now. Here, we demonstrated that the persistence and aggregation of platelets were important for killing S. aureus in whole blood. It was found that the N terminal of Efb (EfbN) and platelets inhibitors could increase the survival of S. aureus in whole blood. The study in vivo also showed that EfbN and platelets inhibitors could reduce the killing of S. aureus and increase the lethality rate of S. aureus in the acute infection mouse model.
    Platelets 01/2011; 22(3):228-36. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus ribonuclease III belongs to the enzyme family known to degrade double-stranded RNAs. It has previously been reported that RNase III cannot influence cell growth but regulates virulence gene expression in S. aureus. Here we constructed an RNase III inactivation mutant (Δrnc) from S. aureus 8325-4. It was found that the extracellular proteins of Δrnc were decreased. Furthermore, we explored how RNase III regulated the production of the extracellular proteins in S. aureus. We found during the lag phase of the bacterial growth cycle RNase III could influence the extracellular protein secretion via regulating the expression of secY2, one component of accessory secretory (sec) pathway. After S. aureus cells grew to exponential phase, RNase III can regulate the expression of extracellular proteins by affecting the level of RNAIII. Further investigation showed that the mRNA stability of secY2 and RNAIII was affected by RNase III. Our results suggest that RNase III could regulate the pathogenicity of S. aureus by influencing the level of extracellular proteins via two different ways respectively at different growth phases.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(5):e20554. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding small RNAs that inhibit gene expression post-transcriptionally. By regulating their target genes, miRNAs play important roles in tumor generation and development. Recently, the mir-200 family was revealed to inhibit the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which is viewed as an essential step in early tumor metastasis. Here, we used luciferase assays to demonstrate that mir-200b interacts with predicted target sites in the 3' untranslated region of RND3. In HeLa cells, mir-200b directly reduced the expression of RND3 at the mRNA and protein levels, which thereby promoted expression of the downstream protein cyclin D1 and increased S-phase entry. In conclusion, our study demonstrates a novel role for mir-200b in cell cycle progression and identifies RND3 as a novel mir-200b target.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 11/2010; 344(1-2):261-6. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SsrA RNA (small stable RNA A), also known as tmRNA and 10Sa RNA, functions both as tRNA and mRNA through its unique structure. The carotenoid pigment is the eponymous feature of human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Here, we found that the pigment of the mutant strain with ssrA deletion was increased. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that ssrA could act as an antisense RNA aside from its well-known biological function, and crtMN, encoding two essential enzymes for the pigment synthesis, was identified as target of ssrA. Further investigation showed ssrA could specifically base pair with the RBS (ribosomal binding site) region of the crtMN mRNA. Our results revealed a new mechanism by which ssrA regulated the biosynthesis of pigment in S. aureus.
    FEBS letters 10/2010; 584(20):4325-9. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Small non-coding RNA (ncRNA) plays critical roles in a large number of cellular processes, including neural development, cell survival and cell determination. Our previous work showed that low oxygen promoted the survival and proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in vitro. In this study, we examine the expression and regulation of small ncRNAs in the hypoxia-driven proliferation of NPCs. The expression profiles of ncRNAs in NPCs under hypoxia were detected using microarray analysis. Results of significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) revealed that 15 small RNAs were up-regulated at least threefold and 11 were down-regulated under hypoxic conditions. The differentially expressed small ncRNAs were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR, and miR-210 was observed to be highly expressed in NPCs under hypoxic conditions. Further study showed that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α had a direct impact on the putative promoter regions of miR-210. From these results, we conclude that some small ncRNAs participate in the regulation of the proliferation of NPCs under hypoxia and that miR-210 is directly regulated by HIF-1α.
    Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 10/2010; 31(1):1-5. · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a major inflammatory mediator that exhibits actions leading to tissue destruction and hampering recovery from damage. At present, two antibodies against human TNF-alpha (hTNF-alpha) are available, which are widely used for the clinic treatment of certain inflammatory diseases. This work was undertaken to identify a novel functional epitope of hTNF-alpha. We performed screening peptide library against anti-hTNF-alpha antibodies, ELISA and competitive ELISA to obtain the epitope of hTNF-alpha. The key residues of the epitope were identified by means of combinatorial alanine scanning and site-specific mutagenesis. The N terminus (80-91 aa) of hTNF-alpha proved to be a novel epitope (YG1). The two amino acids of YG1, proline and valine, were identified as the key residues, which were important for hTNF-alpha biological function. Furthermore, the function of the epitope was addressed on an animal model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). CIA could be suppressed in an animal model by prevaccination with the derivative peptides of YG1. The antibodies of YG1 could also inhibit the cytotoxicity of hTNF-alpha. These results demonstrate that YG1 is a novel epitope associated with the biological function of hTNF-alpha and the antibodies against YG1 can inhibit the development of CIA in animal model, so it would be a potential target of new therapeutic antibodies.
