ABSTRACT: Doppler myocardial imaging (DMI) has been suggested as a method of quantifying induced ischaemia during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). The aim of the present study was to investigate both standard systolic and diastolic parameters, but more specifically to address the phenomenon of post-systolic motion (PSM) as a marker of acquired ischaemia during DSE using pulsed-wave DMI.
We examined 60 patients without previous myocardial infarction who underwent DSE. Peak systolic, post-systolic, early and late diastolic velocities were measured at rest and during stress. Myocardial segments (n = 908) were divided into ISCHAEMIC and NON-ISCHAEMIC groups according to the presence of significant angiographic coronary stenosis. ISCHAEMIC segments (n = 357) compared with NON-ISCHAEMIC segments (n = 551) demonstrated a reduced increase of systolic velocity (8.0-12.7 vs 9.3-16.4 cm/s, P < 0.05), prominent PSM (5.8-8.3 vs 0.63-2.1 cm/s, P < 0.000001) and reduced early diastolic velocity (6.5-10.2 vs 7.9-13.2 cm/s, P < 0.04) during stress. The peak velocity of PSM was the most accurate index of induced ischaemia (sensitivity 73-100%, specificity 82-97%) compared to systolic and early diastolic velocities (sensitivity 52-77% and 63-68%, specificity 63-77% and 59-81%, respectively).
PSM derived by pulsed-wave DMI during DSE was the most sensitive index of acquired ischaemia compared to other functional DMI indices.
European Heart Journal 06/2004; 25(11):932-42. · 10.48 Impact Factor