Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: SCUBA-2 arrays to system interfaces[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Submillimeter common user bolometer array (SCUBA)-2 is a wide field sub-mm bolometer camera designed to replace the existing SCUBA instrument on the JCMT in Hawaii. It will be many hundreds of times faster in large area mapping than SCUBA and will also go deeper in a single frame. It will enable the many discoveries of SCUBA to be followed up with deep systematic surveys and help act as a pathfinder for the ALMA interferometer. The key technologies for making the arrays have been demonstrated and will be put together to fabricate the first prototype later this year (2003). The wide field nature of the SCUBA-2 bolometer camera, combined with the diffraction limit at sub-mm wavelengths, leads to physically large focal planes where the issues of stray light control, magnetic shielding, and electrical, thermal and mechanical connection must be carefully addressed in order to realise a successful instrument. We describe the solutions we have adopted for these problem areas.Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment.
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ABSTRACT: SCUBA-2, which replaces the Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) (Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 303 (1999) 659) on the James Clerk Maxwell telescope in 2006, will be the first CCD-like array for submillimeter astronomy. Unlike previous detectors which have used discrete bolometers, SCUBA-2 has two DC-coupled, monolithic, filled arrays with a total of 10,000 bolometers. It will offer simultaneous imaging of an 8×8 arcmin field of view at wavelengths of 850 and 450 μm. SCUBA-2 is expected to have a huge impact on the study of galaxy formation and evolution in the early Universe as well as star and planet formation in our own Galaxy. Mapping the sky to the same S/N up to 1000 times faster than SCUBA, it will also act as a pathfinder for the new submillimetre interferometers such as ALMA. SCUBA-2's absorber-coupled pixels use superconducting transition edge sensors (Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford, 1995) operating at 120 mK for photon noise limited performance. The monolithic silicon detector arrays are deep-etched by the Bosch process to isolate the pixels on silicon nitride membranes (Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A, these proceedings). Electrical connections are made through indium bump bonds to a backplane that incorporates a SQUID time-domain multiplexer. We describe the key technologies that make SCUBA-2 possible and give an update on the considerable progress in the detector development and instrument design that has taken place over the last 2 years