    PLoS ONE 01/2010; 5(1):e8920. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • PLoS ONE 01/2010; 5(1). · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Hfq protein is reported to be an RNA chaperone, which is involved in the stress response and the virulence of several pathogens. In E. coli, Hfq can mediate the interaction between some sRNAs and their target mRNAs. But it is controversial whether Hfq plays an important role in S. aureus. In this study, we found that the deletion of hfq gene in S. aureus 8325-4 can increase the surface carotenoid pigments. The hfq mutant was more resistant to oxidative stress but the pathogenicity of the mutant was reduced. We reveal that the Hfq protein can be detected only in some S. aureus strains. Using microarray and qRT-PCR, we identified 116 genes in the hfq mutant which had differential expression from the wild type, most of which are related to the phenotype and virulence of S. aureus. Among the 116 genes, 49 mRNAs can specifically bind Hfq protein, which indicates that Hfq also acts as an RNA binding protein in S. aureus. Our data suggest that Hfq protein of S. aureus is a multifunctional regulator involved in stress and virulence.
    PLoS ONE 01/2010; 5(9). · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we developed a systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX) method using a combination of magnetic beads immobilization and flow cytometric measurement. As an example, the selection of streptavidin-specific aptamers was performed. In this protocol, the conventional SELEX procedure was optimized, first using magnetic beads for target immobilization to facilitate highly efficient separation of the binding single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) aptamers from the unbound ssDNAs, and second using flow cytometry and fluorescein labeling to monitor the enrichment. The sensitivity of flow cytometry was adequate for ssDNA quantification during the SELEX procedures. The streptavidin-specific aptamers obtained in this work can be used as tools for characterization of the occupancy of streptavidin-modified surfaces with biotinylated target molecules. The method described in the study is also generally applicable to target molecules other than streptavidin.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 05/2009; 41(4):335-40. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a new in situ tissue slide-based SELEX strategy targeting neoplastic tissues from breast cancer patients. The methodology, using the molecular differences between clinical specimens, can evolve aptamers to all fractions of tissue. The aptamers may be used as new molecular probes for pathological diagnosis and tumour imaging, and also to reveal the molecular differences that are responsible for the diseases. The specific aptamers were enriched by unequal length strand PCR employing a structured (-) strand primer. After 12 rounds of selection, using the paraffin tissue sections from infiltrating ductal carcinomas as targets, and using the adjacent normal tissue from the same case as controls, one of the enriched ssDNA aptamers, BC15, was selected from a nucleic acid library and characterized as recognizing breast cancer cells either within the tissue sections or from the culture medium, but only weakly binding to adjacent normal cells or immortalized breast cell line MCF10A. The calculated equilibrium dissociation constants (K(d)) of BC15 bound to MCF7 cells was 111.0 +/- 36.9 nM. Through streptavidin magnetic beads mediated affinity purification assay followed by mass spectrometry identification and western blot confirmation, the target of BC15 was characterized to be hnRNP A1, which was further verified to be specifically and highly expressed in cancerous tissues of breast by hnRNP A1 antibody immunostaining as well as western blot. BC15 aptamer was also used to probe cancer cells in tissues from other pathological types of breast cancers including lobular carcinoma, ductal carcinoma complicated with lobular carcinoma, comedo carcinoma, and lymph node metastasis of breast ductal carcinoma origin or breast lobular carcinoma origin. Therefore, tissue slide-based SELEX holds promise in identifying tumour markers and developing specific molecular probes for cancer diagnosis.
    The Journal of Pathology 02/2009; 218(3):327-36. · 7.59 Impact Factor
  • Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics - PROG BIOCHEM BIOPHYS. 01/2009; 2009(2):220-227.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of tRNA on the growth of mammalian cells. L929, NIH3T3, MCF-7 and PC12 cells were seeded in 96 well culture plate individually, and incubated at 37 degrees C in 5% CO2 for 4 h, the tRNAs from different species were added to the culture media individually. After certain time of incubation, the viability of the cells was evaluated by the MTT methods. Sub-confluent L929 cells were incubated with 200 microg/ml ytRNA for different times, then the cells were pooled and analyzed with flow cytometry assay. tRNA specifically inhibited the growth of L929 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The sizes of tRNA-treated cells showed larger sizes and longer processes than those of untreated cells. Flow cytometric analysis further showed that most of tRNA-treated cells were arrested in S phase of the cell cycle. The cell growth inhibitory effects of tRNAs were caused mainly by their degraded fragments. The results suggested that tRNA or its degraded fragments might play important roles in regulation of cell proliferation.
    Zhongguo ying yong sheng li xue za zhi = Zhongguo yingyong shenglixue zazhi = Chinese journal of applied physiology 08/2008; 24(3):349-52.
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    ABSTRACT: In Staphylococcus aureus, the target of RNAIII activating protein (TRAP) is a membrane-associated protein whose C-terminus can be used as a vaccine to provide protection against staphylococcal infection. Here, we show for the first time by surface plasmon resonance and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that TRAP can specifically bind lysozyme and lysostaphin through its C-terminus (amino acids 155-167) and enhance lysozomal activities in vitro. It was also found that the traP mutant strain is more resistant to lysostaphin than wild-type. Our previous data showed that the C-terminus of TRAP might be extracellular. So our results suggested that the C-terminus of TRAP could act as the specific targeting protein of the lysozyme/lysostaphin on the S. aureus cell wall and the biological significance of the interaction might be to facilitate lysozyme/lysostaphin-mediated cell lysis.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 06/2008; 40(5):452-8. · 1.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

354 Citations
92.84 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Peking University
      Peping, Beijing, China
    • Peking University People's Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2011
    • Government of the People's Republic of China
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009
    • Beijing FivePlus Molecular Medicine Institute
      Peping, Beijing, China